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"The Carbonari, like the English Pu- some towns in the Abruzzi and the Ca- he is then led back to the door, as at bis ritans during the civil wars, affect great labrias enlisted themselves. Admission first entrance. austerity of manners, and talk of reforma- to the first rank of Carbonarism is ea- Gri M. What have you remarked tion. They cause such Good Cousins as

during this journey? have coinmitted excesses , to do public sily obtained ; and whoever objects to

(the Pagan relates accordingly.) penance in the Vendite. They preach going through the ceremony in the

Gr. M. The first journey is the symagainst games of chance, and it is at their grand assembly, may perform it before bol of human virtue; the rustling of instigation, that such games have been the Grand Masters in private. As no- leaves, and the obstacles you have met in prohibited. Their oath contains a clause, thing is intrusted to the apprentices, the road, indicate to you, that weak as we by which they are bound to respect the there no risk in multiplying them; are, and struggling in this vale of tears, conjugal honour, and the good name of the main object being to secure a num- we can only attain virtue by good works, the Carbonari ; and praiseworthy actions ber of satellites ready to obey invisible and under the guidance of reason, &c. are reported at their meetings, and re- superiors, and directions which they &c. Let him make the second journey.. gistered. The Carbopari have adopted some cannot understand.

• (The Pagan is led away, and is made

to pass through fire; he is made acquaintof the forns of the Beati Paoli, already | notice of this very curious work to ano- if there is an opportunity, he is shown a

As it is our intention to extend our ed with the chastisement of perjury; and, noticed :

...If any unfortunate being has incurred ther number, we shall conclude, for head severed from the body, &c. &c. their vengeance, especially if it be by an the present, with an extract from the He is again conducted into the Baracca.) act of infidelity towards the sect, the Appendix, giving an account of the have passed is the symbol of that faine of

• Gr. M. The fire through which you grand masters meet in what is called a forms used on the reception of a Carchamber of honour, and deliberate on bonaro:

charity which should be always kindled his fate. If he be condemned, they write

in our hearts, to efface the stains of the his name on a piece of paper, which is

• The Preparatore (preparer) leads the seven capital sins, &c. &c. burnt, and he is registered in the Black Pagan (uninitiated) who is to become a

• Make him approach the sacred throne,' Book, with those who, having presented | Hection to the door of the Baracca. He

member, blindfold, from the closet of re. &c. themselves as condidates for admission knocks irregularly; the Copritore (cover- ble oath ; it offends neither religion nor

• Gr. M. You must take an irrerocainto the society, have been rejected as unworthy. The sentence is executed by knocks at the door.” The second assis- but forget not, that its violation is punish

er) says to the second assistant, “A Pagan the state, nor the rights of individuals ; whoever is especially named for the pur tant repeats this to the first, who repeats it ed with death. pose, and the rest of the lodge cannot re

to the Grand Master ; at every commusist or annulit.

• The Pagan declares that he will sub· Although the printed penal statute of nication the Grand Master strikes a blow mit to it; the Master of the Ceremonies

with an axe. the Western Lucanian Republic makes no

leads him to the throne, and inakes hiin

Grand Master. See who is the rash kneel on the white cloth. explicit mention of the punishment of

Gr. M. Order! death, yet it contains some articles which being who dares to trouble our sacred la

bours. clearly imply it. The punishments are

The Oath. divided under the heads of degradation

This question having passed through • I, N. N. promise and swear, upon the and penalties in general. The first head the assistants and Copritore to the Prepa- general statutes of the order, and upon is again subdivided into

ratore, he answers through an opening in this steel, the avenging instrument of the

the door, ist. Devoting to general execration.

perjured, scrupulously to keep the secret • 2d. Burning the name, or the person found wandering in the forest.

Preparatore. It is a man whom I have of Carbonarism; and neither to write, in effigy.

engrave, or paint any thing concerning 30. Unanimous black-balling-anne

• Gr. M. Ask his name, country, and it, without having obtained a written per

profession. ramento.

mission. I swear to help my Good Cou

• The secretary writes the answer. . Among the consequences of these

sins in case of need, as much as in me

Gr. M. Ask him his habitation-lis lies, and not to attempt any thing against 'punishments, are interdiction of water and religion.

the honour of their families. I consent fire, the prohibition of all communication between other Good Cousins and

• The secretary notes them.

and wish, if I perjure myself, that my bothe criminal, whose name, written in

Gr. M. What is it he seeks among dy may be cut in pieces, then burnt, and large letters, is affixed in all the vendite,

my ashes scattered to the wind, in order and read at every sitting. “ The Annera

Prep. Light; and to become a mem- that my name may be held up to the ex

ber of our society, Inento,” they observe, may be effaced by

ecration of the Good Cousins throughout

'Gr. M. Let him enter. time, but " jnfamy attaches itself for

the earth. So help me God. ever."

* (The Pagan is led into the middle of Gr. M. Lead him into the middle of The execration is more than mere

the assembly; and his answers are com- the ranks (this is done.) What do you disapprobation. Its mystery is explain pared with what the secretary had noted.) wish? The Master of the Ceremonies

ed in the 55th article of the 9th section, • Gr. M. Mortal, the first qualities suggests to the Pagan, to say light. ** On Crimes against Individuals,” which which we require' are frankness, and con- Gr. M. It will be granted to you by declares that a murderer is not punish- tempt of danger. Do you feel that you the blows of my axe.

•The Grand Master strikes with the Carbonaro, condemned, after trial, to ge- After the answer, the Grand Master axe—this action is repeated by all the neral execration, or to have his name or questions the candidate on morality and apprentices—the bandage is, 'reinoved effigy burnt. The oath of initiation it benevolence; and he is asked if he has from the eyes of the Pagan. The Grand self is a proof that the punishment of any effects, and wishes to dispose of Master and the Good Cousins hold their death is among the engines used by this them, being at the moment in danger of axes raised. dangerous society.'

death; after being satisfied of his con- .Gr. M. These axes will surely put The number of Carbonari bas in- duct, the Grand Master continues, you to death, if you become perjured. creased rapidly.

“ Well, we will expose you to trials that On the other hand, they will all strike in They arnounted to have some meaning-let him make the your defence, when you need them, and from twenty-four to thirty thousand, first journey." He is led out of the Ba. If you remain faithful (To the Master of * from the very beginning of their estilo-racca--he is made to journey through the the Ceremonies,) Bring him near the

blishnient. The whole population of 1 forest-he hears the rustling of leaves-throne, and inake him kneel.

6

us?

6

"Gr. M. Repeat your oath to me, and Annals of the Parish, or the Chronicle bounds during his ministry; and it is swear to observe exactly the private institutions of this respectable Vendita.

of Dalmailing : during the Ministry this chronicle which the author of the The Candidate. I ratify it and swear.

of the Rev. Micah Balwhidder; writ-Ayrshire Legatees has been so kind 'Gr. M. Holding the specimen of

ten by Himself. Arranged and Edi- as to arrange and edite for the gratifiwood in his left hand, and suspending the

ted by the Author of the Ayrshire cation of the public. axe over the head of the candidate with Legatees,' &c. 8vo. pp. 400. Edin- A story of deep and intricate conhis right, says, “To the great and divine burgh, 1821.

trivance, related in a style ornate and Grand Master of the universe, and to St. From the merit of the Ayrshire Lega- eloquent, is not of course what we are Theobald, our protector-In the name tees, a series of letters of a very pecu- to look for; but all that the structure and under the auspices of the Supreme liar character, which lately appeared in of the work admits, the reader will find Vendita of Naples, and in virtue of the Blackwood's Magazine and attracted in the Annals of the Parish; - saco ine in this respectable Vendita, I make, general notice, we took up the present cession of striking events in the lives of name, and create you an apprentice Car work from the same pen, (for so we take a group of most interesting characbonaro.

it to be, notwithstanding the editorial ters, told in the language of simplicity • The Grand Master strikes the speci- character assumed,)with the most favour- and truth, rich in native beauties, but men which is held over the apprentice's able pre-possessions; and we may say, free from all tiosel and affectation. It bead, thrice; he then causes him to rise, almost unreservedly, that we have not seems, from beginning to end, as if it and instructs him in the sacred words and been disappointed.lt is written in the were the real Micah, and no fictitious

'Gr. M. Master of the Ceremonies, let same style with the letters; and in that personage, who was addressing us; to him be acknowledged by the apprentices. style the author is so excellent, that we keep up this delusion, indeed, so well • The Assistants anticipate the execu.

could wish to forget that he ever devi- as he has done, the author oust, .we tion of this order, by saying to the Grand ated from it, which, if we mistake not, think, have at times felt some difficulty Master, “ All is according to rule, just he has done in more than one recent in writing himself down, if we may so and perfect."

instance, to no great purpose. To such express ourselves, to the level of the Gr. M. Assistants, tell the respective of our readers as are not yet acquaint- character he has represented, as well as orders to acknowledge, henceforth, the ed with this style, we cannot im- in resisting that temptation to make Good Cousin N. N. as an active member of this Vendita, &c. &c.

part, in two words, a better idea of it the most of every thing, which a person The symbolical picture is explained than by requesting them to call to knowing that he is writing for the pubto the new apprentice.

înind Humphrey Clinker. Like Smol- lic, is so much more apt to feel than . Gr. M. At what hour do the Carbo- lett, whom the author may be fairly one who, like Micah, only wrote for his nari terminate their sacred labours ? admitted to rival, he possesses, in an

own amusement. In the extract, which *First Assistant. As soon as the sun no eminent degree, the talent of making we shall now proceed to make, as a fair longer enlightens our forest.

ordinary life interesting, of writing what specimen of the work, the reader will Gr. M. What hour is it? Second Assistant. The sun no longer

is delightful fiction, and yet no ro- see this skill in the keeping of the comenlightens our forest.

mance. The actors in his story are position---to borrow' a' phrase from art Gr. M. Good Cousins, as the sun no every-day characters, and the situa- very strikingly exemplified. In the

short longer enlightens our forest, it is my in- tions in which he places them

space of four pages, the author tention to terminate our sacred labours. every-day situations ; yet, by the fide has contrived to say more than some r’irst, let us make a triple salutation (Van-lity with which he makes them think, authors would have done in half a votaggio) to our Grand Master, divine and and act, and speak, as such persons lume; a more affecting specimen of human, (Jesus Christ.)-To St. Theo would do in real life; by the art with simple pathos we have indeed rarely bald, our protector, who has assisted us which he brings out all the interesting met with. The news of the victory of and preserved us from the eyes of the peculiarities of their characters and the Nile has just arrived, and with it a Pagans-Order! To me, The signs and salutations (Vantaggi) are

no other; and by the good taste and letter to Mr. Micah Balwhidder, anperformed.

judgment with which he avoids ever nouncing, that among the heroes who Gr. M. I declare the labours ended; intruding the author on our notice, to fell in that glorious achievemnent, was retire to your Baracche-retire in peace.' disturb the idea of reality, which has Charles Malcolm, a youth of high pro

The reception to the second rank, is been momentarily created, he has con- mise, the son of a widow of amiable attended with some blasphemous for- trived to produce, what is by no means character, who resides in the parish :malities: The President puts on a an every day thing-another novel worth I got a letter,' says Micah, “from Mr. robe, and takes the name of Pilate; reading, and worth preserving by the Howard, the midshipman, who came to the first Counsellor, that of Caiaphas; side of the best works

which we have of see us with Charles, telling me, that poor and the second, that of Herod; the this description.

Charles had been mortally wounded in good Cousins are called the people ;

Mr. Micah Balwhidder is a Scotch wounds.

the action, and had afterwards died of his

“ He was a hero in the engageand to the Novice, is given the name of parson of guileless heart and primitive ment,” said Howard, “and he died as a him whose kingdom was not of this manuers; not overburthened with at- good and brave man should." These world, and whose sufferings are thus in- tainments, and of an order of inind ha- tidings gave me one of the sorest hearts I piously parodied. The oath is nearly bitually inferior, but warmed at times ever suffered, and it was long before i the same as that of the apprentices, by peculiar impulses into a degree of could gather fortitude to disclose the tidwith this addition, that the Carbonari, elevation, bordering on genius. Seat- ings to poor Charles's mother. But the admitted to the second rank, swears ed for life in the pastoral charge of the callants of the school had heard of the never to talk of the secrets of the ap- parish of Dalmailing, be made it the and had set the steeple-bells a ringing, by prentices before the Pagans, nor of those arousement of some of his leisure hours, which Mrs. Malcolm heard the news, and of the masters before the apprentices. to keep a chronicle of all the remarka- knowing that Charles' ship was with the

(To be concluded in our next.) ble events that happened within its fleet, she came over to the Manse in

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great anxiety, to hear the particulars, the congregation round to themselves, succession, containing the lives of Fox, somebody telling her, that there had been but still I felt that I could not preach as ! Pitt, Nelson, Marlborough, Bruce, a foreign letter to me by the postian.

had meant to do, therefore I only said a Ralegh, Johnson, and the Marquis of • When I saw her, I could not speak, few words of prayer, and singing another Moutrose. As the work advances, it but looked at her in pity, and the tear psalm, dismissed the congregation.'

improves in character and the subjects fleeing up into my eyes, she guessed what We hinted, on the outset of this notice, had happened. After giving a deep and at something like reservations to our veral of the lives are original, and the

are more varied and interesting. Sebehave?" i hope well, for he was aye a praise of Mr. Micah's Annals; but the others are judiciously condensed and gallant laddie!” And then she wept very sion of the preceding scene, has made to which they have hitherto been con

sublimity of his silence at the conclu- abridged from the more bulky volumes bitterly. However, growing calmer, I read to her the letter, and when I had

us so much in love with silence for the fined. To those who way wish to posdone, she begged me to give it her to inomeat, that we forbear. The reser

sess memoirs of the inost distinguisbed keep, saying, “its all I have now left of vations were, after all, but trivial; and

persons our country has produced, at my pretty boy, but its mair precious to the few points, to which we had some me than the wealth of the Indies,” and she slight exceptions to make, will not lect Biography.'

a moderate price, we recommend. Se begged me to return thanks to the Lord lessen the pleasure with which we are for all the comforts and all the manifold

The Student's Manual'; or, an Appendmercics with which her lot had been sure the Annals of the Parish will be

age to the English Dictionaries: blessed, since the hour she put her trust universally read.

being an Etymological and Erplanain Lim alone, and that was when she was

tory Vocabulary of Words derived left a pennyless widow, with her tive fa- Little Charles's Gramniar; or, an

from the Greek. 18mo. London. therless bairns.

Easy Grammar of the French

If it was known how much real infor: • It was just an edification of the spirit,

Language. By James Jennings. mation a person may gain from this to see the Christian resignation of this

18mo. pp. 100. London, 1821. worthy woman. Mrs. Balwhidder was The author of this little grammar has

• Manual,' and how much inore he confounded, and said, there was more rendered good service to children and self'acquainted with it, there would be

may appear to possess by making him. sorrow in seeing the deep grief of her for their instructors, by explaining the titude than tongue could tell.

very
few
persons without it.

To those Having taken a glass of wine with her, principles of the French tongue in so who have not had the advantage of a I walked out to conduct her to her own familiar a manner, that the most ordi- classical education, and to others who house, but in the way we met with a senary capacity may comprehend them. vere trial.

are entering on its rudiments, it cannot All the weans were out parad- Wonderful Characters; comprising be too strongly recommended. Ingeing with napkins and hail-blades on sticks,

Memoirs and Anecdotes of the most nuity in the plan, good taste in the exrejoicing and triumphing in the glad tid

Remarkable Persons. ings of the victory. But when they saw

By Henry ecution, and utility in its objects, are

Wilson. me and Mrs. Malcolm coming slowly

8vo. London, 1821. the characteristics of this cheap and along, they guessed what had happened, The lovers of the marvellous will, clever little work. and threw away their banners of joy, and perhaps, thank us for pointing out to standing all up in a row, with silence and them where they may procure, at a

RISE AND PROGRESS OF HORsadness along the kirk-yard as we passed, cheap price, lives of such worthies as

TICULTURE. shewed an instinct of compassion that Daniel Dancer and Dirty Dick ; the penetrated to iny very soul. The poor Mayor of Garrat, Daniel Lambert, templation to notice the progress of Hor.

[We have for some time had it in conmother burst into fresh affliction, and and Jefferey Hudson, Blind Jack of ticulture in Great Britain, but this we some of the bairns into an audible weep. Knaresborough, and Bamfylde Moore and so ably done in the last number of ing, , they followed us to her door like mourn

Carew. All these, cum multis aliis, the Quartei ly Review, that we cannot do ers at a funeral. Never was such a sight are to be found in the first part of this better than give our readers a faithful seen in any town before. The neigh- work, which is embellished with five abridgment of the article, which is a Re. bours came to look at it as we walked engravings.

view of the London and Caledonian Horalong, and the men turned aside to hide A Leller to R.W. Elliston, Esq.on the

ticultural Societies.-E..] their faces, while the mothers pressed

The origin of horticulture, like that their babies fondlier to their bosoins, and

Injustice and Illegality of his Con- of every other art of primitive neceswatered their innocent faces with their

duct in representing Lord Byron's sity, is unavoidably involved in obscu

Tragedy of Marino Faliero : with rity. The first vegetable production tears.

I prepared a suitable sermon, taking, some Hints on the general Manage which attracted attention as an article as the words of my text, “ Howl, ye ships ment of his Thealre. 8vo. pp. 22. of food, was probably the fruit of some of Tarshish, for your strength is laid London, 1821. waste.” But when I saw around me so A Coarse and ungentlemanly epistle, such trees may naturally be supposed

tree; and the idea of appropriating many of my people clad in complinen. without a single fact unknown to the to have given rise to a garden. All the tary, mourning, for the gallant. Charles Malcolm, and that even poor daft Jenny

public, or an argument that has not al-writers of antiquity agree in putting Gallaw and ber daughter had on an old ready been exhausted in the daily the fiy at the head of the fruit trees black ribbon, and when I thought of him, newspapers..

first cultivated, and next the vine, the the spirited laddie, coming home from Ja- Select Biography. A Collection of fruit of which servės for food as well as maica, with his parrot on his shoulder, and Lives ng Eminent Men who have for drink. The almoud and pomegrahis limes for me, my heart filled full, and been an honour to their Country. nate were early cultivated in Canaan; I was obliged to sit down in the pulpit By various distinguished Writers. and it appears by the complaints of the and drop a tear.

18mo. Parts V. to XII. After a pause, and the Lord having we briefly noticed this work on the big, grape, and olive 'were known in

Israelites in the Wilderness, that the youchsafed to compose me, gave out that anthem of triumph, the publicatiou of the first four parts; Egypt from time immemorial. 1241h Psalm, the singing of which brought eight others have followed in regular Culinary vegetables, such as roots and leaves, seem to have been in much less be placed in this doctrine. In Italy, which, with the exception of the fix, repute in the early ages than fruits. at the present day, attempts are made orange, and pomegranate, introduced Leeks, onions, and garlic, however, to impose on strangers roses, myrtles, a few years afterwards, the musk metogether with cucumbers and melons, and jessainines grafted on orange. It lon about the end of the sixteenth cen, appear to have been in use in Egypt is a simple trick, and performed by tury, and the pine apple in the begin, at a very early period. Moses, from planting a rose and an orange close ing of the last century, include all the his description of the garden of Eden, together, and drawing a shoot of the species at present cultivated in Britisia and his directions as to the culture of foriner throngh a hole bored in the gardens. the vine in Canaan, seeins not only to trunk of the latter.

James I. patronized gardening, and have been a tasteful but a judicious The climate, soil, and surface of formed or improved a garden at the pahusbandman.

Britain, we think we inay assert with lace of Theobalds, and another at GreenThe gardens of Alcinous are said to out prejudice, are more favourable for wich. The former is said by Mandelso, have contained pears, pomegranates, gardening, taking all its branches into who visited it in 1640, to have been surfigs, olives, and other fruits brilli- consideration, than any other, although rounded by a high wall, an I very rich in ant to the sight,?--probably citrons or a century ago, almost every garden pro- fruittree Charles I. brought over Traoranges. The culinary vegetables are duction was obtained froin Holland.descant, a Dutchman, as his kitchen vot particularized, but they were plant. The royal fruiterers and green-grocers gardener, and appointed, for the first ed in beds. It matters little that these were sent thither for fruits and pot- time in England, a royal botanist, gardens are fabulous; it is enough that herbs; and the seedsmen received all Parkinson, whose Paradisus Terrestris the fruits mentioned were known in the their seeds from that quarter, as they is one of the inost original of our early days of Homer. still do a number of sorts.

works on Horticulture and Flower In the laws of the Decemviri, the The only native fruits of Britain are Gardening. Musk-melons were then term hortus is used to signify both a the wild plum or sloe, currant, bram- cultivateil on an open hot-bed placed garden and a country, house ; but af- ble, raspberry, strawberry, cranberry, on a sloping bank, and covered with terwards, the kitchen garden was dis- black, red, and white heather-berries, straw instead of glass, as in France and tinguished by the addition of pinguis. elder-berries, roans, haws, hips, hazel- Italy. Cauliflower and celery were Pliny informs us that the husbandman nuts, acorns, and beechmast. All the rare at this time, and broccoli was not called his kitchen garden a second others have either been jutroduced by yet introduced. Virginia potatoes (our desert,' or 'a Aitch of bacon which was the Romans, or by the monks and reli- common sort) were little known, but always ready to becut,' or 'a salad easy gious houses during the dark ages from Canada pu oes (our Jerusalem artito be cooked and light of digestion ;' the tenth to the fifteenth century. The choke) were in common use. The vaand judged that there must be a bad same may also be affirmed as to most rieties of fruits were very considerable. housewife where the garden (her espe- of our culinary vegetables, of which of apples 58 sorts are mentioned, of cial charge) was in disorder. Accord- only the carrot, celery, beet, asparagus, pears 64, plums 61, peaches 21, pecing to this author, who wrote about the seakale, and mushrooins are natives. tarines 5, apricots 6, cherries 36, grapeend of the first century, there were cul- Gardens and orchards are frequently vines 23, tigs 3, with quinces, inedlars, tivated in the neighbourhood of Rome, mentioned in the earliest chartularies, alinonds, walnuts, filberts, gooseberries, all the species of fruits koown at the but little is known of the real state of currants, raspberries, and strawberries. present day and many of the culinary horticulture in Britain previous to the Cronwell promoted agriculture ra. vegetables. The principal exceptions time of Henry VIII. This monarch's ther than gardeuing, and pensioned are the pine-apple, orange, (not intro- gardener jutroduced various fruits, Hartlib, a Lithuanian, who, as Harte duced till the fourth century,) potatoe, slads, and pot-herbs, and cultivated informs us, had studied in Flanders, and seakale. The horticulture of the them in the garden of the palace of and first communicated and recoma Romans was entirely artificial and car- Nonsuch in Surrey, together as it is mended to notice the two grand ried on with the superstitious observ-commonly supposed with the apricot secrets of Flemish husbandry,' those of ances dictated by polytheisın. Venus and Kentish cherry. According to letting farms on iinproving leases, and was considered as the patroness of the an account of this garden, taken dur. cultivating green crops. garden. We are informed by Columel- ing the usurpation, it was surrounded Charles II, introduced French garla, that husbandmen, who were inore by a wall fourteen feet high and con- dening, and his gardener, Rose, who religious than ordinary when they sowed tained 212 fruit trees.

had spent some time in Holland, then turnips, prayed that they might grow Tusser, one of the earliest writers the best school of horticulture, and had both for theinselves and their neigh- on husbandry, in his work which ap- also studied under Quintiney at Paris, bours..: If caterpillars attack thein,' |peared in 1557, gives a list of the fruits introduced such famous dwarf fruit he subjoins with suitable gravity, 'a and culinary vegetables then known, trees' at Hampton Court and Marle woman going with her hair loose, and under the following heads : Seedes borough gardens, ihat London, his af. barefooted round each bed will kill and herbes for the kychen; herbes and prentice, in the translation of the Re. them; but women inust not be admit-rootes for sallets and sauce; herbes and tired Gardener,' published in 1667, ted where cucumbers or gourds are rootes to boyle or to butter; strewing challenges all Europe to exhibit the planted, for commonly green things herbes of all sortes; herbes, branches, like. In allusion to the last two garlanguish and are checked in their and flowers for windowes and pots; dens, Waller describes the mall of St. growth by their handling of them.' herbes to still in summer; necessarie James's Park as,

It was held by the Roman writers herbs to growe in the gardens for phy- - All with a border of rich fruit trees crownd: on georgics, that any scion may be sick, not reherst before. In the whole When Quintiney came to England grafted on any stock, but modern ex- he enumerates more than 150 species, to visit Evelyn, Charles II. offered him perience has taught that no faith is to besides a copious catalogue of fruits, la pension to reside here and superin.

ON

tend the royal gardens; but this, Wes Exton Park, and Bramley, in Eng-tones, which seemed responsive to the ton informs us, he declined, and re- land, and flatton House, wear Edin. sorrows of an o'erfrauglit heart, soliturned to serve his own master. Quin- burgh.

cited the sympathy of all who heard tinėy was the first horticulturist of As the 18th century advanced, the them, and realized the picture which modern times who united learning and botanic garden at Chelsea and its cu- the German poet has so admirably practical knowledge. He was educat- rator, Phillip Miller, came into notice. drawn; thu last act was superior to any ed for the church, but having a decided a new era of gardening may be dated of the former, and the curtain descendpreference for gardening, turned his from the publication of his dictionary, ed amidst thunders of applaase. So whole attention that way. M. Tam and especially from the edition in great was our delight at witnessing her bonneau, his patron, first committed which the Linnvan system was adopted. beautiful representation of the unhaphis gardens to his care ; and, soon after, Miller improved the culture of the py Mrs. Haller, that we looked forward he was intrusted with the entire direc- vive and the tig; and the Italian broc- with extreme pleasure to the announcetion of those of the court. He died at coli, and the pine-apple, were first ment of Belvidera. We had been led Paris, in 1701. Louis XIV. always made known through his work. The to expect that she might, at no very spoke of him with regret, and assured pine-apple was first grown by Sir Mat- distant period, prove worthy of the very his widow that he was an equal suffer. thew Decker, at Richmond, in pots first characters in the tragic line, and er with herself.'

placed on shelves, like green-house that she would have become a highly Evelyn translated Quintiner's work plants; but was subsequently found to valuable acquisition to Covent Garden, on Orange Trees' and his • Complete succeed better in bottom heat and in where female talent, in the tragic deGardener,' and wrote the · Kalenda- pits, as it is still grown in Holland. partment, is miserably wanted. How rium Hortense,' (the fruitful parent of

(To be concluded in our next.) unspeakably great, then, was our diso a useful class of books,) in 1664. His

appointment; her Belvidera scarcely last work on gardening, (the Acelaria,) Original Criticisms possessed one of the beauties of Miss was published in 1699. This excel

O'Neil, and was infinitely inferior to lent man was one of the founders of The Principal Performers of the Theatres the beautiful representation of Mrs.W. the Royal Society, and was consulted Royal Drury Lane & Covent Garden. West.-We had hoped that Covent by the government on all questions re

Garden would have at length possessed lating to planting and agriculture. In No. XVII.-MISS DANCE. a fine tragic actress-we had hoped 1662, it was proposed to the society to • Like Niobe, all tears.'-SHAKESPEARE.

that Miss Dance might hare aspired to recommend the culture of potatoes, to WHENEVER a female performer is the fame of Miss O'Neil, with better prevent the recurrence of famine; but about to make her debut, we are always hopes than any actress we have seen, Evelyn, who does not seem, at that on the tip-toe of expectation; and when since that lady retired from the stage; time, to have been aware of the value of that performer is said to be a distin- but we have been completely deceived in the root, or the nature of its culture, guished votary of Melpomene, ouranx- our expectations, intense in ust be her gave them no encouragement, and the iety is necessarily increased twofold. Re- study, before she can take equal rank plan was laid aside. He patronized, port had previouslyspoken in the highest with Miss O'Neil; indeed, if we may however, a great many useful publica possible terms of Miss Dance, and if, as be allowed to judge from her Belvitions on rural subjects, and especially is generally the case, it had in some de- dera, we most decidedly consider her on horticulture.

gree exceeded the bounds of strict ve- as inferior to our Drury Lane heroine. Daines Barrington conjectures that racity, yet we feel gratified in saying in the character of Belvidera, an achot-houses and ice-houses were first in that she did succeed. Her first ap- tress is placed between Scylla and Chatroduced during Charles the Second's pearance was in the cheerless character ribdis. If she yields to the sorrows of reign, as at the installation dinner at of Mrs. Haller, a choice which she may love, she runs the risk of falling into Windsor, (23d April, 1667,) there rejoice in, as she was much more suc- whining; if, on the other hand, she exwere cherries, strawberries, and ice- cessful than in depicting the sublimer erts herself to give effect to the raving creams, Strawberries and cherries, sorrows of the Venetian Matron. She scenes, she is equally exposed to the however, Switzer informs us, had been was received with an applause for danger of ranting. These two faults forced by dung heat from time imme- which she was not a little indebted to Miss Dance could not' avoid. In the morial, by the London market-garden- her graceful appearance, her fine forin, former part of the play she whined ers. Lord Bacon suggests, that as and her handsome features. Many of dreadfully, and in the tempest of her we have housed the exotics of hot the tones of her voice, which is very me- madness, her voice broke forth into viocountries, lemons, oranges, and myr- lodious, reminded us strongly of Miss lent screamings. Her grief, on hearing tles, to preserve them, so we may house O'Neil; indeed, her whole conception that Jaffer intended to kill her father, our natives to forward them; and thus of the character appeared to be formed was too languid ; and in her relation to have violets, strawberries, and pease, on the model of that highly talented her husband, of Renault's villainy, in all winter, provided they be sown and and accomplished actress. The part of the two celebrated lines,removed at proper times.'

Mrs. Haller does not present an exten- * But with my cries I cow'd his coward heart, Cooke, Lucre, Field, London, and sive field for the display of ability. Till he withdrew, and mutter'd vows to hell,' Wise, were celebrated practical gar. The scenes in which deep interest is ex- she produced but little effect. Again, deners at this time; the two latter had cited, are very few. To these, how she failed both in expression of counthe first considerable nursery garden at ever, and indeed to the greatest part of tenance, of tone, and of action, when Brompton, and laid out the greater the character, Miss Dance did ample she uttered, • The air's too thin, and number of seats, which still exist in justice. Her loveliness,her retiring pierces my weak brain!' And her exthe ancient style. Among these may modesty,--her unaffected pensiveness clamation, — Hell ! hell! burst from be mentioned Blenbein, Cannons, I of manners,-her sweetly melodious thy centre, rage and roar aloud, if thou

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