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coolness never before witnessed, which | Anne; but, to his style upon the re- discovery of the author of the Draper's bad the effect of imparting surprising verse, were added his German titles, Fourth Letter, a note was sent to Swift, firmness to his troops. "It is truly remark- with FideI Defensor, which then, with the following text, from ! Saable, that though these troops await the for the first time, appeared upon the muel, chap. xiv. ver

. 45:- And the off with great celerity when exposed to a coins, although it had been constantly people said unto Saul, shall Jonathan lively fire. The general's forces are ex- used in the style of our monarchs from die, who hath wrought this great salvapected to be entirely broken early in the Henry VIII., on whom it was con- tion in Israel? God forbid. As the summer, and preparations are inaking for ferred by Pope Leo X., in the year Lord liveth, there shall not one hair of a vigorous pursuit; of the entire success 1521. In 1718, a new species of mo- his head fall to the ground; for he of which, the most sanguine hopes are entertained. PHILO-CALORIC.'

ney was coined, called a Quarter-Gui- wrought with God this day. So the Advertisement.-' For sale by auction, in value, and bearing the same impres- not. It was said to be written by a

nea, being the fourth part of a guinea people rescued Jonathan, that he died tory, on the coldest day in January next, sion, A proclaination was also issued, Quaker. a quantity of nankeen, the property of a which inforced the provisions of a form- Although Swift denied that there gentleman who expected to get into the er decree, that no gold or silver money had been any want of sınall change in Pacific in September last.

should be paid without weighing it, Ireland, yet no sooner were Wood's Flannel and furs will be gladly taken and making an allowance for any defi- halfpence withdrawn, than the want as part payment.' ciency of weight.

was so great, that, in 1728, local tokens "A Pun.

The want of small money in Ireland were struck in several towns in the The commander exclaim'd, it What a fine thing is peat,

was so great in 1722, that the manufac- north of Ireland. For making a fire and giving out heat;"

turers were compelled to pay their men In the reign of George II., the gold « That's true," replied Furclad, who by it was with tallies, or tokens of card, signed coins were often reduced in their size, seated,

upon the back, to be afterwards ex. by.unprincipled men, who filed to the “ I strougly advise you to have it re-peated."' changed for money. In order to sup- amount of nine or twelve grains froin

The plays were performed oncé a ply this want, a patent for fourteen the edge of each guinea. This was affortnight by the officers. The stock years was granted to William Wood, terwards prevented, by adopting the of dramatic productions was very li- Esq. for coining halfpence and far- suggestion of the Rev. Peter Vallamited; so that they could only per- things in that kingdom, to the extent vine, Vicar of Monkton, in the Isle of form • Miss in her Teens, The Liar, The of three hundred and sixty tons. This Thanet, which was to place the letters Citizen, A Bold Stroke for a Wife, and

was attacked with great, as near the edge of the coin as possiThe Mayor of Garralt,' until a new mu- and, as Mr. Ruding clearly shews, ble; the laws, in regard to uttering sical entertaioment was produced, en- with unjust severity, by Dean Swift, counterfeit inoney, were made toore titled the North West Passage, or the not only in the celebrated Draper's Let- severe; and increased rewards offered Voyage Finished. This piece was in

ters, but he also preached two sermons for the apprehension of offenders. No five acts, and traced the progress of the on the subject. It appears, that Ire- alteration was made in the style upon expedition, in anticipation, from Win- land would have sustained a loss of the coius during this reign. ter Harbour, through the passage to 80,0001. or about 6000l. a-year, if At the accession of George III., the Behring's Straits, and thence home to Wood had coined the whole quantity coinage wae found to be in a very im. Deptford, when the sailors, assembling allowed by his patent, according to the perfect state. The crown pieces had at the Prince of Wales public-house, lightest of those halfpence which he had almost wholly disappeared; the halfare joined by their sweethearts, to sent over into Ireland; but it is proved, crowns were defaced and impaired, and whom they recount their difficulties and from Sir Isaac Newton's report of the the shillings and sixpences had lost algood fortune. This was a great fa

assay of these coins, that some of them most every mark of impression, either vourite with the crews, and we cannot actually exceeded in weight' the terms on the obverse or reverse. A coinage but admire the philosophy of the offi- of the patent; and that, although they of gold took place in 1760, and one of cers who could perform this and the were of unequal size, yet, one piece with silver, though to a very small extent, other farces at the time that the ther- another, they were of full weight, and in 1763. Nothwithstanding new and mometer was twelve degrees below ze better copper money than had been more severe enactments, the coinage. ro on the stage !

coined for Ireland in the reigns of became worse and worse, the gold was. This work, though curious, is scarce- Charles II., James II., and Williain deficient in weight, and three-fourths ly of sufficient importance for a dis- and Mary,

of the silver in circulation was countinct publication; but, from the nature

Of these facts, Swift was not igno- terfeit. This, indeed, continued to be, of Captain Parry's narrative, it could raạt, but he revenged the neglect of in a great measure, the case during the not have been admitted there except as the administration, by attacking it whole reign,'úotil the coinage in 1816. an Appendix, which it must now be through Wood's halfpence, which he The striking of provincial coins and considered, though rather a more ex- rendered so unpopular, that the patent tradesmea's tokens, which was sug. pensive one than we could have wished. was relinquished. Among other nis- gested, and in some degree justified,

représentations, Swift calls Wood a by the disgraceful state of the copper Annals of the Coinage of Britain and mean ordinary man, a hardware dealer, coinage, begun with the Anglesey

its Dependencies. By the Rev. R. when, in fact, he was a great proprietor penny, in 1784, and from that time, Ruding

and renter of irou and copper-works in increased rapidly, until they were su(Concluded from p. 298.)

England, and had a lease of all the perseded by au issue of lawful coins in DURING the whole of the reign of mines on the crown lands, in thirty-uive the year 1797. The coinage transac George I., the money was of the same counties.

tions of this year form a strange ano species and value as that of Queen When & reward was offered for the inaly in the history of the mint. The

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i deficiency of the silver coins was at- which we alluded in the outset—that justed, that the orer-rating of one may tempted to be supplied by the issue of fundamental error that has pervaded the not produce the destruction of the other.

* And let the quantity of the various Spanish dollars, countermarked upon whole system of the coinage, and vithe neck of the bust, with the mark of tiated every proceeding under it-the metals to be coined be regulated, accord

ing to the nature of the exchanges which the king's head, useid at Goldsmith's mistaken notion that pains and penal-

are most commonly effected. These, Hall; and the jealousy which had hi- ties can be devised more powerful in from the increase of wealth amongst us, therto confined the art of coinage with their effect than the temptations of ava- will require that the gold should form the in the walls of some place under his rice. On this subject, Mr. Ruding principal part of the coinage, and that the majesty's jurisdiction, was now so com- shows clearly, low insufficient the ter- silver and copper should be considered pletely lulled asleep, that a contract ror of punishment is, when the crime only as aliquot parts, or as fractions, of it.

If this plan, or something equivalent was entered into with Mr. Boulton, is so lucrative and so easily committed ;

to it, cannot be adopted, the coinage of of Soho, near Birmingham, for the and he offers, as the only means of pre- gold and silver must be altogether abancoinage of five hundred tons of cop- venting the crime, the following sugo doned, and those metals must circulate, per-money, in pence only; this was gestions:

as they do in China, by weighit. afterwards followed by a coinage of • The theory of coinage must be sin- • But surely the time is not yet come, two-penny pieces, halfpence, and far- plified, by casting out of it the considera- when it will be necessary, or even expethings.

tion of the manner in which our money dient, to make so near an approach to the On the union of Great Britain and I will be received by the neighbouring na- barbarism of simple barter. The good Ireland, in 1801, it was declared, that tions. For they will take it only as bul

sense of the people will feel the propriety jjon, and if the balance of trade be against of regulating the weight of the money, from henceforth, his majesty's royal us, and inust be made good by gold and according to the increased value of the style and title should be GEORGIUS silver, it is most expedient that it should precious metals; and they will readily Tertius, Dei GRATIA BRITANNIARUM be done by the plain metal, which will | agree to a diminution of weight, propor Rex Fider Defensor. In 1804, it cost nothing in the coinage.

tioned to the security which they will re. having been discovered, that the stamp • The theory, thus simplified, will re- ceive against the imposition of counterupon the dollars had been frequently gard only the convenience of the subjects feits. counterfeited, the old dollar

of that monarch by whom the money is • One thing alone will then be wanting re-stamped at Mr. Boulton's manu

struck; and therefore, in our case, the to the perfection of the coinage, and that

sole consideration will be, whether we is, the superseding of heraldic ensigns, by factory, with his majesty's head and an

will receive the ins at such a weight as reverses allusive to public events, accordinscription on the obverse, and Britan- the highest price which bullion has ever ing to the proposal of Dean Swift, in the nia on the reverse ; these were made attained will allow, or whether we will be reign of Queen Anne, which has been alcurrent at five shillings, and were a contented with a scarcity of gold, with ready mentioned, but is in my mind of so sort of token issued by the Bank of adulterated silver and copper, and the mi- great importance, that I do not scruple to England. In 1811, they were raised serable expedient of filling up the void, repeat it. to five shillings and sixpence, and the either with tokens, or with paper money · By this means, medals, that are at Bank issued tokens of three shillings, of any man's issuing, who can find credit present only a dead treasure, or mere cu

riosities, will be of use in the ordinary and of one shilling and sixpence value. sufficient to force it into currency.

"If we are, as unquestionably we with cominerce of life, and, at the same time, All these have been called in, and are justice may be, dissatisfied with that com- perpetuate the glories of the monarch's po longer current.

pound medium which is now in circula- reign, reward the labours of his greatest In February, 1817, an extensive sil- tion, the remeds seems to be of no difti- subjects, keep alive in the people a grativer coinage was issued and exchanged cult attainment.

tude for public services, and excite the for the wretched silver


then cur- • Let the weight of the coins be so re-emulation of posterity. To these generent: All English shillings and six- duced as to prevent their being affected rous purposes, nothing can so much con. pences, however plain, were taken by

by variations in the price of bullion, and tribute as medals of this kind, which are the Bank of England, and at the places

let the workmanship of them be of the of undoubted authority, of necessary use appointed in various parts of the me

most exquisite kind that the artists of this and observation, not perishable by time, tropolis for issuing the new money.

country can effect. By these ineans, the nor confined to any certain place'; pro

destruction of the nioney by melting will perties not to be found in books, statues, in the sume year, a new gold coin be prevented, and the possibility of coun- pictures, buildings, or any other monuwas issued, the Sovereign, which, how-terfeiting will be confined to workmen of ments of illustrious actions." ever, never obtained much circulation; the highest order, who will rarely be I would not, however, limit the rebut now the Bank has resumed cash tempted to fraud by the pressure of want. verses to the sole recording of what are payments, we begin to see

• Let the standard of fineness be conti- commonly understood to be illustrious plentiful. Half sovereigns were also nued as heretofore; because few persons actions, but would extend their province coined a few months afterwards. Up- iure of the alloy; but every man can are able to judge with accuracy of the na- so as to comprehend all remarkable disco

veries in manufactures, cominérce, art, or wards of five millions of sovereigns, weigh the coins, and therefore the dimi- science, or, in short, to whatever tends to three millions of half-sovereigns, and nution in that respect, will be open to the promote the perfection and happiness of 'fifty millions of shillings, and thirty examination of all.

man. millions of sixpences, had been coined Let the money be made smaller in di- Although Mr. Ruding did not live up to June, 1818. A coinage of new ameter, and of greater thickness than it is to reap that rich reward of fame, which crown pieces also took place in that at present, in order to allow higher relief a work like his Annals of the Coinage year.

to the impression, and to prevent the loss must have insured him, yet it will reHaving now given a rapid sketch of of weight by wearing, which is, in a great main an imperishable.inonument of his the British coinage, from the earliest This will also allow the edges to be deindefatigable zeal, talents, and indusperiod of its history to the year 1818, fended by the impression of a legend.

try. The quarto volume of plates conwe `shall not extend our remarks fur

. Let the proportionate value of gold tains well executed engravings of all ther, than by noticing a subject to and silver to each other be accurately ad- the British coins that are known, and

them pretty

presents, at one view, the progress of nisters, Medici and Tonimaci. But | town of Grottaglie, was destined to the the coinage of the kingdom, from its the reputation of Menechini soon de- ecclesiastical profession, and entertained rudest form, with all the alterations that clined, and he set out for Messina, to it very young. His brothers are respectit has undergone. organize Carbonarism in Sicily.

able farmers; his uncle, the Canonico, It was long imagined, that the Po Patitaro, is a man of learning and informa

tion, and never took any part in the criines Memoirs of the Secret Societies of the was the boundary line of the sect in of his nephew. The latter began his in

South of Italy, particularly the Car- Italy; but this is a mistaken notion, famous career by killing a young man of bonari.

as its principles, under different forms, the Motolesi family, in a tit of jealousy. (Concluded from p. 310.)

are very widely diffused. It has been His insaliable hatred pursued every memIn the early period of the reign of Mu- questioned, whether the Neapolitao ber of the family, and exterminated them rat, his suspicions were excited against Carbonari aim at a republic, or would one after the other, with the exception of the Carbonari, and he began to hate be contented with a constitutional mo- a single individual, who succeeded in and persecute them. He also pre-narchy. The author of these memoirs evading his search, and who lived shut up

in his house for several years, without vailed on the Pope to issue an edict proves, by the publications of the Car

ever daring to go out. This unfortunate against freemasons and secret societies, bonari, thut nothing short of a republic being thought that a snare was laid for in 1814. The Carbonari, kept under would satisfy them. Their hatred to him when people came to tell him of the by an active system of police, only be- kings, who are invariably called ty- imprisonment, and shortly after of the gan to put their doctrines in practice rants, appears in their proclamations, death of bis enemy; and it was with difwheri Murat's power began to totter ;

their oaths, and their songs. The ly- ficulty that he was induced to quit his readvanced on Naples, they chose that mo- page of the Constitution of the Luca- the Motolesi

, to fifteen years of chains, or and when, in 1815, the X ustrian army rical inotto, which decorates the title treat. ment for revenge, and joined the cause nian republic, is as follows:

exile, by the tribunal of Lecce, remained of King Ferdinand. On this occasion,

• Thy plant will strike its roots alone
'Midst fragments of a shatter'd throne;

there in prison four years, at the end of the Carbonari made a momentary junc- Nor freshest dews its leaves may nourish,

which time he succeeded in escaping. tion with the Calderari (Braziers), a 'Tis regal blood must make it Aourish.'

It was then that he began, and afterwards society that had been organized to The Western Lucanian Republic is continued for several years, to lead a vacounteract the power of the Carbonari. more crafty in the pursuit of its ob- most atrocious crimes. At Martano, he

gabond life, which was stained with the lo 1817, the government of Naples ject, and couceals it better. It some penetrated with his satellites into one of began to be alarmed at the operation times assumes the credit of wishing to the first houses of the place, and, after of this sect, as manifestoes were distri- support the constitution, and states its having offered violence to its mistress, he buted in all directions by its means, intentions mildly, though its ultimate massacred lier with all her people, and calling on the king to give a constitu-object is that of republicanism. This carried off ninety-six thousand ducats. tion to his people, as he had promised. society, which is said once to have hired brigands; and whoever wished to Severe measures were threatened, but amounted to one million, cannot, how- hired brigands; and whoever wished to not carried into effect, and the opera- ever, have been very unanimous or de himself to Ciro. On being asked by Captions of the Carbonari were for a time termined ; for, if the late revolution tain Montorj, reporter of the military 'suspended. The sect continued to in- in Naples had been so popular as it commission which condemned him, how crease daily throughout the kingdom. was said to be, a million of Carbonari, many persons he had killed with his own In the city of Naples, there were up- to whom blood and carnage has no hor- land, he carelessly answered, “ E chi 10 wards of three hundred and forty lodges. rors, would not have tamely submitted sa! saranno tra sessanta settanta.The Capri: line of battle slips alone to the yoke of Austria, without making sixty and seventy. One of his compacontained three. In March, 1820, the a single effort for independence. The number of Carbonari enrolled, amount- author of these Memoirs, in conclusion, teen; the two brothers, Francesco and

nions, Occhiolupo, confessed to seven. ed to six hundred and forty-two thou- says, that the society is daily losing Vito Serio, to twenty-three; so that these sand.

ground by its imprudence, and that, as four ruffians alone had assassinated upThe persons who, from the begin- the curiosity of its members is no wards of a hundred ! ning, have directed the labours of the longer excited by an unknown ob- • The activity of Ciro was as astonishing Carbonari towards a political and con-ject, their zeal is no longer kept alive as bis artifice and intrepidity. He handled stitutional object, have always been by mystery.

the musket and managed the horse to perfew in number. The impulse once As a supplement to these Memoirs, well mounted, found concealinent and sup

fection, and as he was always extremely giveu and received, they voluntarily the author has given a particular ac-port, either through fear or inclination, withdrew behind the scenes, and have count of General Churche's campaign every where. He succeeded in escaping been forgotten. Of these, the Cano- against the brigands of Calabria and from the hands of the soldiers, by forced nico Menechini, at Nola, was one of the Abruzzi, in 1817. One of the marches of thirty and forty miles, even the most popular. He was appointed most celebrated leaders of those lands when confidential spies had discovered his one of the members of the Committee was the Priest Ciro Aonichiarico, who, place of concealment but a few hours beof Public Safety, in the late revolution, driven from society for his crimes, fore. The singular good fortune of being and twice served the cause of huma- took refuge in the mountain forests, able to extricate himself from the most nity ; first, by calming the enraged po- and having collected a band of despe reputation of a necromancer, upon whom pulace assembled before the royal pa- rate outlaws, long carried on his depre-ordinary means of attack had no power face, at the time of the massacre of the dations unmolested. Of this prince of among the people, and he neglected noNeapolitans; and afterwards by dis- freebooters, we have an interesting ac- thing which could confirm this idea, and arming the resentment of the ferocious count:

increase the sort of spell it produced upon Carbonari, in the field of Mars, when • Ciro Annichiarico, born of parents the peasants. They dared not execrate, they threatened the lives of the Ex-mi-l in easy circumstances, in the little or even blame him in his absence, so

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firmly were they persuaded that his de

The Salentine Decision.

with the words, “Tristezza, Morte, Termons would immediately inforın him of


rore, and Lutto," sadness, death, terror, it. On the other hand, again, he affected

No.5, Grand Masons.

and mourning, sufficiently characterise a libertine character; some very free • The Decision of Jupiter the Thun. this association. Their colours were yelFrench songs were found in his portfolio derer hopes to make war against the ty- low, red, and blue, which surroûnd the when he was arrested Although a priestrants of the universe, &c. &c.

patent.' himself, and exercising the functions of "The mortal Gaetano Caffieri is a Bro

With men linked by such ties, a one when he thought it expedient, he of-ther Decided, No. 5, belonging to the


of Ciro's determined character ten declared his colleagues to be impos. Decision of Jupiter the Thunderer, tors without any faith. He published a spread over the face of the earth, by his was not to be put down easily ; we paper against the missionaries, who, ac- Decision, has had the pleasure to belong therefore find him making the most cording to him, disseminated illiberal opi- to this Salentine Republican Decision desparate efforts in defending a farmnions among the people, and forbade We, invite, therefore, all philanthropic so house (Masseria), into which he had them on pain of death to preach in the cieties to lend their strong arm to the thrown himself :: villages, " because, instead of the true same, and to assist him in his wants, he • Worn out with fatigue, Ciro and threc principles of the Gospel, they taught no- having come to the decision that he will companions, Vito di Cesare, Giovanni thing but fables and impostures.'

... This obtain liberty or death. Dated this day, Palmieri, and Michele Cuppoli, had taken paper is headed, ". In nome della Grande the 29th of October, 1817.

refuge in Scaserba, to repose themselves Assemblea Nazionale dell' Er-Regno di Signed,

for a few hours. He had previously proNapoli, o piuttosto dell' Europa intera, Pietro Gargaro (the Decided Grand vided this and all the farm-houses of the pace e sulute." In the name of the

Master, No. 1.) district with ammunition and some pro-. Great National Assembly of the Ex- Vito de Serio, Second Decided. visions. When he saw the militia of S. Kingdom of Naples, or rather of all Eu- Gaetano Caffieri,

Marzano marching against him, he aprope, peace and health."

Registrar of the Dead.

peared very little alarmed, and thought • He amused himself sometimes with • As the number of these Decided ruf-he could easily cut his way through their whims, to which he tried to give an air of fans was small, they easily recognized ranks. He shot the first man dead who generosity. General d'Octavio, a Corsi- each other. We find that the Grand came within range of his musket. This can in the service of Murat, pursued him Master bears the No. 1 ; Vito de Serio, delay cost him dear: the militia sent in- . for a long time with a thousand men. One No. 2; the proprietor of the patent, formation to Lieutenant Fonsmore, sta. day, Ciro, armed at all points, surprised Gaetano Caffieri, No. 5. He figures him- tioned at the • Castelli,” a strong position him walking in a garden. He discovered self among the signatures with the title of between Grottaglie and Francavilla. This himself, remarking that the life of the Registrar of the Dead, which does not officer hastened to spot with forty general was in his hands; " but,” said he, allude to the deceased members of the men. On seeing him approach, Ciro * I will pardon you this time, although i society, but to the victims they immolat perceived that a vigorous attack was to be shall no longer be so indulgent, if you con. ed, and of whom they kept a register made. He shat up the people of the tinue to hunt me about with such fury.” Japart, on the margin of which were found Masseria in the straw magazine, and put So saying, he leaped over the garden wall blasphemies and infernal projects. They the key in his porket. He took away and disappeared.

had also a Director of Funeral Ceremo- the ladder from the tower, and loaded, Having hidden himself, with several and solemnity. As soon as the detach- guns, of which he had a good number:

nies, for they slaughtered with method with the aid of his companions, all the of his people, behind a ruined wall at the ments employed on this service found it entrance gate of Grottaglie, the day when convenient to effect their

purpose, at the going on, sent on the same evening a de

Major Bianchi, informed of what was General Church and the Duke of San signal of the first blast of a trumpet they achment of

Gendarmes, under Captain Cesario, accompanied by some horseinen, reconnoitred the place, he did not fire them at their victim at the second blast; person to Scaserba.

unsheathed their poignards; they aimed Corsi, and the next morning proceeded in upon them; he wished to make a merit

The siege was at the of this before the military commission, their weapons to his breast,"con vero soldiers; the militia, on which little de

third, they gradually approach formed by one hundred and thirty-two but it was probably the fear of not being entusiasmo" (with real enthusiasın,) in pendence was placed, were stationed at able to escape from the troops who fol their cannibal language, and plunged some distance, and in the second line. lowed the general, that made him circum- them into his body at the fourth signal. spect on this occasion.

• Ciro vigorously defended the ap• The four points which are observable proaches to his tower till sun-set. He at• Ciro's physiognomy had nothing reafter the signature of Pietro Gargaro, in- tempted to escape in the night, but the pulsive about it;

it was rather agreeable. dicate his power of passing sentence of neighing of a horse made him suspect He had a verbose, but persuasive elo- death. When the Decisi wrote to any one that some cavalry bad arrived, whose purquence, and was fond of inflated phrases. to extort contributions, or to command suit it would be impossible to elude. He Extremely addicted to women, he had him to do any thing-if they added these retired, after having killed, with a pistol mistresses, at the period of his power, in four points, it was known that the person shot, a Voltigeur, stationed under the wall all the towns of the province over which they addressed was condemned to death he had attempted to scale. He again he was constantly ranging; He was of in case of disobedience. If the points shut himself up in his tower, and employmiddle stature, well made, and very were not added, he was threatened with ed himself till morning in making carstrong.

milder punishment, such as laying waste tridges. At day-break, the besiegers tried Ciro put himself at the head of his fields, or burning his house.

to burst open the wooden gate of the the Palrioti Europei and Decisi, two

• The Salentine Republic, the ancient outer wall; Ciro and his men repulsed associations of the most desperate cha- name of this district, was also that destin- the assailants by a well-directed fire; they racter. The institution of the Decisi, they called “un anello della Republica A barrel of oil was brought, in order to

ed for their imaginary republic, which killed five and wounded fourteen men. or Decided, is so horrible, that it Europa,” a link of the European Repub- burn the door. The first man who set makes one shudder to contemplate it. lic.

fire to it was shot through the heart. A The author has given a fac-simile of • The symbols of the thunderbolt dart- four pounder, which had been conveyed their patent, which will give some idea ing from a cloud and striking the crowns to the place, was pointed against the roof of the society. The following is the and tiara; the fasces and the cap of lic of the tower

. Several of this callibre bad translation :

berty planted upon a death's head be been contrived to be easily dismounted
tween two axes; the skulls and bones froin their carriages, and transported on

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mules. This little piece produced great his breast. He was then informed, that | rious rivers, which flow into it, derive effect. The tiles and bricks which fell, malefactors, like himself, were shot with their sources. forced Ciro to descend from the second their backs towards the soldiers; he sub- The charge of plagiarism has been story to the first. He was tormented with mitted, at the same time advising a priest, brought against Lord Byron, evidently a burning thirst

, for he had forgotten to who persisted in remaining near him, to from malice. But whether the charge provide himself with water, and he never withdraw, so as not to expose himself. drank wine. This thirst soon became in- Twenty-one balls took effect, four in be true or not, I will venture to assert, supportable.

the head, yet he still breathed and inut- that there never was a GREAT poet, who After some deliberations with his tered in his throat; the twenty.second put did not cull flowers from every field companions, he demanded to speak with an end to him. This fact is confirmed by within his reach.-To know diainonds General Church, who, he believed, was all the officers and soldiers present at his when he sees them in the quarry; to in the neighbourhood, then to the Duke death. “As soon as we perceived,” said polish them; and to set them in his of Jasi, who was also absent; at last, he a soldier, very gravely, “that he was en- owo casket, is the very business of great resolver to capitulate with Major Bianchi. chanted, we loaded his own musket with a He addressed the besiegers, and threw silver ball, and this destroyed the spell;"|do, and cannot do.--Their rivulets are

poets. It is what little poets dare not them some bread. Major Bianchi pro- It will be easily supposed, that the people, miseci him that he should not be mal- who always attributed supernatural pow.

easily formed :—to constitute great treated by the soldiers. He descended ers to him, were confirined in their belief rivers, vast tracks of country, must conthe ladder, opened the door of the tower, by this tenaciousness of life, which they tribute their supplies. This subject and presented himself with the words, considered miraculous.'

is very well elucidated by the elegant “ Eccomi, Don Ciro !"-Here I am, Don Our readers will perceive, that this author of the • Beauties, Harmonies, Ciro! • He begged them to give him some lume, and that the author is well ac- of which you gave in one of your res

is a very curious and interesting vo- and Sublimities of Nature,' an account water to quench bis thirst, and desired

Z. Z. then to liberate the farmer and his family, quainted with the subject on which he cent numbers. who had been shut up all this while in the writes. The facts are, however, stated straw magazine. He declared that they in so desultory a manner, that it is dif- PROPOSALS FOR A NEW AND were innocent, and distributed inoney ficult to form a connected narrative AMPLE MISSIONARY FUND. among them.

from them. The plates, which are in To the Editor of the Literary Chronicle. He suffered himself to be searched lithography, are numerous, and include Sir,-At this annual return of the asand bound patiently; some poison was several portraits ; with fac-similes of sembling from all parts of the empire, found upon him; he asserted that his the Patents of the different ranks of of the friends and favourers of the miscompanions had prevented him from taking it. He conversed quietly enough Carbonari, &c. The work exhibits

sionary cause, to unite their counsels, wih Major Bianchi on the road to Fran singular picture of the state of society their exertions, and their substance, cavilla, and related to bim the principal in Naples, and, as containing details of to send the gospel to the heathen; circumstances of his life.

one of the most remarkable institutions allow me, throagh your paper, to throw * In prison, he appeared to be interested of modern times, will be read with in my mite into the evangelising treåfor the fate of some of his partisans, beg great interest. ging that they might not be persecuted,

sury. Circunstances constrain me to and declaring that they had been forced

say, with Peter and John, when an to do what they had done.

Original Communications. alms was requested from them, silver • He had entertained some hope, till

and gold have 1 noue, but such as I the moment when he was placed before

have, give I unto you;' a happy sugthe Council of war, under the direction of

ON PLAGIARISM. Lieutenant-Colonel Guarini.

gestion of a ready and an abundant peHe ad- To the Editor of the Literary Chronicle.

cuniary supply. In addition to the dressed a speech to him, taking him for Sirg-Observing some observations in weekly penny offerings of children and General Church. He insisted on speak; a cotemporary literary journal, relative servants, the large donations of opulent ing to that officer; this was refused, and to the imitations, or oplagiarisins, of individuals, the society, and the conhe resigned himself to his fate, dryly say. Lord Byron, will you permit me to ask gregational offerings, let all the minis.

'When condemned to death, a mis the author of those • Rivers of Mace-ters who favour the dust of Zion, sionary offered him the consolations of re- don and Monmouth,' whether he has throw off their golden rings that are ligion, Ciro answered him with a smile, ever read Virgil, or Tasso, or Spenser, upon their fingers, and convert them Lasciate queste chiacchiere, siamo dell' or Milton, or Gray And if he should into guineas, in order to promote the istessa professione ; non ci burliamo fra chance never to have heard of those conversion of the heathen. Were ever noi.—Let us leave alone this prating: transcendent writers, I presurne to ad- the fingers of the Apostle Paul adornwe are of the same profession ; don't let vise him to spare a few of his leisure ed, disgraced, with the glitter of a gold us laugh at one another. * As he was led to execution, the 8th hours to their

perusal; and when he ring? Nas, were ever the fingers of one of February, 1818, he recognized Lieute has done so, for every plagiarism of intinitely greater than Paul so oroanant Fonsmorte, and addressed these Lord Byron, that he has pointed out, 1 mented ? To the honour of the zeal words to him, Se io fosse Re, di farei will undertake to point out forty in and piety of the venerable David, when Capitano,”-If I were King, I would make Virgil, thirty-five in Tasso, fifty in his princes and his people were assemyou a Captain. This officer was the first Spenser, and one bundred in Milton. bled to collect for the building of the to arrive at Scaserba with his soldiers. A man of an enlarged miod, and of ex-Temple of Jerusalem, it is expressly

.The streets of Francavilla were filled tensive reading, can no more trace the recorded (1 Chron. xxix. 8.), ' And they with people: there were spectators even chronology of his thoughts, or know with whom precious stones were found, upon the roofs., They all preserved a whence he has acquired the stores gave them to the treasure of the house

* On his arrival at the place of execu- treasured in the precincts of his imagi, of the Lord. Go to pow, ye opulent tion, Ciro wished to remain standing; he nation, than the ocean can be presumed sons of Levi, whose consciences are was told to kneel, he, presenting to know from what mountains the va- not the most flexible, see if you can

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