Page images

land with him. He soon afterwards ter the prince had expressed his own sus-landed in Ireland, with means little married Ann Hyde, daughter of the picion of ill faith in not meeting him calculated to enable him to regain the Earl of Clarendon, the chancellor, and while surrounded by his English guards. throne. Here he showed none of that on her death, was married to Mary, of Saying, he knew not that they were more Modena. The duke had, in the mean dangerous than his own; he retired to energy or promptitude which had dis. time, commanded the English fleet

rest, and appeared to repose in perfect tinguished him in early life; and, in

“About one in the morning, stead of being the first to attack, waitagainst the Dutch, and displayed great Lord Middleton, who lay by the King, ed until a battle was no longer unavoidtalents and courage.

was called up by the Lords Halifax, De-able. The battle of the Boyne folOn the death of Charles the Second, lamere, and Shrewsbury, to tell him they lowed, which was lost principally James ascended the throne. The state had a message from the prince to his Mao through the disobedience and jealousy of parties at that time rap high, and jesty, which they must imniediately in of the Irish. From our author's acalthough the restoration had been ef- part;, and when my Lord Middleton count of this battle, we shall make an fected without bloodshed, yet time was would have had them stay till the King

extract:wanted fully to consolidate the power that their business would admitt of no dewas awake in the morning, they answered

• Callimotte, the faithful friend and fol. of the Stuarts. The gaiety of Charles lay. There was no arguing with men who lower of the great Schomberg: in all his and his conciliatory manners, had kept were masters, so my Lord Middleton fortunes

, and who commanded the French both the religious and political parties went to the King's bedside, and found protestants, was rode down desperately

wounded. tolerably quiet, but Jaines was of a him so fast asleep, that puting by the cur

Scho:nberg hearing of his less flexible character, and as he nei- tain did not wake him, till kneeling down, friend's distress, and perceiving that of ther disguised his religion or his poli- he spoke pretty loud in his ear, by which the centre, hastened from his station to tics, he had rendered himself unpopu.

his Majesty, at the first, was a little sur their relief. Callimotte and his friend lar during the life of his brother." On prised; but immediately coinposing him passed each other in the river unknown,

self, asked what was the business? Which, and at a distance, one mortally wounded, ascending the throne, he, in some de- when my Lord Middleton tould him, he carried off by his soldiers, and calling out gree, regained his popularity, but his ordered them to be called in, who deli- to all that passed him, " A la gloir mes open avowal of popery and his arbi- vered a paper to the King, signed by the enfans, a la gloir!”. The other on horsetrary measures soon led the English Prince of Orange, the purport of wbich

back, in the deepest of the river, rallying pation to look for a successor, in the was, that to avoid all disorder which his the French Protestants, and pointing out person of the Prince of Orange, who Majesty's presence might cause in Lon to them their countrymen in the Irish was invited over. don, he thought fit he should go to Ham,

army, exclaiming, “ Voila Messieurs vos

In the meantime, that (a bouse belonging to the Duchess of persecuteurs!”. Prince of Orange had assembled, they signing to be in town himself about noon; When the council called by the Lauderdale,) that very morning, he de part of Hamilton's dragoons, which had

entered the river, finding their career agreed that the king should not be and this in few but positiue words, My stopped, returned, and, in doing so, again permitted to reside in any of the royal Lord Halifax added," he might take what broke through the French Protestants

, palaçes :

venerable * As soon as the prince received the re- gon before ten; yet the Prince of Orange borne on with

them; and his own men, servants he pleased with him, but must be wounded the gallant and

Schomberg, who, in the confusion, was solutions of the council, as his warrant, would take care to appoint a sutable guard ignorant that he was among them, fired at distrusting any returns of compassion or to attend bin there, to secure him

froin respect, as well as the inconstancy of popu- any barin*.” The King replied, he the troop, and killed their own noble leadlar feeling, he sent the Count de Solmes, would comply, but he called the noblemen

er*. with his Dutch guards, to take the posts back, as they were retiring, saying, “ be involved in turnult and disorder, while the

• The English army was immediately about White Hall. When James was in- had rather go to Rochester, as Ham was formed of this, he would not believe it, an unpleasant winter residence." His infantry of James rallied and returned to but a visit from Lord Craven, at eleven at choice was probably a sudden thought, as

their posts with renewed resolution. night, confirmed it*. The King .then the place would be more favourable for They were just about to fall upon the censent to the count, and remonstrated, but foreign communication, or escape, if re

tre, when King William having passed it was unavailing, he could but obey the quisite. Lord Halifax did not approve of the Danish, Dutch, and Ioniskilling

with the left wing of his army, composed orders of his prince. Lord Craven de any alteration or deviation from the clared he would be cut to pieces ere he prince's orders, but the King had the horse, advanced to attack them on the the effusion of blood, and to prevent a re- gave up the point most unwillingly. wards Dunmore; they there made such a yielded his post ; but the King, to spare firmness to persist, and Halifax, at last, right. The troops of James were seized turn. of disorder, commanded him to Lord Shrewsbury, in this midnight interly and indignantly retired. The King banity of a soldier, and Delainere stood ed. In this action, General Hamilton, withdraw his guards. The soldiers slow view, behaved with all the respectful ur- vigorous stand, that the troops, though now perceived he was entirely at the mer- silent and pensive, yet with an expression who had been the very soul of the Irish cy of the prince, but in the present in- of chastened pleasure, at seeing a man stance he evinced a greatness of mind wor- who had punished him, feeling, as he army during this memorable engagement, thy of him, and which ought to have in- night think, the power of retributive baving nearly succeeded in recovering duced his enemies to have listened to his justice. The King preserved the most James seeing this, and hearing that Count

the battle, was wounded and taken. proposals of retrieving his past errors. perfect equanimity during the visit, con: Schomberg was still making his way to He was warned of the danger of sleeping, versing coolly and unconcernedly respectsurrounded by Dutch guards, and that af- ing his removal, as if it had been a volun- * The Duke de Schomberg possessed a core Lord Craven was one of the few great tary one.

rect judgment, an exact probity, and an bumwho never quitted London during the plague,

James escaped into France at a time ble and obliging temper; a thorough knowhaving made himself, at that time, the con- when his partisans in England and hedge of the world, and was as great in council stant associate of the great Duke of Albemarle, Scotland were numerous, and sincere fable to all, and yet had an air of grandeur that in relieving the miseries of that calamitous in their attachment; and he afterwards coamanded the respect of the proudest and time. He was, at the period when he refused

most thoughtless. He wrote," says Dalryo to yield his station, at Whitehall, seventy years * "Words in italics interlined in the MS of ple, “ with the elegance and simplicity of King James.'


of age.'

Dunleek, quitted his station while the ar- land. A French fleet was fitted out, When the marder had been commitmies were yet fighting, leaving orders for in which he einbarked, but it was de- ted, the abandoned Christina sent a the army to retire and defend the pass of feated by the united Dutch and Eng- hundred livres to the convent, to pray Dunleek, and afterwards to fall back to lish fleets :the Shannon: he himself, with his princi

God for the repose of the soul of her pal officers, fied. On hearing this, Wil

• During this memorable engagement, viction. The narrative of this transacliam asked General Hamilton, then his heart of the agitated James.

a generous exclamation burst from the tion, which Mr. Moffatt has subjoined prisoner, if he thought the Irish

When he to his poem, is very interesting. It is arıny would fight any more ; Hamilton an- the tall sides of the ships from their boats, the coufessor of the Marquis, and was

saw the seamen in swarms, scrambling up the meinoir of Father le Bel, who was swered, “ upon my honour I believe they he cried out, “ Ah! nove but my brave wille"- The King with that emphatic but English could do so brave an action." Af- present when he was murdered. guished him, muttered, " your honour, ed the vessels which were on fire, some of rative, and the facts are there supposed

The poem adheres closely to the narter both French and English had abandonyour honour !” alluding to Hamilton's former breach of it towards himself*, and their guns went off at intervals, while the to be related by Le Bel to a friend of then ordered a pursuit in all quarters, in and a few of the balls passed near the per- is necessarily so connected that it is

vessels were burning to the water's edge, Monaldeschi. Although the subject the confusion of which, the orders of the monarch who had abandoned thein, were mournfully,“ Heaven fights against me,”

son of the unhappy King. He then said; not easy to detach a passage, yet we totally unobserved, and the defeat was and retired'in deep dejection to his tent, will quote one, which will afford a pretcomplete. Two thousand of the Irish were killed, the English lost not more

perhaps reflecting that his fate might serve ty correct idea of the general character than a fourth of that number. The pusil, ing once lost the affection and confidence "" The seaman,

as a warning to all future kings, that hav- of the poem :Janimous James, who thus so far departed of their people, little trust could be placed

'midst conflicting waves

Abandon'd, in a shatter'd boat, from his youthful courage, and the exam. ple of many of his own noble followers, store them to the throne they had forfeiton wealth, alliances, fleets, or armies, to re- While round bim yawn dark wat’ry graves,

And not an hour he hopes to float, first went to Dublin, next to Waterford, ed.'

Gains courage even from despair, breaking down all the bridges in his

James now retired to St. Germains, Since chance of human help is fled; course, by the suggestions of his French officers, the companions of his fight. where he passed the remainder of hie And calmly leaves each social care

To seek his place among the dead : During the period of it, he received a let: life in the austerities of the Roman But when, by tantalizing late, ter written in Louis's own hand, giving an Catholic religion. Our author draws Prospects of safety are displayed, account of his own victories, and urging a very impartial character of this un- The wretch forlorn to cheer and cheat him to sail instantly for France, and leave fortunate monarch, and his work With hopes of some protecting aid; the conduct of the Irish war to his officers

, throughout displays great cândour and The slightest object then will move promising to land him in England with liberality. The style of the work is And this suspended fate may prove

; ihirty thousand men.

The greatest torment of the mind. the Irish army fled directly to the Shan- easy and natural, and the reflections of non, where they were joined by the prin the anthor are those of a man of good

“Thus Monaldeschi, doom'd to feel cipal of James's officers, who, having taken sense and discernment.

The executioner's sharp steel, their farewell of hiin, returned to con

Could only with confusion view tinue the war, and to explain the cause of

A state to him so strange and new, his retreat. James having imprudently

Christina's Revenge ; or, the Fate of He fear'd to hope, yet could not bear and ungratefully said, while he hastened Monalleschi; with other Poems. To yield to absolute despair.

Unnumber'd thoughts of various kind through Dublin, “ that he would never By J. M. Moffatt.

12mo. pp. 208.

In quick succession fill'd his mind; again trust his fate to an Irish army,” his London, 1821.

And, flutt'ring o'er his features, cast soldiers very truly and justly remarked, Whatever degree of poetic talent Mr. Some mark'd expression as they pass’d. " Complaints of cowardice came very ill Moffatt may be deemed to possess, he at length his heart sweet hope beguiles ; from the mouth of one who had been the must at least be allowed the merit of And, moved by her seductive smiles, first to fly from the battle, and the only having chosen very striking subjects To me his supplications rise.

With falt'ring voice and eager eyes, person; not of foreign birth, who had

for his muse. fed from the kingdom, and that if the

The principal poem in And while I listen'd to his words, English would change kings with them, his volume is founded on one of the His dread attendants held their swords they would fight the battle over again.”) basest assassinations that ever was com- Bared for the death-dispensing blow; James a second time escaped to mitted-a murder committed in As it had been their wish to show

That soon should fate his life-thread cut. France, and soon afterwards made his France, by command of that disgrace And death his eyes in darkness shut. last effort to regain the crown of Eng- to sovereignty and her sex, Christina of Yet while thy friend bis woes bewail'd,

This anecdute reminds us of a delightful Sweden. This voluptuous feipale in- Compassion's influence prevail'd one recorded in the Life of Lord Keeper Guild- dulged her passions without restraint, o'er him, whose charge it was to see ford, which, although not connected with our and thought nothing of sending her fa- Perform'd the cruel queen's decree. subject, it is hoped will not be uninteresting. It vourites from her bed to a scaffold. T'entreat his sovereign to display was during the reign of Charles the Second, when the Lord Keeper, then Justice North Among the number of those who shared Her mercy, ere it was too late, during his circuit, visited the Duke of Beau- in the disgraceful partiality of Chris- Toward him to whom her voice was fate. fort, at bis princely seat at Badmington, “ the tina, was the Marquis Monaldeschi. Soon he return d in woful guise, Lord Arthur, then a child about five years old, When she quitted Sweden and re

And tears stood glist’ning in his eyes ; was very angry with the judge, (he said) for

• Marquis,' he said,' on God bestow, hanging men.

to France, she took the Mar- and hopes that from his grace must flow,

tired The judge replied, that if they were not hanged, they would kill and quis in her suite, and while residing in Thy every future thought; and pray steal. No;' said the little boy,you should the Palace of Fontainbleau, had him For mercy at his judgment day. make them promise upon their honour they assassinated in one of the apartments The queen 1 fruitlessly besonight would not do so, and then they would not.'

To pardon thy unhappy fault." there, by three men,

who butclered How delicate must the noble principle have

The pris'ner, like a man amazed, been in the breast of this infant noble, and how him in the most cruel manner, while A moment on the speaker gaz'd; rich a soil wherein to plant and to cherish it.'

he tamely submitted to his fate. Toward me hís haggard glance then turnd,

Which show'd what horrid thoughts sojourn'd a brave ship!". At length, crowding up What does the sense of danger check, Within his breast, where fiercely burn'd as far as there is usually water sufficient

And chase the dread of dying? Revenge, not dread of death could quell; for such a vessel, and so near some of the

'Tis duty still that prompts the brave Such as might prompt the hideous yell spectators, as that they imagined a man

To bold and noble daring, Of fiends in quenchlesss flames who dwell.'' might hurl a stone on board her, her main

With these to find an hovour'd grave, The second poem in this collec- top seemed to be blown off, but left hang

Or those the vict'ry sharing. tion is founded on a tradition which ing in the shrowds, then her mizen-top,

“That Providence, whose power extends

Throughout the wide creation, prevails in New England,-a country, then all her masting seemed blown away

Beholds what good or ill impends above all others, fertile in marvellous by the board. Quickly after, the bulk stories and traditions, which, thanks to vanished into a smoky cloud, which, in

O'er all, in ev'ry station. brought into a careen, she overset, and so

To those in duty's path he will Dr. Cotton Mather, have been carefully some time, dissipated, leaving, as every

Give strength, or else protection ; perpetuated. The poem is called The where else, a clear air. The admiring

Whate'er he gives, 'tis mercy still,

Or blessing, or correction.' Spectre Bark of Newhaven,' and, as spectators could distinguish the several the story is curious, we quote it. It is colours of each part, the principal rig

We shall now give a specimen of our contained in a letter addressed to Dr. ging, and such proportions as caused author's elegiac talents in the C. Mather, which he states to have not only the generality of persons to


, “this was the mould of their ship, been written by the reverend person and thus was her tragic end ;” but Mr. / Fair as the dew-bespangled rose, who was the pastor of Newhaven,' at

That sheds its o'er dale the time he published his "Magnalia this effect, “ that God had condescended, Davenport also, in public, declared to

Mild as the silver ray that throws Christi Americania,' about fifty years for the quieting of their afflicted spirits,

Its lustre on the passing sail, after the phenomenon occurred. The this extraordinary account of his 'sove

"She was :--but what avails it now,

To tell her virtues or lier charms, following is the letter:reign disposal of those, for whom so

Since death's cold hand has laid her lov66 Reverend and dear Sir,

many fervent prayers were made conti"In compliance with your desires, Inually.”

* Thus, I am, sir,

Has tom her from my circling arms! now give you the relation of that appari

" Your humble servant,

“Yet bold! fond memory still has power tion of a ship in the air, which I have re


At least to sooth my grief-worn breast,

And in faint traces to restore, ceived from the most credible, judicious, The only probable method of ac- The glowing beauties she possess d. and curious surviving observers of it. counting for this spectrum (if true), is "In the year 1647, besides much to suppose that it was occasioned by

No more for me that bosom heaves,

No more I hear the issuing sigh; other lading, a far more rich treasure of passengers (five or six of which were peratmospheric refraction, somewhat simi- Nor press the vermeil lip, that leaves

The rapt delights gold ne'er could buy. sons of chief note and worth in Newhalar to the Giant of the Brocken,' seen ven,) put themselves on board a new

on the German mountains, or the Fata No more those eyes, than morn more bright, ship, built at Rhode Island, of about one Morgana, seen in the Faro di Messina.

On me shall dart the glance of love

Those eyes whence beam'd the diamond's light, hundred and fifty tons, but so walty, that The ballad, written by Mr. Moffatt on the master (Lamberton) often said, she the subject, possesses

Mix'd with the softness of the dove.

considerable would prove their grave. In the month merit, but, as it is too long to insert,

• But why should I those beauties trace,

Which oft relentless time destroys ? of January, cutting their way through we shall pass on to his shorter pieces, Time will deform the loveliest face much ice, on which they were accompa from which we select the two following. nied by the Rev. Mr. Davenport, besides

Of her who length of years enjoys. many other friends, with many fears, as

The first, the Sailor's Soliloquy, in some "Those charms which long my bosum fired, well as prayers and tears, they set sail. of the thoughts at least, will recall to I thought almost beyond compare ; Mr. Davenport, in prayer, with an ob- memory the · Poor Jack' of that truly Though warmest love those charms inspired, servable emphasis, used these words:- loyal and neglected British Minstrel,

Their loss excites not grief or care. “ Lord, if it be thy pleasure to bury these the late Charles Dibdin :

“The sparkling eye, the blushing cheek, our friends in the bottom of the sea, they

And all the purple light of youthare thine; save them !” The spring fol

“There is a Pow'r that rules on high, To enchant the heart their power is weak,

When storms and death surround us : Jowing, no tidings of these friends arrived

Compared with constancy and truth.

Should thunders roar and light’nings fly, with the ships from England: Newla

There is an intercourse of souls

Yet let not that confound us. ven's heart began to fail her. This put Each bolt its destin'd office knows,

Delightful, heavenly, pure, sublimethe godly people on much prayer, both

Which no external power controls,

Across the welkin darting: public and private ; “ That ihe Lord

No change of circumstance or time.

This, unresisted, barmless goes; would (if it was his pleasure) let them That, soul and body parting.

"Such was the tie that bound my heart hear what he had done with their dear

To her's whose loss e'en now I mourn;

* Above, bencath, on ev'ry side, friends, and prepare them with a suitable

What dangers ever face us!

No chance, not e'en her death, shall part submission to his holy will." In June

That bond, till I to dust return.'

Some gust may plunge us in the tide, next ensuing, a great thunder-storm arose And with the dead may place us.

Some spirited translations from Ana. out of the north-west ; after which, (the Sometimes destruction o'er us lowers, creon, Horace, Metastasio, and a spehemisphere being serene,) about an hour Yet still we are protected; before sun-set, a ship of like dimensions Elsewhere its rage the tempest pours,

cimen of a new Version of the Eneis, with the aforesaid, with her canvass and

'Gainst other heads directed.

close the volume. The poems of Mr. colours abroad (though the wind was

Moffatt are of a very varied character,

To rear the flag, or shift the sails, northernly), appeared in the air, coming In storms the seaman soaring,

both as to their subjects and their up from our harbour's mouth, which lies If courage or bis footing fails,

merits, which are somewhat umequal. southward from the town, seemingly with

May sink 'midst billows roaring.

To us they do not appear to possess her sails filled under a fresh gale, holding

He mounts, and to the top-mast clings,

much originality of thought, but the her course north, and continuing under

And knows no fears of falling; Ubservation, sailing against the wind, for

His confidence from duty springs,

author has considerable facility of the space of half an hour. Many were He's lab'ring in his calling.

versification, and some of his songs drawn to behold this great work of God:

• When 'cross the crowded blood stain'd deck and other minor pieces are certainly yea, the very children cried out,“There's Are balls and bullets flying,


Sketches of Manners, Scenery, $c in tears when she described the place in its ing men from the Appenines, and from the French Provinces.

With an

ancient splendour, which she had seen. the long pestilential flat between the town Essay on French Literature. By She was on the establishment of the castle and sea, probably forming the brigand the late John Scott, Esq. London, in her youth, and recounted the horrors population of this singular country, re1821.

of its fall with strong emotion. The de- quired strong doses; bis eloquence was of

stroyed rooms were converted into a re- the unflinching kind; his object seemed The literary character of Mr. Scott, volutionary prison; and the kitchen was to be, to shake their souls as one would and the unfortunate events which led destined for those condemned to die. shake a phial, without stopping to look if to his death, are sufficiently known to Some of the unfortunate family to whom it were all right. llis congregation was render it unnecessary for us to criticise it belonged, were here held in captivity : numerous and most attentive.' the one or enter into a detail of the and from hence were taken to the place These extracts may serve to give other. The volume now before us is of death. While our guide was describ. some idea op the work, which, if coma posthumous work, and, like posthu- ing these things, she spoke in a solemn pleted, would, we doubt not, have mous works in general

, adds little whisper, as if surrounded by the state of added to the reputation of its author. to the reputation of the writer. Al. past days, and overheard by the spirits of

her murdered masters. In one strong though it is very natural for affection and friendship to cherish the relics of a contined a mischievous madman; and his

room, near the outer gate, the police Journal of a Residence in the Burmhan favourite, yet it is as injudicious to howling execrations, directed agaiust the

Empire. By Captain Hiram Cox.

(Continued from p. 514.) bring an untinished book as an unfi. visitors, whom he heard near him, minnished picture before the public, for it gled themselves with the old woman's sad | The mission of Captain Cox to the almost invariably exhibits the author story, delivered in a low tone of voice, court of Amarapoorah was not without to great disadvantage.

thus producing an indescribably awful its difficulties; the king showed a Å few years ago, Mr, Scott publish the present and the past with almost over and treated him with great attention,

effect." It brought the contrast between strong partiality towards the English, ed a Visit to Paris,' which passed powering force on our feelings. We left but the ministers threw every obstacle through two or three editions; the vo- the place, very much 'struck with what in his way of access to the monarch, lume of Sketches' was intended as a we had seen and listened to. Among sequel to that work, had the author other things, we were told, that some part

and sought to exact concessions and lived to finish it; but a considerable of the family, now re-established at Paris, humiliations to which it was impossible portion of it consists of loose inemo- was suspected to have lately visited the for him to submit, without compromisrapda only, which a gentleman of Mr. ruins of the superb possession, incogniti

. ing his own character and the interests Scott's literary tact, would, we doubt They walked through the decayed salons, of his country. An interview with the not, have worked up into a very pleas

and stumbled over the fragments of their whoonghee, or minister, was as difficult ing volume; even as it is, some of his and, on going away, a young man gave a as much state and ceremony as an audi

glory, with looks of melancholy grief; to obtain, and conducted with almost sketches are interesting; the following, handsome donation to the aged porteress. for example:

She has since had good reason to believe ence with the king himself; indeed, We went to see the fine castle of Vi.! that this was the lord whose infancy she the whoonghee took particular pains to trê. It is in ruins, the rooms having been had nursed. She wept bitterly as she impress Captain Cox with a high sense destroyed in the revolution ; but the walls told us this; and declared she would have of the great honour he had conferred and towers are magnificent. Its ditch is died consoled for all the past if she had upon him by an audience, assuring large and deep; it stands upon an elerabut known bim, and could have kissed his him that there was no precedent for it tion of rock, and looks down upon the hand.'

in the annals of the Burmhan history. lower town from a great height; while Mr. Scott's tour was not confined to The minister, and, indeed, all the ofthe view it affords of the country is bigbly France, but extended to Italy, where, ficers of state were very avaricious, and beautiful. The elegant salon had been entered by a flight of stairs. There was he gives the following account of an the king centered almost all his wishes

among other sketches and observations, begged almost every thing he saw; but level of the castle-yard, with windows Italian preacher :

in one request, which was, that the GoJooking out upon the lower town; the Going past the door of the church, Ivernor-General of India would obtain stairs to the salon were destroyed; its heard a priest's voice declaiming with for him the tooth of Gauderna, a Burmgilded walls were blackened with fire; most sonorous force. On entering, I saw han law-giver, which was deposited in the beams that supported its floor had the commanding fine figure of a sturdy the principal pagoda of Ceylon ! tumbled into the rooms below, or hung capucin, with a rope round his middle, over them in a broken and threatening sandals on his feet, naked above, and

Among the trifling presents which state. Even the towers of stupendous placed not, as is usual, in a pulpit, but on Captain Cox received from the whongstrength had suffered. The walls they á stage, with an elegant chair behind, his hee were two horses, one of which died could not hurt; but the stone floors were whole body from the head to the feet ex. soon after, and the carcass was begged broken in, and fire had been used here; posed, and his action, thus becoming by the Burmhans to eat:so that the undertaking of ascending to inore commanding than it can possibly be • The tribe of smiths, including all the the top of these grand buildings, was at when only half the person appears out of artificers in metals, are particularly fond tended with considerable danger. The a round tub, which pulpits in general are. of horse-flesh, supposing it best calculatyard of the castle bears the most imposing This was the first instance of this stage- ed to recruit the strength wasted by worklook of antiquity. It has the profound preaching which I had seen in Italy; but ing at their forges. Aniinals that have draw-well, the arched gateway, the watch the effect was so fine, that I am surprised died from disease are, in general, eaten by tower-all in the finest old style. The it is not more general. . According to the inhabitants of the country who are Prussians had bivouacked here, and occu- custom, there was a crucifix by the side fond of flesh; but as metempsychosists, pied the few lower apartments that are of the orator, and his action of hand was they are prohibited from killing amimals still defended from the weather. An old with more force than respect directed to for food. In this they resemble their woman resides in a small porter's lodge, wards the esligy. He seemed to know neighbours, the Chinese ; and I appreclose to the draw-bridge, who shews the that his bearers, gaunt women, with flat hend this filthy custom of eating the Heshi ruin to strangers. She was inoved to linen cloth on their heads, and wild-look- 1 of diseased animals is the cause of a


dreadful disorder which attacks the extre-rior to the shed Ulived in while at Mhego dominions, it was his duty to see that mities with ulcerous sores, which soon hoon, which afforded shelter neither those immediately intrusted with its rites mortify, and leave those who survive dis- against sun or rain. These huts, or as were well informed; and, in consequence, gusting and mutilated objects. The beg. they are styled by the Burmhans, travel. he gave orders that candidates for the suigars of the country are chiefly composed ling palaces, are constructed at the end of periorities of keouns should in future unof this class, and viander about the coun- every stage that his majesty makes; they dergo a more strict examination. His try in groups; assembling at the feasts of are not begun until his boat puts to the courtiers maintained a humble aud prothe principal pagodas, where they are re- shore, when they are finished in a few found silence, except when occasionally Jieved by the bounty of the devout and hours: he counted seven between Ama- answering in the affirmative. It appears humane.' Coming up the river, we met rapporah and Keounmeoun, and was in that his majesty is much dissatisfied with two or three squadrons of little boats be- formed there were five more higher up the the present state of religion in his domilonging to these wretched pilgrims, going river, so that he computes his majesty's nions, and meditates some great changes. with their families to the southward; ex-excursion to have been seventy-eight miles He has found the priesthood in general cept these it is rare to see a beggar in the in extent. The king's grandson and pre- miserably ignorant; even his arch-priest Burmban dominions. They seem to be sumptive heir to the throne, had a hut of cannot satisfy his doubts. He says, they licensed by their peculiar misfortune; the the same construction as that of his ma- read over their canonical books, when other poor, as far as I can learn, are sub- jesty, built near his grandfather's, to de- they first enter on the monastic life, as a sisted at the baws or cottages of the note the equality of his rank, or rather the task imposed on school boys; and, alpoonghees; for which purpose the poong-rank to which the dotage of his grandfa- though they have no other employment hees of each monastery make a procession ther has raised him. He is about eleven to engage their attention, they never afterearly every morning to appropriated quar- or twelve years of age, has an extensive wards investigate or inquire into the mysters of the town, to collect the donations territory ai his sole disposal, and a court tical meaning of their rites; so that they of the charitable, which, in general, con composed of boys chosen from his play, are totally unfit to instruct the people. sist of boiled rice, vegetable curries, and mates, who are denominated whoonghees, Hence the various abuses that have crept fruit.'

woondocks, &c.; the other princes of the into their religion; the building of small The Burmhans are excessively mean blood are dispersed at short distances, pagolas, the use of beads, &c.; all of and covetous. With a Burmlan you

above and below his majesty, and the which are cloaks for hypocrisy, and unare never welcome without a present ;

army, if it may be so denominated, is authorized by the teneis of their ancient

scattered round them. If they amount faith. Thiese he means to forbid; also he it ever so trifling, the etiquette is to ten thousand men altogether, it is the the practice of the poonghees taking ser. fulfilled. Captain Cox says, while at outside; and Mr Burnett informs me, vants with them to carry the provisions Mbeeglioon,

they are the same kind of wretched ill- they collect in the morning, and to re• In the evening, the Enga Tekaing's armed rabble that I saw at Mhegboon. strain the number of poonghees. These people came, and took away the lattice The service they have been employed in, severe strictures and meditated reforms frames from before my door. I was in was cutting down bamboos and fire-wood, alarm bis courtiers very much: they dare formed, tivat they were wanted to inclose and transporting it to Mheghoon. The not remonstrate, and are afraid to obey. some ground or court, during a ceremony bills on the west side of the river termi- Mr. Burnett informs me that his majesty which annually is practised on wa-bing the nate about sixteen miles above Mheg- is a hale-looking man, rather corpulent, Enga Teaking's head; and that they hoon, where commences a high plain, with an arch and penetrating eye. He would be returned when the ceremony rugged, and in general uncultivated, or frequently glanced a look at his audience, was over. I mention the circumstance unsusceptible of cultivation.

He saw

as it he would read their minds. Reli. as a trait of the mixture of inconsiderate only one considerable village on his way, gion has been the constant theme during meanness which attends all the actions of situated on the west bank: the eastern this excursion, and bas precluded all this people. The fence was deemed ne- range of mountains extended beyond the other business. He often looked at him, cessary to keep the multitude off from my limits of his journey. The morning after but asked no questions, when he was prehouse, and considered as a compliment his arrival he was admitted to an audience sent. The levee lasted about two hours; paid me; the whole value of them is not of his majesty, whom he found seated on he then retired, and the court broke up. Twenty rupees, yet to save these twenty a common mat on the floor of bis bunga- Some time after Mr. Burnett was seated, rupees, the compliment to me is done low, with pillows covered with green vel- the king's grandson came in and seated away, and I am again left exposed to the vet to lean upon. He was dressed in an himself on his majesty's left hand. His obtrusion of the multitude. The same open jamma of white cloth, a common majesty put his arm round him and kissed spirit prevades everything. If the silk lungee round his loins, his hair ga- him. The prince of Prone's daughter king, &c. makes you a present, you must thered into a knot on the crown of his seated herself on his right hand. She is pay or give in presents double the value head, in the Burınhan style, without any the intended wife of the grandson, and of it, to those who bring it. If boats are handkerchief round his head. The cour- their nuptials are soon to be celebrated. provided, you must fee the understrap-tiers and Mr. Burnett were arranged on Three or four of the king's daughters also pers to expedite the dispatch, pay for the the same level, but on the bare bamboos. came into the court, bowed to the ground, materials necessary for fitting them up, The levee commenced before sun-rise, and then seated themselves opposite his and reward the crew. It is no excuse to and as the whoonghee and Mr. Burnett majesty, in a line with the mhee whoongsay the superiors are not privy to this had to cross the river, it had begun be. hee. Mr. Burnett was seated in a line conduct, suppose the defence true, which fore they arrived. The conversation had with the woondocks. After the king's it is not; as they give no wages, they are taken a religious turn, in consequence of levee, Mr. Burnett went with the whoong. at least tacitly consenting, as their servants the examination of some of the heads of bee to pay his respects to the grandson: have no other source of remuneration.' keouns, or priests, which had passed the He did not take off his shoes until within

Mr. Burnett, who accompanied Cap- day before. It appears they had been the shade of the but. He informs me tain Cox, and made an excursion a few found very ignorant, and his majesty was that he is a smart looking boy, was seated miles in the interior, describes the much dissatisfied with them, Ainong the on a cot, seemed rather embarrassed, and

observations that were made by him on asked no questions while he was there. country above Mheghoon, rugged and barren, and his majesty's many resorted to a religious life from a very the subject, he said, that he feared too if his majesty is ill-lodged, his courtiers

are still worse off, and the situation of the accommodations as very wretched :- love of indolence; that he did not pre- poor rabble of soldiers miserable indeed ;

“What is called his palace, is a mere tend to be learned in these matters him- ihey have nothing to screen them from hut of bamboos, thatched with straw, infe-1 self, but, as the head of the religion of his I the weather but their own cotton clothes,


« PreviousContinue »