Page images

• The following image in the descrip-tronage of his Majesty, must not only

Thou to the winds, at that proud call, tion of a torrent :be a matter of congratulation to every as when they fir’d, in bower and hall,

Didst pour thine old majestic strains, u Each wave was crested with tawny foam, Cambrian, but to every one who feels

The hearts that were not born for chains. Like the mane of a chesnut steed," an interest in the literary history of his And deeply yet that music thrills !

Lay of the last Minstrel, is thus in part repeated, country. Although little more than

Yet lives there, in each pealing close, “ She could see the crest of the torrent flung twelve months have elapsed since the Some memory of th' eternal hills, loose down the rock like the mane of a wild formation or rather re-establishment With their pure streams of radiant snows! horse.”Heart of Midlothian.

of the Cymmrodorion *, yet the time 'The hills, where freedom's shrine of old Passing over the similarity of de- has not been wholly occupied by mere The streams, which, proudly as they roll’d,

High 'midst the storm dominion stood ; scription, we shall proceed to notice a measures of regulation; several valu

Bure to the deep beroic blood ; few peculiarities of expression which able books and MSS. have been “The snows, in their unstain'd array, are peculiar to both :-

collected, subscriptions to works tend- Bright o'er each eagle summit spread; • The word "peril” is continually used ing to disseminate a knowledge of an-Oh! who shall view their haunts, and say as a verb by both writers. cient British literature have been ob.

Tlrat inspiration thence hath fied?

It is not thus each mountain's brow « « Nor peril aught for meagen." tained, and a medal for the best Welsh

Bears record of undying names ! Lady of the Lake. ode on the revival of the society, has How shall your sons forget to glow, «« I perild thus the helpless child.". been awarded to one of the seven can- Ye mighty! with your quenchless flames?

Lord of the Isles. «« Before that adventure be peril'd and won." didates who contested for it.

" It is not thus !-in every glen

The soil with noble dust is blent !
Harold the Dauntless. The Report contains an account of
“Were the blood of all my ancestors in my what has been done already, and what of fearless and of gifted men
veins, I would have peril'd it in this quarrel.'

The land is one high monument !
is still in contemplation, and it is en-

And think ye not, her hills among,
riched with a very able essay on the
«« To avoid perilling what I prize so highly."

That still their spirit brightly dwells ?
Bride of Lammermoor.
Antiquity of the Welsh Tongue,". Be thou immortal, soul of song!

By Deva's waves, in Snowdon's dells ! “The person of least consequence-were from the elegant and classical pen of better perilled."

Abbot. John Humphreys Parry, Esq. who, we Yes! ’midst those haunts, in days gone by, “I were undeserving his grace, did I not believe, has been principally instru

The deep wind swell'd with prophet lore ; peril

it for his good."
" You may peril your own soul, if you list.” mental in establishing the institution. Scenes mantled with sublimity,

Still are ye sacred, as of yore!
The length of this essay precludes our

With our best wishes for the sncAnother word of frequent occurrence giving it insertion, and we will not in

cess of an institution, laudable in its in both writers, is despite.?

jure it by an abridgment; we shall,
therefore, quote some lines written by considerable service to literature, we

plan, and calculated to render no in“ Despite the uncertainty of my situation."

Rob Roy.

Mrs. Hemans, the author of the 'Scep-take our leave of the First Report of the «Despite the asseverations of Edie Ochil- tre,' and other poems, entitledtree.” Antiquary.


“THE WAKENING OF CAMBRIA, “Despite my Dutch education."

Inscribed to the Cymmrodorion Society by Mrs.

Guy Mannering " Despite thine arrows and thy bow."

Hemans, on her admission as an Honorary Ballantyne's Novelist's Library. Vols.

Member of the Institution.
Lay of the last Minstrel.

1, 2, and 3. Royal 8vo. Edin“Despite those titles, power, and pelf.”: It is a glorious hour to him

burgh, 1821.
Who stands on Snowdon's monarch brow,

When twilight's lingering star grows dim, So many editions of the British novel. We might pursue the subject much

And mists with morn's resplendence glow; ists have already appeared, that it seemfurther, but what we have alreudy And, rolling swift before the breeze, ed almost difficult any lor:ger to prequoted will suffice to shew the general Unveil to his enraptur'd eye,

sent them under a new aspect; this, character of the work, and the minute Girt with green isles and sparkling seas,

however, has been done by Mr. Ballan

All Cambria's mountain majesty! details to which the author extends his

tyne, an enterprising bookseller of researches in support of his assumption. But there hath been a mightier hour! We have already stated that there is And,

as an eagle in its power,
'Twas when her voice from silence broke,

Edinburgh, who has died since they

were coinmenced. The Novelist's much ingenuity displayed in this essay, The spirit of the land awoke!

Library' is edited by Sir Walter Scott, and we ought also to add, there is a From the far depths of ages gone,

that extraordinary genius,good deal of silly trifling, and the From the low chambers of the dead,

whose prolific quill whole work is much laboured, particu- It woke! and brightly moving on,

Can every month, with ease, a volume fiti." larly when we consider it is only to A sun-beam o'er the mountains spread.

The th volumes that have already prove a fact which is now scarcely 'And there were sounds, where'er it passed,

O'er Druid rock and Fairy dell,

been published, contain the works of questioned. Of song upon the rushing blast,

Fielding and of Smollet, including, by Of minstrelsy's triumphant swell!

the former, Joseph Andrews, Toin Report relative to the Views and Pro-While, as Eryri's torrent-waves

Jones, Amelia, and Jonathan Wild, ceedings of the Cymmrodorion, or

With joyous music hail'd its way,

which fill the first yolume. The se Ten thousand echoes from their caves Metropolitan Cambrian Institution,

Burst, to prolong th' exulting lay.

cond and third are devoted to Smollet, established in May 1820. 8vo. pp. And thou, O harp! to whose deep tone

and contain Roderick Random, Pere. 62. London, 1821. Was given a power, in elder time,

grine Pickle, Humphrey Clinker, That a society established for the exA might, a magic all thine own,

Count Fathom, Sir Launcelot Greaves,

The burning soul of Cambria's clime; press purpose of preserving and illus

and the translation of Don Quixote, trating the remains of ancient British Thou, hallow'd thus by freedom's breath,

The labours of the present very able

To guard her fastnesses on bigh, literature, and for promoting its pre- With sounds, inspiring geom of death,

editor, which add an increased value sent cultivation,' should have been Instinct with immortality :

and interest even to works so decidedly established in London under the pa- * The word signifies' Associates.'

popular, consist of biographieal notices and critical tremarks; the former are habit of dexterity necessary for acquitting organs, and would exact from a theatrical brief anecdotal sketches of some of the himself with equal reputation in another, audience that exercise of the imagination most prominent features, or most strik- or as the artist, who has dedicated him which is necessary to follow. forth and emingly illustrative of the characters of self to the use of water-colours, is usually body circumstances neither spoken nor the individuals. Of the qualifications

less distinguished by bis skill in oil-paint- exhibited, there is an immediate failure, of the author of the Scottish novels, as ing.

though it may be the failure of a man of a critic on hovel writing, no person place before the reader as full and accu-goodacting play may be made by select

It is the object of the novel-writer, to genius. Hence it follows, that though a will doubt; we shall, therefore, leave rate a representation of the events which ing a plot and characters from a norel, yet him in both cases to speaķ for bimself. he relates, as can be done by the mere scarcely any effort of genius could render From the prefatory inemoir to Fielding force of an excited imagination, without a play into a narrative romance,

In the we quote the following extracts :- the assistance of material objects. His former case, the author has only to con

• Fielding, the first of British novelists, sole appeal is made to the world of fancy tract the events within the space necessafor such be may surely be termed, has and of ideas, and in this consists his ry for representation, to chuse the most thus added his name to that of Le Sage strength and his weakness, his poverty and striking characters, and exhibit them in and others, who, eminent for fictitious his wealth. He cannot, like the painter, the most forcible contrast, discard from narration, have either altogether failed in present a visible and tangible representa- the dialogue whatever is redundant or tetheir dramatic attempts, or at least have tion of his towns and his woods, his palaces dious, and so dramatize the whole. But fallen far short of that degree of excel- and his castles; but, by awakening the we know not any effort of genins, which lence which might have been previously imagination of a congenial reader, he could successfully insert into a good play, augured of them. It is hard to fix upon places before his mind's eye, landscapes those accessaries of clescription and deliany plausible reason for a failure, which fairer than those of Claude, and wilder neation, which are necessary to dilate it has occured in too many instances to be than those of Salvator. He cannot, like into a readable novel. It may thus easily the operation of mere chance, especialiy the dramatist, present before our living be conceived, that he whose chief talent since, à priori, one would think the same eyes the heroes of former days, or the lies in addressing the imagination only, talents necessary for both walks of litera- beautiful creations of his own fancy, em- and whose style, therefore, must be exture. Force of character, strength of ex- bodied in the grace and majesty of Kem- panded and circumstantial, may fail in a pression, felicity of contrast and situation, ble or of Siddons ; but he can teach his kind of composition where so much must a well-constructed plot, in which the de- reader to conjure up forms even niore be left to the efforts of the actor, with his velopement is at once natural and unex. dignified and beautiful than theirs. The allies and assistants, the scene-painter and pected, and where the interest is kept uni- saine dilference follows him through property-man, and where every attempt formly alive, till sumined up by the catas- every branch of his art. The author of a to interfere with their province, is an error trophe,-all these are requisites as essennovel, in short, has neither stage nor

unfavourable to the success of the piece. tial to the labour of the novelist, as to that scene-painter, nor company of comedians, Besides, it must farther be rememberedd, of the dramatist, and, indeed, appear to nor dresser, nor wardrobe, -words ap- that in fictitious narrative an author carries comprehend the sum of the qualities ne- plied with the best of his skill, must sup- on bis manufacture alone, and upon his cessary to success in both departments. ply all that these bring to the assistance of own account; whereas, in dramatic writFielding's biographers have, in this parti- the dramatist: Action, and tone, and ges- ing, he enters into partnership with the cular instance, explained his lack of thea- ture, the smile of the lover, the frown of performers, and it is by their joint efforts trical success, as arising from the careless the tyrant, the grimace of the buffoon, that the piece is to succeed. Copartnery Jiaste with which he huddled up his drama- all must be told, for nothing can be shewn. is called, by civilians, the mother of distic compositions; it being no uncommon Thus, the very dialogue becomes mixed cord; and how likely it is to prove so in thing with bim to finish an act or two in a with the narration; for he must not only the present instance, may be illustrated ·morning, and to write out whole scenes tell what the characters actually said, in by reference to the admirable dialogue beupon the paper in which his favourite to which his lask is the same as ihat of the tween the player and poet irr “s Joseph bacco had been wrapped up. Negligence dra!natic author, but must also describe Andrews,” book iii. chap: 10. The poet of this kind will no doubt give rise to great the tone, the look, the gesture, with must either be contented to fail, or to inequalities in the productions of an au- which their speech was accompanied, make great condescensions to the expethor so careless of his reputation, but telling, in short, all which, in the drama, it rience, and pay much attention to the pewill scarcely account for an aitribute becomes the province of the actor to ex- culiar qualifications, of those by whom something like dullness, which pervades press. It must, therefore, frequently his piece is to be represented. And he Fielding's plays, and which is rarely happen, that the author best qualified for who in a novel had only to fit sentiments, found in those works which a man of ge- a province, in which all depends on the action, and character, to ideal beings, is nius throws off at a heat,' to use Dry communication of bis own ideas and feel- now compelled to assume the much more den's expression, in prodigal self-reliance ings to the reader, without any interven- difficult task of adapting all these to real on his internal resources. Neither are we ing medium, may fall short of the skill ne-existing persons, who, unless their parts at all disposed to believe, that an ane cessary to adapt his compositions to the are exactly suited to their own taste and thor, so careless as Fielding, took much medium of the stage, where the very qua- their peculiar capacities, have, each in his more pains in labouring his novels, than lities most excellent in a novelist are out line, the means, and not unfrequently the in composing his plays; and we are, of place, and an impediment to success. inclination, to ruin the success of the therefore, compelled to seek some other Description and narration, which form play. Such are, amongst many others, and more general reason for the inferiority the very essence of the norel, must be the peculiar difficulties of the dramatic of the latter. This may, perhaps, be very sparingly introduced into drainatic art, and they seem impediments which lie found in the nature of these two studies, composition, and scarce ever have a good peculiarly in the way of the novelist who which, intimately connected as they seem effect upon the stage. Mr. Puff, in the aspires to extend liis sway over the stage.' to be, are yet naturally distinct in some Critic, has the good sense to leave out

After noticing Fielding's dramatic very essential particulars; so much so as all about gilding the eastern hemis- pieces, Sir Walter gives the following to vindicate the general opinion, that he, phere;" and the very first thing which the anecdote:who applies himself with eminent success players struck out of his memorable tra- • After the publication of “ Joseph Anto the one, becomes, in some degree, un- gedy, was the description of Queen Eliza- | drews,” Fielding had again recourse to qualified for the other, like the artisan, beth, her palfrey, and her sidė-saddle. The the stage, and brought out “The Wedvho,.by a particular turn for excellence drama speaks to the eye and ear'; and ding Day," which, though on the whole - in one mechanical department, loses the / when it ceases to aduress these bodily.I unsuccessful, produced him some small

[ocr errors]

profit. This was the last of his theatrical he has presented, and sometimes under the author has substituted splendour of efforts which appeared during his life. The various points of view, the leading features colouring forsiinplicity of outline Thus, manuscript comedy of “The Fathers” of his own character, without disguising of the inimitable sea-characters, Trunnion, was lost by Sir Charles Hanbury Wil- the most unfavourable of them. Nay, Pips, and even Hatchway, border upon liams, and, when recovered, was acted af- there is room to believe, that he rather caricature; but Lieutenant Bowling and ter the author's death for the benefit of exaggerated than softened that cynical Jack Ratilio are truth and nature itself. his family. An anecdote respecting the turn of temper, which was the principal The reason seems to be, that when an aucarelessness with which Fielding regarded fault of his disposition, and which engaged thor brings forth bis first representation of his theatrical faine, is thus given by for him in so many, quarrels.

It is

re. any class of characters, he seizes on the mer biographers :

markable, that all his heroes, from Roder- leading and striking outlines, and, thereOn one of the days of its rehearsal, ick Random downward, possess a haughty, fore, in the second attempt of the same (i. e. the rehearsal of the Wedding. fierce, irritability of disposition, until the kind, he is forced to make some distincDay,") Garrick, who performed a princi- sane features appearsoftened, and render- tion, and either to invest his personage pal part, and who was even then a favour. ed venerable by age and philosophy, in with less obvious and ordinary traits of ite with the public, told Fielding, he was Matthew Bramble. The sports in which character, or to place him in a new and apprehensive that the audience would they most delight are those which are at less natural light. Hence it would seem, make free with him in a particular pas tended with disgrace, mental pain, and the difference in opinion which somesage, and remarked, that as a repulse bodily mischief to others; and their hu- times occurs betwixt the author and the might disconcert him during the remain- manity is never represented as interrupt- reader, respecting the comparative value der of the night, the passage should be ing the course of their frolics. We know of early and of subsequent publications. omitted," No; d-n'em.” replied he, not that Smollett had any other marked The author naturally prefers that upon “ if the scene is not a good one, let them failing, save that which he himself has so which he is conscious much more labour find that out.” Accordingly, the play often and so liberally acknowleged. When has been bestowed, while the public often was brought out without alteration, and, unseduced by his satirical propensities, he remain constant to their first love, and as had been foreseen, marks of disappro- was, kind, generous, and humane, to prefer the facility and truth of the earlier bation appeared. Garrick, alarmed at others ; bold, upright, and independent work to the more elaborate execution disthe hisses he had met with, retired into in his own character; slooping to no pa. played in those which follow it. But the green-room. where the author was so tron, suing for no favour, but honest- though the simplicity of his predecessor lacing himself with a bottle of champain. !y and honourably maintaining himself on was not, and could not be, repeated in He hadi by this time drank pretty freely; his literary labours; when, if he was oc- Smollett's second novel, his powers are and, glancing his eye at the actor, while casionally employed in work which was so far from evincing any falling off, that clouds of tobacco issued from his mouth, beneath his talents, the disgrace must re- in Peregrine Pickle there is a much wider cried out, “ What's the matter, Garrick main with those who saved not such a ge- range of character and incident, than is what are they hissing now?”—“Why the nius from the degrading drudgery of com- exhibited in Roderick Random, as well as scene that I begged you to retrench," re- piling and translating. He was a doting a more rich and brilliant display of the taplied the actor; “I knew it would not do; father and an affectionate husband ; and lents and humour of the distinguished auand they have so frightened me, that i the warm zeal with which his memory was thor.' shall not be able to collect myself again cherished by his surviving friends, shewed the whole night.”_"Oh! dm'em, re- clearly the reliance which they placed To a reader of a good disposition and joined her with great coolness, “they upon his regard... Even his resentments, well-regulated mind, the picture of moral have found it out, have they?? though oftea bastily adopted, and incau- depravity presented in the character of

• Miller published “ Amelia” in 1751. tiously expressed, were neither ungene. Count Fathom, is a disgusting pollution of He had paid a thousand pounds for the ous nor enduring. He was open to con- the imagination. To those, on the other copy-right; and when he began to sus- viction, and ready to make both acknow: hand, who hesitate on the brink of medipect that the work would be judged infe- ledgement and allowance when he had tated iniquity, it is not safe to detail the rior to its predecessor, he employed the done injustice to others, willing also to arts by which the ingenuity of villainy has following stratagem to push it upon the forgive and to be reconciled when he had triumphed in former instances; and it is trade. At a sale made to the booksellers, received it at their hand.'

well known that the publication of the previous to the publication, Miller offered his friends his other publications on the are made on two of Smollett's works, though attended by the public and infa

The following admirable remarks real account of uncommon cines, alcame to “ Amelia” laid it aside, as usual terms of discount; but when be Peregrine Pickle and Count Fathom. mous punishment of the perpetrators, has a work in such demand, that he could not Speaking of the former, Sir Walter to similar actions. To some unhappy afford to deliver it to the trade in the usual says,

minds it may occur as a sort of extenuation manner. The ruse succeeded the in- •The splendid merit of the work itself, of the crime which they meditate, that pression was anxiously bought up, and was a much greater victory over the au- even if they carry their purpose into exthe bookseller relieved from every appre- thor's enemies, if he really had such, than ecution, their guilt will fall far sbort of hension of a slow sale.'

any which he could gain by personal al- what the author has ascribed to his fictiAs we do not mean to enter into any tercation with unworthy opponents. Yet tious character, and there are other imaconnected biography of either Fielding by many his second novel was not thought ginations so ill regulated, that they catch or Smollett, we shall only quote one

quite equal to his first. In truth, there infection from stories of wickedness, and passage relating to the life of the lat-regrine Pickle a difference, which is of realize the pictures of villains which are

occurs betwixt Roderick Random and Pe. feel an insane impulse to emulate and to ter, and some of the editor's critical re- ten observed betwixt the first and second embodied in such narratives 'as those of marks on his works :

efforts of authors who have been success- Zeluco or Count Fathom.' Thę person of Smollett was eminently I ful in this line. Peregrine Pickle is more handsome, his features prepossessing, and, finished, more sedulously laboured into

The concluding remarks of the preby the joint testimony of all his surviving excellence, exhibits scenes of more accu- fatory memoir to Smollett, which confriends, his conversation in the highest de. mulated interest, and presents a richer

va- sists of forty-two pages, are devoted to gree instructive and amusing. Of his dis riety of character and adventure than a comparison of the njerits of that able position, those who have read his works Roderick Random; but yet there is an writer with Fielding: (and who has not done so?) may form a eise and simplicity in the first novel which Fielding and Smollett were both born very accurate estimate; for in each of them is not quite attained in the second, where in the highest rank of society, both edocated to learned professions, yet both Summer; _on Invocation to Sleep ;| for the ingenious,' and ingenuities for obliged to follow miscellaneous literature

Fairy Revels; and Songs and Son- the curious; and although there are as the means of subsistence. Both were

nets: By Cornelius Webb. 12mo. a few • flat, stale, and unprofitable' arconfined, during their lives, by the nar.

pp. 48. London, 1821.

ticles, yet the selection is, on the whole, sowness of their circumstances, both we once noticed a small collection of .made with discrimination and good united a homonrous cynicism with generosity and good nature,-both died of the sonnets, by Mr. Webb, which we taste. We select a few articles: diseases incident to a sedentary life, and thought, gave indications of genius • Ancient and Modern Prices. In the to literary labour, and both drew their last that his preser work does not con- year 712 and 727, an ewe, lamb was breath in a foreign land, to which they refirm; there is a good deal of natural rated at one shilling, Saxon money, till a treated under the adverse circumstances of beauty and simplicity in his poem of fortnight after Easter. Between 900 and a decayed constitution and an exhausted Summer,' but it shows great care

1000, two hides of land, each containing fortune.

lessness in the language. Some writ- about one hundred and twenty acres, were Their studies were no less similar than ers may think the inspirations of their sold for one hundred shillings. In 2000, stage, and neither of them successfully: genius sufficiently polished, as they rated at thirty shillings, a'mare or a colt They both meddled in politics; they both emanate, but we will venture to say, of a year old at twenty shillings, a mule or wrote travels, in which they shewed that that no man ever became a great poet young ass at twelve shillings, an ox at their good humour was wasted under the without much care and attention. or thirty pence, a cow at twenty-four pence, sufferings of their disease; and, to con-l: Fairy Revels,' we can say nothing a sow eight pence, a sheep one shilling clude, they were both so eminently suc- better than of Summer. The la In 1043, a quarter of wheat was sold for cessfulas novelists, that no other English ment about the fall of England, in the 60 pence. From these and cther similar author of that class has a right to be men. · Emigrant's Farewell,' is ridiculous; facts, it is computed that in the Saxon era tioned in the saine breath with Fielding and we think we may safely assare Mr. portion to commodities, than at present; and Smollett. • If we compare the works of these two reach a good old age, he will never ing to our present language, must hare

Cornelius Webb, that allowing him to so that the price of every thing, accord: assign to Fielding, with little hesitation, live to see the strength of England a been thirty times cheaper than it is now. the praise of a higher and a purer taste cause for sport,'any more than it is now, • In the reign of William the Conqueror, than was shewn by his rival; 'inore ele- what he says it is, a cause for tears.' commodities were ten times cheaper than gance of composition and expression ; a Some of the sonuets, and a song, in this they are at present; and hence we canbearer approach to the grave irony of little volume, are, however, pretty, and not help

forpiing a very high idea of the we quote the latter in conclusion; as the revenue of William the Conqueror address or felicity in the conduct of his exhibiting our author rather favoura- was four hundred thousand pounds per story: and, finally, a power

of describing bly :amiable and virtuous characters, and of


annum, every pound being equal to that placing before us heroes, and especially

weight of silver. Consequently, the whole heroines, of a much higher as well as

I saw her but a lover's hour,

may be estimated at one million two hunpleasing character, than Smollett was able

That beauty without beauty's pride, dre'd thousand pounds of the present

As humble as the wayside flower to present.'

That blushing droops when fondly eyed: the different value of money between that

consumption, a sum which, considering Her hair was like the golden rays Upon the whole, the genius of Smol- That fall on mountain-heads of snow;

period and the present time, was equivaJett may be said to resemble that of Ru- And angels might with wonder gaze

lent to twelve millions of modern estima. bens. His pictures are often deficient in Upon the whiteness of her brow.

tion. grace; sometimes coarse, and even vulgar Her eyes were like twin violets,

The most necessary coinmodities do in conception ; deficient, too, in keeping, The violets of the sunny south,

not seem to have advanced their price and in the due subordination of parts to Which dewy morn delighted wets,

from Williain the Conqueror to Richard I. each other; and intimating too much care

And kisses with delicious mouth.

• The price of corn in the reign of lessness on the part of the artist. But Her cheek was pale as the wan moon,

Henry III. was nearly half the price in these faults are redeemed by such rich

The young moon of the virgin year, our times. Bishop Fleetwood has shewn, ness and brilliancy of colours; such a

When as her night is past its noon, that in the year 1240, which was in this profusion of imagination-now bodying

And the warm-kissing sun is near. . reign, four pounds thirteen shillings and forth the grand and terrible now the na

Her closed mouth was like a bud

ninepence was worth about fifty pounds of tural, the easy, and the ludicrous ; there

Full of the balmy breath of May; our present money. About the latter end

Her voice was like a summer flood is so much of life, action, and bustle, in

of this reign, Robert de Hay, rector of

That noiseless steals its gentle way; every group he has painted; so much

Souldern, agreed to receive one hundred

Its sound on memory's ear will start force and individuality of character, that Like to a sweet forgotten tune,

shillings, to purchase to himself and sucwe readily grant to Smollett an equal rank Whose echoes live within a heart

cessors the annual rent of five shillings, in with his great rival Fielding, while we That what it loves forgets not soon.'

full compensation of an acre of corn. place both far abore any of their succes

• Butchers' meat, in the time of the sors in the same line of fictitious compo- Curiosities for the Ingenious: selected was, by a parliainentary ordinance, sold

great scarcity in the reign of Edward II. sition.' We ought to add, that this edition

from the most Authentic Treasures of three times cheaper than our mean price of the British Novelists, in addition to

Nature, Science and Art, Biography, at present; poultry somewhat lower, bethe enhancement of its value by its edi

History, and General Literature. cause being now considered as a delicacy, tor, is elegantly printed at the Border

18mo. pp. 192. London, 1821.

it has risen beyond its proportion. The Press of Mr. James Ballantyne, brother. This is a very neat and cheap little vo- mean, price of corn, in this period, was of the publisher. It appears in bulky lume, and superior jo general iuterest

half the present value ; and the mean

price of cattle, one eighth. volumes with double columns, and is to 'Endless Ainusements,' to which we

• In the next reign, that of Edward III. published at a price somewhat moder- suppose it is intended as a companion. the most necessary commodities were, in ate.

The ample range the editor has taken, general, about three or four times cheaper has afforded him a store of' curiosities than they are at present.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

In these times, knights, who served on Apiciús was worth more than 916,67 1:13:4. tural hot-bed, a gardener raises annually horseback in the army, had two shillings And after he had spent in his kitchen, and crops of different kinds of culinars vege. a-cay, and a foot archer sixpence, which otherwise squandered immense suins, to the tables, which are earlier, by some weeks, last would now be equal to a crown a-day. amount of 833,333 : 6:8, he poisoned himself, than those in the surrounding gardens.? This pay has continued nearly the same, leaving 83,333 : 6 : 8.

Bonapartean Relics. ---At the sale at 3 The establishment belonging to M. Scarus, Mr. Bullock's Museum, of the articles nominally, (only that during the com

and burnt at Tusculum, valued at monwealih, ihe pay of the horse was ad; 833,332 : 13 : 4.

taken by the Prussians in Flanders, bevanced to two shillings and sixpence, and

Gitts and bribes may be considered as great longing to Napoleon, nothing could exthat of the foot to ove shilling; though it signs of riches ; Cæsar presented Servilia, the ceed the eagerness with which they were was reduced again at the restoration,) but mother of Brutus, with a pearl worth 50,000. bought up. The following statement of soldiers were comparatively of a better Paulus, the consol, was bribed by Cæsar with the prices given for some of the things, rank formerly. the sum of 58,338 : 6 : 8.

will serve to shew in what estimation these “In the time of Henry VI. corn was And afterwards bought over to his party for relics were held :about half its present value; other com. the sum of 300,000.

£ s. d. modities much cheaper. Bishop Fleet

Gabinus was accused of getting 2,000,000. The worn-out carriage.. 168 0 wood has determined, from a most accuThe bribes of the tribes at the elections, for Small opera-glass.

5 50 rate consideration of every circumstance, each of them, amounted to 83,333 : 6 : 8.


3 13 6 that five pounds in his reign were equiva- whole cost no less than 2,916,666 : 13: 4.

And there were thirty-three tribes, so that the


166 196 lent to twenty-eight or thirty now.

117 0

Military stock, or collar..
Curio contracted debts to the amount of
In the line of Henry

many com- 500,000.

Old slippers.....

I 0:0 modities were three times as cheap here,

Razor (common).

4 4 0 And before Cæsar was in any public office, and in all Europe, as they are at present; she was in debt 251,875.

Piece of sponge.

0 17 6 there having been a great increase of gold Of which sum Crassus was bound for Shaving-brush.

3 14 0 and silver in Europe since his time, occa- 160,612 : 10.


2 5 0 sioned by the discovery of America. Milo contracted a debt of 583,333 : 13 : 4. Comb

0 0 . The commodities, the price of which Antony owed at the Ides of March, which he


7 7 0 has risen the most since, before the time paid before the Calends of April, 333,333 : 6:8.

Pair of old gloves..

1 0 0 of Henry VII., are butchers' meat, fowls, The suppers of Lucullus, at the Apollo, cost

Old pocket-handkerchief Iu 6 and fish ; especially the latter; and the 1,666 : 13 : 4.

Many other articles were sold for prices reason why corn was always much dearer five days spend 8,333.: 6 : 8.

Horace says that Pegellus, a singer, could in

equally high.' in proportion to other eatables, according

Thirteen well-engraved plates, prin

Fat birds, such as thrushes and black-birds, to their prices at present, is, that in early of which some farms would produce 5000 cipally illustrative of the scientific artimes agriculture was little understood. yearly, cost each 2s.

ticles in the volume, give it an addiIt required more labour and expense, and A pea-fowl cost 1 : 13 : 4.

tional value, and render it one of those was more precarious than it is at present. Au egg 3:4.

works which will delight the young reaIndeed, notwithstanding the high price of, A piir of doves 1:13:4. corn in the times we are speaking of, If very pretty, 8 : 6 : 8.

der, and which the philosopher would the raising of it so little answered the ex

Herrius's fish-ponds sold for 33,333 6 : 8 not despise. pense, that agriculture was almost univer. A pound of wool, of the Tyrian double dye, sally quitted for grazing, which was more was sold for 33 : 6 : 8.

Original Communications. profitable, notwithstanding, the low price

Some wore gowns of it, and carpets for coof butchers' meat. So that there was table; some of them were wrought into various vering their couches, on which they reclined at

ON THE MODERN POETS. constant occasion for statutes to restrain figures at Babylon, and sold at Rome for grazing, and to promote agriculture; and 6,666 : 13 : 4.

(FOR THE LITERARY CHRONICLE.) no effectual remedy was found, till the Calvinus Labinus purchased many learned Our readers may, perhaps, recollect bounty upon the exportation of corn ; slaves, none of them under 833 : 13 : 4. the grave declaration of the Edinburgh since which, above ten times more cora Stage players sold much liigher:

Review, in an article on Scott's edition has been raised in this country than before. Roscius gained annually 1,166 : 13 : 4.

of Swift, that the writers who flourish• The price of corn in the iime of James

The ground on which Cæsar built his forum, ed in the reign of Queen Anne had I. and consequently that of other necessa

five acres, cost 853,333 : 13 : 4. ries of life, was not lower, but rather Being at the rate per acre, 166,666 : 14 : 4. been completely outwritten by authors higher than at present; wool is not two

The yearly rent of each acre was 6,666 13 4. of the present day, and that they had no thirds of the value it was then, the finer effects were declared to consist of 4,116 slaves, in which they were formerly held.

Isidorus was a private man, and by will his chance of ever regaining the estimation manufactures having rather sunk in price at Col. 246,960. by the progress of art and industry, not

The reason alledged by the ingeni

3,600 yoke of oxen, at 121. each 43,200. withstanding the increase of money.' 257,000 lesser cattle, at 1). each 257,000. ous critic for this victory of the mo. Wealth of the Romans.

Money 500,000.--Dickson's Ancient Hus- derns was, that there now existed a • Crassus's lauded estate was valued at bandry.'

taste for stronger excitement and £1,666,666 : 13 : 4.

Subterranean Garden and Natural

deeper emotion than such writers as His house was valued at 50,000.

Hot-bed. -A curious account of a subterTen pillars in the front of his house, cost ranean garden formed at the bottom of the Pope, Swist, and Addison could sup833 6 : 8.

Percy Main Pit, Newcastle, by the fur- ply. Now, without stopping to inCæcilius Isidorus, after having lost much in nace-keeper, was lately communicated to quire whether this "taste denotes a the civil wars, left 1,047,16ů.

the Caledonian Horticultural Society. sound and healthy or a depraved and Demetrius, a libertus of Pompey, was said to The plants are formed in the bottom of sickly appetite, and admitting the fact be worth 775,000.

the mine by the light and radiant heat of that "Scott can boast of more readers Lentulus, the Augur,

no . less


an open stove, constantly maintained for than Pope, the real reason appears 3,333,333 : 6 : 8.

ventilation. The same letter Ciccro acknowledged that his estate in Asia communicated an account of an exten- plainly this, that the reading public was worth 18,333 : 6:8.

His town house cost 16,666: 13:4. sive natural hot-bed near Dudley, in Staf has increased at least a hundred fold His country house 6,041:13:4.

foruslaire, which is heated by ineans of since the last century, by a prodigious Clodius, who was slitin by Milo, paid for his thc slow combustion of coal, at some influx from the middle classes, whose house, 123,333 : 6 : 8.

depth below the surface. From this na- aste, very naturally, leading them to

« PreviousContinue »