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saw thein in a medley, and every man looked unto.” And soe that bickering sweet basil, bay-leaves, and sage; when fighting. Then was his chardge to come brake, with the hurt of many, and the you have let hiin swallow this, immediatebehinde the tallest man in the company, death of that one man.
ly whip him to death, and roast him forth(for otherwise he knew him not, being a ' It fortuned anon after, that the parson with.How to still a cocke for a weake stranger,) and to knocke him down; for of Llanvrothen* took a child of Jevan ab bodie that is consumed ;' 'take a red Howel ab Rice sayd,-“ Thou shalt Robert's to foster, which sore grieved cocke that is not too olde, and beate hini soone discerne him from the rest by his Howel Vaughan's wife, her husbaud to death.' - See the Booke of Cookrye, stature, and he will make way before him. haveing then more land in that parish than very necessary for all such as delight There is a foster-brother of his, one Ro- Jevan ab Robert had; in revenge whereof therein.-Gathered by A W. 1591, 12m0. bin ab Inko, a little fellow, that useth to she plotied the death of the said parson in 1 p. 12. How to Roast a pound of BUTTER, watch him behind; take heed of him; this manner. She sent a woman to aske i curiously and well; and to farce (the cufor, be the encountre never soe hotte, his lodgeing of the parson, who used not to linary technical for to stuff") a boiled leg eye is ever on his foster-brother.” Jevan deny any. The woman being in bed, af- of lamb with red herrings and garlick ; ab Robert, according as he was appoint- ter midnight, began to strike and to rave; with many other receipts of as high a re. ed, went that morning with his ordinary whereupon the parson, thinking that she lish, and of as easy digestion as the Devil's company towards Llanvihangel to meeie had been distracted, awakening out of his venison, i e. a roasted tiger stuffed with John ab Meredith. You are to under-sleepe, and wondering at so suddaine a tenpenny nails, or the · Bonne Bouche, stand, that in those dayes, and in that crie in the night, made towards her and the rareskin rowskimowmowsky, offered wilde worlde, every man stood upon his his household also; then she sayed that to Baron Munchausen •a fricassee of pisguard, and went not abroad but in sort and he would have ravished her, and soe got tols, with glipowder and alcohol sauce,' soc armed, as if he went to the field to en- out of doores, threatening revenge to ihe -see the Adventures of Baron Munchaucountre with his enemies. Howel ab parson. This woman had for her bre sen, 12mo. 1792, p. 200:--and the horriRice ah Howel Vaughan's sister, being ihren, three notable rogues of the damn'd ble but authentic account of Ardesoif, in Jevan ab Robert's wife, went a mile, or crewe, fit for any mischiefe, being follow- Moubray's Treatise ou Poultry, óvo. thereabout, with her husband and the ers of Flowel ab Rice. In a morning, 1816, p. 18. company, talking with them, and soe these brethren watched the parson, as he But the most extraordinary of all the parted with them; and in her way home weit to looke to bis cattle, in a place in culinary receipts that have been under my wards, she met her brother a horseback, that parish called Gogo yr Llechwin, be- cye, is the following diabolically cruel with a great company of people armed, ing now a tenement of inine, and there directions of Mizalei's. How to roust and rideing after her husband as fast as murthered him; and two of them fled to and eat a goose alive.'-Take a Goose, or they could. On this, she cried out upon Chirkeland in Denbighshire, to some of a duck, or some such lively creature, (but her brother, and desired him, for the love the Trevors, who were friends or a-kinne ! a goose is best of all for this purpose, of God, not to harme her husband, that to Howel ab Rice or his wife. It was the pull off all her feathers, only the head and meant bim noe harine; and withall steps manner in those dayes, that the murtherer neck must be spared : then make a fire to liis horse, meaning to have caught him onely, and he that gave the death's wound, round about her,'not too close to her, that by the bridle, which he seeing, turned his should flye, and he was called in the smoke do not choke her, and that the horse about. She then caught the horse Wales a llawrudd, which is a red hand, fire may not burn her too soon; nor too by the tail, hanging upon hin sve long, because he had blouded his hand; the ac- far off, that she may not escape free: and crying upon her brother, that, in the cessaries and abettors to the murtherers within the circle of the fire let ther- be end, he drew out his short-sword, and were never hearken'd after.'
set small cups and pots full of water, strucke at her arme, which she perceiving, The notice of the • Early English wherein salt and honey are mingled; and was faine to lett slippe her hold, and run. Drama' is the last of a series of arti- ! let there be set also chargers full of sodning before him to a narrow passage, cles on the subject which have appear, dish." The goose must be all larded, and
den apples, cut into small pieces in the whereby he must pass through a brooke, ed in the • Retrospective Review,' and basted over with butter, to make her the where ihere was a foot-bridge, near the is contined to an examination of the ford. She then steps to the foot-bridge, works of Marlow, whose genius and ta- better : put then fire about her, but do
more fit to be eaten, and may roast the and takes away the canllaw or hand-stay of the bridge, and with the same letts flie lents are very fairly estimated.
not make too much haste, when as you see at her brother, and, if he had not avoyded
her begin to roast; for, by walking about, the blow, she had strucke bim downe from
and flying here and there, being cooped his horse.
in by the fire that stops her way out, the -Furor arma ministrat.
The following specimen of the unac-unwearied goose is kept in; she will fall Howel ab Rice and his company, within a countably whimsical harlequipade of fo- I to drink the water to quench her thirst; while, overtooke Jevan ab Robert and his reign kitchens, is from La Chapelle and cool her heart, and all her body, and followers, : who turned head upon him, Nouveau Cuisinier, Paris, 1748.
the apple sauce will make her Jung, and though greatlie overmatched. The bick
A turkey,' in the shape of a football, cleanse and empty her. And when she ering grew very holte, and many were or' a hedge-hog.'-'A shoulder of mut
roasteth and consumes inwardly, always knocked downe on either side. In the ton," in the shape of a 'bee-hire.' _ En- wet her head and heart with a wet sponge ; end, when that should be performed which tree of pigeons, in the form of a 'spi-! and when you see her giddy with running, they caine for, the multhering butcher der," or sun-fashion, or in the form of and, begin to stumble, her heart wants haveing not strucke one stroake all day, frog,' or in the form of the noon.'—Or, moisture, and she is roasted enougla
. but watching opportunity, and finding the to make a pig taste like a wild boar:'
Take her up, set her before your guests, company more scattered than at first from Take a living pig, and let him swallow the and she will cry as you cut off any part Sevan ab Robert, thrust himselfe among following drink, viz. boil together in vi- from her, and will be almost eaten up beJevan ab Robert's people behind, and negar and water, some rosemary, thyme, fore she be dead: it is mighty pleasant to makeing a blow at hiin, was prevented by
behold!!!'--See Wecker's Secrets of Na. Robin ab Inko, his foster-brother, and
• 'Llanvrothen is a small village near the ture, in folio, London, 1060, pp. 148, 309. knocked downe ; God bringing upon his sea-side, in Merionethshire.'
We suppose Mr. Mizald stole this rehead the destruction that he meant for excellent Vade Mecum for all good house- ceipt from the kitchen of his infernal maanother; which Howel ab Rice perceiv- keepers and epicures, the Cook's Oracle ; a jesty ; probably it might have been one ing, cryed to his people, “ Let us away work wbich we shall notice nore at length in of the dishes the devil ordered when he and begone, for I had given chardge that a week or two; when we can sit down with a inviteil Nero and Caligula to a feast.-Robin ab Inko should have been better good appetite to digestit.--'.|).
11. C. Jun.
This is also related in Baptista Porta's herbs, roasted and served up whole, and The Romans, in the luxurious period Natural Magicke, fol. 1658, p. 321, This covered after dressing with the skin and of their empire, took five meals a-day; a very curious (but not scarce) book con- feathers—the beak and comb gilt, and the breakfast (jentaculum); a dinner, which tains, among other strange tricks and fan-tail spread -and some instead of the fea- was a light meal without any formal precies of the olden Time, directions how thers, covered it with leaf-gold :-it was a paration (prandium); a kind of tea, as we to Roast and boil a fowl at the same time, common dish on grand occasions--and could call it, between dinner and supper so that one half shall be roasted—and the continued to adorn the English table till (merenda); a supper (cæna), which was other BOILED ;'-and if you have a lacke the beginning of the 17th century. their great meal, and commonly consisted of cooks-how. to persuade, a goose-to In Massinger's play of the City Ma- of two courses ; the first of meats—the roast himselfe !!!!
dam,' Holdfast exclaiming against city second, what we call a dessert :-and a Many articles were in vogue in the 14th luxury, says, three fat wethers bruised, posset, or something delicious after supcentury which are now obsolete—we add to make sauce for a single peacock.' per (comissatio). --Adams's Rom. Antiq. the following specimens of the Culinary The bird is one of those luxuries which p. 434 and 447. Affairs of Days of Yore.
were often sought, because they were The Romans usually began their enterSauce for a Goose, A. D. 1381. seldom found: its scarcity and external tainments with eggs, and ended with 'Take a faire panne, and set hit under appearance is its only recommendation, fruits; hence AB ovo usQUE AD MALA, the goose whill she rostes ;-and kepe the meat of it is tough and tasteless. from the beginning to the end of sopper, clene the grese that droppes thereof, and Another favourite dish at the tables of Horat. Sat. i. 3. 6. ; Cic. Fain. ix. 20. put thereto a godele (good deal) of wyn, our forefathers was a pye of stupendous The dishes (edulia) held in the highest and a litel vyvegur, and verjus, and ony- magnitudę, out of which, on its being estimation by the Romans are enomeratons mynced, or garlek; then take the opened, a flock of living birds flew forth, ed, Gell. vii
. 16., Macrob. Sat. ii. 9., gottes (gut) of the goose and slitte hom, to the no small surprise and amusement of Martial v. 79. ix. 48. xi. 53., &c. a peaand scrape hom clene in watur and salt, the guests.
cock (PAVO, V. us), Horat. Sat. ii. 2. 23., and so wash hom, and hack hom small, Four-and-twenty blackbirds bak'd in a pye;
Juvenal i. 143., first used by Hortensius, then do all this togedur in a piftenent When the pye was open'd the birds began to the orator, at a supper, which he gave (pipkin) and do thereto raisinges of co- sing
when admitted into the college of priests rance, and pouder of pepur and of ginger | Oh! what a dainty dish—'tis fit for any king. I (aditiali cænd sacerdotii), Plin. x. 20. s. and of canell, and hole clowes and maces, This was a common joke at an old Eng. 23., a pheasant (PHASIANA, ex Phasi Coland let hit boyle and serve hit forthe.' lish feast. These animated pies were chidis Auvin), Martial iii. 58. xii. 72., ' That unwieldy, marine animal, the often introduced to set on,' as Hamlet Senec. ad Helv. 9., Petron. 79., Manil
. PORPUS, was dressed in a variety of modes, says, ' a quantity of barren spectators to
v. 372., a bird called Attagen_vel-ina, salted, roasted, stewed, &c. Our ances- laugh,'—there is an instance of a dwarf from lonia or Phrygia, Horat. Eopd. ii. tors were not singular in their partiality to undergoing such an incrustation. --About 54., Martial. xiii. 61. a guinea-hen (evis it; I find, froin an ingenious friend of the year 1830, King Charles and his Afra, Horat. ibid., Gallina Numidica vel mine, that it is even now, A. D. 1790, Queen were entertained by the Duke and Africana, Juvenal, xi. 142., Martial. xiii. sold in the markets of most towns in Duchess of Buckingham, at Burleigh on 73.) a Melian crane; an Ambracian kid; Portugal—the flesh of it is intolerably the Hill
, on which occasion, Jeffrey nightingales, luscinia ; thrushes - turdi; hard and rancid.'-Warner's Antiq. Col. Hudson, the Dwarf, was served up in a ducks, geese, &c. TOMACULUM (a ripura), 4to. p. 15.
cold pye.-See Walpole's Anecdotes of vel Isicium (ab inseeo), sausages or pudThe swan * was also a dish of state, and Painting, vol. ii, p. 14.
dings, Juvenal. x. 355., Martial. i. 42. 9., in high fashion when the elegance of the The Baron Of Beef was another favou. Petron. 31.--See Adam's Roman Antifeast was estimated by the magnitude of rite and substantial support of old English quities, 2d Edition, 8vo. 1792, p. 447. the articles of which it was composed; the hospitality:
That the English reader may be ena. number consumed at Earl of Northum- Among the most polished nations of the bled to form some idea of the heterogeberland's table, A. D. 1512, amounted to 15th and 16th centuries, the powdered neous messes with which the Roman patwenty,'-Northumberland's Household (salted) horse seems to have been a dish late was delighted, I introduce the followBook,
in some esteem : Grimalkin herself could ing receipt from Apicius:The Crane was a darling dainty in not escape the undistinguishing fury of Thick Sauce POR A BOILED CHICKEN.' William the Conqueror's time, and so the cook. Don Anthony, of Guevera, -Pot the following ingredients into a partial was that monarch to it, that when the Chronicler to Charles V., gives the mortar ;-aniseed, dried mint, and lazer his prime favourite, William Fitz Osborne, following account of a-feast at which he root, (similar to assafætida,) cover them the steward of the household, served him was present. I will tell you no-lye, I with vinegar.-Add dates; pour in liwith a crane scarcely half roasted, the sawe such kindes of meates eaten, as are quamen, oil, and a sınall quantity of mus. king was so highly exasperated, that he wont to be sene, but not eaten-as a tard seeds-reduce all to a proper thick. lifted
up his fist, and would have strucken horse rousted—a car in gely-LYZARDS in ness with Port wine warmed; and then him, had not Euds (appointed Dapifer hot brothe, FROGGES fried, &c.'
pour this same over your chicken, which immediately after) warded off the blow.' While we are thus considering the cu- should previously be boiled iu Anise-seed -Warner's Antiq. Cul. p. 12.
rious dishes of olden times, we will cur. water. Seals, CURLEWS, HERONS, BITTERNS, sorily mention the singular diet of two or The Liquamen and Garum were synoniand the Peacock-that noble bird, the three nations of antiquity, noted by Hero-mous terms for the same tbing; the formfood of lovers and the meat of lords-was dotus, L. 4. The Andropbagi (the can- er adopted in the room of the latter also at this time in high fashion-when nibals of the ancient world) greedily de about the age of Aurelian. It was a li the baronial entertainments were charac-voured the carcasses of their fellow crea- quid, and thus prepared :- The guts of terized by a grandeur and pompous cere- tures; while the inoffensive Cabri (a Scy- large fish and a variety of small fish, were monial, approaching nearly to the magni- thian tribe) found both food and driok in put into a vessel and well salted, and ficence of royalty : there was scarcely any the agreeable nut of the pontic tree. The then exposed to the sun till they became royal or noble feast without pecokkes, Lotophagi lived entirely on the fruit of putrid. A liquor was produced in a short which were stuffed with spices and sweet- the lotus tree. The savage Troglodyte time, which being strained off, was the li
• It is a curious illustration of the de gusti-esteemed a living serpent the most deli- quamen.-Vide Lister in Apicium, p. 16, bus non est disputandum, that the ancients con
cate of all morsels; while the capricious notes. sidered the swan as a high delicacy, and ab palate of the Zyguntini preferred the ape Essence of Anchody, as it is usually stained from the flesh of the goose as inpure to every thing.'-Vide Warner's Antiq. made for sale, when it has been opened and indigestible.' - Moubray on Poultry, p. 36. Cul. p. 135.
about ten days, is not much unlike the
Roman liquamen. Some suppose it was cuse our great bard of having pilfered entitled The Death of Sir Charles the same thing as the Russian caviar, from the philosophical Roman. 'I shall Bawdin.' This and similar instances of which is prepared from the roe of the transcribe the two passages, and leave plagiarism on the part of Chatterton, sturgeon. The Black BROTH of Lacedæmon will
the reader to form his own conclusion: by the by, are among the strongest Jong continue to excite the wonder of the Thou must be patient, we came crying bi- ley's Poems, which, whatever be the
proofs of the spuriousness of • Rowphilosopher and the disgust of the epi. cure. What the ingredients of this sable Thoy know'st the first time that we smell the ters, will be regarded by posterity; I
present ephemeral taste in poetical matcomposition were, we cannot exactly as
air, certain. Jul. Pollux says, the Lacedæ. We wawle and cry
think, as the noblest monument of the monian Black Broth was blood, thickened When we are born, we cry that we are come genius of modern times. It is hardly in a certain way: Dr. Lister (in Apicium). To this great stage of fools.'
too much to say that, when Chattersupposes it to have been hog's blood ; if
Lucretius. so, this celebrated Spartan dish bore no Vagituque locum lugubri complet, ut æquum teenth century was no more.
ton died, the Shakespeare of the eighvery distant resemblance to the black.puddings of our days. It could not be a very cui tantum in vità restet transire malorum.'
But to return; or, as the French alluring mess, since a citizen of Sybaris In Fenton's tragedy of Marianne, line in Pope's Eloisa to Abelard,'
have it, .d nos moutons,'—the following having tasted it, declared it was no longer
are to be found these lines, a matter of astonishment with him, why
• Awhile she stood,
“I have not yet forgot myself to stone,' the Spartans were so fearless of death, Transform’d from grief to marble, and appear'a is evidently borrowed from a similar since any one in his senses would much Her own pale monument,'
expression of Milton, rather die, than exist on such execrable which seem to have been, for the most food.-Vide Athenæum, L. iv. c. 3.
* Forget thyself to marble.' Wheo Dionysius, the Tyrant, had tasted part, literally translated from the fol
Milton has also, the Black Broth, he exclaimed against it lowing passage of Cyprian :
• Caverns shagg'd with horrid thorn,' as miserable stuff ; the cook replied,
Stctit ipsa sepulchrum,
which Pope adopts in the same poem, • it was no wonder, for the sauce was
Ipsaque imago sibi, formam sine corpore ser
Other • coincidences' between him and wanting.' Wbat sauce!' says Diony. sius. The answer was, labour and ex.
It is not improbable, after all, how our great epic bard, are likewise to be ercise, hunger and thirst, these are the ever, that Fenton may never have read traced, which justify the inference,
that the Twickenham bee' had, sauces we Lacedæmonians use, and they Cyprian. make the coarsest fare agreeable.-Ci- Yet, whatever may be said of the just before the composition of cero, 3 Tuscul.
foregoing examples, the one I shall Eloisa to Abelard, been driuking
nextcite must, i fear, be set down as a deep' of the honied stores of his illusOriginal Communications. plagiarism; though no one will think trious predecessor,
the worse of it on that account, I al. It would be easy to swell this list of LITERARY COINCIDENCES.
lude to the beautiful line with which examples; but I shall confine myself To the Editor of the Literary Chronicle. Gray's Elegy commences,
to one other, and that other Blair, who, SIR,-Conformably with the inten- • The curfew tolls the knell of parting day,'
in his · Grave,' has favoured us with cation, I now send you a few examples Dante. The following is the passage feared, however
, the reader will hardly Lion I intimated in my last communi- which is obviously borrowed from abundant instances of these literary
coincidences,' which, it is much to be of Literary. Coincidences' to be found in Mr. Cary's translation : in the expressions of eminent writers ; "And pilgrim, newly on his road, with love
regard as accidental. Among the and I leave it to your readers to deter- Thrills, if he hear the vesper bell from far, number, the following will be recogmine how far some of thein are to be That seems to moum for the expiring day? nized as having its prototype in Pope's set down as plagiarisms. But certain- And what makes it more probable Elegy on an Unfortunate Lady.' I ly this cannot be said of the whole. that Gray committed a petty larceny shall transcribe the two passages :My first instance shall be drawn on this occasion is, that the sweet ex
Blair, from classical lore. Cicero, in one of pression of trein bling hope,' in the 'Sullen, like lamps in sepulchres, your shine
Enlightens but yourselves.' his orations, has the following pas- same delightful poem, also occurs in
Pope. sage: Dante.
Dim lights of life, that burn a length of years, • Quid est, quod, in hoc tam exiguo vitæ Before I quit Gray, let me also Useless, unseen, as lamps in sepulchres. curriculo et tam brevi, tantis nos in laboribus notice, that his thought,
Several other coincidences,' with exercearnus?" This sentiment, so beautifully am- is to be found likewise in the Beggar's our most eminent poets, are to be
* And leaves the world to darkness and to me," Shakespeare, Addison, and some of plified by Tully, we find thus more Petition,' where we haveconcisely expressed in one of the Odes And leaves the world to wretchedness and me
found in the Grave; but, as my paper of Horace:
is out, as well, I fear, as your patience, «Quid brevi fortes jaculamur ævo
one obviously a parody of the other, I must refer the curious reader to the Multa: Every reader of English poetry re
joem itself, where the instances are too Yet nothing was more natural, than collects the beautiful yet simple ex
obvious to be missed. Ordovex. that the poet and orator should have ex-pression of Goldsmith, in his • Edwin
London, Sept. 5, 1821. pressed themselves alike upon this oc- and Angelina,'casion. The thought is perfectly na- * And tears began to flow.'
LITERARY INQUIRIES. tural; and, besides, plagiarism was not Goldsmith, however, was not the first To the Editor of the Literary Chronicle. in fashion in those days.
to use it. It occurs in Dryden's 'Alex- SIR, -Perhaps it will be filling up There is a passage in King Lear ander's Feast, and and in the • Essay your columus with what will be neiwhich bears a strong resemblance to on Criticism' of Pope; and, last of all, it ther useful nor interesting to any perone in Lucretius; yet no one will ac- l is to be found in Chatterton's poem;
son except myself, but I should feel
much gratified if any of your corres- thing: so that it seems clearly proved, of Colonel King's, who was the first in pondents would answer me two ques- that it is an offence to happen with an the House of Commons that noved tions; first, whether the poem of Mr. accident, and an accident to be guilty for King Charles's restoration. He Coleridge's friend, mentioned in his of an offence.
was so far from owning the preceding • Sibrlline Leaves,' was ever publish- AN ACCIDENTAL Ofrender*. powers, that he never paid any tar ed, and if so, who was the publisher?
for twelve years together. A word respecting the measure and the
Mr. H. Vaughan.-Once he very nar.
ANECDOTES OF NONCONFORMISTS. 'merits would be very acceptable, as I
rowly escaped great trouble. As he
(FOR THE LITERARY CHRONICLE.). have for some time been engaged in the
was reading in a bookseller's shop in composition of a poem on a similar
MR. JOHN Hook says, that an hy-London, with his back towards the - subject
, in ignorance of its having been pocrite is in the worst condition of any dvor, a pursuivant caine in and told - before touched upon. Secondly,
man upon earth, for he is hated of the the bookseller, that he and three more whether the Shah Nemah' of ' Ferda- / world because of his profession, and had spent four days in searching after
hated of God because he has no more si' has been ever translated into Eng
one Vaughan, but said they could not lish, and if so, whether in prose or than a profession.'
find him, and he escaped. He was verse! the last question, if not the first,
Mr. John Haddesley, A. M.-' was
ultimately committed to the goal in will appear to shew singular ignorance, so excessively modest, as to be under Grantham, called the Old Shop, for but I have been inquiring until I am
soine awe when his brethren were pre, not reading the Coinmon Prayer. weary, without any satisfaction as to sent at any of his performances, though
Mr. Ed. Reyner, M.A.-The inone or ihe other. I am, Sir,
they were much his inferiors.'
Álr. Cuff—was a person who took to accept the bishop's present of a preYour inost obedient,
Mfr. Cuff-was a person who took portunity of friends prevailed with him
great liberty to jest in the pulpit.' AN ADMIRER
bend, but when he came next morn
, ' Os your impartial Criticisms. enemies said that they would not sending seriously to reflect upon the neces
of him to prison ayain, because he lived this his new preferment, he was much THE FEMALE HEAD IN QUEEN better'there than at home.'
dissatisfied , for he found he could not : STREET.
Mr. N. Stevens, M. A.-One that keep it with a safe and quiet con: To the Editor of the Literary Chronicle.
was then well acquainted with him, re- science. Hereupon he prevailed with Six-For the satisfaction of sour lates the following instance of his plea- the Lady Armine, to go to the bishop correspondent Artiq., respecting the santry :- He went with a friend to to mollify the offence, and obtain a female bead in front of some of the his house, and knocked at the door,
quietus. The bishop pleasantly told houses in Queen Street, Cheapside,' 1 when, none of the family being at the lady— I have had many countesses. can informa him that it is the head of hand, he called to them to come in, ladies, and others, that have been suitour maiden Queen Elizabeth, who, i and asked them whether, of the two, ors to me to get preferments for their presume, patronized or made soine
they would have had opened the door friends; but you are the first that ever grant to the Mercers' Coinpany, it be- for them, the blind or the lame : His
came to take away a preferment, and ing the mark affixed to their estates. wife being blind, and he so lame as not that from one that i bestowed it on Not having immediate access to a sur-to be able to rise out of his chair with with my own hands." vey of London or meinoirs of the com- out help.'. He would often tell a story
Mr. Geo. Boheme, Sleaford Church. pany, you will excuse this
brief answer. of what happened when he was young; -A worthy person writes, that preto With respect, your's, &c.
in the west, where he was born: Aty country church hath not had a set17th Sept.
clergyman coming into the church, iled minister in it for sixty years, to his
went up to the chance to bow to the knowledye ; and adds, he supposes not ACCIDENTS AND OFFENCES.
altar. 'It so happened, that there was of sixty more before that; because it
no, altar there, but the communion-ta- was so destitute of any maintenance til! To the Editor of the Literary Chronicle.
ble stood against the east wall, and a the late Sir John Brownlow settled Sır.-One of the articles in a news boy sat upon it. The boy seeing the lol. a-year upon it, for which there is paper which always attracts the most notice, is that headed Accidents and and stood before the table. At length priest coining towards him, slipt down,
a serinon preached once a fortnight.' Offences; why these words have so long the priest made a low bow, and the loyal subject, and one of those who
Mr. John Richardson.-He was a been united has always surprized me, poor boy, thinking it was to him that greatly desired the restaration of King for I could never, since the days of my the respect was paid, howed as low to Charles II. and concurred heartily, in boyhood, discover any affinity between him again; and the bows were repeat- it, saying 10 a friend of his, when disthem; at that period, indeed, it was ed three times on each side; the boy coursing
about it, Fiat justitia et quae different ; my schoolmaster used to pur being surprised at the priest's wonder- cælum. _* Ruit Cælum," said his friend nish all accidents as offences, and ! ful civility. In this case,” said Mr. to him again, when he first saw him exercised all my logic to prove my of- Stevens, the boy knew well enough after Bariholomew, 1662. He was a fences were only accidents. I have, to who it was be bowed to: but whether be sure, seen the same logic used by
man of unparalelled teinperunce in the or not it was so as to the priest, is whole course of his life. Being to adults, and, by the common consent of
questionable.' newspaper 'editors, it seeins to be esta
preach once at St. Paul's Cross, and,
Mr. I.ec.--He was an intimate friend blished as a law, which, like that of
as was usdal, a glass of sack being the Medes and Persiaus, altereth not,
* Should our correspondent ever bave the offered him before he went into the that accidents and offences are to be misfortune to be classed in the list of olenders pulpit, he refused it, and pleasantly considered always together, as being the difference betwixt accidents and offences.
in a news paper, we suspect he will then learn said, he did not chuse to preich by querely different gradations of the bume
the spirit of sack.' J.R. P.
THE MUSK-OX AND POLAR BEAR. some blubber of a sea horse, which the and voice, her anxiety for their pro
crew had killed a few days before, gress; but finding her pursuers gaining Among the many novelties which have which had been set ou fire, and was upon them, she carried, or pushed, or receutly been added to that grand na-burning on the ice at the time of their pitched thein alternately forward, untional repository, the British Museum, approach. They proved to be a she- til she effected their escape. Ia throwthe musk-ox and the Polar bear are bear and her two cubs; but the cubs ing them before ber, the little creatures not the least interesting. They are were nearly as large as the clain. . They are said to have placed themselves some of the fruits of the two last expe- ran eagerly to the fire, and drew out across her path to receive the impulse; ditions to discover a North-West Pas- from the flames part of the flesh of the and when projected some yards in adsage,
sea-horse that remained onconsuined, vance, they ran onwards until she over The Polar Bear, the Ursus Mari- and eat it voraciously. The crew of took them, when they alternately adtimus of Linnæus, now placed on the the ship threw great lumps of the flesh justed themselves for another throw. landing of the staircase in the British of the sea-horse which they had still Their winter retreats are under the Museum, was killed during Captain left, upon the ice, which the old bear snow, in which they form dens, supRoss's voyage, in lat. 70° 40' N., and fetched away singly, laying every lump ported by pillars of snow; or else unlong. 686 00' w. It is, in length, before her cubs as she brought it, aud der some great eminence beneath the about eight or nine feet, and about dividing it, gave each a share, reserv- fixed ice of the frozen sea. They three feet and a half bigh. It has a long ing but a small portion to herself. As feed on fish, seals, and the carcasses of head and neck, and round ears; the she was fetching away the last piece, whales; and on human bodies, which end of the nose is black, the teeth large; they levelled their muskets at the cubs, they will greedily.disinter; they seem the hair long and white, tinged in some and shot them both dead, and in her very fond of human blood, and are so parts with yellow; and the limbs are retreat they wounded the dam, but not fearless as to attack companies of of great size and strength, although it mortally. It would have drawn tears armed men, or even to board small vesis by no means one of the largest of its of pity from any but the most unfeel- sels. When on land they live on birds species.
ing, to have marked the affectionate and their eggs; and, allured by the This animal is confined to the cold concern expressed by this poor animal scent of the seals' Alesh, often break inest part of the globe; it has been found in the dyiog moments of her expiring to and plunder the houses of the Greenas far north as navigators have pene- young. Though she was sorely wound anders. Their greatest enemy in the trated, at least above lat. 80. The ed, and could but just crawl to the brute creation, is the morse*, with frigid climates alone seem adapted to place where they lay, she carried the which they have terrible conflicts, but its nature. The north of Norway, and lump of flesh she had just fetched are generally worsted, the vast teeth of the country of Mesen, in the north of away, as she had done the others, tore the inorse giving it a superiority... Russia, are destitute of them; but it in pieces, and laid it dowu before
The flesh of the Polar bear is white, they are met with again in great abun- them: when she saw that they refused and is said to taste like mutton; the dance in Nova Zembla, and from the to eat, she laid her paws first upon one, fat is melted for train oil, and that of river Ob, along the Siberian coast, to then upon the other, and endeavoured the feet used in medicine; but the lithe mouths of Jenesei and Lena, but to raise them up, making, at the same
ver is very unwholesome, as three of are never seen far inland, unless they time, the most pitiable moans. When Barentz's sailors experienced, who fell lose their way in mists ; none are found she found she could not stir them, she dangerously ill on eating some of it in Kamtschatka or its islands. They went off, and when she had got at some boiled. have been seen as far south as New- distance, looked back and moaned; One of this species was brought over foundland; but they are not natives of and that not availing to intice them to England a few years ago ; it was that country, being only brought there away, she returned, and smelling round very furious, almost always in motion, accidentally on the islands of ice. them, began to lick their wounds. roured aloud, and seemed very uneasy,
During summer, the white bears are She went off a second time, as before, except when cooled by having pailsfuli either resident on islands of ice or puss- and having crawled a few paces
, looked except when cooled by baving pailsfull ing from one to another; they swim again behind her, and for some time
Callixenus Rhodius, in his descripadmirably, and can continue that exer- stood moaning. But still her cubs not tion of the pompous procession of Pio
cise a distance of six or seven leagues ; rising to follow her, she returned to lemæus Philadelphus, at Alexandria, ; they also dive with great agility. They them anew, and with sigus of inexpres- speaks of one great white bear, among
bring two young at a time; and the sible fondness went round them, paw-other wild beasts, that graced the show; affection between the parents and then ing them successively. Finding, at but, from the local situation of this is so strong, that they would die rather last, that they were cold and lifeless, animal, at présent, it can scarcely be than desert one another. Of this affec- she raised her head towards the ship, supposed to have been of the same spetion, several instances are recorded, aud growled a curse upon the destroy- cies, though Pennant is inclined to be but we shall only select two. While ers, which they returned with a volley lieve that it was. the Carcass, one of the ships in Cap- of musket-balls. She fell between her tain Phipps's voyage of discovery to cubs, and died licking their wounds.
The Musk-or, which is also placed the North Pole, was locked in the ice, A Greenland bear, with two cabs on the staircase, was killed during the early one morning, the man at the mast underits protection, was pursued across expedition of Captain Parry, and, as head gave
that three bears were a field of ice by a party of armed sail- we gave a particular account of it in making their way very fast over the ors. At first she seemed to urge the No. 103 of the Literary Chronicle, we frozen ocean, and were directing their young ones to an increase of speed, by shall now merely add a few general' re
marks. course towards the ship. They had, running before them, turning round, po doubt, been invited by the scent of | and manifesting by a peculiar action
* The Arctic walrus, or sea-horse.