Page images


Which 'twines around compassionate men's terley), to Edgar Rosenheim (De Camp), equivoques the most embarrassing ; minds,

a captain in the Prince's Guard. Edgar, Solomon, too, a sort of vapouring poAnd io his frenzied heart secure asylum finds; however, has great reason to be jealous of litical coxcomb, who is perpetually In her reviving breast its seeds are sown,- the prince himself (Mr. Terry), who had Joy from her soul for ever far has fuwn; been his protector and friend, who comes boasting of his own importance, his se The brightness of her eyes now swiftly fades,

into the family in the disguise of his rela- cret information, and his acute discriAnd woe bestows instead its sickly shades;

tion, Hoffman, a professor of philosophy. minution, in the hands of Jones, drew Her beauty's bloom, her roseate tender cheek,

At the moment of signing the contract, down great applause; and the interviews Lose all their charms, and serve her woes to the supposed professor suggests the ne- between him and the prince, while Her thoughts are placed upon that endless state cessity of the prince's written consent to under the disguise of Professor HoffWhich forms a part the last to this world's fate, the marriage, but the baroness and the man, were extremely well managed. Lives but to feel affection's tender woe,

three brothers De Stromberg, in a lofty The character of Emma is particularly And for affection bids her soft tears flow;

and satirical assertion of their indepen- amiable,-a lovely woman, in the bloom Thinks on the pleasures which she once enjoyed, dence, spurn the idea, and insist on pro of youth and beauty, preserving her And how those pleasures were by death" de ceeding. At the critical moment, a prestroyed, sent arrives from the prince, conveyed by constancy, amidst all

the tempta.' Forms all her thoughts for that glad hour to one of his pages, to Enma, with a com- tions which a sovereign can offer, and come,

plimentary inscription-this produces a the persuasions of importunate friends, Which hurries resignation to the tomb; sudden change. The family are asto- could not fail of giving a powerful supo In beaven she hopes for bliss, and hopes to nished, the contract is suspended, and the port to any piece when sustained by That being who made her youthful hours so Stroinbergs are suddenly seized with the Mrs. Chatterley. Much as we admire

hope of marrying Emma to the prince this lady, we never saw her to more adsweet; Flies from a world where misery holds her

himself. The younger brother, Solomon court,

(Jones), an empty self-sufficient coxcomb, vantage, and by her exertion she prov. Where virtue 's sold, and where distress is who is constantly buzzing about the court, ed that she is as well qualified for scenes bought,

with an affectation of despising it, is sent of pathetic tenderness as for those of The land of woe, where man from happiness in search of information. The professor, spirit and vivacity. The character of flies

Hoffinan, has written against the prince, Edgar was by no means happily, Where, clogged with sin, too soon his spirit and to the supposed professor, Solomon is sketched; and where the author was dies.

very free of his satire and invectives deficient, Mr. De Camp certainly did

against government. The Drama. has, in fact, been struck with a passionate not prove an aid de Camp. All the

admiration of Emma, becomes, in the other characters were too unimportant Drury Lane. After the Corona- course of his visits, incognito, still more in the drama to intitle them to notice, tion, which was exhibited for the forty- enamoured of the simplicity and purity of if we except Miss Corri, who sung second time on Thursday night, a new exasperated to the highest degree: Every piece was completely successful, aud?

very farce was produced, called "Monsieur appearance increases the hopes of the fa- announced for repetition every evenTonson. It is founded on the very mily: . The prince sends notice of a pub- ing, without a dissentient voice. well-knowo tale of that name, by Mr. lic visit; at this moment an officer arrives Taylor, though with considerable ad in the family to arrest the supposed pro- the active manager of this theatre, clos

SADLER'S WELLS.--Mr. Egerton, ditions, a love story being grafted upon fessor for his writings against the prince.

There is nothing very striking The family are in the greatest alarm, and ed it for the season on Tuesday night, either in the plot, incidenis, or dia immediately determine on turning the when he delivered a molest and aplogue of the piece; and it owes the snc- in their house. The prince's arrival is

professor out, that he may not be found propriate address. cess which it met with to the perform- announced, and at the moment they ers, particularly Mr. Cooper and Mr. should welcome, they are bent on remov.

Literature and Science. Gattie. The farce, though tedious ing, him in his assuined character. At and very deficient iu humour, was well this point he dicovers himself, joins the

Magnetism.--The Baron de Hum. received.

lovers, expresses a good-humoured re-boldt has discovered that there exHAYMARKET THEATRE. - A new tort on the apostate malcontents, whom ists a singular analogy between the

distribution of the magoetic powcomedy in three acts, entitled Match he freely forgives, and the curtain falls. Breaking, or a Prince's Present, was It will be seen there is much impro- ers and that of heat, and that they

of acted for the first time on Thursday bability in the story, for the circum- may equally be traced on the map night. It is from the pen of Mr. Ken- stance of a prince assuming a mask, the two hemispheres, by curves, which ny, the author of The World, Raising where his feelings must unavoidably These lines shew how, by the influence

and throwing himself into situations indicate the degree of their intevsity. the Wind, and several other successful be wounded, merely to ascertain the of great geological causes, the tempera dramatic pieces. Match Breaking is, however, not only of a very different propriety of a matrimonial union pro-ature varies in points situate under the

jected by an officer of his guards, is as same parallel, and how it is identical on ductions of the author, but is also out extraordinary as it is novel; but there is points of differeurt degrees of latitude. of the common walk of the legitimate also another objection to this piece, The laws of this deviation are deduced drama. The scene of the piece is laid the false picture it gives of the virtues in a very luminous manner by M. de in one of the petty states of Germany;

of a court, and its contemptuous sneer Humboldt; and we hope shortly to and the following is a brief outline of, at every thing like political opposition give a careful abstract of so important the story :

or manly independence. Three cha- and curious a theory. The German family of De Stromberg, racters in the piece are, bowever, ad- Tannin.-Several experiments have who are rather disloyal in their conversa- mirably drawu ; that of the Prince, recently been made in France, on the tion and sentiments, have betrothed their ably sustained by Terry, who preserves various vegetables which yield tannin niece Emma, of Lowenthorp, (Mrs. Chat the dignity of his rank in situations and lin greater quantitý than oak bark.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

The root of septfoil, (!ormentilla sylves- then a little girl, was staying with the Advertisements.
tris,) found in sundry, wet and poor King; and it was his delight to take
lands and woods, and the inale cormil her out with him in his morning and Ancient History, for Schools.
tree, (carnus,) a shrub that grows in evening walks. On one occasion, as

This day was published, all woods and hedges, where it is sown she was going out into the garden from By G. and W. B. Whittaker, Ave Maria by birds, afford one third more tannin the White Horse at Kew, his Majesty LETTERS ON ANCIENT HIS

Lane, price 53. 6d, the Third Edition of than oak-bark. The bark of the alnus, said to the pages who were standing in TORY, exhibiting a summary view of the Hiswhich grows with astonishing rapidity the hall, Make way for this poor child' tory, Geography, Manners, and Customs of the iy all wet places; the weeping willow ; Oo this the young princess remarked, Assyrian, Babylonian, Median, Persian, Egypthe service tree, (sorbus foliis primatis : I am not a poor child, grandpapa-in- tian, Israelitish, and Grecian Nations.

BY ANNE WILSON. utrioque glabris,) cultivated by seed, deed! I am not.'— Yes my dear, anshoots, and grafting, is the hardiest of | swered the king, “ you are, and I will ation are appended to. Every Letter, and the

N. B. In this edition Questions for examinall known trees, and furnishes the great-| tell you why. You are kept by the work is illustrating by an unique and original est quantity of tannin.

whole nation, and that makes you poor Map, delineated at one view, by being printed Properties of Sound. --Mr. Haldat, indeed ; and as to the crown, I assure in two colours, the Ancient and Modern Divi. of the Royal Society of Nancy, recent- you it sits not light on the heads of sions of the World. ly read a memoir on the laws of the those that wear it!' A fine method Dr. Knox's Spirit of Despotism. propation of sound; the influence of this of conveying an instructive moral in the Press, handsomely printed in one volume the wind particularly struck bis atten- to her mind; and of teaching, much octavo, price Jos 6d. in boards, tion, and he seems to have pursued his more forcibly than a long didactic dis- THE SPIRIT OF DESPOTISM. subject with as inuch attention as if course could have done, the grace and

BY VICESIMUS KNOX, D. D. it had never been treated before. He humility on the one hand, and the vir- ed by William Hone, 45, Ludgate Hill, 1821

London : Originally printed 1795. Reprintis evidently ignorant of all the experi- tue and gratitude on the other, of a ments on sound made in England princess to the subject.

Published this day, handsomety printed, and since the time of Derham, for the fol.

embellished with a beautiful frontispiece,

price 4s. in extra boards, lowing are all the conclusions he arrives

TO READERS & CORRESPONDENTS. THE PLEASURES OF HOME, at :- 1. The wind exerts a real influ

AND OTHER POEMS. ence on the propagation of sound; 2. Critique on Sir Walter Scott's Remarks on

By R. PORTER. Second Edition. That its propagation is impeded and Novelists and Dramatists, The Death of

London : published by LONGMAN, HURST, diminished against the wind, and avg. Aguirre,' Y. F's Sonnet, ' Ancient and Modern Rees, Orme, and Brown; and Baldwin,

CRADOCK, and Joy, Paternoster Row. Sold by mented when going with it or against Pbarisees,' and Reconciliation,' in our next. the wind; 3. That the increase and dea

The Praise of Poesy, in an early number.

all Booksellers.' crease are equal; 4. That the limit of domus ; p. 584, col. 3, 1. 20, from bottom, Errata : p. 540, col. 2, 1, 6, for dornus' read

East India Register,

Corrected to the 28th of August, 1821. propagation is very little altered in for ' mighty' read nightly. In part of our

This day was published, price 8s. 6d. sewed, crossing the currents of the wind ; 5. impression, p. 586, col. 2, 1.1, for indestruc- THE EAST INDIA REGISTERThat the voice of an adult, speaking in tible warriot' read indestructible warrior.'

and DIRECTORY, for 1821 ; containing :a moderate tone, may be heard sixty

A correct List of the Proprietors of East India, tive paces, but that this distance is dis Advertisements. Stock qualified to Vote at General Elections.--' minished or increased, according as it

Complete Lists of the Company's 'Servants, at

home and abroad, Civil, Military, and Marine, is against or with the wind, in the ratio


with their respective Appointments; with In-" of its rapidity.

This day are published, at 267, St. Clement's dexes to the same, and Lists of Casualties

Church Yard, and to be had of all Music- dnring the last Year.-Lists of the Eumpeans, . sellers, the following popular Songs, &c.

Mariners, &c. &c. not 'in the Service of the The Bee.

For the Piano-forte,

East India Company.--List of Private Vessels, Floriferis utapes in sallibus omnia limant, A CURE FOR COXCOMBS! licensed by the Company under the late Act of . Omniu ros itidem depascimur aurea dicta.' The two admired Songs, sung at the Theatre Parliament; and of Merchant Vessels employ.

LUCRETIUS. Royal, English Opera House, in the above-ed in the Country Trade in India.-Reguide named new Operetta.

tions and Instructions respecting the AppointIt is, perhaps, known to but few

r. Gooi OLD Times; a favourite Comic ment of Writers, Cadets, and Assistant Surge.' people, that there lives still on the song, sung with enthusiastic applause, by Mr. ons.-Rules and Regulations of the Civil, Mifrontiers of Transylvania, a Roman co- Wilkinson. Price 1s: 6d.

litary, and Marine Funds, connected with the lony, which has preserved its language

2. No TIME IS LIKE THE PRESENT; 'a fa- Company's Service. With a variety of other almost pure, and is proud of its descent. Yourite Song, sung by Miss Stevenson. Price useful Information.--Compiled, by permission When any meinber of this colony enlists | 193. Also, The Fisherman's Glee; ( Free Official Returns received at the East India into the Austrian 'service, he answers to from sorrow, free from strife, -sung in the House, by the usual question,' whence the comes ' new Melo Drama of the Warlock of the Glen, A.W. MASON, G, OWEN, & G. H. BROWN, I am a Roman (Romanasum.)

at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden; com- Of the Secretary's Office, East India House.

posed and arranged for the Piano-forte, by J. Second Edition, corrected to 28th Aug, 1821. A barrister being ‘at the point of Watson. Price 28.

Printed for BLACK, KINGSBURY, PARBURY, death, made his will, and left all bis 4. “HARK, THE WIND WITH SULLEN War,' and Allen, Leadenhall Street; and G. and fortune to a lunatic hospital: on being a Trio, sung by Miss Beaumont, Mrs. Sterling, W. B. WHITTAKER, Ave-Maria Łade. asked why he did 'so,'' he replied • i

2s. 60.
he replied • i . and Mr. Blanchard, in ditto.

:- Published by J. Limbird, B., Strand, wish my property to return to those Duet and Chorus, sung by Mr. Blanchard, Miss two doors East of Exeter Change, there advertise who gave it me.' Beaumont, &c. in ditto. 2s. 6d.

me rls are received, and communications for the

Editor: (post paid) are to be addressed sol aisa Anecdote of his late Majesty.-When 6. Auld LANG SYNE, with Variations for by Souter, 73, St. Paul's Church Yard; Simplan the Harp. Is. 6d.'

and Marshall Stationer's Court; Chapple, Pall his late Majesty was residing at the palace of Kew, the Princess Charlotte, 1 Hire, or Exchange

N. B.' Superior-toned Piano-fortes for Sale, and Newsvenders. - Printed by Davidson, Old tios.

Mall; Grapel, Liverpool, and by all Booksellers well Court, Carey Strcel.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

And pueekly Review; Forming an Analysis and General Repository of Literature, Philosophy, Science, Arts,

History, the Drama, Morals, Manners, and Amusements.

This paper is published early every Saturday Morning; and is forwarded Weekly, or iu Monthly or Quarterly Parts, throughout the British Dominions.

No. 124.


Price 6d. .

Revie'v of New Books.

The Island of Ceylon is in the tropic ther being temperate in coinparison of Cancer, situated nearly between the with the summer heats of most parts of

parallel of 6° and 10° north latitude, the continent of India ; and, generally An Account of the Interior of Ceylon and between 80• aud 82° east long;- speaking, the climate is salubrious.

and of its inhabitants.. With Travels tude; that is at the western entrance of Although Dr. Davy does not give

in That Island. By John Davy, the Bay of Bengal, and off the coast of any account of the plants of Ceylon, ..M. D., F. R. S. 4to. Pp. 530. Coromandel. It is almost two thirds and treats very briefly of its aniinals, London, 18:21.

of the size of Ireland, containing alto- (which do not differ from those on the Few works of the present day can lay gether a surface of 27,770 square adjoining continent of lodia,) yet he so strong a claim to originality as the miles, and a population of about has paid particular attention to the one before us, for, with the exception 800,000 soals, which is in the propor-snakes of the island, which are neither of the Historical Relation of the tion of about thirty-eight only to a so numerous por iso dangerous as they Island of Ceylon,' by Robert Knox, square mile. The old kingdom of have been represented. Our autbor an English seaman, who was wrecked Kandy, now called the Kandyau Pro- collected twenty different species of on the coast in 1660, and suffered vinces, occupies the whole middle of the snakes, of which sixteen were harmless. twenty years' captivity, there is not a island, and a great portion of the south of those that are poisonous, the picesingle volume in existence on the sub- ern extremity; their superficial con- berah is the most remarkable. It is ject. Knox's history has always been tents are estinated at 12,360 square characterised by its great size, and by a popular, on account of its simplicity of miles. The character of the interior, couple of horny probosces, in form and style and narrative, and the good sense as to surface, greatly varies, and way curvature not unlike the spurs of the and good feelings of the author ; but be divided into fat country, billy, and common fowl; the base of the spor is his spbere of observation was necessu- mountainous; the latter district, in attached to a small bove, with a minute rily limited, and the period of one perpendicular elevation above the sea, head, which is received into the gles hundred and forty years, which has varies froin eight hundred to three noid cavity of a thia-long bone, that elapsed since its publication, and the thousand, and even to four and five terminates in a tapering cartilaginous vast interest which the subject has ac- thousand feet. There are no lakes, not process. These horny spurs are useful quired since Ceylon has become a

even a single stagnant pool among the in enabling the sake to chinb trees British province, have rendered an ac- mountains. Uniformity of formation and hold fust its prey : count of it one of the most acceptable is the most remarkable feature in the • This snake is the largest species in works that could be offered to the public. geological character of Ceylon, the Ceylon; and, indeed, is the only one The subject has fallen into excellent whole of which, with very few excep

that grows to a great size. I have seen a hands, and Ceylon has found, in Dr. tions, consists of primitive rock, the speciinen of it about seventeen feet long, Davy, an historian, who bus male am- prevailing species of which is granite or the natives to attain a much greater magple amends for the neglect which it has gneiss.

nitude, and to be found occasionally twenhitherto experienced. The work is The mineralogy of Ceylon is singu-ty-five and thirty feet long, and of the compiled from original materials, col- lar and curious; it is remarkable for thickness of a common-sized man. The lected in Ceylon during a four years? its richness in gems, and its poverty in colour of different specimens that I have residence of the author, who was on the niseful metals. It is remarkable, seen has varied a little: it is generally a the medical staff of the army. He has too, for the number of rare minerals that mixture of brown and yellow; the back received the assistance of every one it affords, and for the snall variety of and sides are strongly and rather handwho was capable of aiding him in the the ordinary species ; thus, in its mi-somely marked with irregular patches of information, and hence the work is en-neralogical character, quite oriental, jaws are powerful, and capable of great

margins. The riched by, many valuable contribu- better fitted for show than utility-for dilatation; and they are armed with large tions. It gives a full account of the pomp than profit. The principal gems strong sharp teeth, reclining backwards history, geography, and geology of found in Ceylon are the ruby, garnet, As the muscular strength of this snake is the island; its population, laws, fan- topaz, amethyst, sapphire, and rock immense, and its activity and courage guage, and religion; the state of the crystal.

considerable, it 'inay be credited that it arts and sciencrs, the doinestic ha

The soil of the island is generally will occasionally attack man; there can bits and manners of the inhabitants, poor, , but it abounds in rivers and be no doubt that it overpowers dees, and &c. A work of this nature, written springs; the proportion of rain that

swallows thein entire. with the ability which Dr. Davy has falls in it is very great, exceeding what ries respecting this snake.' They say, that

“The natives have many ridiculous stodisplayed, cannot fail of exciting great falls in England three or four timer. when young, it is a polonga, and provid: interest, and therefore we propose mak-In respect to heat or temperature, no ed with poisonous fangs; and that when ing our readers somewhat extensively tropical country is, perhaps, more fa- of a certain age and size it loses these acquainted with its contents.

roured than Ceylon; its hottest wea-fangs, acquires spurs, and becomes a pimVOL. III,


[ocr errors]

berah. They suppose its spurs are poison of the loss of more lives than the tack, and fasten on, quicker than they can ous, and that the animal uses them in snakes. This is the Ceylon leech :- be removed. I do not exaggerate when striking and killing its prey. They ima- • This animal varies much in its dimens I say, that I have occasionall seen at least gine that parturition is always fatal to the sions; the largest are seldom more than fifty on a person at a time. Their bites, female, owing to the abdomen bursting half an inch long, in a state of rest; the too, are much more troublesome than on the occasion; and that the males, smallest are minute indeed. It is broad could be imagined, being very apt to fesaware of this circumstance, out of regard est behind, and tapers towards the fore- ter and become sores; and, 'in persons for the females of their species, avoid part; above, it is roundish; below, Aat. of a bad habit of body, to degenerate into them, and choose for their mates female Its colour varies from brown to light extensive ulcers, that in too many innoyas.'

brown; it is more generally the latter, stances have occasioned the loss of limb, The most common of the poisonous and rarely dark brown. It is marked with and even of life.' snakes of Ceylon, is the noya or hooded three longitudinal light yellow lines, ex- We have already stated the populasnake of the English, and coluber nu- tending from one extremity to the other; tion of Ceylon; it is divided into two ja of Linnæus. The natives rather ve

one dorsal and central, two others lateral. great classes,—the aborigines of the nerate this snake than dread it, and The substance of the animal is nearly

country and foreigners naturalized; will not even kill it when found in semi-transparent, and, in consequences

; the former are the Singalese, and the their houses :

distinctly. A canal appears to extend latter chiefly Malabars and Moors. Frequent exhibitions are made of this centrically the whole length of the body, The Singalese are completely Indians snake in Ceylon, as well as on the conti- arising from a crucial mouth at the small- in person, language, manners, cusnent of India, by men called snake er extremity, and terminating in a small toms, religion, and government. Their charmers. The exhibition is rather a cu- circular anus at the broader extremity, average height is five feet four or five rious one, and not a little amusing to on each side of which are two light spots. inches, and they are well made; the those that can calmly contemplate it. • This leech is a very active animal ; colour of their skin varies, from light The charmer irritates the snake by strik- it moves with considerable rapidity; and ing it, and by rapid threatening motions it is said occasionally to spring. Its pow

brown to black : of his hand; and appeases it by his voice, ers of contraction and extension are very well made and well looking, and often

• The Singalese women are generally by gentle circular movements of his hand, great ; when fully extended, it is like a and by stroking it gently. He avoids, ine cord, and its point is so sharp, that it handsome. Their country men, who are with great agility, the attacks of the ani: readily makes its way through very small great connoisseurs of the charms of the mal when enraged, and plays with it and openings. It is supposed to have an sex, and who have books on the subject, handles it only when pacified, when he acute sense of smelling, for no sooner does and rules to aid the judgment, would not will bring the mouth of the animal in contact with his forehead, and draw it over they appear to crowd eagerly to the spot of which I shall give in detail, as they a person stop where leeches abound, than allow a woinan to be a perfect belle, unless

of the following character, the particulars his face. The ignorant and vulgar be- from all quarters. lieve that these men really possess a * This animal is peculiar to those parts were enumerated to me by a Kandyan charm by which they thus play of Ceylon which are subject to frequent courtier, well versed and deeply read in without dread and with iinpunity with showers; and, consequently, it is unknown such matters :-—" Her hair should be out danger. The more enlightened, in those districts that have a long dry sea

voluminous, like the tail of the peacock; laughing at this idea, consider the men impostors, and that in playing their tricks mountains, - not on the bighest ranges, should resemble the rainbow; her eyes,

It is most abundant among the long, reaching to the knees, and terminat

ing in graceful curls; her eyebrows there is no danger to be avoided, it being where the temperature appears to be too removed by the extraction of the poison- low for it, but on those not exceeding two the blue sapphire and the petals of the blue fangs. The enlightened in this instance or three thousand feet above the level of manilla flower. Her nose should be like are mistaken, and the vulgar are nearer the sea. It delights in shadly damp

the bill of the hawk; her lips should be the truth in their opinion. I have ex- places, and is to be seen on moist leaves bright and red, like coral on the young amined the snakes I have seen exhibited, and stones more frequently than in water. leaf of the iron-tree. Her teeth should be and have found the poison-fangs in and In dry weather it retires into the close sınall, regular, and closely set, and like uninjured. These men do possess a damp jungle, and only in rainy weather jessamine buus. Her neck should be charm, though not a supernatural one, quits its cover, and infests the pathways large and round, resembling the berrigoviz. that of confidence and courage; ac- and roads, and open parts of the country ber breasts, firm and conical

, like the

; quainted with the habits and disposition of - Whether it is found in any other counthe snake, they know how averse it is to try than Ceylon is not quite certain; per: almost small enough to be clasped by the

yellow cocoa-nut, and her waist small use the fatal weapon nature has given it haps the leech of the mountainous parts for its defence in extreme danger, and of Sumatra, noticed in Mr. Marsden's his hand. Her hips should be wide; ber that it never bites without much prepa- tory of that island, is similar to it; and it limbs tapering the soles of her feet Tátory threatening: Any one possessing is not unlikely, that it occurs amongst the without any tiollow, and the surface of her the confidence and agility of these men, damp and wooded hills of the south of In- body in general soft, delicate, smooth; may irritate them, and I have made the dia." Those who have had no experience and rounded, without the asperities of trial more than once. They will play of these animals,-of their immense num projecting bones and sinews.” their tricks with any hooded snake, whé. bers in their favourite haunts,-of their

The remarkable feature of Indian ther just taken or long in confinement, activity, keen appetite, and love of blood, society, distinction of castes, prevails but with no other kind of poisonous can have no idea of the kind and extent of among the Singalese, as well as the snake.'

annoyance they are to travellers in the in- Hindoos, though to a less extent and Dr. Dary made several experiments terior, of which they may be truly said to with less effect on the minds of the on the poison of the snakes, whence he be the plague. In rainy weather, it is al.

people, The principal caste is the infers, that there are only two snakes most shocking to see the legs of men on a at Ceylon, the hooded snake and the long march, thickly beset with them Geowanse, a privileged people, who tic-polonga, whose bite is likely to gorged with blood, and the blood tric monopolize all the honours of church prove fatul to man.

Kling down in streams. It might be sup- and state, and possess all the hereditary

There is another posed that there would be little difficulty rank in the country : animal in Ceylon, less dreaded but in keeping them off; this is a very mis- • The common dress of these people, much more troublesome, and the cause I taken notion, for they crowd to the at-1 and which may be considered as the na


[ocr errors]

tional dress, is extremely simple, and not ence, or of a system of rewards and pu- translated from the Pali, in which they unbecoming The dress of the men con- nishments.'

are expressed in verse :sists of a handkerchief about the head like There is one caste, or rather out

Sattara sangraha wastoo, a turban, leaving the top of the head ex. cast, the Rbodees, who are considered posed; and of a long cloth of two

"!. Be willingly charitable to the deas the vilest of the vile, and live in the serving. breadths, called topetty, wrapped about

most wretched state of degradation :- • 2. Be mild of speech. the loins, and reaching as low as the ancles. The material of the women's dress • They are not allowed to live in houses 3. Let your conduct and actions be is very similar ; they leave the head un- of the common construction, but only in such as to conduce to the good of your covered, and wear a long cloth, of a sin- | the merest sheds, commonly opened on people. gle breadth, called hala, wrapped round

4. Let the love of your people equal one side. In carrying a pingo*, they their loins, and thrown over their left are permitted to load it at one end the love of yourself, shoulder. On occasions of cereinony, only; and they are not only shunned by,

Sattara agati. when full dressed, the men cover the bo- but are required to avoid others. When • 1. Favour no one to the injury of anody with a short jacket, and those who

a Rhodia sees a Geowanse, he must salute ther. hare the privilege lay aside the handker- him with hands uplifted and joined, and * 2. Injure no one to benefit another. chief for a cap, and decorate themselves must inove out of the way; or if the path 63. Lét not fear prevent your doing with gold chains and girdles,

be narrow, not affording room for both to justice. To this caste belong that singular it is not true, as has been asserted, that on pass at a distance, he must go back. But * 4. Avoid doing evil through igno

rance, or the want of correct information. and savage people, the Weddahs, who such an occasion he niust prostrate bim

· Dasa rajah dharmia. inhabit the extensive forests on the self for the Geowanse to walk over his "1. Be munificent. soutb-eastern side of the island. They body; indeed, such a practice would be * 2. Strictly follow the rules of your are divided into the village Weddahs incompatible with the notion of impurity religion. and the forest Weddahs. The village attached to their touch, and which is so * 3. Remunerate the deserving: Weddahs live in huts, made of the firmly impressed on the minds of the Sin- 4. Let your conduct be upright, bark of trees; their food is the flesh of fuse to obey the orders of our govern

galese, that they have been known to re- '5. Let you conduct be inild. deer, elk, the wild hoy, and the ingua- ment, to make prisoners certain Rho

• 6. Be patient.

« 7. Be without inalice. na, with a little Indian corn, the wild dees, suspected of a murder, saying, • 8. Inflict not torture. yam and the roots of sone water li- they could not pollute' ihemselves by 9. Be merciful. lies:

seizing them, but they would willingly 10. Attend to good counsel.' • Few traces of even incipient civiliza- shoot them at a distance." Wretched as

We thank Dr. Davy for giving us tion can be observed amongst them. I is the condition of the Rhodees, they are

these excellent masims for a king. Though living together, they seem to be said to be a robust race, and their women ignorant of all social rites, and strangers particularly handsome. On account of We would have them translated into to almost every circumstance that enno- the beauty of the latter, and the art of for every living language, made the basis bles man and distinguishes hun from the tune-telling which they possess, they are of every prince's education, and so fabrute. To procure a wise, the Weddah less shunned than the men. When ram- miliar to every monarch in Christens does not commence a process of court- bling about the country, practising their dom, that he should wear them in his ship; bụt goes inmediately to the pa- idle art, to attract attention they balance heart's core, ay, in his heart of heart.' rents, asks their consent to have their sin- a brass plate on a finger, and holding it on Dr. Davy adds, gle daughter, and if the first to ask is ne- high, twirl it round with surprising dextever resused. They appear to be without rity. The analogy between these people

• Should a king act directly contrary to pames. subject, said, “ I am called a man; when vious; but, in all probability, it is merely customs of the country, he would be

A Weddah interrogated on the and the gypsies, in many points, is ob- these rules, contrary to the example of young I was called a little inan; and when incidental. old, I shall be called the old man. It The Singalese have no notion of any consider themselves justified in opposing

reckoned a tyrant, and ihe people would could hardly be expected that such a species of government, excepting the him, and in rising up in mass and depeople would have any burial rites; they pure monarchical; and they say that a throning him ; nor are there wanting indo not even bury their dead; but as soon king is so essential, that without him stances in extreme cases of oppression, of as the body has expired, throw it into the there would be neither harmony nor their acting on this principle, and successevery art, excepting such as hardly de- order, but confusion and dissention, fully redressing their wrongs serve the name, and without which they which would soon prove fatal to so- In no court, perhaps, was there ever could not exist, such as making a bow, an ciety. The throne was strictly herida- a greater display of pomp, or greater arrow, a cord from tough fibrous plants, tary, and the rights and functions of respect shown to a monarch, thau in the scratching the ground and sowing a few the king were of the highest and most court of Kandy, before it was overseeds, and so forth. The bit of cloth they extensive nature; yet he was not per- turned by the British :wear, and the iron heads of their arrows,

fectly absolute and without check. • The royal throne was of plated gold, they obtain by barter, receiving them in exchange for their dried venison, the

On ascending the throne, he had to ornamented with precious stones. When skins of deer, or for honey and wax.

consider himself under certain restric- the king appeared on state occasions, he * They have hardly any knowledge of

tious; he was expected to follow the was either dressed in the most magnifithey have no knowledge of medicinal customs of the country, and attend to ornamented with rubies, emeralds, and numbers, and cannot count above five; example of good princes, observe the cent robes, loaded with a profusion of plants, and only the grossest and sim. the written rules banded down for the diamonds. To make the scene more implest superstitious notions. They be- direction of kings. Of these rules, the pressive, and add to its solemnily, night lieve in the existence of evil demons, and following are the principal: they are was the favourite time for giving audience make offerings to them when labouring

6* A piogo is an elastic stick, about five

and transacting business. under sickness or any great misfortune. I feet long : loaded at both ends and poised on

• The marks of respect required and They have no idea of a supreme and be the shoulder; it is generally used in Ceylon shown to the Kandyan nenarch were so nificent God, or of a state of future exist-for carrying burdens."

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »