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were intended rather for a god than a With spawn, before it grows to fob, man. The chiefs never approached the

The History of Madeira. With eggs unhatch'd, with calves unborn; king without prostrating before him; and, Devour, with gusto, glee, ant laughter,

(Concluded from p. 593.) in addressing him, Dewo (God) was an

The present, past, and coming fruits, The portion of this beautifully emexpression that they commonly used. Bequeathing, to the times hereafier,

bellished work which we have reservIlis own proclamations were very charac

Our empty casks and faded suits. teristic ;-". The most wealthy, the pro- Our dull and sonbre souls call “ thieving.”

These games and gambols, past believing, ed for our present notice, has an immetector of religion, whose fame is infinite But we, who play these jovial pranks,

diate reference to the engravings, which and universally spread, and of surpassing (Praise to our fertile wit, and thanks !)

are, both in point of design and coexcellence, exceeding the moon, the un. To hush complaint and stifle groans,

louring, of a very superior description; expanded jessamine-buds, the heavenly Refine them down to “raising loans."

they give a very striking and fainiliar river, the wbite chanks, and the stars ;

Jo a note of considerable length, the view of the costume, manners, and whose feet are as fragrant to the noses of author pursues the subject, and pro- occupations of the inhabitants;' and,

with the aid of the letter-press, render noble patron and god by custom, --like jects (for what is an anthor without a Sakreea, who subclued the Assooriabs, project !), a plan of relief for the dis- the natives of Madeira and their varied sitting on the precious thirone of the mag. tressed peasantry. He proposes that pursuits almost as familiar to us as oar nificent and prosperous city of Sengada- all the waste lands, when inclosed and

fellow countrymen. From the de galla, that possesses the beauty and wealth brought into cultivation, should be di- scription the author gives of the seveof all kingdom, and is like the heavenly vided among those who possess no-ral classes of the inhabitants and their kingdom of Sakreea.-Ordered, &c.'

thing, in parcels of from four to five peculiarities, we shall make a few es. Thus coinmenced a deed of gift of acres for each family. The advantages tracts; and, first, of the country's the late king, in which he assigned arising from this plan, he says, would pride,' the peusantry :certain confiscated lands to one of his be that,

• The cottages in Madeira, the habitaministers, as a reward for his fidelity • Besides the amelioration of charac- tions of the labouring peasantry, are built and good conduct; and, as we ter to the man, the land would pass

of stone, with roofs composed of thatch, scarcely finish better, here we leave off from the rulest agriculture into a state of which are annually thickened with the for the preseut.

horticulture in its minutest detail. In same material, in order to render them ( To be continued.)

stead of curious instruments and refine. more impervious to the heavy rains of the ments, manual labour would force the winter season. They consist, generally, soil to do its duty;

of one room, which is subservient to every St. George and St. Denys; a Dia- • Were a considerable proportion of the domestic purpose. Here the victuals are logue. By Hugh Melros. 8vo. pp.

labourers proprietors, the price of labour cooked, and the household occupations 113. London, 1821.

could not be lised by the party whose in- pursued during the day; while, at night, This is one of those productions on

terest it is to undervalue it. The concur- it is divided by a curtain or straw mat, to rence of the employed would be neces.

answer the purpose of sleep. Their cowhich it is difficult to offer a decided sary to sanction the terms proposed by linary furniture seems to be confined to : opinion, Its merits are certainly too the employer.- Again, the occasional very few articles. The principal of these low for a high praise, too small for a avocation of ihe peasant to cultivate his is a large iron pot, in which their food is great praise;' but if it affords little to own estate would enhance the value of his prepared, which does not offer any praise, it contains nothing to condemn. services; he would gradually be accessi- abundant variety, as it consi-ts chiefly of The author, with the feeling of Gold- ble to a feeling of pride; and when once a kind of porridge, composed of rice and Binith, whom he considers as possessing

that feeling was awakened in him, his ad- Indian corn. Sometimes, indeed, though more practical policy than a whole rapid. vance in decency and honesty would be it is considered as a luxury, not being

often seen on the cottage table, the rural privy council of men merely versed in Papil have heard some persons approve of people enjoy a meal of salt pork or salted the routine of office,' laments, in terms a little plot of land to employ the laboursomewhat lachrynose, the decline of er after his working hours, in what they the greater part, of the leisure that labour

* Religious duties occupy much, if not the peasantry, and the rise of specula- are pleased to call his spare time. His tors and monopolists. The following working hours, I reply, are already ton can spare them. The picture of their extract, contrasting present and former many for his strength; and his return tutelary saint is seen in a conspicuous part times, is one of the best passages in from them should be greeted by a nutri- of their dwelling, and to gain whose pro

tive meat supper, the conversation of his tecting favour their prayers are seldom

family, and rest. A mere garden (fasti- omi:ted, when the opportunity offers to “Our foolish fathers sowed and planted diously cultivated, as the peasants usually

repeat tbein.

The rosary is also a conTrees, which they never used nor wanted, In hope, with them when all was dark,

keep their gardens) is yet ally inade- stant associate of their intervals from laTheir children's children here might breathe ; securing to them those conforts, without demanded by the church, are constant ob

quaie to giving them any importance, or bour, and the more public exercises, as Quaff future vintages beneath ;

which human nature sinks and is undone.'jects of habitual devotion.' With billets from their giant boughs,

There is a good deal of benevolence

There is a beautiful engraving, enMight cheer their halls coeval too,

in the author's project, and it would titled . Rural Toil.' It represents an Or shape them into future ploughs,

certainly do much good, but it would old woman sitting uoder a banana-tree, To cut the valleys where they grew. And haply philosophic pride

not be a panacea to heal all the real winding thread from a reel, while s Might muse where centuries broke their rage: croscopic eye, sees overwhelming poor spinning from the distaff, which is usu

and imaginary evils which he, with mi- young woman near her, is engaged in And rosy

Beneath their hollows, scooped by age. old England. Something, however, ally employed in warm.countries, as it But we, their sons, a wiser race,

night certainly be done to ameliorate is not confined, like the spinning wheel, Bequeath to those who take our place, Nor tree, nos branch, nor trunk, nor root,

the condition of the peasantry, and we to a sedentary situation, but may be Nor seert, nor saplin, graff, nor shoot,

know nothing so likely to facilitate this exercised either standing or walking. Enjoying still we fill our dish

object as giving them small farms or One of the singularities in the toil of With blades before they swell to corn, plots of ground for individual cultivation, the Madeira peasant, consists in his

the poem:-


carrying every thing on his head, with- The inhabitants of Madeira are ge-| but moderate revenues; and the poorer out the least assistance froin the shoul- nerally stout, but inore particularly so

ones are maintained by the ingenious inders. The unequal surface that prevails the dignitaries of the Romish church, Austry of their intrabitants in making artithrough the island, renders the use of who appear to fatten abundantly on the ficial Powers, which they do with great the plough impracticable, as it equally good things of this island. One en- excel in preserving fruits, and various forbids the use of animal labour; cul- graving represents

a prior of the branches of confectionery.' tivation is, therefore, principally pro- order of St.

St. Francis, with that duced by manual labour, Spades are kind of bulk which monastic fasting

The Portugueze ladies of Madeira not in use, but the instrument employ; and prayer does not always discourage thir devotions: when they visit one


seldom walk out but to attend ed in breaking up the ground is a kind He is as jolly as Falstaff, and forms a another, it is usually in a palanquia. of longa puiuted 'hoe. Indian corn is striking contrast to the lean and logu- Its only furuiture is a cushion, with a ground by a stoue in the open air, brious lay brother by the side of bim. silk or chintz curtain. But,priucipally by women. Of the cos. Iu auother engraving there is a brother tumes of the natives, we are told that, of the same order, (not a lay brother, conveyance of ine town, is too weighty to

"The palanquin, which is the coinnion • There is a manifest difference between but one fut enough to be a prior,) col- be carried with equal ease over the rugthe southern and western natives of the lecting donations for his convent. He ged unequal roads, that form the commu. attempt a philosophical inquiry into the appears surrounded with luxuries, and nication from one part of the country to causes of this variety.

For this purpose a hanımock is receiving a loaf from a beautiful the other.

It is sufficient tor these pages merely to state its existence. female who is kneeling. The friar is employed, made of strong net-work, Those of the western side lay claim to, as looks very amorous, and is putting the fastened at each end to a considerable they indeed possess, a decided superio- cheek of the fair dainsel. All the or

length of bamboo, which is capable of rity over those of the southern part of the ders of St. Francis are mendicant; that tends to express. In this way the coun

b:aring such a weight as the design in. island. Their manners and habits are is, they are not allowed to possess any try parties are formed; nor is sleep remore simple and natural; their figures property beyond the walls of their l'used in the passage, to which the posture present a more regular proportion, and cloister :their skin a finer complexion. They are

is peculiarly inviting; the gentlemen described, also, as remarkable for the

• The community, which is numerous, also frequently piefer it to riding. Pur. brightness of their eyes, the growth of is entirely supported by charitable con ters follow the hammocks with the necestheir hair, and the beauty of their teeth. tributions. There are ihree branches of sary baggage. They frequently go bare foot; but when the principal institution at Funchal, which . The travelling bearers of these matheir feet are clad, they wear boots inade are settied in different parts of the island, chines possess not only the strength adeof goat-skins, which are light and durable,

collect support from the country quate to the load, but display all the agiand being while, have a pretty appear? | people, particularly at the time of the lity which the unequal surtace of the roads ance. The whole dress of both sexes has vintage. The charity thus obtained con requires, as well as a curious expertne s a picturesque character, both as to shape article of sustenance, with some small to the other, in order to relieve then.

sists generally of a loaf of bread, or other in shifting the bamboo from one shoulder and variety of colours, for its materials, the wearers are solely indebted to their piece of money, for which the mendicant selves, without any risk to the persoi.s own domestic manufacture, in which the triar returns his holy benediction. No whom they carry, or causing the least fernale bands are more particularly ein- place escapes their solicitatiou, which as- apprehension for their security, Indeed, ployed.

sumes a different form, according to the accidents of any kind are altogether unItinerant musicians are common in

character of those to whom the eleemo- beard of in this inode of travelling.' Madeira:

synary applicant addresses himself. To what we have already said in • It may be naturally expected, in a

Places of refreshment are very numer- praise of this work, we shall add nocountry where the love of music and the as of the country, where stalls present as a necessary and elegant appendaye

ous in different parts of the town as well ibing further than recommending it practice of it is so universal, from rank bread, fruit, and wine for sale, as repre- to every good lib.ary. and opulence tu the lowest classes of every sented in the plate. These never escape denoinination, that there would be such the friar's application, and as seldom fail a profe:sion as that which the plate so of adding to the contents of the conven- A Supplement to the Pharmacopæia ; characteristically displays. These itine

tual sack, rant musicians assist at ihe religious festi

being a Treatise on Pharmacology in vals and the private entertainments of the

The nunperies of the island of Ma

general : including not only the capital, while they entertain the more deira are confined to Funchal, aud cow

Drugs and compounds which are humble audience oi the village. Indeed, sist of four conveutual establishunents

used by Practitioners of Medicine, as they travel from one end of the island for feinales :

but also those which are sold by to the other, they may be considered as • One of them is formed upon the same occasionally enlivening and delighting the system as that of La Trappe, in Norman

Chemists, Druggists, fc. for other whole of it. To the song and the instru- dy, as it existed previous to the French

purposes. Together with a Collecment they add the dance. They excel revolution. Among other rigorous and

lion of the mosi useful Medical Foralso in extemporaneous compositions. unsocial regulations, these cloistered la- mulæ ; an Explanation of the ConTheir music is suited to the occasion ; dies are not only forbidden. The use of tractions used by Physicians, &c. &c. and their dancing is not devoid of grace, speech themselves, but even of bearing fc. A New aud lipproved Edition, but slow in its movements. Their occu- that of others. All conversation, there- considerably enlarged. By Sainuel pation is to afford pleasure to others; tore, is prohibited when the gates of this

Frederick Gray, Lecturer on the but, as they are in continual motion, and silent mansion are once closed upon

Materia Medica, &c. . 8vo, pp. 480. never stationary, their's is a life of no them. It is presumed, that there neser cominon labour. They are represented was another institution of this character This work, though under the modest

London, 1821, as sleeping little, and eating less; but, for the female religious, under any reguthough they support their fatigue chiefly lation, or in any jurisdiction of the title of a 'Supplement' to the Pharmacoby drinking, they are never seen to in-church of Rome.

pæias, is of more general and extenduige in it to excess.'

• The independent nunnesies hese laye sive utility than the Pharmacopoeia itself. Its object, says Mr. Gray in his same, and a board being laid upon the be remarked, that as the bigher classes, preface, is to give a concise account whole, to prevent the leaves, &c. froin of society require their usual inedical adof the actual state of our knowledge of curling up, weights are put upon the viser to possess their manners, so do the drugs in general, using that term in board, and the whole exposed to the air | lowest; and although the poor may acits most extensive signification, as in- in a dry place. If the stalks or other parts cept of the advice and medicines giren cluding not only those natural sub

of the plants are very thick, the lower them by practitioners who rank above stances and compounds which are em

part may be pared, so as to lay the whole them in society, yet they do it with a laployed by physicians or private practi-changed every two or three days, and the jects of experiments, and never cordially

as slat as possible. The paper should be tent suspicion that they are made the subtioners in the practice of medicine, but weights increa ed until the plants are bestow their confidence but upon those of those other substances and compounds thoroughly dry. A number of plants may their own rank; nor is this peculiar to which, from their analogy to these, are be subinitted to the same press at once, the poor in civil life, for Hamilton, in usually sold by the same retailers as placed one upon another, with two or his Regimental Sirgeon, mentions the sell medicines for the purpose of being

three sheets of blotting paper between reluctance with which soldiers repurt used as dyes, paints, perfumes, costhem.

themselves sick, and accept the proffered

• A still better way is to have a box the aid of their medical officers, choosing rametics, liqueurs, &c.; and upon this ac- size of a sheet of paper, and about nine ther to purchase medicines out of their count the work appears under the title inchesor a foot deep, then strew some scanty allowance, and follow empirical adof Supplement to the Pharmaco- sand about an inch thick at the bottoin, vice, until overpowered by disease, and pæias,' as that book contains only the over which place a sheet of blotting pa- no longer able to conceal it. medicines which are at present most per, and upon this, as many of the plants • As to tlie power of suppressing home. generally used by the physicians of as will conveniently lie upon it, carefully bred or even unlearned empirics altogeLondon and its environs. Still, how-expanding and smoothing them; then ther, the trouble and expenses of a lawe ever, the medicines forin the greater and the thickness of about half an inch of who attempt to deprive a man of the

put a sheet of blotting paper over them, suit, and the obloquy that attends those bulk of the work.'

sand, upon which another sheet of paper, fruits of his industry and skill through the We shall not follow the author in another layer of plants, paper, and sand, want of technical formalities, are so great, his division of medicines into enporista, may be placed, thus continuing till the that it is only the strongest stimulus of perofficinals, and nostrums; but on this stock of plants is exhausted, or the box sonal, enmity, or a feeling that their own point shall merely observe, that the filled, observing to have a layer of sand at interest is deeply involved in getting rid şubjects of the volume are all syste- the top; the box is then to be put into of a more popular neighbour, that would matically and scientifically arranged, till the drying 'is complete; when the grossest ignorance and real unskilfulness as to render them easily understood by ed down on sheets of paper, or otherwise garb of poverty, especially considering the those who are out of the profession; and fastened by thread, or slips of paper past- facility with which the poor slip from though no inedical student should be ed through slits in the sheet.

the fangs of the law by changing their rewithout this supplement, yet Mr. Gray • Instead of flattening the plants for the sidence, as it would never be worth while contemplated a more extensive field of purpose of placing them in books, they in such a case to hunt them out, even if usefulness than merely writing for the are sometimes dried in their natural form, it were possible, it is only the active and initiated.

by suspending them in a tin-box of suffi- intelligent practitioner, like Sutton the in

cient depth, then carefully filling the box noculator, that would be prosecuted, beIn addition to the many thousand with sand, and placing it in a warm dry cause by his neighbourhood aline could recipes which the work contains, in place for a few days; after which the sand prosecutors be injured, or froin him alone cluding almost every species of com- is to be taken out carefully, and the dry could they look for a reimbursement of pound, infusions, decoctions, emul- plants 'may be either made into nosegays any portion of the expenses that must be sions, syrups, varnishes, tinctures, and covered with a glass case, or stuck in incurred ; and here the prosecutors powders, pills, plaisters, patent medi- pots, and scented with a few drops of a would, as in Sutton's case, have to en cines, &c. &c. &c. there is a variety of proper essential oil: even mushrooms counter every discouragement that could

may be dried under sand in a similar be put upon the affair, and have to fight other useful information, 'ton tedious to

The sand should be rather their way through all the mazes and in. mention. The last branch of the work is coarse, that the moisture inay breathe out tricacies that the law could interpose, by no means the least interesting : it the more freely.'

with a court and jury decidedly hostile to contains an account of apparatus and Mr. Gray's preface, which is by no their claim, and requiring the most posimaterials for a medicine chest ; a list means the least interesting part of his tive enactments and evidence in their fa. of the contractions used by physicians work, contains a retrospective view of your; and the want of success in any one and druggists; the college list of the medical profession, with some judi-four, if so many were required, although medicines, with the usual doses in cious reflections on the inutility of the they were successful, would outweigh any which they are administered ; and a late Apothecaries' Act. With a strong possible injury that could arise from lei. list of native British plants, arranged feeling in favour of the profession, he ting the matter rest as it was. according to the uses to which they are points out the futility of attempting to

Moreover, as to the real justice of at. applied. From a volume which em- protect or even assist it by severe en tempting the forcible suppression of em. braces a field so ample, we shall con- actments, which do not prevent empi- pirics, however mortifying it must be to tent ourselves with one extract, for the ricisin, and often oppress deserving tense labours of the scholar, truth will benefit of our botanical readers. It is iudividuals. On this subject we per- oblige the historian of the practice of me. directions for preparing dried plants | fectly agree with him in the following dicine to confess, with a sigh over the vafor a hortus siccus :remarks:

nity of human learning, that our choicest • The plants being laid down in their • But in respect to the cant, for no other remedies, and our most approved modes natural position as far as possible, upon name can be given to it, of the danger of of cure, are generally, if not universally, some sheets of blotting paper, are then to permitting home-bred and even unlearn- derived from empirics, and those the most "be covered with two or more sheets of the led empirics to practise medicine, it may I unlearned ; and that, however the metho


dics harc laboured to explain the modes vades the different branches of the medi- authors, who are such thorough. Dellaof action, and the reasons for the effects cal profession, as they may be well assur. crusians in the choice of their lanproduced, they have done little or nothing ed that the mass of inankind are not so towards the improrement of the practice. blind as to be incapable of judging in a whole nation in the same perisuit, and

guage, that they have engaged the Again,-

matter that so nearly concerns them as • The real enemies of the fair practi interest, as not to prefer those practition knowledge; for we have come to pay

their health, or sp inattentive to their own diverted our minds from the search of tioner, whether empiric or methodic, are those persons generally educated in what iheir skill.'

ers whose success in practice shall attest such a slavish obedience to the equipo is called the regular method, who, dis

age of a glittering phraseology, though daining the slow and gradual progress of

We shall say nothing further in containing no real authority within, industry and attention to business, endea. praise of this work, to what we stated that we are rather servants of a verbal vour to trample down their brethren, and at the commencement of our review ; despotism, than freemen of an intellecthrust themselves forward to public notice the rapidity with which the first edition tual commonwealth ; and while we folin advertisements, under real or fictitious was sold, is a proof that our opinion low the pageantry of the former, desert na:nes and titles, and thus make a great respecting its merits is that of the pub- the advancements of the latter. But noise in the world, although, from the lic; it is, however, but justice to ob- to return to our subject. heary expense of advertising, it is doubt-serve, that the second edition has been ful whether they really get as much mo: considerably improved.

It will first be necessary, as the acney as they might obtain by pursuing the

count given of this phenomenon by the usual course; and still more those per

above author might seein to render sons who, impelled by a commercial ra- Original Communications. .

this investigation superfluous, to state ther than a philosophic spirit, become

my objections to his solution. The nostrum-inongers, and frequently, in de.

editor of the Novelist's Library is an fiance of their better knowledge, recom


author and a critic so justly celebrated, mend, in poinpous terms, some inert or SIR WALTER SCOTT'S REMARKS that it is with some diffidence I vendangerous medicine to the notice of the ON NOVELISTS AND DRAMATISTS. sick, and thus encourage them to practise

ture, even in the cause of truth, to dis

(FOR THE LITERARY CHRONICLE.) upon themselves. The most hazardous

sent from his opinions; but in such a of all experiments, to which the rashest There is a phenomenon, which has long cause, we are recommended even to contrials of the most ignorant village empiric, been observed to take place in our lite front the devil to his beard, and, therewho derives the whole of his book-learn- rary system, and the observation has fore, (not meaning any particular simiing from a well-thumbed copy of some old been so repeatedly confirmed by expe- litude) why not face a mortal? My black-letter be.bal, are comparatively rience, that we are fully justified in ac- first objectiou, then, is that he has safe ; since, in the latter case, there is counting it an effect of the pre-estu- treated this subject poetically, and not some chance that his experience may en- blished order of things, rather than an philosophically, as it demanded. able biin to perceive his error in time to

occurrence of a casual nature. It is retrieve it, and at the worst a salatary cau- this: the failure of the novelist in the losophicat question treated poetically,

I am always sorry when I see a phition would be inculcated, and a repetition of the trial avoided.

drama. Though I had frequently ob- and that for two reasons; first, because • The true method of combating this is served this in the course of my reading, there is little doubt, but that if the aunot by soliciting harsh penal laws against yet I never considered it in the light thor chose to exert what he has of reapractitioners who have not studied at cer- of a general law of our nature, till i soning faculty (and some, I contend; lain schools, or who have not been devot. saw it proposed as such by an eminent he must have to be a real poet) in the ed to medicine by their parents. For as author, in an extract taken from bis investigation of the true answer, withthe sick, disregarding the existing differ- edition of the Novelist's Library, which out incumbering and obscuring it dical profession, will solicit the advice of appeared in No. 121 of the Literary with the technical imagery and phrase those persons in whose knowledge they Chronicle.. To account for this phe- of his profession, he wonld find it out place confidence, the attempt only leads nomenon, i. e. to show, why from the at the last; and, secondly, because by both practitioners and patients to invent condition and nature of the human the same means he not only deceives moles of evasion, and widens the breach mind, a novelist should most probably himself, but his readers also ; who, rebetween the different branches of the pro- fail in drama, is an undertaking which ceiving his dicta as if they flowed from fession. It would be better to throw the may afford both instruction and amuse- an inspired tongue, though all the portals of the college and the medicalment, as it introduces speculative phi- time they may be little better than so schools wider open, and by rendering in- losophy into an agreeable subject. 1 many lying oracles, are convinced by a scendant of Apollo and Æsculapius to join would, therefore, beg the assistance of specious reasoning, though without the aids of science to his long-cherished any correspondent whose taste may lie any satisfactory perception of its consecrets, and seat himself among his more in such investigations, if he thinks he clusiveness ; and when they quit the 'fortunate brethren. Unless this be done, can either point out or correct any er- subject, (if, indeed, they have any nothe only method is to let things take their ror in what I shall propose to his exa- tion at all of what they were engaged own course, and rest content with simply' mination, or throw any new light on it in,) it is either totally erroneous, or who have gone through the trouble of obe by way of illustration or addition. I vague and indeterminate at best. taining them, and, on the other hand, be- tions to the consideration of young question, by the editor of the Novelists

would gladly, by proposing such ques- The solution given of the above -who merit them, leaving the sick and their essayists, induce them to give a little Library, is an instance of this. His friends perfectly at liberty to search for re- of their attention to such speculations, reasoning is so enveloped in poetical lief wherever they think it most likely to so that they might learu' to combine language, and his arguments so disbe found; thus creating an honourable reflection with imagination, to be more jointed, and scattered in such graceful competition and rivalry, instead of that solicitous about their thoughts than is negligence over the face of bis pages, continual bickering which at present per- the custom of the present race of politel so mingled and metaphorical, that I defy him to be satisfied of their con- 1st, when it is false ; 2nd, when, though of his to be conclusive. We must, clusiveness himself, inuch less to con- true, it is nothing to the purpose for positively, either unlaurel him or conceive them satisfactory to others. I which it was intended ; and, 3rd, when vict him of a false arguineot: many am no enemy to the application of po- it not only proves nothing to the pur- voices would be required to effect the etical language to abstract subjects un- pose, but proves the very opposite to former; for the latier, I ain satisfied der proper regulations,—nay, Iibiok that which it was brought to prove with his own. The truth is, there is t'e combination of poetical language This is certainly the most lamentable nothing in the descriptive faculty, takand strict argument, such as is seen in preslicament which the perverse influ- en generally, repulsive of the dramathe works of iny Lord Verulam, neces- ence of the stars could possibly invent tical; and, unless this can be shewo, sary to the perfect consummation of to hamper an argumentator ; a man it is no argument becanse the novelist philosophy; but not in the way it is who has fallen into a dilemma, may be possesses one more faculty than is ahhere attempted, where the investigation likened to one in a company of sweat- solutely requisite to fit him for a dra, of the question is ma:le a mere stalk-ers, but a man bringing an argument matist, that he is therefore unfit; and ing-horse for the display of the splen- to defeat himself, commits nothing in like manner of the narrative power. did trappings of written rhetoric. I short of a logical suicide.

But it will be sajil, the editor does not am not so dry a school-man either, that Now, in such a predicament do I assert that the power of description is I can relish nothing but rigorous argu-conceive the above three arguments to incompatible with the dramatical; it is mentation ; let the subject run the po- stand, precisely. I think a little con- the perpetual lendency towards deet's gauntlet through all the flowers and sideration will show us that they are scription which is essential to a novelconfusion of images he chooses, but if every one of them false, either in their ist, that he asserts to be injurious to it be a philosophical one, let him treat premises or their conclusion; that they the dramatist. it also in philosophical language, that are inconclusive, and nothing to the The answer to this objection is conour reason may be satisfied, as well as question in hand; and, moreover, that tained in the proof of the falsity of his our fancy titillated; he is an impotent they are contra-conclusive, if I may second argument, which, if it means triller else.

use that word to express a mode of any thing different from the first, However, let us extract his argu- reasoning, which proves the very oppo- ineans this: a novelist's chief talent ments as well as we can from the con- site to that which was intended by it. lies in addressing the imagination, or, fusion in which they lie, and examine If I can do this, I shall look upon my- in other words, a perpetual use of deboth them and the theory founded up- self as having performed a real service scription and narration are essential to on them. The editor had, most pro- to the cause of polite literature, for it a novelist, aud, therefore, unfit him for bably, a vague notion of the true solu- will show us the necessity of introduc- the execution of a work where little of tion of the question, anıl has according a little more accuracy into our rea. either is adınissible. Now, in order to ingly made use of two or three expres- sonings upon this species of writing, see whether this argument be true of sions, which seem to touch upon it, when we sie a man of such genius and false, let us first understand the prebut all the arguments I can collect, abilities as the editor fall into these cise meaning of the words contained in which he lays any stress upon, are egregious mistakes through neglect it; und first of description. Does he three; which, stripped of the imposing of it.

mean scenic description or description vestures in which he has clothed them, 1st. They are false. It by no means of acts? If the former, I take it upon and exhibited in their naked strength, follows, that because the powers of desinyself to prove, that bis assertion of are, in substance, as follows:- The scription and narration are essential to this kind of description being essential powers of description and narration are a novelist, they unfit him for the dra- to a novel, is, in matter of fact, not essential to a novelist; therefore, unfit ma. This would be to say, that to be true. Of the six great novelists, Fieldhim for the drama. The chief talent a drainatist, you must want these facing, Richardson, Smollet, Le Sage, of a novelist lies in addressing the ima- culties; which, few' who have read Cervantes, and Scott, the four first are gination, therefore he is unfit for the Shakspeare, will be ready to admit; not at all remarkable for their skill in drama. The dramatist is copartner Dover cliff and Othello's defence are scenic description, or their tendency to with the actor in the production of his instances of description and narration, address the imagination by it; if the work, the novelist stands alone, there- not to speak of numberless others in the latter, I do not see how the ability fore the latter is unfit for the drama. that immortal author, which are set in to imagine acts and describe them for These include, as far as I can see, the the very gap of such an admission. a novel, can be brougbt to prove the whole of the editor's arguments upon Few who have read Ivanhoe, with all inability to imagine acts and develop the subject, and I assure my reader, their reverence for the author, will alo them for the stage. Su that thus far however he may have felt when he pe-| low descriptive and narrative powers to his argument appears to ine to be false, rused the original from whence they be incoinpatible with dramatical ; look either iu its premise or its conclusion, are taken, what with my own stupidity at the Tournament, Rebecca's account according as he means scenic descripand their obscuration, I found not a of the Siege, and the dramatical dia- tion or description of acts. little difficulty io inaking oft even logues of the Outlaws, scarcely inferior We must now distinguish narration these; it was like a blind man io a la- to those of divine Shakspeare, and who from description. Narration is the byrinth, who has not only the intrica- will dare to say, the eloquent editor is telling whai, description, the telling cies of the place to contend with in not himself the overthrow of his own how, things were seen or done. Nar' finding the proper clues, 'but his own assertion ? no one will atteinpt thus to ration, in both these proviuces, is cer. incapacity. However, now we have untix the triple crown, whereby he is tainly essential to a novel, and is mostthem, let us see what they are. stainped the present sovereign of our lý out of place in a drama; whether

The most unfortunate predicament literary dominions, which yet must be the conclusion drawn from these prein which an argument can stand is, done if we allow this critical argument livises by the editor, viz. that the habit

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