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Inclosure, thou'rt a curse upon the land, • There was a day when love was young, With all our predilections for the first And tasteless was the wretch who thy existence And nought but bliss did there betong ; fruits of natural geniuş, we must ada plann'd.
When blackbirds nestling o'er us sung, «O England! boasted land of liberty,
Ah me! what sweetness wak'd his song,
mit that Clare has improved by culti, With strangers still thou may'st thy title I wish not springs for ever fled ;
vation ; and though some of his earlier own, I wish not birds' forgotten strain;
prodactions are striking froin their But thy poor slaves the alteration see, Lonly wish for feelings dead
neatness and simplicity, yet his more With many a loss to them the iruth is known: To warm and wake, and feel again.
inatured efforts, though not deficient Like emigrating bird thy freedom's flown; But ab ! what once was joy is past ; While mongrel cluwns, low as their rooting
in this respect, have a refinement of The time's gone by; the day and hour plough, Are wbijring fled on trouble's blast. ,
language and a correctuess of style, Disdain thy laws to put in force their own ;. As winter nips the summer flower.
which give them an increased salae. And every village owns its tyrants now, A shadow is but left the mind,
Should these new volumes extend the And parish staves must live as parish kings al. Of joys that once were real to view; public patronage sufficiently to relieve low.'
An echo only fills the wind This is the last extract which With mocking sounds, that once were true.' still bears him down, we may fairly ex
him from that oppressive anxiety which shall make from the Village Minstrel,' Though there is no species of poetry pect the poet to take a loftier and more u poem which of itself would justify all: more common than the sounet, yet extensive range of subject, and to add the praise that has been bestowed on there are few who succeed in it. Clare Jobo Clare, who, in vivid descriptions has indulged in it largely, and given us
vew claims to those he already possesses of rurat seenery, in originality of oh- no less than sixty specimens of bis ta- clains to public sympathy and public
as a man of genius; though stronger servation and strength of feeling, rich-lents in this species of composition, in ress of style and delicacy of sentiment, which we think him very successful.
support no one can present, than the may rank with the best of poets of We quote three of them :
poor Northamptonshire peasant; and
with all the warmth of admiration for the day, though a humble and uutu
A WISH. tored peasant. • Be where I may, when death brings in his
his talents, and sympathy for his mise Among the minor poems in these bill,
ries, we recommend him and his works volumes, we have been much pleased or in my native village nestling still,
Demanding payment for life's ling’ring debt,
to the public. with Autumn,''Cowper Green,' Song
Or tracing scenes I've never known as yet, of Praise,' and some of the pastorals, o let one wish, go where I will, be mine, -
An Account of the Interior of Ceylon a. style it which Clare would have been To turn me back and wander home to die,
and of its Inhabitants. By John successful, had he not abandoned it'Mong nearest friends my latest breath resign, Davy, M. D., F. R. S. early in his poetic career. The songs 'Neath the thick-shaved sycamore's decay, And in a church-yard with my kindred lie,
(Continued from p. 610.) and sonnets are many of them very Its broad leaves trembling to the breeze of day; of Kandy was hereditary, yet it had
ALTHOUGH the succession to the throne pretty, and some of them possess con- To see its shadow o'er my ashes wave, siderable merit. We shall enrich our | How soothing will it be, while lovering near,
much of the form of an elective mopresent article with a few of these My unseen spirit haunts its daisied grave, narchy; and the consent of the people pieces. The first is a sweet ballad: Pausing on scenes in life once lov'd so dear.' was required before a successor could
TO TIME. "I love thee, sweet Mary, but love thee in fear; In Fancy's eye, what an extended 'span,
be declared. When it was publicly Were I but the morning breeze, healthy and Time, hvary herald, has been stretch'd by which was not until his successor had
announced that the king was dead, airy,
thee : As thou goest 'a walking I'd breathe in thine Vain to conceive where thy dark burst began, been chosen,
ear, And whisper and sigb how I love thee, my Vain all conceptions of weak-minded man
Thou birthless, boundless, vast immensity! A tent was pitched before the hall of Mary!
audience, in which, on a piece of iron,
Thee to unravel from thy mystery! and a basin of mixed metal, a man stood • I wish but to touch thee, but wish it in vain ; In mortal wisdom, thou'st already ran Wert thou but' a streamlet, a winding so
by the side of a heap of paddy, and beat A circled travel of eternity; clearly, Still, but a moment of thy mighty plan
the mourning tom-tom--the public signal And I little globules of soft dropping rain, How fond would I press thy white bosum,
Seems yet unwound, from what ihy age shall of the event, warning the chiefs to dress
themselves in black, and authorizing the
see, my Mary! Consuming tyrant of all mortal kind!
people to give vent to their grief, and cry, I would steal a kiss, but I dare not presume;
Aud what thon art, and what thou art to be,
and lament aloud. .Wert thou bul a rose in thy garden, sweet is known to none, but that Immortal Mind • Till the body of the deceased mofairy, Who reigns alone superior to thee.'
narch was consumed, it was contrary to And I a bold bee for to rifle its bloom,
custom for the prince to take any refreshwbóle summer's day would I kiss thee, « Come, pensive Autumn, with thy clouds and ment. The corpse, inclosed in a coffin, : my Mary!
was carried in a palanqueen to the Awa"I long to be with thee, but camot tell how And falling leaves, and pastures lost to dana-madoowe, ,or royal burying-ground, Wert thou but the elder that grows by thy
attended by the chiefs, their wives, and dairy,
A luscious charm bangs on thy faded forms, daoghters. As the funeral procession Andin the blest woodbine to twine on the More sweet than summer in her loveliest moved on, two women, standing on a bough,
platform, carried by four men, threwrice 1a embrace thee and cling to thee ever, my who, in lier blooming uniform of green,
over the coffio. The priests of the difMary!
Delights with samely and continued joy 6 - Trend SONG.
ferent temples of Boodhoo were assentBut give me, Autumu, where thy hand hath bled at the burying ground, and having There was a time when loves young flowers been, With many a joy my bosom prest;
For there is wildness that can vever ciny,
offered up the proper prayer for the hapa Sweet hound of bliss it short are hours, The tusset hue of fields left báre, and all
piness of the deceased monarch in his Those hours are fled and I'nı distrest. Tije tints of leaves and blossoms ere they fall.
metempsychosis, were presented with I would not wisti, in reason's spite ;
In thy dull days of clouds a pleasure comes,
cloths that were laid on the coffin, to be I would not wish new joy to gain ;
Wild inusic softens in thy hollow winds; given them for discharging their pious I only wish for one delight,
And in thy fading woods a beauty blooms,
ottice. The coffin was now placed in a To see those bours of bliss again.
That's more than dear to melancholy minds.' kind of wooden cage, and was surrounded
with wood; a person broke its lid with an day after the marriage rites were com- the king downwards, exercised judicial axe, and a relation of the deceased set fire pleted,
powers, more or less ; appeals laying to the pile, which was fed with oil and
• The king and queen amused them from an inferior to a superior, till it pitch, and sandaliwood, and various per: selves wi!h throwing perfumed balls, and reached the king himself
, whose senfumes. When the whole was enveloped with squirting scented water at each tence was in all cases decisive. No in fame, the chiefs retired, went to the other,-a diversion to which the wives of great square, and informing the prince the chiefs were admitted, and of which
one but the king had the power hat the body was burnt, were ordered by they were allowed to partake, being
quite ing sentence of death; for murder, it him to go to their houses and purify them- at liberty to pelt and bespatter every but for high treason, the only capital
was carried into effect by hanging; selves,
The mourning toni-tom was sounded, the king was tired of the exercise, he re- crime besides, the sword was used in.
was decapitated. Robbery was pu..
ging :propriety. The fire was now extinguish. pearance of the king, to deluge each other,
The crime of adultery, by the Singaed, by pouring on it milk and cocoa-nut with sweets.'
lese, was punished in a very suminary water ; some of the calcined bones were A banquet followed in the evening, institute a suit at law to recover damages;
manner. The injured husband did not put into a pot or urn of earthenware, and in which there were two or three hun- if he caught the adulterer in his house, he bones and ashes were collected and de- dred different kind of curries, the drink might beat him soundly, or even cut of posited in, a grave with the presents being milk, or a beverage resembling his hair and ears, or have bim flogged in brought for the deceased king.
lemonade. Dancing and singing ex- public, and his wife logged in the royal : 'The urn was placed on the head oftended the feast until day-break. . We store house, the place of punishment for a man masked, and covered all over with pass over the account of their national women; after which, by his own ipse black, who, holding a sword in his hand, festivals, which are soinewhat tedious, dixit, he might divorce her, and in dis-and mounted on an elephant or horse, and quote the ceremony of receiving grace send her home to her
family:?. and attended by the chiefs, proceeded to ain bassadors by the old court of Kan
The cruel punishinent for insolvency the Mahawellé ganga. At the ferry called 'Katagastatta, two sinall canoes, inade dy:
among the Singalese, forms a strange of the Kakoonga, were prepared, lashed
The king held his court in the hall of contrast to the mildness of their laws, together, and covered with boughs, in the audience, and transacted all business with in regard to offences. The crediteur form of a bower. The masked bearer his officers seated on the throne. Behind proving his debt, and the debtor ac. enteriog the canoe, was drawn towards the throne there was a secret door, by knowledying his incapacity to pay it, the mid-channel of the river, by two men which his majesty passed unobserved; he and his family become slaves to the swimming; who, when they approached and before it seven curtains, which were creditor, who retains them and their the deepest part of the streain, pushed the not drawn up till the king was seated and offspring till payment of the debt is canoe forward and hastily retreated. I composed, and in perfect readiness to
inade, Now the mask baying reached the pro- appear. On ordinary occasions, all the
The religion of the Singalese is that per station, with the sword in one hand curtains were raised at once; and after and the urn in the other, divided the urn the chiefs had prostrated three times, they of the Boodhists; they do not beliere with the sword, and in the act plunged were desired to be at their ease, which in the existence of a supreme Being, into the stream, and diving, caine up as
was resting on their knees, and on which, the creator and preserver of the unifar as possible below, and landing on the when the business was over, they left the verse, but are materialists in the strictopposite side, disappeared. The canoes hall backward, his majesty remaining till est sense of the term. Their opinions were allowed to Hoat down the river; the all had departed. On the presentation of of heaven and hell bear some affinity horse or elephant was carried across, and anibassadors, extraordinary pomp and celeft to grazė at farge, never to be used remony were observed. A great con- to those of the Hindoos, of which se any more; and the woinen who threw the course of people was assembled; the gave an account in our review of Mr. rice over the coffin, with the men who royal elephants were drawn out; all the Ward's valuable work in our last year's carried them, were also transported to the guards were on duty, and the approaches volume. other side of the river, under the strict to the hall were illuminated. On enter- The language of Ceylon, the Singaprohibition of re-crossing. The chiefs ing the hall, the chiefs and ambassadors lese, is distinct and peculiar, and is · returned to the great square, informed the had to prostrate before the curtains, considered of. so much consequence, prince that the ceremony was ended, and which were now managed with peculiar that it is almost the only subject that were again ordered to purify themselves." fines e; they were all suddenly drawn is studied. Very many of the natives
* Another ceremony remained to be performert before the prince could be majesty; after a pause, they were slowly and reading and writing are almost as
at first, only a momentary glimpse of his are grammatically acquainted with it; considered completely king-that was drawn up, one after andther, a certain general amongst the male part of the choosing a name and putting on the number of prostrations being required for population as in England: regal sword, for which a fortunate day each, till the throne was disclosed, and • The Singalese write very neatly and and a fortunate name were fixed by the king exposed to view : then the aim expeditiously, with a sharp-pointed iron the royal astrologers. Coronation is bassador, actually crawling, was led to the style; and they colour the characters they not one of the ceremonies of the Kaning in the most submissive attitude ; and ink made of lampblack and a solution of
foot of the throne by the ministers, walk. have scratched by nibbling them with an dyan monarchy, though a very rich having delivered his letters, he had the crown belonged to the kings of Kandy. troublesoine task to perform of crawling and actually formed of leaves of trees, The inarriage ceremony of the king backward.'
and confined by boards. The leaf most was long, complicated, and expensive, The judicial and legislative, as well used, as best adapted to the purpose, is and, as will appear by the following as the executive power, formerly cen- the immense leaf of the talipot-plant, occapart of it, somewhat disgusting. The tered in the king; but all officers, from 'sionally nearly thirty feet in circumfer.
ence. It is well and slowly dried in the In the arts, the Singalese have made in Ceylon, but the inhabitants are not shade, rubbed with an oil, and cut into more progress than in the sciences ; unskilsul in agriculture, pieces of suitable di:nensions, the length particularly in some of the ornamental
(To be concluded in our next.) of which always greatly exceeds the or fine arts. Of these, painting is the width: near the two extremities each least advanced. They are anacquaint- Personal Narrative of Travels to the piece is perforated, that they may be con. nected by means of a cord, to which the ed with perspective, or with the effect of
Equinoctial Regions of the New boards are also attached, to form a book. light and share in colouring. All
Continent. By Alexander de Hum, The boards are generally neatly painted their paints are mixed with gum, and boldt and Aimé Boupland, and decorated. Occasionally, but rarely, of oil painting they are entirely ignotheir books are made of thin copper- rant.
(Concluded from p. 452)
Lacker painting is an art much we concluded our former notice of plates.'
in use among the Singalese, and of this valuable work with a description The subjects of their writing are which they are very fond, and which of the caoutchouc and the process of various ; chiefly theology, history, ine- they perform with a good deal of skill preparing it, and we now give an acdicine, astrology, and poetry :
It is chiefly used to orna. • Almost every Singalese is more or less ment bows and arrows, spears, sticks, fabricated at Esmeralda, a most soli
comnt of the Indian poison, which is a poet; or at least can compose what ivory boxes, priest's screens or fans, tary Christian nuission of about eighty they call poetry. Love is not their great and wooden pillars. Their lacker is inhabitants, on the Upper Oroonoko. inspiring theme, but interest :-a young obtained from a shrub called kapitia This active poison is employed in war, mistress's eyebrows ; the bearded chief is (crocun lacciferum), very common in in the chase, and, what is inore singuthe favourite of his muse, to whom he nost parts of Ceylon. In statuary the sings his petition in verse, whether it be Singalese have been more successful tions. M. Humboldt says,
lar, as a remedy for gastric obstruc-. to ask a favour or beg an indulgence. than in painting ; religion affords the All their poetry is sung or recited; they most common subject; and artists are
• The poison of the ticunas of the Amahave seven tunes by which they are mo- instructed in their designs to three pos- rare of Guyana, are the most deleterious
zon, the upas-tieute of Java, and the cudulated. Their most admired tune is tures, the standing, sitting, and recum- substances that are known.. Raleigh. semblance which it bears to the sound of bent, and to the priestly costume, no toward the end of the sixteenth century. the trotting of a horse. Of their music, one venturing the slightest innovation. I had heard the name of urari pronounced which is extremely simple, they are very | The statues are always coloured. The as being a vegetable substance, with fond, and prefer it greatly to our's, which art of casting is not behind that of which arrows were envenomed; yet no
fixed notions of this poison had reached they say they do not understand.' sculpture, and there is now at Kandy Europe. The missionaries, Gumilla and
The Singalese tunes are seven in a figure of Boodhoo, in copper, as Gili, had not been able to penetrate into puinber; and they have also seven mu. large as life, whirb Dr. Davy says is the country where the curare is inanusical instruments, on which they are so well done that it would be adınired factured. Gumilla asserts, " that this most commonly played ; these, of even in Europe.
preparation was enreloped in great myswhich Dr. Davy has given drawings, In architecture the Singalese have tery; that its principal ingredient was are principally of the drum kind; not any peculiar or national style; but furnished by a subterraneous plant, by a there is one made of brass, somewhat they execute work in yold and silver tuberose root. hich never puts forth like a symbul, which is beat with a for jewelry with great taste and dexte- leaves, and which is called the root, by
way of eminence, raiz de si misma; that stick, a second in the shape of a rity, and this with very few tools; the the venomous exhalations which arise elarionet, and a third of the violin best artist only requiring the follows from the pots, cause the old women (the ; order. ing:
most useless) to perish, who are chosen to The sciences can scarcely be said to * A low earthen pot full of chaff or watch over this operation ; finally, that exist among the Singalese.' Of mathe- saw.dust, on which he inakes a little char- these vegetable jnices never appear suffimatics and geometry they are entirely about six inches long, with which he ex- duce, at a distance, a repulsive action on
coal fire; a small bamboo blow-pipe, ciently concentrated, till a few drops proignorant, and even of arithmetic their cites the fire ; a short earthen tube or noz- the blood. An Indian wounds himself knowledge is very limited. They have zle, the extremity of which is placed at slightly; and a dart dipped in the liquid no figures of their own to represent the bottom of the fire, and through which curare is held near the wound. If it nombers, and, according to their own the artist directs the blast of the blow- make the blood return to the vessels withinethod, they are obliged to use let- pipe ; two or three small crucibles, made out having been broug!t into contact with ters; they have lately adopted the Ma- of the fine clay of ant-hills; a pair of them, the poison is judged to be suffilabar or Tamul figures, with their ta- tongs; an anvil; two or three small ham- ciently concentrated." I shall not stop bles of multiplication and subtraction, mers; a file; and, to conclude, the last, a to refúte these popular tales collected by Their weights and measures are neces
few small bars of iron and brass, about Father Gumilla.
two inches long, differently pointed, for • When we arrived at Esmeralda, sarily very defective. They are igno- different kinds of work. li is astonishing the greater part of the Indians, were rant of astronomy, but greatly addicted what an intense little fire, more than sufo returning from an excursion which they to astrology; their knowledge of me- ficiently strong to melt silver and gold, had made to the east, beyond the dicine is extremely superficial; of ana- can be kindled in a few minutes in the Rio Paslano, to gather juvias, or the fruit tomy they are quite ignorant, and of way just described. Such a simple port of the bertholletia, and the liana which chemistry their knowledge does not able forge deserves to be better known; yields the curare. Their return was ceextend beyond distillation, which is it is, perhaps, even deserving the attention lebrated by a festival, which is called in principally used for extracting an ar- be useful to him when he wishes to excite which reseinbles our harvest homes and
of the scientific experimenter, and may the mission, la fiesta de las juvius, and dent spirit from the fermented juice of a small fire, larger than can be procured vintage feasts. The women had prepared the cocoa-nut tree. Their skill in by the common blow-pipe, and he has a quantity of fermented liquor, and during pharmacy, surgery, and pathology, is not a forge to command.
two days the Indians were in a state of inin a very rude state.
Gardening is hardly known as an art toxication. Ainong nations that attach
great importance to the fruits of the palm- a cone, and placed in another stronger of the Oroonoko garments are found ready
nish pointed caps, which resenible one another in a course invariably the on the fibrous matter, wliich is the ground coarse net-work. M. Humboldt re
We were fortunate enough to find bark of the mavucure. A yellowish water futes the ancient traditions respecting an old Indian less drunk than the rest, filters during several hours, drop by drop, the dwarf and fair Indians said to be who was employed in preparing the cu- through the leafy. funnel. This filtered near the sources of the Oroonoko. rare poison from freshly gathered plants. water is the renomous liquor, but it ac. Proceeding down this great river, he He was the chemist of the place. Wel quires strength only when it is concenfound at his dwelling, large earthen pots trated by evaporation, like molasses, in a he thus describes .
came to the cavern of Ataruipe, which for boiling the vegetable juice, shallower large earthern: pot. The Indian, from vessels to favour the evaporation by a time to time, invited us to taste the li
"We soon reckoned in this tomb of a larger surface, and leaves of the plaintain- quid ; its taste, more or less bitter, de whole extinct tribe near six hundred ske tree rolled up in the shape of our filters, cides when the concentration by fire has letons well preserved, and so regularly and used to filtrate the liquids, more or been carried suflicien ly far. There is no placed, that it would have been diffenft less loaded with fibrons matter. The danger in this operation, the curare being to make an error in their number. Every greatest order and neatness prevailed in deleterious only when it comes into im- skeleton reposes in a sort of basket, made this hut, which was transformed into a mediate contact with the blood. The va of the petioles of the palm-tree. These chemical laboratory.
The Indian who pours, therefore, that are disengaged from baskets, which the natives call mapires, was to instruct, us, is known throughout the pans, are not hurtful, notwithstanding have the forn of a square bag. Their the mission by the name of the master of what has been asserted on this point by size is proportioned to the age of the poison, (amo del curare ;) he had that self- the missionaries of the Oroonokó. Fon dead ; there are some for infants cut off sufficient
, air and tone of pedantry, of Itana, in his fine experiments on the poison at the moment of their birth. We saw which the pharmacopolists of Europe of the ticunas of the river of Amazons, them from ten inches to three feet four were formerly accused," "I know," said long ago proved, that the vapours rising inches long, the skeletons in them being bricating soap, and that black powder, ing charcoal, may be inhaled without ap- each other, and are so entire, that not a which has the effect of making a noise, prehension, and that it is false as M. de
rib or a phalanx is wanting. Tie bones and killing animals when they are wanted. La Condamine has announced, " that In- have been prepared in three different The curare, which we prepare from father dian women, when condemned to death, manners, either whitened in the air and to son, is superior to any thing you can have been killed by the vapours of the the sun ; dyed red with onoto, a colourmake down yonder (beyond sea.) It is the poison of the ticunas,'
ing matter extracted from the bixa oreljuice of an herbe which kills silently When the darts are touched with lana; or, like real mummies, varnished (without any one knowing whence the this juice, which is mixed with a glu- with odoriferous resins, and enveloped in *This chemical operation, to which the tinous substance, in order to make it leaves of the heliconia or of the plaintain
tree. The Indians related to us, that the master of the curare attached so much in stick, they are mortal; large birds,
fresh corpse is placed in damp ground, in portance, appears to us extremely simple. when wounded with one of these ar- order that the flesh may be consumed by
The liana, (bejuco,) which is used at Es- rows in the thigh, perish in two or three degrees; some months after, it is taken meralda for the preparation of the poison, minutes; but it is often ten or twelve out, and the flesh remaining on the bones bears the same name as in the forests of before a pig or a pecari expires. Our is scraped off with sharp stones. Several Javita. It is the bejuco de maracure, author is not acquainted with any an- hordes in Guyana still observe this cus
Earthern vases half-baked are Obecomission, on the left bank of the lized nations, various things are resort found near the mapires, or baskets. They Litoonoko, beyond
the Rio Amaguaca, in ed to for a covering, but it is the To appear to contain the bones of the same fai the mountainous and granitic lands of Guanaya and Yumariquin. dians of the Oroonoko alone who are
urns, are three feet high, and fire feet and' • The juice of the liana, when it has so amply provided for by nature, as to a-balf long. Their colour is greenish been recently gathered, is not regarded furnish them with shirts ready made. grey; and their oval form is sufficiently as poisonous; perhaps it acts in a sensi- | Mr. H. says,--
pleasing to the eye. The handles are ble manner only when it is strongly con- We saw on the slope of the Cerra made in the shape of crocodiles of sercentrated. It is the bark and a part of the Duida, shirt-trees, fifty feet high. The peuts; the edge is bordered with meanalburnum which contains this terrible poi- Indians cut off cylindrical pieces, two feet ders, labyrinths, and real grecques, in
Branches of the maracure, four or in diameter, from which they peel the straight lines variously combined. Such five lines in diameter, are scraped with a red and fibrous bark, without inaking any paintings are found in every zone, among knife: and the bark that comes off is longitudinal incision. This bark affords nations the most remote from each other, bruised, and reduced into very thin fila- them a sort of garment, which resembles either with respect to the spot which they ments, on the stone employed for grisid- sacks of a very coarse texture, and without occupy on the globe, or to the degree of ing cassava. The venomous juice being a seam. The upper opening serves for civilization which they have attainel. yellow, the whole fibrous mass takes this the head, and two lateral holes are cut to The inhabitants of the little mission of colour. It is thrown into a funnel nine admit the arms. The natives wear these Maypures, still execute them on their inches high, with an opening four inches shirts of marina in the rainy season ; they co monest pottery; they decorate the wide. This funnel was, of all the instru. have the form of the ponchos and ruunas bucklers of the Otaheitans, the fishing, ments of the Indian laboratory, that of of cotton, which are so common in New implenients of the Eskimoes, the walls of which the muster of poison seemed to be Grenada, at Quito, and, in Peru. As in the Mexican Palace of Mitla, and the most proud. He asked us repeatedly these climates the riches and beneficence vages of ancient Greece. Every where a
por allà (down yonder, that is in Eur of nature are regarded as the primary rythmic repetition of the same forms flatrope,) we had ever seen any thing to be causes of the indolence of the inhabitants, ter the eye, as the cadensed repetition of compared to his empeudo. It was a leaf
of the missionaries do not fail to say in show- sounds soothes the ear, Analogies foundthe plaintain tree rolled up in the form ofling the shirts of marinu, “ in the forests Ied on the internal nature of our feelings,
on the natural dispositions of our intel. Fray Juan Gonzales, a young monk of four feet high. These balls were five or Ject, are not calculated to throw light on the order of St. Francis.
six inches in diameter. The earth whici the filiation and the ancient connections We withdrew in silence from the cathe Olomacs eat is a very fine and unof nations.
vern of Ataruipe. It was one of those tuous clay, of a yellowish grey color; We could not acquire any precise calın and serene nights, which are so com- and, being slightly baked in the fire, the idea of the period to which the origin of non in the torrid zone. The stars shone hardened crust has a tint inclining to red, the map:res and the painted vases, con with a mild and planetary light. Their owing to the oxide of iron which is mingled tained in the ossuary cayern of Ataruipe, scintillation was scarcely sensible at the with it. We brought away some of this can be traced. The greater part seemed horizon, which seemed illumined by the earth, which we took from the winter pra not to be more than a century old ; but it great nebulæ of the southern hemisphere. vision of the Indians; and it is absolutely may be supposed, that, sheltered from all An innumerable multitude of insects false that it is steatitic, and contains may humidity, under the influenceof a uniform spread a reddish light on the ground, nesia. Mr. Vauquelin did not discover temperature, the preservation of these ar- loaded with planits, and resplendent with any traces of this earth in it; but he found ticles would be no less perfect if it dated these living and inoving fires, as if the that it contained more silex than alumer', from a period far more remote. A tradi- stars of the firmament had sunk down on and three or four per cent, of lime. tion circulates among the Guahiboes, that the Savannah. Ou quitting the cavern, • The Otomacs do not eat every kind of the warlike Atures, pursued by the Carib. we stopped several times to admire the clay indifferently; they choose the allu. bees, escaped to the rocks thai rise in the beauty of this singular scene. The odo- vial beds, or strata that contain the most middle of the great cataracts ; and there riferous vanilla, and festoons of bignonia, unctuous earth, and the smoothest to the that nation, heretofore so numerous, be decorated the entrance; and above, on feel. I inquired of the missionary, whecame gradually extinct, as well as its Jan- the summit' of the hill, the arrowy ther the moistened clay were made to unguage. The last family of the Atures still branches of the palm-trees waved muss dergo, as Father Gumilla asserts, that pe: existed in 1767, in the time of the mission- muring in the air."
culiar decomposition, which is indicated ary Gili. At the period of our voyage, an old parrot was shown at Maypures, of
M. Humboldt has some very
by a disengagement of carbonic acid and curious
sulphuretted hydrogen, and which is dewhich the inhabitants related, and the observations on the earth-eaters, which signated in every language by the term of fact is wortlıy of observation, that, “ they are not only to be found on the Oroo- putrefaction; but he assured us, that the did not understand what it said, because noko, but among the negroes on the natives neither cause the clay to rot, nor it spoke the language of the Atures.",
coast of Guinea, the savage inhabitants do they mingle it with flour of maize, oil M. Humboldt and his companion of New Caledunia, in the Pacific of turtle's eggs, or fat of the crocodile.
We ourselves exainined, both at the opened several of these mapires or bas- Ocean, and the Javanese. We shall, kets, in order to examine attentively however, only quote the facts as they the balls of earth which we brouglit
Oroonoko and after our return to Paris, the form of the skulls, all of which dis- relate to the Otornacs of the Oroo- away with us, and found no trace of the played the characteristics of the Ame- noko :
mixture of any organic substance, wherican race, except two or three which • The inhabitants of Urlana belong to ther oily or farinaceous. The savage reapproached to the Caucasian. Our those nations of the savannahs, (Indios an- gards every thing as nourisbing that aptravellers having some of the skulls and dantes,) who, more difficult to civilize peases hunger; when, therefore, you inskeletons, loaded a mule with them,
than the nations of the forest, (Indios del quire of an Otomac on what he subsists M. H.
monte,) have a decided aversion to culti. during the two months when the river is
vate the land, and live almost exclu- the highest, he shows you his balls of Unfortunately for us, the penetration sively on hunting and fishing. They are clayey earth. This he calls his principal of the Indians, and the extreme quickmen of a very robust constitution ; but food; for at this period he can seldom ness of their senses, rendered all our pre- ugly, savage, vindictive, and passionately procure a lizard, a root of fern, or a dead cautions useless. Wherever we stopped, fond of fermented liquors. They are fish swimming at the surface of the water. in the missions of the Caribbees, amid omniverous animals in the highest de. If the Indian eat earth from want during the Llanos, between Angostura and Nue-gree; and, therefore, the other Inelians, two months, (and from three quarters to va Barcelona, the natives assembled round who consider them as barbarians, bave a five quarters of a pound in twenty-four our inules to admire the monkeys which common saying, “ nothing is so disgusting hours) he does not the less regale himwe had purchased at Oroonoko. These that an Otomac will not eat it.” While self with it during the rest of the year. good people had scarcely touched our the waters of the Oroonoko and its tribu- Every day in the season of drought, when Laggage, when they announced the apo tary streams are low, the Oto'nacs subo fishing is most abundant, he scrapes proaching death of the beast of burden, sist on fish and turtles. The former they his balls of poyu, and iningles a little clay " that carried the dead." In vain we kill with surprising dexterity, by shooting with his other aliment. What is most 'told them that they were deceived in their then with an arrow, when they appear at surprising is, that the Otomacs do not be. conjectures, and that the baskets contain the surface of the water. When the ri come lean by swallowing such quantities ed ihe bones of crocodiles and manatees; vers swell, which in South America, as of earth; they are, on the contrary, exthey persisted in repeating, that they well as in Egypt and Nubia, is erroneous- tremely robust, and far from having the smelt the resin that surrounded the ske- ly attributed to the melting of the snows, belly tense and puffed up. The missionJetons, and “ that they were their old re- and which occurs periodically in every ary, Fray Ramon Bueno, asserts, that he lations." We were obliged to make the part of the lorrid zone, fishing almost en- never remarked any alteration in the monks interpose their authority, in order tirely ceases. It is then as difficult to health of the natives at the period of the to conquer the aversion of the natives, [ procure fish in the rivers which are be- great risings of the Oroonoko. and procure for us a change of moles.
come deeper, as when you are sailing on • The following are the facts, in all their One of the skulls, which we took the open sea. It often 'fails the poor mis-simplicity, which we are able to verifi. from the cavern of Ataruipe, has appeared sionaries, on fast-days as well as Aesh- The Otomacs, during some months, eat in the fine work published by my old mas- days, though all the young Indians are daily three quarters of a pound of clay, ter, Blumenbacb, on the varieties of the under the obligation of "hishing for the slightly, hardened by fire, without their human species. The skeletons of the conveot.” At the period of these inun- health being sensibly affected by it. They Indians were lost on the coast of Africa, dations, which last two or three months, moisten the earth afresh when they are together with a considerable part of our the Otomacs swallow a prodigious quan going to swallow it. It has not been poscollections, in a shipwreck, in which lity of earth. We fouod beaps of balls in sible to verify, hitherto, with precision, perished our friend and fellow-traveller, their huts, piled up in pyramids three or how much nutritious vegetable or animal