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comnisseration of pretended friends, he family, is first served ; at his solitary pile of rice, placed on fresh .plantain hastened to join it. In the memorable repast, he is waited on by his wife, who leaves, and garnished with curries of difmutiny which some time afterwards broke helps him and supplies him with what ferent kinds; the ladies do the same, cola out in this regiment at Edinburgh, when he wants. The turn of the mistress of lected within the house. Both parties ance, Salmon is said to have been called children who cannot help themselves eating, peculiar to the marriage feast, is and set the power of government at defi: the house is next, and of the younger from the common pile. This mode of upon, in consequence of his knowledge of without a mother's care the rest of esteemed proof of good féllowship, and English, and superior address, to take the the family eat last, and their portion is should any one liesitate to partake; he management for his comrades of the ne- what remains. Among poor people, would be considered an enemy, and gociation which ensued for their return these distinctions are little attended to be driven away. After the repast, the to duty.

The resiment was cultimately and the family all eat together. Though bridegroom enters the house, meets the embarked for India, and Salmon heard of no more. not a convivial, the Singalese are a 80

bride attended by her friends; they exworks we know so little, it would be rash not seriously occupied, visiting and of white cloth and with the jetrels and or

of the merits of a writer of whose cial people, great gossips, and when change balls, made of rice and cocoa-nut to form any conclusive judgment. The conversation are their principal amuse- naments he has brought. All this having pieces which have happened to survive inents. On such occasions, the men been transacted in silence, he retires, the general fate of his productions, may, and women form their respective cir- and he returns to the mandoo. The night perhaps, be those which were least enti- cles, and are never seen mixed in so- is passed by the company in telling stotled to have any influence on the deci ciety. Old bachelors and old maids ries and in conversation; the next mornsion. He appears to have been rather a writer who promised much, than who had

are rarely to be seen among the Singa- ing, the bride, led by the bridegroom, realized much.'


and accompanied by all their friends, is every man marries, and

coriducted to his father's house, where These two parts are, like their prede- of the union are settled by the pa- feast, similar to the preceding. The wo

marries young, and the preliminaries the ceremony is concluded with another cessor, each embellished with a group rents:of fine portraits, elegantly engraved.

man’s dower generally consists of houseWhen a young inan has reached hold goods and cattle, but rarely of

the age of eighteen or twenty, he is con- land.' An Account of the Interior of Ceylon sidered marriageable, and it is the duty and of ils Inhabitants. By John of his father to provide him with a proper are contrary to the religion of the Sine

Though polygamy and concubinage Davy, M. D., F. R. S.

wife. The father having selected a family galese, yet they indulge in both, parti(Concluded from p. 627.)

of his own caste and rank, pays the master
of it a visit, and if the information he re-

cularly the former, and it is remarkable Tue Singalese have, froin time imme-ceive respecting the lady's dower be sa that in the Kandyan territory, as in morial, indulged in that preference so tisfactory, he formally proposes his son. Tibet, a plurality of husbands is much natural and common to an agricultural Soon after the father of the lady returns more common than of wives, One people, of living either in very small the visit, to learn the circumstances of the woman has frequently two husbands, villages, consisting of a few houses, or young man, the establishment he is to and Dr. Davy says he has heard of one detached habitations, separated from have, and his prospects in life. If both each other only by the extent of land parties are so far satisfied, the father of the case, where a woman had as many as,

seven. occupied by each individual. Their

young man makes another visit to his
friend, to see the lady, and inquire re-


pass over the history of Ceylon, dwellings are generally in low and specting her qualifications, age, and dis- as one of the least interesting chapters sheltered situations. The economy of position. He is contented if she is young- of the volume, and proceed to Dr. a. Singalese family is very simple; er than his son, in good health, free from Davy's travels in the island, from they have about them, and in their ulcers and corporal blemishes, possessed which we shall make a few extracts, neighbourhood, almost every thing of a pretty good disposition, and acquaint- and first of Adam's Peak, which is an they require, and the occupations of ed with the ordinary duties of a house immense mountain, of a conical form, the different members of the family are well defined. The more laborious the young man enter the house, it is un- point :

son to go clandestinely and see her; if rising rapidly and majestically to a operations of agriculture, as plough-der a feigned name; and if he see his in- Near the summit, the ascent is so pre-? ing, embanking, &c. fall to the lot of tended he must not address her. The cipitous, that were it not for iron chains the men; and the lighter, as weeding day of the marriage being fixed, and the fixed to the rocks, small indeed would be and assisting in reaping, to the women. hour determined by an astrologer, the the number of those who would complete The care of the house and the manage- bridegroom and his family, their relations their pilgrimage ; even with the help of inent of the household affairs belong and friends, proceed to the house of the these chains, accidents occasionally occur, almost exclusively to the latter, and bride, accompanied by people carrying and lives are lost; only a fortnight be constitute their peculiar duties. The bearing a large pingo, laden not only with here; looking down, they became giddy

provisions, and by four men in particular, fore (we were told) two natives perished Singalese rise at dawn of day, and retire to rest about nine or ten o'clock piece of white cloth, and with jewels and pieces.

all sorts of provisions, but likewise with a and frightened, fell, and were dashed to at night. They sleep on mats, either ornaments, varying in number and rich- "We arrived at the top of the mountain: on the floor or on couches, with a fireness, according to the means of the indi- a little after three o'clock. The magnigenerally in the room. Their princi- vidual. The party set out in tiine to ara ficent views of the surrounding scenery, pal meal is at noon, and consists of tive towards evening; they find a mandoo amply repaid us for a laborious march, rice and curry, which is generally com- a temporary building) prepared for their and all the little difficulties we had to posed of red pepper, salt, lime-juice, feception, a feast in readiness, and the contend with. and the dried skin of the gorka. Their them.

friends of the lady assembled to meet From the surrounding scenery our meals are short and upsocial; the which is covered with mats, the men of mit of the mountain, and the object which

In the middle of the mandoo, curiosity soon led us to examine the summaster of the house, the father of the both parties seat themselves round a large induces thousands annually to undertake

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this weary, pilgrimage. The summit is We passed the night on the moun. perquisites of the chief priest of the Mal. very small ; according to the measure- tains; and it was the first night, since I watté Wiharè. Before the pilgrims de. ment made by Lieat. Malcolm (the first had entered the tropics, that I had occa- scend, they are blessed by the priest, and European who ascended the peak), its sion to complain of cold. There was no exhorted to return to their homes, and area is seventy-four feet by twenty-four. moon; the sky was cloudy, stars of the lead in future virtuous lives.' It is surrounded by a stone wall five feet first and second magnitude only, making At Gannithenè, Dr. Davy visited an bigb, built in some places on the brink of their appearance: once or twice that we the precipice. The apex of the mountain looked out, we saw what might be called elephant snare, which is merely a square a

which stands in the middle of darkness visible, and the giant forms of space of small dimensions, surrounded the inclosure, about six or eight feet the mountains, 'sublime in obscurity by strong, palisades, having a tree in above the level ground. On its top is the The next morning, just before sun-rise, the middle, and a narrow entrance. object of worship of the natives, the Sree we were awoke by the shouts of a party of the manner in which elephants are pada,--the sacred impression, as they pilgrims, just arrived. Having no toilet taken is very simple :imagine, of the foot of Boodhoo, which to make, we were in the open air in an in- • The wild animals are first driven to he stamped on his first visit to the island. stant. It was indeed a glorious morning, Kandy, and then, if approved of, to this It is a superficial hollow, five feet three and we had reason to thank the pilgrims place.”. When an elephant enters the ininches and three-quarters long, and be for waking us. The rising sun painted closure, he is fastened to the tree by tween two feet seven inches and two feet the sky with gold and purple, and threw means of a noose, and his feet are properfive inches wide. It is ornamented with a over the whole scene such a'rich purple ly secured by strong ropes. From the inmargin of brass, studded with a few gems, light, that I never before saw equalled.' closure he is led to an adjoining spot; a of little value: it is covered with a roof,

The party of pilgrims just ar

shed is built over him ; his feet are tied which is fastened to the rock by four iron chains; and supported by four pillars; and rived, consisted of several men and firinly to trees, and he is not allowed to

lie down. We found six elephants in it is surrounded by a low wall. The roof women, all native Singalese, neatly was lined with coloured cloths, and its dressed in clean clothes, and they in- less shackled, according to the subjuga

progress of taming,—their limbs more of margin being decked with flowers and mediately proceeded tờ their devotion effected. They were all extremely streamers, it made a very gay appearance. tions:

lean, and miserable objects to look at. The cavity certainly bears a coarse resem- A priest, in his yellow robes, stood on More than half of those caught die duriog blance to the figure of the human foot : the rock, close to the impression of the their confinement; they seem to pine were it really an impression, it is not a foot, with his face to the people, who had for the lost blessing of liberty ; they revery flattering one, or the encomiums ranged themselves in a row below; some fuse to eat, and generally die of starvawhich are lavished on the beauty of the on their knees, with their hands uplifted, tion.' feet of Boodhoo are very improperly be- and joined palm to palm, and other bend- The city of Kandy abounds in temstowed. It is hardly worth inquiring how ing forward, with their hands in the same ples, which, with the palace, are the it was formed, and whether it is intirely attitude of devotion. The priest, in a principal objects worthy of notice :or only partly artificial. From its ap- loud and clear voice, sentence by senpearance and other circumstances, I be tence, recited the articles of their reli

• The palace did occupy a considerable lieve it to be partly natural and partly ar- gious faith and duties; and, in response, hundred yards long, made rather an im

portion of ground. Its' front, about two tificial. There are little raised partitions they repeated the same after him. When to represent the interstices between the he had finished, they raised a loud shont; posing appearance; it looked towards the toes; these are certainly artificial; for a, and he retiring, they went through the handsome moat, the walls of which minute portion, which I secretly detach- same ceremony by themselves, with one ed, was a mixture of sand and lime, simi. of the party for their leader.

were pierced with triangular cavities, for lar to common cement, and altogether

An interesting scene followed this purposes of illumination. At one extredifferent from the rock itself. Lower wives affectionately and respectfully, sa

mity it was terminated by an hexagonal down, on the same rock, there is a little luted their husbands, and children their building of two stories, called Pateripooa, niche of masonry, dedicated to Samen, parents, and friends one another. An old in which the King, on great occasions, who is also worshipped on the Peak, be- grey-headed woman first inade her sa- appeared to the people assembled in the ing considered the guardian god of the lems to a really venerable old man; she square below.. At the other extremity it. Within the inclosure is a was moved to tears, and almost kissed

was bounded by, the women's apartments, small house of one room, the residence of his feet; he affectionately raised her up; stars, (viot of gallantry, but as insignia of

on the front of which the sun, moon, and the officiating priest ; and this and two Several middle-aged men then 'salemed small huts outside the parapet, is all the the patriarchal pair; these men were sa

royalty,) were carved in stone, and in sbelter that the mountain aftores. There lemed in return by: still younger men, which at the public festivals, the King is nothing else on the summit deserving who had first paid their respects to the and his ladies stationed themselves to of notice that I am aware of, excepting å old people ; and, lastly, those nearls witness the processions. The intermegrove of Rhododendrons (rhododeridron of the standing slightly sa

diate space was occupied chiefly by the arboreum), which, studded with large red lemed each other, and exchanged betel. great entrance to the palace, and by the flowers, made a very handsome appear. leaves. The intention of these saluta- temple (the Dalada Malegaiva,) a little It is situated on the east and tions, I was informed, was of a moral

in the rear. The entrance was by a north-east side of the mountain, immedi- kind, -to confirm the ties of kindred, to draw-bridge over the moat, through a ately outside the parapet, and is consider-strengthen family love and friendship, and massive archway, on one hand up a Night ed sacred. This shrub, or rather tree, remove animosities. :

of huge steps, and through another archthe natives say was planted by Samen, * Each pilgrim makes some offering to way to the hall of audience ; and on the iminediately after the departure of Bood the impression of the foot and to Samem. other hand, up, another flight of steps, to hoo, and that it is peculiar to the peak, I observed several of them: one pre

the temple and the hexagonal building.' and found in no other part of the island. sented a few small pieces of copper coin,

At Memoora there is a nitre cave, The latter assertion I have since ascer- another some betel-leaves, another some which our author thus describes :tained to be quite erroneous ; the tree is areka nuts, another some rice, and another • The first view of the place was ex® common on all the higher mountains of a piece of cloth. The offerings were ceedingly, striking. A large cave appeare the interior, and it occasionally makes its placed on the impression, and almost im- ed in a perpendicular face of rock, about appearance at elevations little exceeding mediately removed, by a servant who three hundred feet high, crowned with two thousand feet above the levelof the sea. I stood by for the purpose; they are the forests, at the base of which was a stage or



platform of rubbish, that seemed in dan. way by a horde of rebels in a thick jun- | ably skilled on the three divine in-, ger of sliding into a deep wooded valley, gle, who fired on the detachment from struments to which those beauties closed in by mountains of considerable their concealment, killing two soldiers of are adapted, who elevation and remarkable boldness. the light infantry on the spot, and immed with theatrical favourites, particu.'

are not familiar at its mouth, which was nearly semicircu- around this little band of brave soldiers, larly, where parental restrictions are rilar, about eighty feet high, and one hun. whom they no doubt considered a cer: gidly enforced, and which are as dutidred wide. Its floor was rocky and steep, tain prey; but, regardless of their me. fully obeyed. So, then, fine music rapidly ascending inwar and its extre- naces, and faithful to their fallen com- and pathos are to be confined alone to mity was narrow and dark. To facilitate rades, ten of these gallant men encom- those whom some of our contemporathe ascent, ladders were planted in the passed the dead bodies of their brother ries are pleased to call the licenmost difficult places. The workmen soldiers, while corporal Mél.aughlin, with tions part of mankind.' whom I found at their labours, sixteen in the remaining five, fought their way to number, were the sudest set of artificers Badulla, at two miles distance, through degraded by drowing

The later ages have been too long I ever wituessed; their bodies, almost some hundred Kandyans, to report the degraded by drowing sing-so.ig naked, were soiled with dirt, and their situation of the detachment they left sur-tunes. Congregations are in a great bushy beards and bair were matted and rounded by so immense and dispropor- degree led by a humdrum organist vor powdered with brown dust. When I ar- tionate a force, in conflict with which they desk-professor, whose' pious orgies,' of rived, they were occupied, not in the continued for two hours, when being re- course, are rehearsed at home, for the cave, but on the platform before it, attend- liered by a party detached by Major elasticising of the spirits of u select tea ing to the operations that were then going M.Donald, under the command of Lieu party. It is a subject much to be laon in the open air,-of filtration, evapo- tenant Burns, of the 83rd regiment, frommented, that social meetings are not ration, and crystallization. The appara. Badulla, they had the triumph of seeing more cultivated in the more retired tus employed was curious for its simpli- the insurgents fly before them, and of and serious walks of society; and it is city, and rudeness. A small stream of bringing in the dead bodies of their comwater was led from a distance to the rades to be honourably interred.'

worthy of prominent remark, that place, by a pipe of bamboos; the filters Some observations on the effects of where they are so, the little differences were of matting, in the shape of square the climate,' on the diseases of Cey- of religious and political opinions, (for boxes, supported by sticks, and the eva lon,' and an Appendix of Proclania- they are too often found to exist under porating vessels, and, indeed, all the vesitions and other State Papers, close the same influence;) are softened into the country, of which a great many were this yaluable volume. The engravings unity, peace, and concord. We beassembled, of various sizes. The cave are numerous and well-executed.

lieve it to have been a reason with commay be considered partly natural and

posers of eminence generally, that the partly artificial. I was informed that,

poetry, which is not considered strictly during the last fifty years, for six months The Beauties of Mozart, Handel, evangelical and orthodox, has been in the dry season, it has been annually Pleyel, Haydn, Beethoveň, and other more suitable, from possessing more worked, and that each man employed

celebrated Composers ; adapted to taste, grace, and expression, than was required to furnish a load of nitre, the Words of Popular Psalms and poems approved by staid divines, upon which is about sixty pounas, to the royal Hymns, for One or Two Voices ; a par of mediocrity with the redoubted) stores,'.

with an Accompaniment and appro. Sternhold and his successors. Time, In an earlier part of this volume, Dr. Davy states, that this.nitre cave is

priate Sympkonies for the Piano- that brings the eternal round of excel

forte, Organ, or Harp. By an Emi-lence and beauty to pass, we are per'a very compounded rock, consisting

nent Professor. Music 4to. 1821. suaded, will lead the above collection of calcspar, felspar, quartz, mica, and we have heard it whispered, that the of beautiful compositions into the

, a air, and slowly decomposing, strongly editor of this volume of harmony, is Dr. hearts of the rising generations without impregnated with saltpetre.'

Busby; whether this be true or false, the least prejudice to their morals or hundred parts of this compound rock. Látrobe, or any one else out of a hun lallaby them to Watts, Cowper, and

we cannot state; it might be him, or happiness, and we hope that nurses will were found to consist of • 2.4 nitrate of potash.

dred professors that could be named Barbauld, while engaged in fostering: 0.7 nitrate of magnesia.

in the musical world. But whispers are their infant charge into mental habi0.2 sulphate of magnesia.

nothing to us, because we look at the tude and virtue. With reminding the 9.4 water.

execution of the work, not to the name editor of the too frequent accompani26.5 carbonate of lime.

attached to it, nor the concealment of ments to a first edition, a few printer's 60.7 earthy matter, insoluble in di- the eminent professor! with whom we discords and engraver's naturals, we lute nitric acid.

entirely agree, that it is a pity · the recommend the work to our readers. The remaining part of Dr. Davy's Devil should have all the best music.' tour contains an account of all the Some have objected to the adaptation principal objects in the country through of right pleasant melody' to psalms

THESSALIAN MARTYRS. which he travelled, but there is nothing and hømps and spiritual songs, under

(From Pouqueville's Travels in Greece.) particularly striking, and we shall only an idea that, however the voice may be EUTHYMUS Blachavas, renowned and quote a singular, instance of heroisin engaged, the mind will return to quoted as the last of the brave Thessawhich occurred at Passera, during the Pray Goody please to moderate,' lians, was awakened at the noise of rebellion of 1818. Lance-corporal or the lip still covet. The rich ambro- arıms which the northern nations caused M‘Laughlin, of the 72d, with four sia of thy Breath,' of Drink to me to be heard at Lovcha, in Thrace, in rank and file of that regiment, six Ma- only with thine Eyes.' 'Be it remem- 1809. He had invited to a last effort lays, and six Singalese, were on their bered, there are thousands of lovely all the generous sons of Thessaly, who march for Passera to Badulla:

women and anti-corinthian' youths, were prepared to sacrifice themselves • This small party was besét about mid-1 with sweet voices, who are toler- for liberty. Olympus, Ossa, and

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Othryx, were shaken; the Mahome- and patience-one of the disciples of protect you.-Executioners, apply the tans, thrown into consternation, had our Saviour destined to support the torture. entrenched themselves in Lerissa. A timid during the tempest, whose blood,

At these words, pronounced with great event was preparing, when it confounded with that of the warrior, the energy of rage, the pages of the came to be known that those had re- restored by his martyrdom the honour satrap concealed themselves while the treated whom the Greeks had regarded of the Christians.

executioners seized their victim, and as their deliverers. The satrap of Demetrius, of the order of St. Ba threw him down at the feet of the tye' Epirus at this news let loose his hordes silius, elevated by that evangelic cha- rant, who spat in his face. The holy on the Thessalians, and the cutting off rity which characterized the Apostles image was taken from him. Pointed of heads and burning of villages in their persecutions, traversed in these reeds were driven into the nails of his brought back the people to obedience. stormy days the neighbouring cantons, fingers and toes. His arms were likeBlachavas, deceived in. bis hopes, in in order to calm their minds and lead wise pierced by them, and at the vain wished to resist; he retreated like them back to the yoke of obedience. height of his agony nothing escaped

terrible lion from mountain to Denounced as a seditious person, and his lips but these words, Lord hare mountain; and when he no longer taken with Blachavas, he appeared be mercy on thy servant-Queen of Heafound security on the continent, the fore the satrap of Janina loaded with ven pray for us.' The torture of the Isle of Trikeri offered him an asy- irons. It was wished that he should reeds being ended, there was applied lum, whence he could escape into the name accomplices, in order to involve round his head a chain of ossalets, Archipelago. But he heard the cries in the conspiracy the orthodox pre which was forcibly tightened while of the Christians; he reproached him-lates, who occupied the ecclesiastical the executioner called out to him to self for having compromised their ex-thrones of Thessaly; bat strong in name his accomplices, but the chain istence; and in order to redeem a whole faith he testified the truth of the liv- broke without extorting from him a people, he accepted a capitulation, by ing God, and his answers inflamed the murmur.

The executioners, tired out, which he placed himself with a promise rage of the Vizir

, which blazed out in begged that the torture might be susof life in the hands of the eldest son of a dialogue worthy of being recorded pended till the following day, and the the satrap of Janina. I am going to to Christendom as a monument belong patient was precipitated into a damp die,' said he to his friends; I know ing to the martyrology of the church. dungeon. The satrap did not again the faith of the Turks; reserve your Vizir. You have announced the attend the torture, which recommenced arms for happier days fly:' With reign of Jesus Christ, and consequent according to his orders, by suspending equal courage he appeared before his ly the destruction of our altars and the the victim with his head down over a enemy, who would perhaps have re- fall of our prince.'

fire of pitchy wood, with which they spected the pledge given him, if he had Demetrius.-God reigns from eter- slowly burnt the skin of his cranium. not been the lieutenant of a man who nity to eternity. I revere those mas. They were afraid that his life might employed oaths only as the means of ters whom He has given us.

escape, and withdrew him from the deceit. At Janina, tied to a stake in Vizir,What do you carry on your chafing-pan to cover bim with a table, the court of the Seraglio, I again saw breast ?

on which the executioners mounted, Blachavas, whom I had met at Milias, in Demetrius.-The venerable image and danced for the purpose of breakPindus, at the head of his troops. The of the Holy Mary.

ing his bones. Victorious in the last rays of a burning sun played on his Vizir.-I wish to see it.

trial, Demetrius, having now passed bronzed brow, which defied death, and Demetrius.—It must not be pro- through the torture of the reeds, the a profuse" perspiration fell from his faned. Order one of my hands to be fire, and of the estrapado, was built into shaggy beard. He knew his fate; and released, and I will show it to you. a wall, leaving his head out of the mamore composed than the tyrant who Vizir.— It is thus that you mislead sonry:

He was there supplied with was about to shed his blond, he raised the minds of men. We are profaners ! nutriment, in order to prolong his towards me his eyes full of serenity, as I recognise in this speech the agent agony. He died on the tenth day, inif to make me a witness of the tri- of the bishops whom the Russians are voking the name of the Almighty. His umphs of his last hour. He saw the bringing to enslave us. Name your supernatural courage astonished Epiapproach of that hour so terrible to the accomplices.

rus, and his name was quoted as a wicked with the composure of the just. Demetrius.-My accomplices are saint. It was said, that even miracles He bore, without trembling or re my conscience and my duty, which were performed by it; and what canproach, the strokes of the executioner, oblige me to console my Christian bre-not be doubted is, that his blood apand his limbs, dragged through the thren and to teach them submission to peased the rage of the satrap, and that streets of Janina, showed to the asto- your laws.

he was the last expiatory victim of nished Greeks the remains of the last Vizir.-To your own you mean, you Thessaly. of the captains of Thessaly. Alas, Christian dog. why should so glorious an end be stain- Deinetrius. -—I glory in that name. Original Communications. ed with the crime of rebellion, which Vizir.-You carry an image of the had dragged so many innocent persons Virgin, with which, it is said, prejuto the tomb ! 'The inexplicable de- dices are connected.

A FRENCH ADVERTISEMENT. signs of Providence are only explained Demetrius.- Prodigies, say! The To the Editor of the Literary Chronicle. by prodigies which confound the cal- | mother of our Saviour is our intercessor Str.-In the forty-sixth number of culations of our feeble reason. The with her immortal Son. She works the Affiches Universelles, & dạily. punishment and revolt of Blachavas miracles for us every day, and every French paper, and the forty-first artiprepared the triumph of a feeble mor-day I invoke her,

cle, under the title Paris, is the followtal who had no other arms than prayers Vizir.-Let us then see if she will ling advertisement of a book-keeper and

M. de

St. Manr. Parcieux

M. de M.
St. Maur. Parcieux.

19 5


8 33 38 40 41

50 60 70 75 80 85

16 7
il 1
6 2
4 6


44 5





43 3 42


5 4 3 2

20 30



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teacher of the French language, which ready attained to a certain age, how widowers to married women or widows, I extract without alteration, viz.- many years is it probable that it will is nearly as 125 to 140; and the whole

1 M. Meinier, teneur de livres, still live? These are two questions, number of this class of society is, to the rue du Four St. Germain, No. ?8, très the solution of which is not only cu- whole of the inhabitants, as 265 to 637. connu, enseigne la partie double simplifiée rious but important,

Among 631 inhabitants, there are en un mois de leçons. Il se charge de la vérification, de la rédacion de tous this subject, one by M. Dupré de St. widowers, and 21 or 22 widows.

We shall here give two tables on 118 married couples, seven or eight, outre donner quatre heures par jour pour Maur, and the other by M. Parcieux. 1870 married couples give, annually, les livres d'une maison de commerce.

The table of M. Parcieux is formed 357 children. BOOK-KEEPER and Teacher of the French from lists of annuitants :-

The number of servants is to the tongue, repair to dwelling-house.'


whole number of inhabitants, as' 136 What am I, Sir, to understand by

to 1535 nearly. the last sentence, which is in English ? Does it imply that I am to repair to his age. Yrs. Ms. Yrs. Me Age. Yrs. Ms. Yrs. Ms.

OXFORD ANECDOTES. dwelling house, or that he will repair to mine? This shows how ridiculous

14 11 JACOB BOBART_Was a German it is for persons to affect an understand


horticulturist, and came to England

43 ing of another language, when they

6 10

about the middle of the seventeenth 44 2

3 7 have bat imperfectly learned their

41 6

3 4 century. He was appointed first suHowever, the twofold profession

44 3 GO

2 2 perintendant of the physic garden in of keeper and teacher, I advise most 7 | 42 3 44 95

Oxford, founded in 1632, by Henry strenuously to all young men who go

43 9

Earl of Danby. The catalogue of

40 10 raw from the country to London; and

10 40 2

plants in the physic garden, published with what importance it would appear 33 5 36 3

in 1648, was drawn up by J. Bobart, in our daily papers, under an adver

30 100

and is a favourable proof of his zeal and tisement like this: 'A young man

40 22 1 25 6

diligence. This catalogue was repubfrom Lancashire wishes for a situation It may be deduced from the preced- lished in 1648, considerably improved, at the Bull and Mouth,' the Belle ing observations, that when the inhabi- and enlarged to more than double its Savage,' or Red Lion,' as book-keep- tants of a country amount to one mil- bulk; Bobart being assisted in the er and teacher of the English tongue. lion, the vumber of those of the differ- work, as he acknowledges, by Dr. Ladies boarding-schools regularly at- ent ages will be as follows:

Philip Stevens and Wm. Brown, M. A. tended, - repair to dwelling-house. Between 0 and But what may be considered propriety

1 year complete 38,740) A plant, in honour of Bobart, is called

119,460 Bobartia, a genus formed by Linnæus, in France, is obviously the reverse in

99,230 and said to grow in the East Indies. England. · Ia I am, Sir, your's, &c.

24,530 Under the care of Bobart and that of 15 20

88,674 R.


his son, the garden continued to flou. Cour des Fontaines, 1st Oct. 1821.

71,650 rish many years. Old Jacob died in

71,665 the garden house, February 4th, 1679, THE PROBABILITIES OF HUMAN

64,205 nged eighty, and was buried in the

40 45 LIFE.

50.008 church-yard of St. Peter in the East,



where there is a monument to his meThe proportion of children born, is

55 60

37,110 mory, against the wall of the church, eighteen males to seventeen females.

28,690 On rejoicing days, he used to have his

70 According to the observation of M.

21,305 venerable, beard tagged with silver.

13,195 Dupré de St. Maur, in 23,994 deaths,


He left two sons, Jacob and Tilleman, 6454 of them were those of children,


2880 who were both employed in the physic not a year old; and, carrying his re


1025 garden. Jacob, who was a man of;

335 searches on this subject as far as pos

learning, published the second volume 95 ....100

82 sible, he concludes, that of 24,000 chil

of Morison's Oxford History of Above 100 years

3 or 4 dren born, the number who attain to

Plants,' 1699. An anecdote is told of different ages are as follow:

Total,... 1,000,000 him, which implies somewhat of a huAge. Number. | Age. Number. Age, Namber. The number of inhabitants of a mourous, disposition,

He found a 17,54030 9544


country is to that of the families, as large dead rat in the garden, and trans15,162 35 3770

1000 to 2221.

formed it by art into the shape of a, 14,177 40 7929 92 63 13,477 45


By taking a mean also, it is found dragon, as represented in old and cu. 12,968 50 6197

40 that in twenty-five families, there is rious books of natural history, particu12,562 55 5875 95

one where there are six or more chil-larly in Aldrovandus. This was shown. 8 12,255 60 4564


to various learned men, all of whom be9 12,01565 3450 97

18 10 11,861 70 2544 98

The proportion of males and females lieved it to be a genuine and invaluable 15 11,40575 1507 99 in a country, are as 18 to 19.

specimen of the dragon. Many fine 10,909 80 807 100 6 or 7 It is found, that there are three mar- copies of verses were written by the li25 10,259 | 85 291

riages annually among 337 inhabitants, terati in honour of Bobart and his When a child is born, to what age so that 112 inhabitants produce one matchless discoveryand persons inay a person bet, on equal terins, that marriage.

flocked from all parts to see it. Boit will attain? Or, if the child has al- The proportion of married men or bart owned the cheat some years after,

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