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was himself. the cause : for, in order to turned with a comely, beef-steak, enve. | days. Our hero 'being of a timid and
remedy the errors of his chimney, he had loped in cabbage leaves, crammed into bashful turn, and assisted by a portion of
removed the old stove grate from the one pocket; the other was filled with po: youthful pride, was incapable of making
fire-place into the centre of the rooin, tatoes; under each arm was a bottle of those advances, and playing off that train
where it was sustained by a large old port, procured at Slaughter's Coffee- of theatrical tricks, by which means bene-
dripping pan, by way of a platform, to house; and in each hand a French brick. fits are frequently obtained in the coun-
save the carpet from ignition ; and he had An antique gridiron was placed on the try, and, therefore, he had been less sic-
been occupied for half an hour with the fire, and Mr. Burke performed the office cessful than many of his brethren. His
bellows to cheer up the coals to a blaze. of cook; while Barry, as butler, set the landlady, perceiving there was no pros-
He was now prevailed on to assist his table, which he covered with a table pect of payment, satisfied herself for the
guest in removing the grate to its proper cloth, perfectly gengraphical; for the trije already due, by seizing on the rem-
situation, and the windows being thrown stains of foriner soups and gravies had gi- nant of our hero's wardrobe; and know-
open, the smoke soon vanished. He now ven it the appearance of a map of the ing she could dispose of her lodgings to
proceeded to conduct his guest to see his world. The knives and forks were vete- more advantage during the races, turneul
pictures in certain apartments on the rans brigaded from different sets, for no him out to the mercy of the winter's
higher story, where many exquisite pieces two of them wore the same uniform, in wind, which he endured with all his for.
without frames, stood 'edgewise on the blades, handles, or shapes. Dame Ursula mer philosophy. He rambled carelessly
floor, with their fronts to the walls, to cooked the potatoes in Tipperarian per- about the streets, sometimes quoting pas-
giard them from injury; and, by the aid | fection, and by five o'clock, the hungry sages to himself, both cornic and serious,
of a sponge and water, their coats of dust friends sat down, like Eneas and Achates, that were analogous to his situation, but
were removed, and their beauties deve. to make a hearty meal: after having dis- without forming one determined idea of
loped, much to the delight of the guest.- patched the " pinguem ferinam," they where he was to rest his houseless head.
Having lectured con amore upon the his-whiled away the time till nine o'clock, | Towards the close of the evening, he
tory and merits of the paintings, his next over their two faggons “deteris Bacchi,' strolled by accident into the lower part of
object was to display to his guest the eco. “And jok’d, ani Jaugh’d, and talk'd of former the theatre, which had formerly been an
of his bed room: the walls of this times."

inn, and was then occupied by a person apartment, too, were occupied by frame- Mr. Burke has often been heard to de- whose husband had been a serjeant of less pictures, veiled in perennial dust, clare, that this was one of the most amus- dragoons, for the purpose of retailing rewhich was likewise sponged off, 10 ing and delightful days of his whole life.' freshments, &c. to those who visited the develop their beanties, and display some

in first-rate gems of the art. cess, between the fire place and the wall, the Lives of Eminent Scotsmen;" it wished to go to bedlicjande bested, he

Janasone of sea which may be disputed by the editor of the woman hinted to our hero that she and counterpaned by a rug, bearing all is that of Dr. Black, the celebrated the words of Don John, "'I was just thinkthe vestiges of long and arduous service, professor of chemistry in the Universi-ing of going home, but that I have no and tinted only by the accumulated soil ty of Glasgow. Dr. Black was born lociging. The good woman, taking the of half a century, which no scourer's in France, but his father was a native words literally, inquired into the cause, hand had ever prophaned. That, sir,” fof Belfast, and descended from a with which he acquainted her without said the artist, is iny bed; I use no cur, Scotch family. Mr. Ryan's reason for disguise. Being the mother of a family, I breathe more freely, and sleep as sound. I of Ireland,' if adınitted, might author- tion; at that time he did not possess a ly as if I reposed on down, and snored on

single halfpenny in the world, nor the velvet. - But there, my friend,” continued ize him to extend the field very means of obtaining one. The poor creahe, pointing to a broad shelf, fixed high widely: he says it would be an act of ture shed tears of regret that she could not above the bed, and fortified on three sides flagrant injustice, not only to the indi-effectually alleviate his misfortune. He by the walls of the recess, that is my vidual, but to posterity, to exclude the endeavoured to assume a careless gaiety; chef-d'autre.'Ecod, I have outdone imperishable name of Black, from the but the woman's unaffected sorrow them at last."-" Outdone whom?" said trivial circumstance of Ireland not have brought the reflection of his own disobe. Mr. BurkeThe rats, the d-d rats, ing been the spot of his birth.' We always dience to his mind, and he dropped tears my dear friend," replied Barry, rubbing thought such a trivial circumstance implenteous libation : in his grief he saw of erery other security in the house-T of great importance in these matters, deserted, to follow what he began to percould not keep any thing for them, in but it appears we were wrong, andadis-ceive a'mad career, in despite of the cupboard or closet; they deyoured my tinguished individual may be claimed many unanswered remonstrances he had cold meat, and bread and cheese, and by any country. The lives of Burke, received, with a fair promise of forgivebacon: but there they are now, you see, Curran, and the Earl of Charlemont, ness and affection, should he return to his all safe and snug, in defiance of all the which are the inost laboured in the business. This philanthropic fernale larats in the parish. Mr. Burke could not volume, are highly interesting, but we mented that she could not firnish him with do less than highly commend his inven- shall conclude, for the present, with an

a bed, but offered to lend him her hus. tihed and congratulate bimen rits success: anecdote relating to Andrew Cherry, the band's cloak, and to procure a bundle of Barry, whose only clock was his stomach, actor, and the author of the Soldier's dry hay, that he might sleep in an empty

in her house. His heart was too ; felt it was his dinner hoor, but totally for- Daughter,' and other dramatic pieces : full to pay bis gratitude in words; hisi got his invitation, until Mr. Burke re. In the town of Athlone, we are told, eyes thanked her; he wept bitterly, acminded him of it:-“ Ods-oh! my dear a circumstance of particular distress at cepted her kind offer, and retired to rest. friend,” said he, “I beg your pardon: so tended our hero; but which he bore with The intruding any further on her kind. I did invite you, and it totally escaped my all the magnanimity that dramatic ardour ness was painful to him, as she was strugmemory :- but if you will sit down here could inspire. The business of the thea- gling to maintain a numerous offspring. and blow the fire, l'll step out and get a tre was suspended for a short time, in con- He therefore carefully avoided the house charming beef-steak in a minute." Mr. sequence of the benefits having turned at mealtimes, and wandered through the Burke took the bellows to cheer up the out badly: the manager was resolved not fields or streets, until he supposed their fire-and Barry his departure, to cater for to waste any more bills, but wait for the repasts were finished; at last, so overthe banquet. And, shortly after, he re-fraces, which were to commence in a fewl coine by fasting and fatigue, that he could

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not rest, he rose from his trooper's cloak | neat, and the mouths which are to eat died with the spit in one hand and the in the dead of the night, and explored the it, must be ready for each other at the ven in the other, and made himself kitchen, searching the dresser and all its same moment. If any doubt could ex- fully acquainted with the practical part shelves and drawers, in hopes of finding ist as to the importance of cookery, after of the philosophy of the kitchen. He of bis appetite, but in vain. On his re the instance we have quoted of the se- has en leavoured to illustrate this most turn to his hay.truss, he accidentally struck venfold difficulties attending one of its useful art of cookery, because he against the kitchen table, the noise of simplest operations, we might refer to knew not how he could employ some which he feared might alarm the family; the highest authorities. We might quote leisure hours' more beneficially for and, uncertain of the real cause of his Archestratus; we do not mean the gen. mankind, than to teach thern to coinleaving his apartinent at that hour, they tleman of that name who was so small bine the utile with the dulce, and to inmight naturally suppose that his purpose and lean that he could be placed in a was to rob the house, as a reward for their tart-dish without filling it, but

crease their pleasures without impair

ing their health, or impoverishing their hospitality : the idea added to the misery


Archestratús the bard, he then sufferedt; he treinblec!, he listen

He has considered the art of ed, but all was quiet; and then renewed

Who sang of poultry, venison, and lard'

cookery not merely as a mechanical his search, (for his hunger overcame his He who was a follower of Epicurus, operation, fit only for working cooks, fears,) and to his gratification he found a who traverse I land and sea in quest of but, as the analeptic part of the art of large crust of stale bread, which he was the choicest productions for the grati- physic, to teach--afterwards informed had been used for fication of the palate; who wrote a How best the fickle fabric to support rubbing out some spots of white paint from the very cloak" that composed his poem on gastronomy, and deemed it of mortal man,-in healthful body how bedding; he, however, ate it with avidity, useless to hold any communication with A bealthful mind, the longest to maintain.'

The aim of the author of the Cook's as he was entering on the fourth day with- men who could give no elucidation on out the least refreshinent, and returned this subject. Need we name Apicius, Oracle' is, as he assures us, to render heartfelt thanks to Providence, whose who spent a million and-a-half of mo- food acceptable to the palate, without omnipntent hand was stretched in the ney in the composition of sauces, and being expensive to the purse or offenvery critical moment, to save him from finding that he had not above a sive to the stomach,—nourishing withthe most direful of all possible deaths-plumb* and-a-half left, poisoned him out being inflaminatory, and savoury starving ! (To be continued.)

self for fear of being starved. Shall without being surfeiting; constantly

we refer to the profusiou of Heliogabo- endeavouring to hold the balance even The Cook's Oracle: containing Re. lus, Lucullus, or Ahasuerus-to Do- between the agreeable and the whole

ceipts for Plain Cookery on the most mitian, who az-embled the senate to de- some--the epicure and the economist.? Economical Plan for Private Fami- cide how to dress a turbot, or to the | The author is not a mere theorist, and lies; also, the Art of Composing the Emperor Claudius, who

he declares that he has not printed one most Simple and most highly-finished • Found the imperial palate tickled receipt that has not been proved in his Broths, Graries, Sonps, Sauces, and By love of glory less than mushrooms pickled.' own kitchen, which has not been apflavoured Essences, 8c. The whole If emperors and princes were not of proved by several of the most accoinbeing the result of actual Experi- sufficient authority for our grave rea- plished cooks in the kingdoin, and has ments instituted in the Kitchen of ders, we might pass to the philoso- moreover been eaten with unanimous a Physician. The Third Edition, phers; for, as Shakespeare declared applause by a Committee of Taste, which is almost entirely re-written. he never found a philosopher who could composed of some of the most illustrious

12mo. pp. 464. London, 1821. endure the tooth-ach patiently, so our gastropholists of this luxurious metroWe really take shạme to ourselves for author protests that he has not yet over- polis.' having suffered a work of such real taken one who did not love a feast. It We confess we have not the honour merit, on a subject of such vast impor- is not merely as lovers of good eating of belonging to Dr. Kitchener's Comtance, as the Cook's Oracle,' to pass and drinking that we are to consider inittee of Taste, and it will not be exto a third edition before we noticed it. all who have written in their praise, pected that an author in his kitchen We call this an important subject, for but many of them have deigned to en- (garret) should be able to put in pracalthough we do not deem eating the pro- lighten the world on the subject, and tice the five hundred and seventy-four per study of mankind, yet without the it is a matter of fact, that the best receipts which the Cook's Oracle' conpractice of it all other studies would soon books of cookery have been written by tains; though we cannot deny that we be at an end ; nor let our good housewives physicians, e. g. Sir Kenelm Digby, have frequently indulged ourselves with take offence if we deem cookery a pro- Sir Theodore Mayerne, Professor a.devilled biscuit,' prepared secundum found art, and one that requires great Bradley, Sir John Hill, whose work, artem, and have even once or twice attention, good taste, and nice discrimi-yclept Mrs. Glasse's Cookery,' has ventured on the Devil*' himself. Our nation; for, we are assured, .there had more readers than all his other experience of the doctor's cookery exare not less than seven chances against productions ; Dr. Le Cointe, Dr. Hun- tends still farther: we have a friend, a even the most simple dish being pre-ter; and last, not least, Dr. Kitchiner, female friend, whom we occasionally sented to the mouth in absolute per the author of the Cook's Oracle,' visit, who treats our pampered appefection; for instance, a leg of mutton. And never since eating first came into tite with many 'tit bits, which owe Ist. The mutton must be good ; 2nd. fashion, was there any person who de- their origin to the Cook's Oracle, and Must have been kept a good time; 3rd. voted his attention so largely or so so far as our experience can enable us Must be roasted by a good fire; 4th. succe

ccessfully to the rationale of good to form a correct opinion, we proBy a good cook; 5th. Who must be in living as this gentleman. He has stua good temper; 6th, With all this felici.

* A dish made of the gizzard, rump, or legs,

Our city readers know that a plumb is of a dressed turkey, capon, or goose, peppered, tous combination, you must have good 100,0001.-country gentlemen may ihank us salted, and broiled. Sce Receipt No. 538.luck; and 7th, Good appetite. The l for this note. Rev.


nounce them all the very best we have body and energy of mind are the happy course the result of consideration, and the tasted.

results.-See Peptic Precepts,” from host will place those together who he Io noticing the “Cook's Oracle,' we which we extract the following prescrip- thinks will harmonize best.

Le Journal des Dames informs us, that shall not follow the author through his tion:directions respecting the odoriferous

• To make forty peristaltic persuaders. in several fashionable houses in Paris, a

« Take and califacient repellents of roasting,

new arrangement has been introduced in boiling, frying, and broiling, all of drachms.

'Turkey rhubarb, finely pulverized,-two placing the company at a dinner-table.

or The ladies first take their places, which form distinct chapters, in which Syrup, (by weight,) one drachm,

leaving intervals for the gentlemen; after they are treated practically and scienti- Oil of carraway, ten drops, (minims,) being seated, each is desired to call on a fically; nor shall we quote one of the Made into pills, each of which will contain gentleman to sit beside her; and thus the

three grains of rhubarb.' nuinerous receipts with which the work

Tarly of the house is relieved from all emabounds, but confine ourselves to the adapted to the constitutional peculiarity pretensions,” &c;

The dose of the persuaders must be barrassment of étiquette, as to rank and introductory part. Notwithstanding of the patient; when you wish to accele- • But without doubt, says the journalist, the practical skill of the author, he did rate or auginent the alvine exoneration, this method has its inconveniences. not venture to offer any observation of take two-three-or more, according to ““ It may happen, that a bashful beauhis own, till he had read all that he the effect you desire to produce two ty dare not name the object of her secret could fivd written on the subject; and pills will do as much for one person, as wishes, and an acute observer may dethis all extended to not less than two five or sir will for another; they will ge- termine, from a single glance, that the hundred and fifty volumes. These,

nerally very regularly perform what you elected is not always the ehosen." however, are generally mere transcripts you hope will happen to-inorrow; and the feast should sit in the middle of the

wish to-day, without interfering with what • If the party is large, the founders of of each other, and could afford little are, therefore, as convenient an 'real information to a gentleman of the ment against constipation, as any we are will enjoy the pleasure of attending equal.

argutable, instead of at each end'; thus they extensive practical kuowledge of our acquainted with.

ly to all their friends, and being in some author, who not only tells us how to "The most convenient opportunity to degree relieved from the occupation of make good dishes, bot how to procure introduce them to the stomach,—is early carving, will have an opportunity of ada good appetite to enjoy them. The in the inorning, when it is unoccupied, ministering all those little attentions which doctor is an economist as well as an epi- tion, &c. to attend to : i. e. at least half guests.

and has no particular business of digeso contribute so much to the comfort of their cure, and condemus all excessive pre- an hour before breakfast. paration. He says,

Physic must • If the guests hare any respect for their

never interrupt the stomach when it is en host, or prefer a well-dressed dinner to • It is your second courses—ridiculous gaged in digesting food.

one that is spoiled, instead of coming half variety of wines, liqueurs, ices*, desserts, from two to four persuaders will ge- an hour after, they will take care to make &c.-which are served up to feed the 'nerally produce one additional motion iheir appearance a quarter of an hour beo eye-that overcome the stoinach, and pa- within twelve hours. They may be taken fore the time appointed. ralyze digestion, and seduce “ children at any time by the most delicate females, • The operations of the cook are goof a larger growth” to sacrifice the health whose constitutions are so often distressed verned by the clock,—the moment the and comfort of several days,-for the by constipation, and destroyed by the roasts, &c. are ready, they must go to baby pleasure of tickling their tongue for drastic purgatives they take to relieve it.' table, if they are to be eaten in perfection. a few minutes, with trifles and custards!!! Of the duties of the host and bis • An invitation to come at five o'clock, &c. &c. Indigestion will sometimes overtake guests, our author

seems to be generally understood to mean says,

. It is the most pleasing part of the duty sir ; five precisely, half-past five ; and not ger and savoury viands will sometimes to take advantage of these moments to in- this for the variation of watches,) fio: gustatory nerves are in good humour, hun- when the griests are not very numerous,) table within ten minutes after, allowing seduce the tongue of a “grand gour- troduce them to mand” to betray the interests of his sto-them individually, in an audible voice,

one another, naming

• Be it known to all loyal subjects of the . inach, in spite of his brains. • On such an unfortunate occasion,

and adroitly laying hold of those ties of empire of good living, that the Committee when the stomach sends forth eructant acquaintanceship or profession which of Taste bave unanimously resolved," an

invitation to ETA. BETA. PI. inust be signals of distress, for help, the peristaltic may exist between them. persuaders are as agreeable and etlectual of the festive board, to which itis, indeed, fore the banquet-and must be answered

This will much augment the pleasures in writing, and sent at least ten days be

as indispensable a prelude, as an over- in writing, (as son as possible after it is Cale constitutions, and those that are im- ture to an opera; and the host will thus received, ) --wittiin twenty-four hours at paired by age or intemperance, are a

acquire an additional claim to the grati- latest, especially if it be not accepted ; I hey derive, and deserve this name,

addition to the usual complimen. tude of his guests. We'urge this point then,

more strongly, because, from want of at-tary expressions of thanks, &c. the best from the peculiar mildness of their oper- tention to it, we have seen, more than possible reasons must be assigned for the ation. One or two very gently increase

once, persons whom many kindred ties non acceptance, as a particular pre-enthe action of the principal viscera, help would have drawn closely together, pass gagement, or severe indisposition, &c.' do

, enable the stomach to serve, with an an entire day without opening their lips

Vur author is one who takes due ejectment whatever offends it, and movely ignorant of each other's names, pro- Dinner,' he declares that, in affairs

to each other, because they were mutual- note of time : in his • Invitations to it into the bowels.

fessions, and pursuits. • Thus indigestiou is easily and speedily

of the inouth, the strictest punctuality removed, appetite restored, (the mouths

• To put an end at once to all ceremony is indispensable; the gastronomer of the absorbing vessels being cleansed,), sit, it will save nuch time and trouble if time as the astronomer. The least deas to the order in which the guests are to

ought to be as accurate an observer of nutrition is facilitated, and strength of the master of the house adopts the simple

Swilling cold soda water immediately and elegant method of placing the name ay produces futal and irreparable misafter eating a hearty dinner, is another very un- of each guest in the plate which is intend - fortunes.' His • Advice to Cooks' is wholesome custoin.'

ed for him. This proceeding will be of not like Dean Swift's Advice to Sere


' valuable panacea.

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vants, but contains much useful and was asked, after the battle of Waterloo, lonel had given them a written acknow. moral instruction; and while he re- if he was not afraid, he replied, “ Afraid ! ledgment, that this sacrilege was the act commends servants to be dutiful and why I was in a' the battles of the Peninsu. of his own countrymen.' attentive, he urges kindness and li- la!!! and having it explained that the Wooden Artillery.--Few narratives of berality as no less the duty of their question merely related to a fear of losing sieges are more entertaining, than that employers.

the day, he said, Na, na, I did na fear given in the Seir Mutak hereen, of a fort

that ; I was only afraid we shou'd be a' which was defended by the use of wooden As Dr. Kitchiner has come to the killed before we had time to win it.”' artillery, and defenried effectually in one task with qualifications which no pre- Piety respected.-In an action with of Auringzebe's campaigns in the Decvious writer ever possessed, he has pro- the French Aleet, in 1694-5, Captain Killi- can. The cominandant was nearly unduced the best work that has been grew, on coming up with the French ves provided with cannon, having only one or written on the subject of gastronoiny. sel, Content, discovered that the whole of two defective pieces.

The town was, The Cook's Oracle,'in its progress to the crew were at prayers. He might however, a great mart for timber. The a third edition, has received justly the bave poured in his broadside with great governor securing both the timber and praise of nearly all the critics, and we do, saying, " It is beneath the courage of with wooden imitations of cannon; and willingly give it the testimony of our the English nation to surprise their ene being fully supplied with most other reapprobation.

mies in such a posture." "Poor Killigrew quisites when the imperial army arrived, fell in the action.'

put a good face on the business. He did PERCY ANECDOTES. PART XXIII.

Mining.- In the siege of Tournay, more, too, for he kept the secret within The last pumber of this neat little to the Duke of Marlborough and Prince the number of his train, commenced their

which, after twenty-one days, surrendered his own walls; and the enemy, respecting work is devoted to 'War; a field so

Eugene, mining was resorted to by both approaches in due form, affording him extensive and so full of interestin' the besiegers and the besieged, and the thus abundance of leisure to mature his anecdote, that we almost wonder the consequences were often dreadful. The plan of defence. Every piece, as soon brothers Percy should limit the sub- English miners often met and fought with as fired, became, of course, unserviceable, ject to a single part. They, however, those of the enemy; and sometimes the but he immediately replaced it by a appear to have been sensible that their troops, mistaking friends for foes, killed new one. The balls from the imperial unassurning little volume could em.

their fellow soldiers; sometimes whole batteries were returned with the utmost brace but a small portion of the dis- companies entered the mines at the very facility, as, however ponderous these were, astrous chances, moving accidents,' sion. They were often inundated with calibre, and send recochet shot, selon les

moment theywere ready primed for explo- our hero was able to supply piezes of any and hair-breadth escapes in the imıni- water, suffocated with smoke, or buried regles, even with more effect than his nent deadly breach,' and therefore alive in the cavities, and left to perish; enemy. The labours of the Carron founadopt an epigraph as modest as it is and on some occasions, whole battalions dry never produced more guns in a year, appropriate, when they terin them were blown into the air, and their limos than this man's ingenuity did in one siege. Anecdotes of War:

scattered to a distance, like lava from a The enemy, tired out, at last, with the ob*A page of the great book of war

volcano. One day M. de Surville made stinate defence which he made from his Where terror is deck'd so bravely, that the eye a sally, and drove the besiegers from a batteries, deterinined to carry the place With delight has scarce leisure to be afraid.'' post they had taken; but being repulsed, by escalade in open day. Having failed, - In the selection of the anecdotes, the and one hundred and fifty, men having however, in soine similar enterprises, a editors appear rather to have chosen

taken possession of the lodgement, the neighbouring saint was procured, who was

enemy sprung a mine, blew them all into to head the attack, and by the sanctity of those which related to remarkable inci- the air, and overturned all the gabions. his character, to inspire the soldiers with dents or circumstances of war, than On a subsequent day, an inhabitant of greater zeal in a desperate cause. The traits of mere heroism, in which, how- Tournay went to the Earl of Albemarle, holy man was raised on a platforın, and ever, it is by no means deficient. and offered to discover one of the princi- carried in the rear of the forlorn hope.

The part is most fitly dedicated to pal mines of the citadel, on condition that The governor's good luck still adhered the first captain of the age,' the Duke he would make him head gaoler of all the to him. A shot from a wooden gun, of Wellington, of whom an elegantly prisons in Tournay; this was agreed to, when the escaladers were nearly close to engraved portrait is given, though we dertaken, so that three hundred men and the man performed what he had 10- the walls, knocked down the saint, on

which the party took to their heels. A have seen likenesses of him which we

were posted in the mine, and eight hun. delay ensued ; the seige was at last raishave preferred. The following are ex- dred in the town ditch to support them; ed, and the cominandant covered with tracts:

but in the middle of the night, M. de Me- glory.' Different kinds of Fear. When the griguy sprung two mines, one immediate- Marlborough.-- It appeared from British under Lord Nelson were bearing ly under the large mine, in which all the every circumstance of the conduct of the down to attack the combined fleets off three hundred inen,' before mentioned, Duke of Marlborough, antecedent to the Trafalgar the first lieutenant of the Re- were stilled; the other threw up part of glorious battle of Blenbeim, that he was venge, on going to see that all hands were the ditch, and buried a hundred men.'. resolved either to conquer or die on the at their quarters, observed one of the Respect for the Sanctuaries of the field; and a short time before the action men devoutly kneeling at the side of his Dead.—When the Swedish army under commenced, he devoted hiinself with gun; so very unusual an attitude in an the command of Charles the Twelfth, was great solemnity to the Almighty Lord and English sailor, exciting his surprise and obliged to abandon Courland, and to sur. Kuler of Hosts, in presence of his chapcuriosity, he went and asked the man if he render Mittau to the Russians, after 'a lain, and received the sacrament. When was afraid? “Afraid I" answered the siege of fifteen days, the conquerors the battle was concluded, his grace ob. honest tar, with a countenance expressive found, on taking possession of the place, served, that he believed he had prayed of the utmost disdain, ." No; I was only that the tombs in the cathedral had been inore that day than all the chaplains in the praying that the enemy's shot might be opened, and the remains of their princes army.' distributed in the same proportion as the scattered about the passages. Apprehen- Disinterestedness. On the death of

rested prize-money, the greatest part among the sive that this profanation might be im. Marshal Keith, his brother, the Lord officers."

puted to them, they refused to take pos- Marshal, wrote to Madame Geoffrin, • When the brave Corporal Caithness session of the temple, until a Swedish co- “ You can have no notion to 'wbat a vast

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treasure I have succeeded by the death of cruelty, that in no country of Europe The massacre in Paris, by order of my brother. At the head of an immense has the bulk of the nation taken so acarmy, he had just sevied a contribution tive a part iam issacres. It will, there as also the cruelties of the grandes

Varcel, happened about the same time, upon Bohemia, and I find seventy du fore, be sufficient to enumerate so:ne compagnies, who, one after another, cats in his strong box !" Just Resentment.-At the time of tak

of those in which the mass of the po- murdered all who stood in their way, ing the castle of Bude, by Soliman, in pulation was concerned, to maintain and deluged France with blood. Un 1529, the garrison, without defending it our assertion. The Cottereaux, unter der Charles VI., the Maillotins mas

, self, offered to capitulate, and obtained | Philip II., are represented as laying sacred at first the tax-gatherers, and the honours of war. As they defiled, the waste first the environs of Bourges, afterwards all they wet, and reduced Turks insulted the n, and reproached thein and afterwards spreading much far. Paris to the state of a town taken by with a want of courage. A German solo ther, flaying alive the priests, violating storin.

To this succeeded dreadful dier, unable to bear such a stigma, looked on a Janissary with a threatening air, and committing every kind of sacrilege and

women before their husbands' faces, executions, too horrid and too nume said, “ What hast thou to reproach ine

rous for open day; and many were put with? I do not cominand; I obey.” At

cruelty to such an extent that the in sacks and thrown by night into the the same time he drew his sword, and run

monarch found it necessary to send an Seine. The massacres which took bim through the body.

, Words. - After the battle of Jena, Bon were exterminated. During the cru? the factions of Orleans and Burgundy

, naparte dined with Wieland, commonly sade against Raymond, Count of Thou- certainly surpassed the alternate pro.. called the Voltaire of Germany; and louse,' sixty thousand Albigenses were scriptions of Marias and Sylla, of Angravely conversed with him concerning massacred, and seven thousand in a tony and Octavius; though history, the horrors of war, and the folly of shed-church. Simon de Montford, whose which painted the latter as the most ding blood; and mentioned various pro; humanity the Père Daniel thinks he odious and destructive, has had the art jects for the establishment of a perpetual canunt suficiently eulogize, after the to slur over the former, but the capis peace.'

taking of Lavaur, threw the lady of the tal of Italy never, in the worst of times, CRUELTIES OF THE FRENCH * brother, murdered eighty gentlemen, profligacy and sanguinary levity, as

castle, alive, into a well, hanged her presented such a scene of thoughtless The circumstances which are particu- her companions, and burnel four hun- inany that occurred in the reign of larly to be reinarked respecting French dred heretics, while the clergy were Charles VI. In Roine, the nod of cruelty are, that it is wanton, indiscri-, singing a hymn to the Holy Ghost. Marius was a sentence of death. In minate, mixed up with much levity, The Routiers, in 1885, were as crael Paris, every man of the triumphant and that, contrary to the progress of as the Cottereaux in 1183. The P:1s- faction was a Marius, and murderet inhumanity in other European nations, touteaux, under St. Lewis, and during with a look. The historian (Velly), it has rather increased than diminished the regency of Blanche, committed after recounting, in the course of a fer as civilization has advanced; for the still greater ravages, and murdered, pages, more confusioni, eruelty, and massacres of later times have been at with excessive cruelty, all who'opposed bloodshed, and giving a more gloomy least as pitiless and ferocious, as any

them. These same Pastoureaux, who, picture of Paris than ever London af. that occurred in the most barbarous in France, amounted to more than forded, says, with much naïveté, —-|| periods. This persistency in a vice fifty thousand, and kept the whole y avoit eu jusqu'alors peu de sang which, more than any other, is correct country in terror and in blood, attempt. versé;', and, indeed, in comparison ed by social improvement, forms one ed to get a footing in England, but with what followed, he is in the right, of its most characteristic features in they never rose to any height ; for they for it was after the scenes just niesFrance ; and though it admits of an

were immediately subdued, and the tioned that the worst massacres began. easy explanation, we must, for the


chiefs punished by the few sectaries Disgusting as is the picture, we are sent, contine ourselves to the fact. We whom they had seduced. Under Phi- compelled to delineate it, in order to will not dwell upon the monsters which lip IV. Hainault was laid waste, and show that in stating the point we meant that country produced in early times, the count of that province revenged to prove, we were neither intemperate as Fredegonde, Brunéhault; or as himself by burning, plundering, and nor unjust. The 12th June, 1418, Chilperic, the Nero of that country, violating all that he could reach; inso- was the memorable day on which and Clotaire II.: Neither shall we

much, says Velly, that one would have the populace broke open the prisons; mention the acts of some of their bad supposed that hordes of Tartars had and forcing those who were confinet sovereigns of later date. It may be combined to ruin Europe.

there, Armagnacs, Bourgaigaons, deltsaid that the utmost blame which can

The following account is given of ors, criminals, guiltless, all to come accrue to the people froin such acts as the Jacquerie, which began near Beau- put, slew them one by one: the Coothese, is, that they tolerated the rulers vais, in the reign of John. The pea- netable, the Chancellor, seren prewho perpetrated them; and were either santry, furious at the ill-treatment they lates, the peers and magistrates of the bad, or weak, or foolish enough to sub- said they had received from their supe parliament, with many of less note, mit to governors who sported with their riors, flew to any arms they could find, were dragged from their dungeons and lives. To stamp inhamanity as a 'na- and laid waste the whole country, mur- maşsacred. The prison of the Châtetional vice, it must be shown to be the dering every person, not nobles only, let alone made some resistance, but it vice of the pation, not of its monarchs;


peasants, who refused to join them. was set on fire, and at length it sur and this again is a feature of French Two hundred castles were burned, and rendered. The people rushed in, and # Extracted from an admirable article on

their inhabitants massacred. But the either threw the prisoners or compelled the comparative character of the French and nobles soon retaliated, and were as in- them to precipitate theinselves out of English, in the last number of the Quarterly discriminate in their vengeance as the the windows, upon pikes which were Review, just published.

Jacques had been in provoking it. I held below to receive them. In the

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