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civil as well as religious enactments, and himself. As the application of to; and there can be no doubt but every that some fixed system of national edo this system extends at present only to respectable housekeeper would willingly cation became necessary to instruct the the children of the poor, the studies embrace such an offer, if made on the people in all the particulars of their are confined to reading, writing, terms proposed. Let the plan be but duty. This task was assigned to the arithmetic, and needle-work, of the generally adopted, and society will "high priest and his assistants; and it steady improvement in which, as well quickly find the benefit of its operawas positively commanded that the whole as the orthodox opinions of the children tion. law should be read over once every in the important article of religion, seven years, at the feast of tabernacles, the yearly examination of the several

FOREVER. in solemn assembly of all the people; schools offer convincing evidence.

To the Editor of the Literary Chronicle. and the substance of it, as contained in These elementary instructions, how- Sir,-Can you serve me, your most the Song of Moses, should be learned ever excellent and useful in them- humble servant ? Forever! You may by heart by every Israelite, and that selves, have been objected to by some, depend on my importance, and find every king of Israel should be obliged as being defective in extent; and it has me in many places, since an election to make a copy of it, with his own been inquired, to what erd is all this never takes place without me, and I am hand, from that which was committed learning, if the children, when dis- there used in the way of expressing the by Moses to the custody of the Le- missed from the school, are totally ig. highest triumph.

Whenever your vites, for his own private instruction. norant of every means of gaining a most Gracious Majesty George the The Rabbies add, that if the king had livelihood ? This observation has been Fourth appears in public, I am uppernot written a copy of it before he came particularly made relative to the girls, most on the lips of his subjects. I was to the crown, he was obliged to write who, on going out to service, have also to the lonely woman who is departtwo afterwards, the one to be deposited been found totally incapable of every ed, of much consequence; and yet in his treasury, and the other to be domestic employment, and qualitied time shows bow little I am attended to. kept about him for his daily medita- only for semptresses and nursery go- I am used more than occasion sanction and direction, But, from the vernesses.

tions in many of your domestic circles, perfection to which this people arrived, Though this is an evil of which there Forever quarelling! -Then reproachat a very early period, in the arts and are too many examples (I may say in ed as a sot, —- Forever drinking !-As sciences, we are led to conclude that both sexes), yet it appears not to be a book-worm,— Forever reading !their great legislator, Moses, who was without remedý; and, accordingly, Sometimes • Forever gossipping! That learned in all the learning of the means have been taken in an establish woman's clack-is Forever going ? Egyptians,' was careful to have them ment at Mile End, to institute a ina- Her ladyship-is Forever painting? properly instructed in those trades and nufactory, on the same principle as that And then, cries the wrathful divine, a employments which would be so neces at the school for the blind, where the wicked man-is · Forever d-d! I sary to their prosperity when they various handicraft trades are taught. sincerely trust, sir, I am quite secure came to be established as a nation in But this still appears to embrace only from any condennation, seeing that the land of Canaan.

the boys, whilst the girls remain onac- happiness—is Forever sure! DoubtBut it is not to the Jews alone that quainted with domestic employments. lessly so; yet pardon me, sir, if I tell we may refer for arguments in support It has been suggested, that this inay you that an illiberul critic-is Forever of a national system of education, as be remedied by sending out each girl abusive! I have great complaint to every regularly established colony, how above ten years of age, in regular rota- make against those persons who leave ever small in number and rude in man- tion, one day in each week, to the their property so illiberally, and to be ner, affords an example of its practice: houses of respectable families in the so soon possessed. Why not leave it though, to the persevering industry of neighbourhood, to assist the servants, Forever?" Ah! sir, how immense Dr. Bell and Mr. Lancaster is to be for their keep, by which means they would ny wealth be if I could ever attributed the state of perfection to will in time be qualified in those em- hope to be in possession of it! which, which it has vow arrived. After the ployments, on which, from their sta- like happiness to the fond pursuer, is controversy which has so long sub- tion in society, they will most probably ever within view, but never within sisted between these two champions of depend for their livelihood.

grasp. I should be more successful if learning respecting their several claims If this plan was generally adopted, an angry foe called Never were not to originality, I shall not dwell on the the evil coinplained of would be effec- opposed to my interests ; however, comparative inerits of either, but view tually remedied, and society at large Sometimes aids my cause. Whatsoever, the system generally, as a public insti- proportionably benefitted. The extra- Whosoever, and several other relatives tution, whose ultimate object is the in- vagance, insolence, and ignorance so have my warmest thanks, and, to prestruction of the rising generatiop. generally found among servants, and vent you disliking me, reject every ar

Religion, the knowledge and practice the high wages they frequently de- ticle sent you of every other descripof which involves both the temporal mand, would by this means be remov. tion, since I assure you, with great and eternal welfare of the human race, ed, whilst the instructions they had modesty, there can be no writer like is here, as it was with the Jews, the imbibed in the school, would tend one who writes

FOREVER! great end and aim of the institution; powerfully to correct that looseness of Islington, Aug. 1821, and its principles, though they may be morals, at present so lamentably predifferently explained in the two esta- valent among this class of society.

LORD MAYOR'S SHOW. blishments, are so clearly developed in All this could be easily effected by both, as to lead the pupil to an inti- the agency of the mistresses of the With zeal impatient chides the tardy morn,

SCARCE the shrill trumpet or the echoing horn mate and practical knowledge of the schools, who, by inquiry, could ascer- When Thames, meandering as thy channel strays, duties he owes to God, his neighbour. I tain the nroner nlaces to pond the cielo


No prouder triumph, when with eastern pride But sayid, farewel suete ! your's,

While others, whom I easily could name, The burnished galley burst upon the tide, And farewel all that er there is;

May with impunity commit the same. Thy banks of Cydnus say--tho' Egypt's queen Therewith fortune ysayid chet here,

Sir, in your regiment there is a man With soft allurements graced the glowing And máte § in the myd poynt of the chekere Who from his neighbour stole a fine new suit ; scene; With a payne errant, alas!

You know the thing was done, you know the Though silken streamers waved and all was Ful craftyir to play she was

man, mute, Than Athalus, that made the game

Yet on the business you've been always muteSave the soft trillings of the mellow lute; First of the chesse, so was his name ;

I humbly own I merit well the lashThough spicy torches chased the lingering But God wolde I had ones or twise

But why make fish of one and tother flesh.gloom, Iconde and knowe the jeopardise

The colonel wildly look'd, like Hercules strode, Aud zephyrs blew in every gale perfume. That could the Greke Pythagorus,

Aud swore it was an arrant lie by G-;. But soon, as pleased they win their wat’ry way; And kept my fers the bet therby. I should have plaise the bet at ches,

However,' he added, "name him, and, by

heaven, And dash from bending oars the scattered spray,

The Dreme, pp. 652–669. Thy sentence every lash shall be forgiven.'

ANTIQ. The dome wide spreading greets th' exploring

The culprit sternly answered, that I can,'

And (as the prophet said of old,) thou art the eyes, Where erst proud Rufus bade bis courts arise.


Who stole the suit-nay, more, upon my life, Here bornes our Civic Chief the brazen store, The dew-drop that glitters on yon blooming In that same suit you stole your neighbour's With pointing fingers, numbers o'er and o'er;


wife'. · Then pleased around him greets his jocund That sparkles so beauteous and bright,

To call this truth I can't, indeed, pretend, train, The transcience of this state of life truly shows,

But this I can inform you, to be brief, And seeks in proud array his new domain. And how certain and swift is its flight.

The colonel heard it scarcely to an end, "Returning now, the pond'rous coach of state

When off he sneaked---not much unlike a Rolls o'er the pavement that groans 'neath its That dew-drop will waste when the bright

thief. sunny ray weight,

D. M. Shall around all its richness and sweetness And as slow paced amid the shouting throng, Its massive frame majestic moves along,

be spread,

TO THE MEMORY OF A COUSIN. * The prancing steeds with gilded trappings gay,

And that glittering brightness will all fade away, *Proud of the load, their sceptred lord convey.

And naught shall remain in its stead. Ten winters ! 'tis indeed it seems but yesterWhen once 't has dissolved, it will never again Since round the social fire-side, snugly placed,

dayBebind, their posts, a troop attendant gain, Press the gay throng, and join the smiling But, like ended life, may for ever remain

Grace the air in which lately it shone ;

The joke was wont to glad the merry circle, trains Deplor'd, tho' for ever 'tis gone.

And thine among the rest ; While martial bands with nodding plumes ap. Like the dew-drop, life glitters and glories And now! wbere now? companion of my pear, awhile,

youthAnd waving streamers close the gay career.

In the face of the sun and its ray ;

Inseparable, till Death's icy touch Here too a Chief the opening ranks display, But destruction and death do around them Chili'd all the springs that once gave play Whose radiant armour shoots a beamy ray;

both coil,

To soul as lively as e'er warnd mortal. So Britain erst beheld her troops advance,

Where now,
And both swiftly, alas, fade away.

Companion--namesake-relaAnd prostrate myriads crouch beneath her a moment they glitter-a moment they glow,

tive! lance :

Alas! 'twere task full hard to trace a vestige But though no more when threat’ning dangers In a moment they fee, all that's left is to

And look as for ever they 'd last;

Of thy corporeal frame-except, perbaps, a nigh,


know The glittering cuisses clasp the warrior's thigh ;

Might still remain, memento of tby being; Aloft no more the nodding plumage bows,

That they were, and that now they are past., All else commingled with the dust

J.C.P. Or polished helm bedecks his manly brows;

Corrupted-withered into naught. A patriot band still generous Britain boasts,

Sad thought! but thought ineffably more disTo guard her altars and protect her coasts; THE CULPRIT AND THE COLONEL.

mal, From rude attacks her sacred name to shield,

Were this the goal--the all-concluding scene! And now, as ever, teach her foe to yield. The other day, a hardy son of Mars,

No; tbine immortal soul has wing'd its way
Time's Telescope. Whose front bears many honourable scars,

To realms of happiness perennial,
Whose sun-burut brow oft dropp'd the briny To realms where sorrow, sin, corruption, are

unknown, -
Original Poetry.
Within the torid zone, in dog-star beat,

And yet regret thy earlier call to bliss;
Was very very dry, but fate severe

Regret the summons of a much-lov'd kinsman
Devied the price of one poor glass of beer ;

To inherit the reward of spotless youth !
Hard was his case, indeed, so let me tell ye,

Would fain withhold him from eternal bliss ; Ar chesse* with me she 'gan to play,

The veteran stripp'd his back to serve his belly, Nay, would almost drag him back to this sad With her false draughtis full divers,

For which poor back was doomed, with martial pilgrimage, She stale on me, and take my ferst;


To taste a little more its bitter cup,
And whan I saw my fers away,
To pay with skin for linen and for liquor.

And ʼmid allurement stand the test still longer, Alas! I couth no lengir play,

The appointed morning came, the bugle's Till, peradventure, mau's most deadly foe throat

Had so wound round him as to make bis claim * Again; in the Frankeleine's Tale, p. 11212. Warned the batallion to the fatal spot,

To heaven full problematical.--How strange, They dancen and they play at ches and tables.' Where the drum-major, with his hateful squad,

How paradoxical a proof of friendship! And p. 11585:The instruments of torture had displayed ;.

To wish him here again-again to struggle * His tables Toletanes forth he brought.' The colonel gave command the lash to ply,

With the world's evils--sorrow, pain, tempta

tion. These were the astronomical tables composed and thus the veteran spoke and heav'd a by order of Alphonso, King of Castile, about sigh,—

And for what? to exchange a few more words! the middle of the 13th century, and called Thus he remonstrated ; for no condition

Poor benefit, to set against the chance sometimes Tabulæ Toletanæ, from being could bring him to the meanness of petition :

Of deviating from the narrow path to glory. adapted to the city of Toledo.

'Tis hard this back, which pe'er was turned No; let us rather feel contented-grateful

That he has been removed from jeopardy + The piece at chess, next to the king, which

on foe, we and other European nations call the queen, Should, for a trifle, such treatment undergo,

Before temptation bad the power to wasp him; though very improperly, as Hyde observed.

Grateful that he has gone to blissful mansions, Pherz or pherzân, which is the Persian name | From Persian shdh, i. e. king, and means Mansions where he, please God, shall recog for the same piece, signifies the king's chief | take care of your king. Ibid.

nisé us, counsellor or general. See Hist. Shakiluo, Struck dead-Gloss. Conquered, sub-There in celestial barmony to dwell for ever. p. 88-9. dued. Spens

8th May, 1821,

T. S.


The Drama.

ried to Fanny (Miss Copeland), a villag-vided approbation of a crowded auer. Lady Rakewell being from home, dience, and proved herself worthy to

Sir George goes to the village to seek a sustain the high rauk she had assumed. DRURY Lane.-On Saturday night, pretty girl he had seen, and gives Ready The whole of the performance was rean old favourite made his first appearance orders to assume authority, in his absence; ceived with great applause. for the season at this house, and was over the other servants.' Of this Ready

BAYMARKET THEATRE.- This theareceived with that ardent joy which als avails himself, orders dinner, and the cha

riot to give his Fanny a drive. Sir George tre closed its stason on Friday night, ways welcomes Munden after a tempo- returns, after an unsuccessful search after with an address, spoken by Mr. Terry, rary absence, however short. The part Fanny, who is the new object of bis in which is the following passage: selected for him was Peter Post Obit, passion ;-she returns at the moment, Our short summer privilege gradually in the comedy of Folly as it fies. and Sir George believes this to have been encroached upon, and each succeeding This is one of the worst comedies of a managed by Ready' as an agreeable sur

year made less and less by the invasion bad school. Its author. Reynolds, was prise; the dinner provided for Ready of the winter houses, has at length been a inan of dramatic ingenuity, who and his wife, is served up to Sir George knowing the staye and the talents of and Fanny, and Ready is obliged to wait entirely taken away from us by one of the performers well, wrote every piece lousy and trembling for his annuity," he tres are becoming summer ones, and

on them at table. Tormented with jea- them. Since, then, the winter theafor the moment and for the individuals

, despatches a messenger to inform Lady are striving utterly to deprivé us of that His comedies were for an age, and Rakewell that Sir George has been taken small portion of the year which had not for all tiine, and he might have in- seriously ill. She returns, and, after some bitherto been left free to our use, it is dorsed them as the managers do their amusing incidents and well sustained equi- but fair, (indeed it is the only chance free admissions, not transferable.' voques, the marriage of Ready is disco

we have remaining,) that we, availing Why this comedy was chosen we know vered, and, though dismissed from the of

ourselves of the full extent of the royal not, un less to put Munden's talents to fice of valet, he is made steward.

license granted to the property, should, the severest test, by showing how much This piece is, we understand, the in return, endeavour, as much as possihe could make of a bad part; and first production of a gentleman, who ble, to make the summer theatre a much he certainly did make of it. has also composed and selected the winter one.' His anxiety to avoid the duel with Cur- | music. The plot is light, and the dia- We know of no circumstance consitor, and when that could no longer be logue possesses little merit, but the sia nected with the drama which has given done, his eagerness to render it harm- tuations are admirable, and the succes us so much pleasure as this declaration less, were in admirable humour; but his sion of incidents so rapid, that the at- on the part of the inanagers of the best scene was his triumph after the tention is kept on the qui vive the Haymarket Theatre. We understand bloodless rencontre. He returned whole time. The acting was very thai

the royal license extends to from the field waving his pistol with good ; Miss Copeland, who has been eight months, and since the experigreat courage, and singing, with exal transferred from the Surrey Theatre, inent of producing a company inde. tation, · None but the brave deserve where she was a great favourite, made a pendent of the two great theatres, has the fair;' fresh with his blushing most successful debut, and played with been cried and succeeded, we trust honours thick upon him, he braved Dr. great spirit. She sung a gay lively they will spin their term of freedom Infallible, and upon the bare suppo- air, in the second act, with much taste, out to its due length. It is a duty the sition of an insult, threw his card on and was loudly encored. Harley was

proprietors owe to themselves, whose the floor, as valiantly as ever champion excellent in Ready ; and in any thing property has been invaded by an unthrew a glove. Munden's drollery in bearing the semblance of an intrigue, fair monopoly; it is due to the public, this scene was rich and exuberant. few play better than Elliston. The who has been liberal in its support of The part of Tom Tick was originally piece was completely successful.

this theatre; and, above all, it is due to written for Lewis; on this occasion it

Covent Garden.-On Tuesday the legitimate drama, to preserve its was ably personated by Mr. Elliston. night, Goldsmith's admirable coniedy, last remaining temple from the profanaHarley's Dr. Infallible, Knight's Gil. She Stoops to Conquer, was performed, tion of spectacle and pantomime. This bert, Cooper’s Melmoth, and Mrs. Ed- for the purpose of introducing Mrs. is a subject on which we feel ardently, win's Lady Melmoth, all possessed as Chatterley on this stage. We have and, therefore, though we dismiss it at much spirit as the characters were sus

seen this lady passing from one theatre present briefly, we shall feel it our duty ceptible of, and the comedy, on its to another, and gradually improving to return to it soon. revival, was well received.

in every character she undertook, until SURREY THEATRE.-Nr. Dibdin is On Monday, a new musical come, we now find her at home, in one of the determined, that if his autumnal seads, in two acts, was produced, entitled great winter theatres, and supporting son is short, it shall be a merry one;' Maid or Wife, or the Deceiver de characters in the first line of her pro- a succession of novelties have been perceived. It is founded on a French session. In the part of Miss Hardcns- formed; and Miss S. Booth, who piece, in one act, performed last season tle, Mrs. Chatterley gratified the would be an acquisition to any theatre, at the Argyll Rooms; it has, however, wishes of her best friends. To the has supported soine of her most fabeen considerably altered in adapting most judicious conception of the cha- vourite characters, particularly Prisit to the English stage. The follow-racter, which, however, is very original, cilla Tomboy, Amanthis, and Little ing is an outline of the plot :

she added a share of spirit and vivacity, Pickle, in which it would be difficult Sir George Rakewell (Elliston), a gay and an archness and intelligence which to find her equal.. Notwithstanding inarried baronet, who affects to be very rendered it admirable. With a good nine theatres are now open nightly, in uxurious, has a smart valet, Ready (Harley), to whom he has promised an person, highly expressive features, and London, the Surrey has had an ample annuity, so long as he shall remain sin a voice which is at once agreeable and share of that patronage which it so gle. Ready is, however, privately mar- well managed, she secured the undi- ljustly merits. There have been some new appearances, of which we shall fast, but having passed these in

The Bee speak in our next.

conveniences, they were pursuing their ADELPHL Theatre.-Two new voyage of discovery up the inlet at the

Floriferis ut apes in saltibus omnia limant, pieces have been produced at this north of the bay. The officers and

Omnia nos itidem depascimür aurea dicta.'

LUCRETIUS. house during the week; the first, inti- men were all in the highest health and tled the Marriage Bachelor, is a spi- spirits ; well and amply provided with Wilkes one day asked Garrick rited version, in one act, of the French every kind of provisions, and delighted -What he called honesty ?'- What piece brought out at Drury Lane on with the security and excellence of is that to you?' said the Roscius,' med the same evening, under the name of their ships, which, though deeply la- dle with things that concern you." Maid or Wife. The names of the cha- den, had proved quite manageable. Characteristic Anecdote. When racters are altered, but the plot and A Danish family, desirous of pur- Lord Amherst, on his return from his the principal incidents are of course chasing a beautiful mummy for one of late embassy to China, mentioned to the same. The parts sustained at the museums in Copenhagen, wrote to Bonaparte that the interesting, people Drury Lane by Mr. Elliston, Harley, M. Dumrecher, Danish consol at of the Loochoo Islands, according to and Miss Copeland, were, at the Adel Alexandria, who, assisted by M. Te Captain Hall's account, used neither phi, 6lled by Mr. Burroughs, Wrench, denat, the French consul, procured an arms nor money, Bonaparte broke and Mrs. Baker (from the Haymarket), intelligent man to set out for Upper forth— No arms ! Sacre ! how do who played very well, and secured the Egypt, with a firman from the Pasha, they carry on war then?'. When the piece a hearty reception. On Thurs. to search the tombs of the ancient same circumstances were related to the day, a burletta, called Love's Alarum, kings. For the greater dispatch, they Chancellor of the Exchequer, be ex. was acted for the first time. It, too, employed two different parties of the na- claimed, • No money! Bless me ! how seems of foreign origin, and is an tives, from Longsor and from Karnack. do they carry on the government?' amusing trifle. It was well received. The former were the most fortunate, The author of a book, recommend, - The house boasts nightly a crowded discovering a tomb that had never been ing abstinence from animal food, bas audience.

opened, and where they found, on the received a severe reprimand from the OLYMPIC THEATRE.-We have not third day, a muminy with five cases ; Court of Aldermen, in London, for inyet had an opportunity to visit this they asked for this 6000 piastres of stilling pernicious principles into the house, which opened on Saturday last; Egypt, (1331.) which was paid them. citizens. but if we may judge from the nume- The fellahs of Karnach, thus disaprous favourite actors engaged, it must pointed, and having had three days' Advertisements. present very strong attractions. toil for nothing, had warm disputes

Wesr LONDON Theatre.--A the with those of Longsor; and mischieve atre, situated in Tottenham Street, ous consequences might have ensued, AN INDEX, in Polio, to this celebrated Book,

THE KAMOOS. which has successively had the name as their villagers took a part in the which has lately been Printed in India, is just of the Tottenham Street, Regency, quarrel, if the possessors of the mum published by MR. A. SALAME, who composed and West London Theatres, has made my had not given 1000 piastres, (221.) it with great care and accuracy. - All those a bold attempt; nothing less than that extra to the Arabs of Karnack, to Orientalists who possess copies of 'The Kaof producing the Edipus Tyrannus of whom also some participation was made moos,' will find this Index very useful.

Apply for it at No. 9, Fludyer Street, White Sophocles, which, says the play-bill, by those of Longsor. This mummy is has not been performed for 2240 years. the most superb and beautiful of all It is adapted io the stage by Mr. Fau- that have been hitherto discovered.

This day is published, price 6s. in boards, cit, the author of Justice,' the 'Mil-To judge of it from the ornaments in

PARAMYTHIA; or, MENTAL ler's Maid,' &c.; the two first acts are relief, which decorate the cases, and RECREATIONS; being Historical

, Descrip;

tive, and Humourous Anecdotes : collected principally from the plays of Dryden especially one whereon gold has been chiefly diuing a long Residence at the Court of and Voltaire, on this subject; the ihird lavished, from the rich style of the Russia, by the Author; who pledges himself act is almost a literal translation from amulets, from the largeness of the pa- they are perfectly original. To which lie has Sophocles.- Mr. Huntley, as Edipus, pyrus, and all the hieroglyphical em- added, a short Introduction, illustrative of

Anecdote. and Mrs. Glover, as Jocasta, were bellishments about the body, it must

London : Printed for LAWLER and QUICK, powerfully, energetic; and Edipus have been that of some Egyptian king, Old Broad Street. possesses a sufficient number of classic or prince. This conjecture is corroadmirers to make it popular even in borated by the number of cases, as the TO READERS & CORRESPONDENTS. the humblest of the minor theatres. mummies of the greatest persons in Who, then, will dare to say that the general have only three.

The communications of Eliza, L., Maria, Mac -public taste is vitiated :

The Russian frigate, Voslock, Cap- and S. T. have been received.

tain Bellinghausen, has arrived from We agree with every remark made by W. on Literature and science.

the gallant Ponsonby; but we can do noa voyage of discovery, &c. in the South thing more..

Pacific. She reached 700 south, Cerdric is requested to send to our office is Discovery Skips.Letters have been nearly in the track of Captain Cook, a letter any time after Monday. received from the discovery ships up and reports his Sandwich land to be an der' the command of Captain Parry, island or islands.

London :-Published by J. Limbird, 335, Strand, dated 16th July; they were then at The Emperor Alexander has erected (w doors Easco Escter Change, where advertise Resolution Island, in Hudson's Bay. at Abo, in Finland, a magnificent ob- Editor (post peid) are to be addressed sold alio They had met with some heavy ice- servatory, the direction of which he en and Marshall, Stationer's Court; Chappie, Pall bergs and considerable obstructions trusted to Balbeck, the celebrated as


Grapel, Liverpool; and by all Booksellen from the ice, which was then melting I tronomer,

and Nerosoenders.- Printed by Davidson, Old bor well Qourt, Corey Street,


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And weekly Keviely; Forming an Analysis and General Repository of Literature, Philosophy, Science, Arts,

History, the Drama, Morals, Manners, and Amusements.

This Paper is published early eie ry Satu day Morning; and is forwarded Weekly, or iu Monthly or Quarterly Parts, throughout the Britisli Ionuiniens.

No. 131.


Price 6d.


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Beview of New Books.

two is a very thin layer of gold leaf,—the lines of which are well decided and whole being fused into one substance. This sharp, the colours pure and vivid; and a

description of gilded glass was, no cloubt, brilliant etfect has been obtained by the Memoir of the Origin, Progress, and highly valued; and the perfect state in artist's having employed in some parts an

Improvement of Glass Manufactures : which it is found, affords a convincing opaque, in others a transparent gla-s. including an Account of the Palent proof that the art of iucrustation was, to the picture appears to be continued Crystallo Ceramie, or Glass Incrus- a certain extent, known to the ancients. throughout the whole thickness of the talions. [By A psley Pellatt, jun.]

The pieces which have hitherto been speciinen, as the reverse corresponds in Post 410. pp. 42. London, 1821.

found, are, for the most part, about an the minutest points to the face; so that Mr. Pellatt, who is connected with

inch square, or of the same size in a dia- were the glass to be cut transversely, the

mond form. one of the most entinent glass manu

same picture of the duck would be found

During the reign of Nero, great im- exhibited on every section. It is conjecfactories in town, has prefaced the ac-provements were made in the Roman tured, that this curious process was the count of a very singular discovery in glass. The perfectly clear glass, which tirst attempt of the ancients to preserve the art of glass makiny, by a briet ' but bore the nearest resemblance to crystal

, the colours by fusing them into the intersuccinct memoir on its origin and pro- was so highly valued, that Nero is said to nal part of the glass; which was, howgress, from the glasb-houses of Tyre to have given for two cups of no extraordi- ever, but partially done, as the surfaces those of our owo times. Pliny informs nary size, with two handles, 6000 sester- have not been preserved from the action us, that some merehants being driven by rior kinds of glass had come into such ge

lia, or near £50,000 sterling. The infe- of the atmosphere.' a storm at sea to the mouth of the River neral use in the time of Pliny, as to have history, we shall notice the subject of

Without going further into the Belus, were obliged, during their stay almost superseded cups of gold and silthere, to dress their victuals by kind- ver. The glass-makers of Rome were glass incrustation, which was known to ling a fire on the sand, where the herb formed into a coinpany, who had a street the ancients but very imperfectly. kali grew in abundance ; and that the assigned them in the first region of the About forty years ago, a Bohemian salts of this plant, on its being redaced city. A tax was laid upon them by Alex, manufacturer first attempted to incrust to ashes, incorporated with the sand, or ander Severus, which existed in the time in glass, small figures of a greyish with stones fit for vitrification, and thus of Aurelius, and probably long after.

clay; and although he was not very produced glass; and Mr. Pellatt says, to be of very ancient date: if the opinion soie French manufacturers, who suca

"Glass-making in Britain. is supposed succesful, the idea was caught by the sand which lay for about half a of Pennant be well founded, of a date ceeded in incrusting several inedallions mile round the mouth of the river, was prior to the Roman conquest. The art of peculiarly adapted to the making of inanufacturing glass into such ornainents of Bonaparte, which were sold at an glass.

as beads and amulets, was certainly known enormous price. Enyland, always reThe art of glass making was certain to the Druids.'.

markable for perfecting the crude inly known to the Egyptians, althouyh Our author, after an accouut of the ventions of other countries, has done it there exist but few specimens of anti- relics of glass making, at an early peo

in this instance :quity to prove the fact. The glass- riod, found in England, notices ibe ' A patent has recently been taken out houses of Alexandria wrre celebrated state of the art at Ashantee and in Chic for ornamental incrustations, called Crysthe ancients for the skill and in- da, and they gives the following singu era in the art of glass-making, By the

tallo Ceramie, which bids fair to form an among genuity of their workmen, and from lar instance of ancient art :

improved process, ornaments of


dethese the Romans procured all their A most singulart art of forming pic- scription, arms, cyphers, portraits, and glass ware :

tures with coloured glass, was practised landscapes, of any variety of colour, may • In the reign of Tiberius, a Roman art- by the ancients. It consisted in laying be introduced into the glass, so as to beist had, according to Pliny, his house de together fibres of glass of various colours, come perfectly inperishable. The sub. molished,--according to other writers, titled to each other with the utmost ex. stance of which they are composed is less was beheaded, for making glass malleable. actness, so that a section across the fibres susible than glass, incapable of generating The Roman architects are known to have represented the objects to be painted; air, and at the same time susceptible of used glass in their Mosaic decorations. and then cemented by fusion into a ho-contraction or expansion, as, in the course Several specimens have been found mogeneous solid mass. In the specimens of manufacture, the glass becomes hot or among the ruins of the villa of the Em- of ihis art which were discovered about cold. It may previously be formed into peror Tiberias in the island of Capri. the middle of the last century, the paint any device or figure by either moulding Similar specimens also are yet to be seen ing bas on both sides a granular appear. or modelling; and may be painted with in Westminster Abbey, cemented into ance, and seems to bave been formed in metallic colours, which are fixed by exthe sides of the tomb of Edward the Con- the manner of Mosaic work; but the posure to a melting heat. The ornaments fessor. They are flat pieces, of about a pieces are so accurately united, that notare introduced into the body of the glass quarter of an inch thick: the underlayer even by means of a powerful magnifying white hot, by which means the air is effec. has a reddish granulated appearance, and glass could the junctures be discovered. tually excludel, the composition being is perfectly opaque; the upper surface is One plate described by Winkelinan, ex- actually incorporated with the glass. In of white transparent glass." Between the hibits a duck of various colours, the out this way every description of ornamental VOL. III.


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