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There comes


arrogant- scribbler of all works sitting Queen; and Myrrha, an lopian female Of sensual sloth produce ten thousand tyrants, down to deal dainnation and destruction slave, and a favourite of Sardanapalus. Whose delegated cruelty surpasses upon bis fellow creatures, with Wat Tyler, The tragedy commences with a fine so

The worse acts of one energetic master,

However harsh and hard his own bearing.' the Apotheosis of George the Third, and

Salemenes reproaches Sardanapalus Shumed together in his writing

desk. One scribes the character of Sardanapalus, that the people say his sceptre is " turnthe Elegy on Martin the regicide, all. liloquy by Salemenes, which, as it deof his consolations appears to be a Latin we shall quote entire:

ed into a distaff;' the king replies, in a

Salemenes ( solus). note from a work of a Mr. Landor, the

ages conauthor of "Gebir,” whose friendship for He hath wrong’d his queen, but still he is her truth which the history of all

lord ;

firms:Robert Southey will, it seems, “be an

Thou seest honour to him when the ephemeral dis. He hath wrong'd my sister, still he is my bro

The populace of all the nations seize putes and ephemeral reputations of the He hath wrong'd bis people, still he is their so- Each calumny they can to sink their soteday are forgotten." i for one neither


reigos. envy him “ the friendship," nor the glory And I must be his friend as well as subject : Sardanapalus is a lorer of peace, and in rerersion which is to accrue from it, He must not perish thus. I will not see

rejoices that he has not shed blood, u like Mr. Thelusson's fortune in the third The blood of Nimrod and Semiramis

he might have done, till his name and fourth generation. This friendship Sink in the earth, and thirteen hundred years

- became the synonyme of death, Of empire ending like a shepherd's tale; will probably be as meinorable as his own

A terror and a trophy.' He must be roused. In his effeminate heart epics, which (as I quoted to him ten or

The solitariness of royalty is beauti. twelve years ago in.“ English Bards”) There is a careless courage, which corruption Porsón "said “would be remembered Has not all quench’d, and latent energies,

fully described in the following pase when Homer and Virgil are forgotten, Represt by circumstance, but not destroy'd

sages: and not till then.” For the present, i Steep?d, but not drown’d, in deep voluptuous

* Sard. Jeave him.' If born a peasant, he had been a man

For ever something between us and what But to the tragedy of Sardanapa- To have reachd an empire; to an empire born, We deem our happiness : let me remove

The barrier which that hesitating accent lus,' which is founded on an event that He will bequeath none ; nothing but a name, Which his sons will not prize in heritage :

Proclaims to thine, and mine is sealed. occurred about eight hundred years Yet, not all lost, even yet he may redeem


My lord: before Christ, recorded by Herodotus, His sloth and shame, by only being that

Sard. My lord-my king-sire

sovereign! Strabo, and Diodorus Siculus. Sarda- which he should be, as easily as the thing

thus it is

For ever thus, addressed with awę. I ne'er napatus, who was the fortieth and last He should not be and is. Were it less toil

Can see a smile, unless in some broad bad. King of Assyria, was celebrated for To sway his nations than consume his life? To head an army than to role a barem ?

quet's Juxury and voluptuousness. He is reHe sweats in palling pleasures, dulls his soul,

Intoxicating glare, when the buffoons presented as passing the principal part And saps bis goodly strength, in toils which Have gorged themselves up to equality, of his time ainong his women, disguised yield not

Or I have quaffed me down to their abasement. in the habit of a feinale, and spinning Health like the chase, nor glory like the warm Myrrha, I can hear all these things, thene

yames, wool for his amusement. This effe | He must be roused. Alas! there is no sound

[Sound of soft music heard from within.

Lord-king-siremonarch-nay, time was I minacy irritated his officers, two of To rouse him short of thunder. Hark! the

prized them, whom, Belesis and Arbaces, conspired lute,

That is, I suffered them from slaves and no against him, and collected a numerous Thelyre, the timbrele, the lastiening vonkelings

. But when they falter from the lips I love, force to dethrone bim. Sardanapalus, of lulling instruments, the softening voices

The lips which have been press'd to mine, a for a time, shook off his indolence, and of women, and of beings less than women, Must chime in to the echo of his revel,

chill placing himself at the head of his arWhile the great king of all we know of earth

Comes o'er my heart, a cold sense of the false mies, defeated the rebels in three Lolls crownd with roses, and his diadem


Of this my station, which represses feeling successive battles; but, at last, he was Lies negligently by to be caught up beuten, and, taking refuge in the city By the first manly hand which dares to snatch In those for whom I have felt most, and make of Nipus, he defended it two years. Lo, where they come ! already ) perceive

Wish that I could lay down the dull tiara, At length, despairing of success, he The reeking odours of the perfumed trains,

And share a cottage on the Caucasus hurt himself in his palace, with his and see the bright gems of the glittering girls, With thee, and wear no crowns but those of

flowers.' eunuchs, women, and treasures, and Who are his comrades and his council, flash

The second act opens with an interthe empire of Assyria was divided along the gallery; and amidst the damsels,

As femininely garbed, and searce less female, view between Beleses and Arbaces, at among the conspirators,

The grandson of Semiramis, the man-queen- the portal of the hall of the palace, Sueh are the materials on which He comes ? Shall I await him? yes, and front Salamenes, who is invested with the Lord Byron has constructed a noble him, tragie poem, adhering closely to the And tell him what all good men tell each other, king's signet, attempts, with a body

Speaking of him and his. They come, the of soldiers, to seize them. Beleses sure story, and reducing it to all the dra


renders, but Arbaces defends himself: matic regularity of which it was capa- Led by the monarch subject to his slaves.'

Sardanapalus enters with his train, ble, in order to approach the unities, Salemenes remonstrates with the king and, snatching a sword, separates See conceiving,' as his lordship says in on his effeminate amusement, and the lamenes and Arbaces, and pardons the Preface, that with any very dis necessity there is for him to rouse him- the latter and Beleses. tant departure from them, there inay self and see the danger which threatens In the third act there is a banquet, be poetry, but can be no drama.' him. Sardanapalus exclaims, that his during which Sardanapalus is apprised

The principal characters in, the dra- brother-in-law wishes to make him a that the conspiracy has broken outma are Sardanapalus, the King of Ni- tyrant.

Salamenes answers,

Beleses and Arbaces enter with the neveh and Assyria; Arbaces, the Mede

(So thou art:

rebels; Beleses is wounded and diswho aspired to the throne; Beleses, a

Think'st thou there is no tyranny but that
Of blood and chains ? The despotism of vice-

armed, but is rescued; the rebels, howChaldean and soothsayer; Salemenes, The weakness and the wickedness of luxury-ever, are routed. The opening of the the king's brother-in-law, Zaria, the The negligence-the apathy--the evils fourth act display great poetic talent:




Mfyrrha (sola, gazing.)

And fetters us to earth --at least the phantom, Ere I saw their's; but now all turn'd upon me, I have stolen upon his rest, if rest it be, Whate'er it have to fear, will not fear death. And stared, but neither ate nor drank, but stared, Which thus convulses slumber: shall I wake Sard. I fear it not; but I have felt-have seen Tilly grew stone, as they seem'd half to be, him? A legion of the dead.

Yet breathing stone, for I felt life in thein, No, be seems calmer. Oh, thou God of Quiet!

And so have I.

And life in me: there was a horrid kind Whose reign is o'er seald eyelids and soft The dust we tread upon was once alive, Of sympathy between us, as if they dreams,

And wretched. But proceed: what hast thou Had lost a part of death to come to me, Or deep deep sleep, so as to be unfathom'd,


And I the half of life to sit by them. Look like thy brother, Death-30 still so stir- Speak it,-'twill lighten thy dimmed mind. We were in an existence all apart less


Methought- From heaven or earth And rather let me see For then we are bappiest, as it may be, wc Myr. Yet pause, thou art tired—in pain Death all than such a being! Are happiest of all within the realm

exhausted; all


And the end? Of thy stern, silent, and unawakening twin. Which can impair both strength and spirit: seek Sard. At last I sate marble as they, when Again he moves-again the play of pain

Rather to sleep again Shoots o'er his features, as the sudden gust


Not not; I would not The hunter and the crew; and smiling on me Crisps the reluctant lake that lay so calm Dream; though I know it now to be a dream Yes, the enlarged but noble aspect of Beneath the mountain shadow, or the blast What I have dreamt:-and canst thou bear to The hunter smiled upon me should say, Ruffles the autumn leaves, that drooping cling

hear it!

His lips, for his eyes moved not-and the woFaiòtly and motionless to their loved boughs. Myr. I can bear all things, dreams of life or man's I must awake him-yet not yet : who knows death,

Thin lips relax'd to something like a smile. From what I rouse him? It seems pain; but if Which I participate with you, in semblánce Both rose, and the crown'd figures on each hand I quicken bim to heavier pain? The fever Or full reality.

Rose also, as if aping their chief shadesOf this tumultuous night, the grief too of

Sard. And this look'd real,

Mere inimics even in death--but I sate still: His wound, though slight, may cause all this, I tell you: after that these eyes were open, A desperate courage crept through every limb, and shake

I saw them in their flight--for then they tled. And, at the last, I fear'd them not, but laugh'd Me more to see than him to suffer. No:

Myr. Say on.

Full in their phantom faces. But then-then Let Nature use her own maternal means,

Sard. I saw,--that is, I dream'd myself The hunter laid his hand on mine : I took it, And I await to second, not disturb her. Here--here-even where we are, guests as we

And grasp'd it--but it melted from my own, Sardanapalus (awakening ) were,

While he tou vanish'd, and left nothing but Not s0-although ye multiplied the stars,

Myself a host that deem'd himself but guest, The memory of a hero, for he look'd so. And gave them to me as a realm to share Willing to’equal all in social freedom;

Myr. And was: the ancestors of heroes, too, From you and with you! I would not so pur-But, on my right hand and my left, instead And thine no less. chase Of thee and Zames, and our custom'd meeting,

Sard. Ay, Myrrha, but the woman, The empire of eternity. Hence-hence- Was ravg'd on my left hand a haughty, dark, The female who remaind;-she flew upon me, Old hunter of the earliest brutes! and ye,

And deadly face I could not recognize it, And burnt my lips with her noisome kisses, Who hunted fellow-creatures as if brutes; Yet I had seen it, though I knew not where ; And, flinging down the goblets on each hand, Once bloody mortals-and now bloodier idols, The features were a giant's, and the eye Methought their poisons flow'd around us, tilt If your priests lie not! And thou, ghastly bel- Was still, yet lighted; his long locks curid Each formd a kideous river. Still she clung dame!


The other phantoms, like a row of statues, Dripping with dusky gore, and trampling on

On bis vast bust, whence a huge quiver rose Stood dull as in our temples, but she still The carcasses of Inde-away! away!

With shaft-beads feather'd from the eagle's Embraced me, while I shrunk from her, w if, Where am 1? Where the spectres? Where


In lieu of her remote descendant, I 10-that

That peep'd up bristling through his serpent hair. Had been the son who slew her for her incest. Is no false phantom: I should know it 'midst I invited him to fill the cup which stogd Then then--a chaos of all loathsome things All that the dead dare gloomily raise up

Between us, but he answer'd not ;-I fill'd it Throng'd thick and shapeless : I svas dead, yet From their black gulf to daunt the living, He took it not, but stared upon me till

feeling Myrrha !

I trembled at the fix'd glare of bis eye! Buried, and raised again-consumed by worms, Myr. Alas! thou art pale, and on thy brow I frown'd upon him as a king should frown- Purged hy the flames, and wither'd in the air! the drops

He frown'd not in his turn, but look'd upon me I can fix nothing further of my thoughts, Gather like night dew. My beloved, hush- With the same aspect, which appalld me more Save that I long'd for thee, and sought for Calm thee. Thy speech seems of another world, Because it chang'à not; and I tum'd for refuge thee, And thout art loved of this. Be of good cheer; To milder guests, and sought them on the right, In all these agonies, and woke and found thee, All will go well. Where thou wert wont to be. But

Myr. So shalt thou find me ever at thy side, Sard. Thy hand-so, 'tis thy hand;

[IIe pauses.] Here and hereafter, if the last may be. Tis flesh; grasp-clasp yet closer, till I feel Myr.

What instead? But think not of these things the mere crea«, Myself that which I was.

Sard. In thy own chair-thy own place in tions
At least know me
the banquet-

Of late events acting upon a frame
For what I am and ever must be-thine. I sought tby sweet face in the circle-but Unused to toil, yet over-wrought by toil

Sard. I know it now. I know this life again. Instead—a grey-haird, wither'd, bloody-eyed, such as might try the sternest.
Ah, Myrrha! I have been where we shall be. And bloody-handed, ghastly, ghostly thing, Salenenes is mortally wounded, and
Myr. My lord!

Female in garh, and crown'd upon the brow, dies immediately after reaching the Sard. I've been i' the grave, where worms Furrow'd with years, yet sneering with the royal palace. We now hasten to the are lords,

passion Aud kings are But I did not deem it so; Of vengeance, leering too with that of lust,

closing scene of the tragedy, the death I thought 'twas nothing. Sate my veins curdled.

of Sardanapalus. The soldiers crowd Myr. So it is; except

Is this all ?

around their sovereign;

Sard. Unto the timid, who anticipate

Upon Sard. That which may never be.

My best! my last friends! Her right hand-her lank, bird-like right hand Let's not unman each other--part at once : Sard. Oh, Myrrha! if stood

All farewells should be sudden, when for ever, Sleep shows such things, what may not death A goblet, bubbling o'er with blood; and on

Else they make an eternity of noments, disclose?

Her left, another, till'd with what I saw not, And clog the last sad sands of life with tears. Myr. I know no evil death can show, which life But turn'd from it and her. · But all along

Hence, and be happy: trust me I am not Has not already shown to those who live

The table sate' a range of crowned wretches, Now to be pitied; or far more for what
Embodied longest. If there be indeed
Of various aspects, but of one expression.

Is past than present ;--for the future, 'tis
Ashote where mind survives, 'twill be as mind, Myr And felt you not this a mere vision? In the hands of ibe deities, if such
All unincorporate; or if there flits



There bé: I shall know.soon. Farewellfare A shadow of this cumbrous clog of clay, It was so palpable, I could have touch'd them.

[Exeunt Pania and Soldiers. Which stålks, methinks, between our souls and I turn'd from one face to another, in


Myr. These men were honest : vt in comfort beaven, тъ elajoy fr.d at last Cance which line





That our last looks should be on loving faces. Myr.

It is long

A Voyage to Africa. By W. Hutton. 15 Sard. And lovely ones, my beautiful !-but in sounding.

(Concluded from p. 786.) hear me!

Sard. Now, farewell; one last embrace. If at this moment, for we now are on

NIyr. Embrace, but not the last; there is one Mr. Hutton's return to Cape Coast, The brink, thou feel'st an inward shrinking

from Coomassie, was attended with sefrom

Sard. True, the commingling fire will mix veral unpleasant adventures. He apThis leap through fame into the future, say it:

our ashes. I shall not love thee less; nay, perhaps more,

Myr. And pure as is my love to thee, shall pears to have travelled quicker than For yielding to thy nature, and there's time

any of his companions, having per

they, Yet for thee to escape hence.

Purged from the dross of earth and earthly forined the whole distance in six days, Myr.

Shall I light

which the natives declared was never One of the torches which lie Reap'd beneath Mix pale with thine. A single thought yet irks done before, either by native or EuroThe ever burning lamp that burns without,

When a day's journey from Before Baal's shrine, in the adjoining hall?


Sard. Say it. Sard. Do so. Is that thy answer?

Мут. . It is that no kind hand will gather Cape Coast, his hammock-bearers de Ý My, That shalt see. The dust of both into one urn.

serted him in the dead of the night, (Exit Myrrha Sard.

The better : and in the heart of the forest. His Şar, (solus). She's firm. My fathers ! whom Rather let them be borne abroad upon

servant, a little black boy, was his only I will rejoin, The winds of heaven, and scatter'd into air,

companion; his feet were dreadfully may be, purified by death from some Than be polluted more by human hands Of the gross stains of too material being. Of slaves and traitors ; in this blazing palace, lacerated, and tied up with the soles I would not leave your ancient first abode And its enormous walls of reeking ruin, of an old pair of shoes and packTo the defilement of usurping bondmen ; We leave a nobler monument than Egypt thread ; the path was rugged, and he If I have not kept your inheritance Hath piled in her brick mountains, o'er dead

was entirely destitute of provisions and As ye bequcath'd it, this bright part of it,

kings, Your treasure, your abode, your sacred relics Os kine, for none know whether those proud water. Pursuing his journey, he obo of aims, and records, monuments, and spoils, piles

serves, In waich they would have revell?d, I bear with Be for their monarch or their ox-god Apis: I at length arrived at some extensive

So much for monuments that have forgotten plantations of Indian corn and plantains,
To you in that absorbing element,
Their very record!


me hopes of being near PainWhich inost personifies the soul as leaving Myr. Then farewell, thou earth!

trey, or the adjoining croom, called YanThe least of matter unconsumed before And loveliest spot of earth! farewell lonia !

comadie. But just at this moment, my Its fiery workings: --and the light of this Be thou still free and beautiful, and far Most royal of funeral pyles shall be Aloof from desolation! My last prayer

boy, who was before me, lighting me Not a mere pillar form'd of cloud and flame, Was for thee, my last thoughts, save one, were

along with a torch, loudly exclaimed, A beacon in the horison for a day,

of thee!

“ Majeh! majeh! *'s and danced about And then a mount of ashes, but a light

Sard. And that?

like a frantic person. Before I had time to To lesson ages, rebel nations, and

Myr. Is yours.

inquire what was the matter, I found out Voluptuous princes. Time shall quench full [The trumpet of Pania sounds without the cause, by feeling a number of large many


black ants t crawling up my legs, which A people's records, and a hero's acts;

Now !

stung me dreadfully, by Jigging their Sweep empire after empire, like this first

Adieu, Assyria!

forceps into the sores on my feet. I had Of empires, into nothing ; but even then I loved thee well, my own, my fathers' land,

some difficulty in tearing them off. My Shall spare this deed of mine, and hold it up And better as my country than my kingdom.

boy, from the agony he suffered, threx A problem few dare imitate, and none I satiated thee with peace and joys; and this

down the torch, and I had now the misery Despise-but, it may be, avoid the life Is my reward! and now I owe thee nothing, Which led to such a consummation.

to be left in this dismal forest without a Not even a grave. [He mounts the pile, light! Having, with my servant, retreatMyrrha returns with a lighted torch in her

Now, Myrrha !
hand, and a cup in the other,

Art thou ready?

ed from the nest of ants, we assisted each Myt.

Sard. As the torch in thy grasp.

* This is an exclamation the gatives genes rve lit the lamp which lights us to the stars.

[Myrrha fires the pile. rally use when flogged. It signifies father.' - Sard. And the cup?

"Tis fired! I come.

† The ants here mentioned, are reptiles of 'Tis my country's custom to [As Myrrha springs forwards to throw her the most surprising nature. There are different Make a libation to the gods.

self into the flames, the curtain falls. species of them ; red, black, and white. They Sard.

And mine To make libations amongst men. I've not This tragedy, like every production go in troops of millions and tens of millions ;

and the regularity and order with which they of Lord Byron, displays great poetic march from place to place are astouishing. In Forgot the custom; and although alone, Will drain one draught in memory of many genius, and abounds in the most bril-making their nests they throw up the earth to A joyous banquet past.

liant passages.

It possesses, however, an incredible height, making hillocks at least [Sardanapylus takes the cup, and after few of the requisites of an acting tra- six or eight feet biyh, and twenty feet and drinking and tinkling, the reversed cup, gedy;--the plot is meagre, the inci- more in circumference; they also make tveir

dents are few and not striking, and min, says, “they come to our forts and cham: And this libation Is for the excellent Beleses.

the situations undramatic. It how-bers in such prodigious swarms, that they fres Myr.


ever should always be recollected, that quently oblige us to quit our beds in the night Dwells the mind rather upon that man's name Lord Byron does not write for the time; they are strangely rapacious, enda ve Than on his mates in villainy?

stage; that he aims only at producing often, in the night, attacked one of my life Sard.

The other Is a mere soldier', a mere tool, a kind a tragic poem; and every person who sheep, which I have found a perfect skeleton in of human sword in a friend's hand; the other reads Sardanapulus 'must allow it to the morning, and that so nicely done, that the Is master-mover of his warlike puppet : be one of no ordinary merit.

best master of the dismembering art could not But I disndiss them from my mind. Yet pause, My Myrrha ! dost thou truly follow me,

The tragedy of The Two Foscari,' succeed so well, it being impossible for human

hands to have done it so artificially. As swift Freely and fearlessly? which is founded on a subject much

as rats are, they cannot escape taem; and as Myr. And dost thou think better adapted to the stage than the soon as one of them assaults a rat he is inevita

. A Greek girl dare not do for love, that which story of Sardanapalus, we shall notice bly gone." These ants appear to have a sort An Indian widow braves for custom ? at some length in our next,

of language, calling one another to seize their * Sard. Then

prey, when they march off with it in good or. We but await the signal.

der, all of them moving in the same direction.'

**Myr. 1.1?

other as well as we could in the dark, in large country-cloth of Hoyenesse's, and in the Delta come from one great river brushing them off our legs. felt comparatively comfortable.'

which descends from the north." . Worn out with fatigue, having travel. On the subject of the Niger and the

• Indeed, although it is true that the led nearly thirty miles, exposed eighteen rivers in the heights of Benin and Bea massie and elsewhere, have invariably inhours in my wet clothes, from the rain rivers in the heights of Benin and Bea Moors, whom. I have met with at Coo which had fallen during the day; desert fra, Mr. Hutton has the following ju- sisted on there being a communication ed by my people, without any thing to dicious remarks :

between the Niger and the Nile, yet the eat or a glass of water to allay my parch- *So many theoretical opinions have natives on the coast positively state, that ing thirst; without even a bed of straw been hazarded as regards the course and the rivers in the bighits of Benin and Biato lie down upon; without a great coat or termination of the Niger, that it only re- fra are branches of the Niger, which they any thing to shelter me from the heavy mains to be practically decided which of call Insukussey, or Insookassy, and which, dews of the night; without the means of those opinions is correct. Some have in the Fantee and Ashantee languages, making a fire to keep off the wild beasts supposed that this great river is absorbed signifies Large Water, or Large Rider. which every where surrounded me in the by sands, others have endeavoured to '. That such was my opinion, I not only forest, I was almost without hope. And prove that the Nile and the Niger are one stated to Mr. Mackenzie, but also, as long if any thing had been waiting to fill up and the same river, and various conjec- since as 1819, I wrote a letter to a gentie. the measure of this night's misery, it was tures have been offered froin time to time, man, to be laid before Lord Bathurst, to the circumstance of my having travelled, which still leave us in the same incerti- the same effect, and suggesting establish in the early part of the day, in my wet tude upon this interesting subject; but ments on the rivers Volta, Lagos, and clothes, which were doubly wet from the the clouds which have so long obscured Formosa, as well as on the island of Ferprofuse perspiration I had been thrown this geographical problem, it is now nando Po, which would coinmand an excluinto by walking, and which now hung hoped, will shortly be dissipated. sive and extensive trade with all this part about me the whole night.

· Among all the hypotheses which have of Africa, and by which our merchandise * To proceed on my journey or to re- been submitted to the public*, that could be transported into the very beart turn, with a view of finding my people, in which has lately been published by Mr. of that country with facility and security. the dark, I conceived was equally hope. M'Queen, carries with it the greatest Much credit is due to Mr. M Queen for less; and, indeed, I was too fatigued, probability of being correct; not that I the able manner in which he has pointed and in too much agony to do so. I come to this conclusion from the facts so out the advantages which woull result therefore sat down in the forest (being distinctly elucidated by that gentleman, froin our taking possession of the island of unwilling to climb a tree) and waited but from various inquiries and observa Fernando Po. It is, however, but justice anxiously for morning. In this situation tions during my residence in Africa, and to others to observe, that he was by no the lines of Mr. Bird, in the “ Vale of particularly in my last visit to that coun- means the first to suggest this, as not only Slaughden,” forcibly occurred to me:-try (before the publication by Mr. myself, but my respected friends, Sic “ But far remote thy native valley lies, M'Queen), I gave almost precisely the Charles MacCarthy and Mr. Robertson, Drear are the scenes thy dubious path supplies

. same opinion upon this subject, and stat submitted the same opinion long ago to Where, when the night falls chilly on thy head; ed it, in writing, to the President of the his Majesty's government; and Mr. Ro. Wilt thou, sad wanderer, find thy lonely bed? Royal Society of Edinburgh (Mr. Henry

. bertson, in 1819, arrived on the Gold No friendly comfort near to hush the sigh

Mackenzie), who did me the honour to Coast with three vessels, for the purpose That thou may'st breathe in weary agouy."

read it before that board in April last. of taking possession of this island, under Having passed the night in singing * have since seen Mr. M'Queen's publica- the sanction of his Majesty's government. the most noisy song I could think of, in tion, and read it with increased satisfaction, which I was assisted by the discordant from the circumstance of that gentleman's • But to return to the subject of the Ni. yells of my boy Quashie (whoin I was sentiments being so much in accordance ger, we will suppose, for a moment, that obliged to keep awake by a gentle rap with my own, and the whole of his argu- the main body of this river does not flow occasionally

, on the head with iny sabre), ments have tended to confirm the opinion into the biglits of Benin and Biafra, set I proceeded at day-light, and, in less I have long entertained ; namely, that some other branch of it, to the eastward than half an hour, passed through Yan. the Niger terminates in the bights of Be- of the Leasa, I have no doubt will ulticomfodie; so that had. I continued my nin and Biafra. In support of this opi- mately be found to do so. The Moors, journey the preceding night, only half an nion, Mr. M‘Queen has so ably arranged it is true, bave positively stated again and hour longer, I should have escaped the the various authorities, both ancient and again, that the Niger communicates with misery which I have just described. modern, that little now remains to be said the Nile, and after all the information that

On leaving Yancomfodie, we passed upon the subject. It may be proper, has been collected to support this opimany extensive plantations of Indian corn, however, to notice two authorities which nion, it would be presuinptuous to say plantains, and fruit, and crossing a beauti- he quotes in support of this opinion: the that such is not the fact *: It is possible ful stream, about a mile from Paintrey, first is Gregory of Abyssinia, who states, that these two great rivers may have a we entered that neat little village, which, that flowing west from the Egyptian Nile, conmunication with each other, and yet it will readily be imagined, was an agree- he says pointedly, "descendit enim ver- be distinct rivers ; neither is there any able relief to me, after the perilous night sus regionem Elwah, et sic illabitur in thing improbable in supposing that the I had just encountered. Here I was re- mure magnum ; viz. Oceanum Occidenta- Niger may communicate with the Nile, ceived with the most cordial welcome by lem.” The other is Mr. Robertson, who and also throw otf a great body of its wamy old friend Quamino Hoyenesse, the states, “ that the natives on the coast of ter, by a tributary stream, to the eastward house-master, with whom we put up on Benin and Biafra assert, that all the rivers of the Leasa, not yet discovered. our journey to the capital. A large brass

• A stronger proof, indeed, of the pan of water was inmediately provided to

* M. Mollien (to whom we are indebted strange concatenation of rivers cannot be bathe my wounded feet, and, stripping off for determining the sources of the Senegal, referred to than that mentioned by Mr. my wet clothes, I wrapped myself up in a

Gambia, and Rio Grande) has laid down the Bowdich, drawn by Baron Humboldt, "I did not sing from an impression that grees further to the westward that it was bi and Amazon to be quite opposite to each

source of the Niger

, in his map, nearly two de who represents the courses of the Orinoco music would charm the savago beasts, but as I therto supposed to be. How far this gentleman had no fire, I thought it was the best plan to may be correct in doing so, we must leave to * «Mr. Dupuis, I believe, is of opinion that prevent them from coming near me, which I future travellers to determine ; but I have not the Niger and the Nile unite, and this is also have no doubt, it did; for, although I heard copied him in my map, as I would not pay so the opinion of others. (Vide Jackson's Acthem frequently throughout the night, they did, bad a compliment to the diligent researches of count of Morocco and Bowdicb's Mission to not molest either me or my companion. the enterprising Park.'


other, notwithstanding their immediate ati Accra*. This statement is indeed the public. The introduetion of Sir connection and there is nothing more confirmed by tlie new map published by T. Raffles has nothing at all to do improbable in the Niger and the Nile be Mr. Bowdich, on which this river (the with the rest of the volume. With ing connected by the Gir (although flow- Volta) is traced from the Coomba or this iinpression, we shall not enter into ing in opposite directions), than there is Zamma, close to the Kong and Koonin the Orinoco and Amazon being con- doongoree mountains,

any analysis of a work in every respect nected by the Caciquaire.

• These scanty notices, regarding the so incomplete, but shall merely select According to information we obtained Niger and the geography of this part of two of the traditions which it contains at Coomassie, there is a water communi Africa, I trust will be excused, when it is the first, it will be seen, has some recation from Porto Nova and the Lagos considered that I was prohibited froin ference to the most universal of all trao river nearly all the way to Egypt; and making inquiries' upon these subjects. ditions--the Deluge: this is, in a great measure, confirmed by Vide Instructions, p: 416 and 447. • Raja Suran, considering that he had the late Mr. Jarvis, of the company's ser

• But, from what has now been stated, now become acquainted with the contents vice, with whom I had many conversa- it will be evident that these noble rivers of the land, wished to acquire inforination tions, who stated that, during his residence afford the greatest facilities for the intro- concerning the nature of the sea. For. at Lagos, he met with Negroes who had duction of our commerce into the very this purpose, he ordered a chest of glass, come from the banks of the Niger, who heart of Africa; and it cannot be too with a lock in the inside, and fixed it to a assured him that there was a water com- often repeated, that whether they have a chain of gold. Then, shutting himself up munication nearly the whole of the way. communication with the Niger or not, in this chest, he caused himself to be let Mr. Bowdich, in a late publication, they ought at least to be explored, as down into the sea, to see the wonders of speaks of having received similar inforina- inore trade might be thus carried on in God Almighty's creation. At last, the tion, and Mr. Robertson writes also to one month, than on the Gold Coast in a chest reached a land, denoininated Zeya, the same effect, and says he was infornied year; there being no rivers of any mag. when Raja Suran came forth from the that canoes have come from Timbuctou vitude near our settlements there, and, chest, and walked about to see the wonto Lagos in three days; but this, I sup: consequently, the transportation of mer- ders of the place. He saw a country of pose, must be a typographical error, as I chandize on the beads of the Negroes for great extent, into which he entered, and cannot imagine that gentleman would | hundreds of miles under a vertical sun, saw a people named Barsam, so mumewrite, such a manifest absurdity, three must evidently be attended with every rous, that God alone could know their wecks being more likely. The Quolla* disadvantage to the African trader, as well numbers. This people were the one half mentioned by the Moors, and alluded to

as to the mercantile interests of Great infidels, and the other true believers. by Mr. Bowdich, is said to be the Lagos, Britain.'

When they saw Raja Suran, they were and not the Nigert. The Moorish name

Mr. Hutton's maps appear to be greatly astonished snd surprised at his is the Bahr Neel or Seer Neel, which the well drawn, and we doubt pot are as dress, and carried him before their raja, Moors call all large rivers, and the sea correct as the imperfect knowledge we who was named Aktab-al-Arz, who is they call “ Bahr Mall." also a figurative name, meaning": a great will permit; the coloured engravings new comer.”_" Whence is he come?"

1. Jokiba" is still have of this portion of the globe quired of those who brought him, " whence river;" and the Negroes call the Nile of give a good idea of the African cos said the raja: "That," said they; " none Egypt "Gulbi," which signifies a sea. It is also called " Neel Massar" and tume.

of us know.” Then Raja Aktab-al-Arz Neel Sham.The Niger likewise is

asked Raja Suran, " whence are you, and.

whence have known by various names, such as Neel-el, Malay Annals: translated from the


come?" "I come Abeed, Joliba, Coudha, &c.

Malay Language, by the late Dr. from the world,” said Raja Suran; " and • The Quolla is reported to be one

John Leyden. With an Introduc- your servant is raja of the whole race of month's journey from Coomassie, and the

imankind; and my name is Raja Suran."

tion by Sir Thomas. Stamford | The raja was greatly astonished at this ac. Niger one month's journey from the Raffles, F. R. S. 8vo. pp. 361.count, and asked if there was any other Quolla. According to Mr. Bowdich's London, 1821.

world than his own. « Yes, there is," account, the Niger is forty-seven days' This is an unfinished production of said Raja Suran;" and a very great one; the Ashantees can travel in safety. "The that excellent oriental scholars. Dr. full of various forins.” The raja was still

Almighty Mecca itinerary, detailed by that gentle-Leyden, who undertook to translate more astonished, saying, man, is of considerable value, and strong some of the most popular traditional | God, can this be possible?" He then ly tends to confirm what I have stated in stories of the Malays, but, unfortu-Tbis Raja Aktab-al-Arz had a daughter the first part of this chapter, respecting ! oately for that branch of literature of named Putri Mahtab-al-Bahri. This lady' the route to the Niger, through Ashantee. which he was, so distinguished an or- was extremely handsome, and her father

On the route to Coomassie, after pass- rament, he died without coinpleting gave her in marriage to Raja Suran, to ing the Boosempra, most of the rivers his design. The work, from the want whom she bore three sons. The raja run to the eastward. The Volta or of explanatory notes, with which it was

was for some time much delighted with: Adirri is said to flow from the Kong intended to be enriched, is in many re- this adventure; but at last he began to mountains, and is a beautiful river, which empties itself into the ocean about one

spects unintelligible; and, though it reflect what advantage it was for him to degree to the eastward of our settlement might have been difficult to get any should be able to carry his three sons

one to supply the deficiency, yet, un with him. He begged, however, his fata * Mr. Dupuis, in Adams's Narrativé, states, less that had been done, we think it ther-in-law to think of some method of upon debe information of a Neguono Banabaras would have been as respectful to the conveying him to the upper world to ascuit it must be to the south-east of Bambara; and, memory of the lamented translator, to would be of great disachvantage to cut about three journies from the capital of Qualla have withbeld the Malay Annals from of the line of Secander Zulkarneini. His is a considerable lake, or rather a river, which Colonel Straenberg (whom I frequently

father-in-law assented to the propriety of communicates with the Niger:

had the pleasure to meet at table, with the late this observation, and furnished him with This statement I would wish to be un, General Daendels, unter he sailed up this rivers a sea-borse, named Sambrani, which

could derstood as offering with great diffidence, as I gave me some interesting particulars respecting Ay through the air as well as swim in the had no opportunity of confirming it by the ge his journey; but as they are correctly given water. Raja Suran

mounted this steed neral reports of the Moors.'

by Mr. Bowdich, I will not repeat them,' åmid the lamentations of his spouse, the

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