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Hoy e'en potatoes, once a poisonous race, • By various change of culture and of place,
Lose tlieir ránk nature, soften into bread, · - Make mon grow tall, and boast an upright head; .. - How, taught by art, the blind may read and write; * The dumb in wit and argument unite;
The pale cheek redden; and the hoary fair
First dropped his tail, then gained the power of speech,..
This glorious reign, the reign of GEORGE THE THIRD.' A large share of this book is occupied, according to the mo. dern taste, by annotations on the text; which form almost a perpetual comnientury, and remind us of the philosopher who made it a question whether the soul of a man was created for the use of his body, or his body for the use of his soul. In like manner, we might'dispute whether the notes in this volume were written to introduce the text, or the text was composed to justify the appearance of the notes. On this point, we should perhaps decide against the superiority of the metre, which may boast some strength but no great spirit of animation, and in favour of the notes, which contain almost all the learning and ingenuity that the author has demonstrated.--As a slight specia men of this department of the work, we give the following extract, relative to some gaming transactions in high life, and some disclosures in the course of legal proceedings on the bankruptcy of a fashionable gaming-house keeper:
Here we have another cogent proof of the triumph of the mind over the corporeal passions of the everlasting exile of all malice and revenge and the establishment of the true Christian doctrine of the forgiveness of injuries. This very wretch, who thus in many instances unnecessarily relinquished his own honour, betrayed his best friends, and impeached the whole host of Pharaoh, experienced no kind of difficulty in obtaining his certificate, and has since opened, by the assistance of those very persons whom he thus ill-treated, a subscription gambling-house in Bond-street, upon a larger scale than ever, which has already not less than four hundred subscribers at twelve guineas per annum each, making an aggregate rental of upwards of five thousand Rev. FEB. 1802.
pounds pounds a-year for him to subsist upon, independently of half-a-guinea à night, in addition, from every person who touches a die or card. Much business, as I understand, has already been performed in this elegant circle of accomplished life. I have enumerated several of the associates, who have hitherto had no great reason to bless the luck that has attended them: but, since writing the above, the business has considerably increased. Lord B-——h was unfortunate enough, in a single night, to lose not less than one hundred and seventy thousand pounds, and hereby to render himself a beggar for life, or rather, perhaps, to establish himself as a gambler by profession. We must condemn this levity, in speaking of a discovery so highly important to the lives and happiness of mankind, as that of Dr. Jenner is likely to prove. No friend of virtue and humanity will smile on so idle an attempt at discrediting exertions which must be venerated by every true philosopher.
• It is truly surprising that noblemen and gentlemen of fashion, and, in many respects, of estimable qualities, are yet to learn that in places of this description they cannot gamble upon equal terms. They are perpetually meeting with unknown faces, and they generously give every one credit for the possession of property and honour. If they choose to game, let it be at their own houses or rooms, among their own immediate friends—or, at least, let them take some steps to become better acquainted with the characters of those with whom they are compelled to associate in places of this publicity, where, if they have money, they are sure of losing it, without a possibility of changing their ill luck to any effective purpose. The advice of the Persian poet Hafiz is, in this case, highly pertinent, and they cannot do better than attend to it.
: عنقا شکار کس نی شود وام باز چین .
. اینجا میشم باو بر ستست وام را .
The crafty griffin falls a prey to none; 2 Draw in your nets, here nought but wind is woni.
* Nor is the expostulation of honest Sherasmin less worthy of at: tention. Oberon, ii. 31..
Vertrau dich mir, komm, Hüon, komm zurüch!
Und sprecht kein wort! er hat nichts guts im sinn!' The reader will perhaps be surprised at the introduction of an Oriental language on this occasion, but he will find quotations from the writers of almost every country, antient and modern, in these copious notes.--In the second Canto, we are sorry to observe several pages of notes, composed of gleanings from the lives of Elwes and other noted misers; and we are tempted to exclaim, with a double application, Unus et alter assuitur pannus.
The author treats of the rewards of literary merit, in Canto II., with an appearance of peculiar feeling:
• Here none can starve ! the sons of Genius least,-
• Here none can starve !- Behold, in rich reward,
• Here none can starve !-In spite of heaven and earth,
Proves iheir vast power to make man tall and bold !' We pass over much desultory irony of a similar nature, to notice the author's attack on the Vaccine Inoculation, in which his satirical powers are entirely mis-directed :
Ye spotless babes, whose lips have never prest
Dr. Darwin's erotic and sentimental theories of vegetable crimes and passions, which next incur censure, are fair game; and here we can join in the laugh:
• O shame to Britain ! that, while countless laws
Bind British dames from flippancy and flaws,
To guard the chastity of British flowers!' In the third Canto, the Poem assumes a higher strain. Exulting in the suppression of Jacobinism, (which the author, with no common licence, and incurring the risk of misapprehension, has curtailed to Jacobism,) the causes of the French Revolution are brought under consideration; and the Bishop of Rochester is singled out as an object of reprehension, both in Verse and Prose, on account of his invectives against Voltaire and the other Encyclopedists. Through the wide range of this controversy we shall not pursue the author, because we have had occasion already to express our opinion, in reviewing the multitude of publications to which it has given birth. The late Premier, and the Alarmists, are throughout treated with unsparing sarcasm.
It must be confessed that an attempt to support an ironical attack through three Cantos, without any other relief than that which is offered by long annotations, is likely to become very faint; and it certainly would have required a poetical genias much superior to that of the present writer, to prevent the ennui of the reader. Far from perceiving any indications of the Millenium of Critics, in this piece, we felt ourselves in Purgatory more than once while we perused it. The construction of the verses is, in several instances, very negligent: for example;
• Fly, or may Mitford, with the zeal of Scott,
Assign you posts, perchance you'd ratber not !! • Then swarma'd affiliate clubs; sedition then
Was first arrang’d and organis'd by men.' By whom could sedition have been organized among men but by men? Even Dr. Darwin has not yet accused flowers of this misdemeanor.
· Convulsed his quivering limbs with demon-quake,
And o'er his eye-balls poured the fiery lake.' The phrases here printed in italics are so very sublime as to be quite unintelligible.
• Behold supprest the Conventicle drum,' cannot be easily read as poetry, and it would make very indif. ferent prose. Nevertheless, this production bears evident mark's of knowlege on the part of the author, and is, on the whole, a respectable piece of modern versification : but it certainly does not possess sufficient poetical fire to atone for the general severity and sarcastic turn of the work. If those only were to
censure freely who have written well,” we should have better satires, and fewer pamphlets.
Art. III. The Method of Educating the Deaf and Dumb, confirmed
by long Experience: By the Abbé de l'Epée. Translated from
Cadell jun. and Davies. 1801.
character, in the cause of the most helpless and unpro. tected class of human Beings, is here offered to the English readers in a respedtable translation from a new edition of a work published by the Abbé in 1776; and an elaborate Preface by the translator contains a sketch of the history of this curious art, which has restored to the rights and pleasures of So. ciety, many whóm antient knowlege would have deemed be. yond the reach of instruction.
One of the first teachers of the deaf and dumb, we are here told, was Bonet, a priest, Secretary to the Constable of Castile. He undertook the tuition of his younger brother, who had lost the sense of hearing at two years of age; and he published an account of his system in 1620, at Madrid.—Amman, a Swiss physician, was the next systematic writer on this subject. He printed at Amsterdam a treatise in Latin, about 1692, intitled Surdus loquens.-Wallis, a few years afterward, published his Method of instructing Persons who were Deaf and Dumb, in this country; and he was followed by Holder, Dalgarno, and Bulwer.
In recent times this art hath been exercised in Paris 'by father Vanin and Mr. Perreire ; in Leipsick by Mr. Heinich ; in London by Mr. Baker *; and in Ediuburgh by Mr Braidwood.
By a contingency, such as destines multitudes to particular studies or avocations, the Abbé de l'Epée engaged in it. Vanin bad under his tuition two young ladies, who were twin sisters, both have ing the misfortune of Deafness and Dumbness. Death soon deprived them of his lessons; and as an instructor to supply his place was sought for in vain, the Abbé de l’Epée undertook to continue their education. The contemplation of their condition excited his * Author of the celebrated treatises on the Microscope. .