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Art. 19. Thoughts on the Residence of the Clergy, and on the Pro.

visions of the Statute of the Twenty-first Year of Henry VIII. C. 13. By John Sturges, LL.D. Chancellor of the Diocese of

Winchester. 8vo. 25. Cadell jun, and Davieş. 1802. Art. 20. Observations on Dr. Sturges's Pamphlet, respecting Non

Residence of the Clergy, in a Letter to Mr. Baron Maseres. 8vo. 28. Hatchard.

As Dr. S. has neatly recapitulated the argument of his pamphlet, we shall first exhibit his summary, and then subjoin our own remarks, as well as notice those of his observer : . By the foregoing observations I have endeavoured to shewThat the residence of the clergy is in itself highly expedient and proper to be enforced, but that there are many cases, in which this rule will admit of exceptions--that these cases should be specificd by law as far as they can, but that many of them must depend on circumstances, which cannot be so specified, and are proper to be determined only by the discretion of some superior—that the bishop or ordinary is the superior, on whom such discretionary power would' naturally devolve – That the statute of Henry VIII. enforLcing residence is a harsh law, severe in its penalties, and unequal in its operation, and less applicable to the present times than to those in which it was enacted–That the other provisions of the same statute against taking to farm and buying and selling, are carried to an unreasonable extent, and would interfere (if put rigorously in force) with the common rights of clerical owners in the management of their ecclesiastical, as well as of their private property-and that it is ill-suited to many forms of property in the present times – That the whole statute has in a great measure become obsolete and lain long dormant, but that its revival at the present time appears to have produced already much inconvenience and hardship, and will produce still more, if its operation be continued -- And, that it is there. fore become a fit, and almost necessary, subject for the interposition of the legislature, to repeal or to amend it."

In this view of the subject, Dr. S. evinces a considerable degree of judgment and experience : but he is rather the mild apologist and advocate for the non-resident clergy, than the serious investigator of the duties which are imposed on them by their spiritual engagements. While, in the mere abstract view of the question, he allows that residence ought to be enforced, he contends for such exceptions, in addition to those made by the statute of 21 Henry VIII. c. 3.; and complains so heavily both of its harshness and of the rigor with which it has been lately enforced, that it seems as if he secretly wished to persuade the reader to regard the statute above mentioned as " more honoured in the breach than in the observance.He undoubtedly docs not mean this : but, in pleading the cause of his non-resident brethrei, he certainly attends more to the convenience of the clergy than to the moral and religious benefit of their parishes.

The author of the Observations combats Dr. S. on this ground. He reminds the Doctor that a parochial benefice is not an uncondi. tional freehold ; that the station of a parochia! incumbent is his parish ;—and that we need noty from motives of policy, relax the Rey. MARCH, 1802.

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law which requires the clergyman to live on his cure, since the ento forcement of parochial residence never will exclude from the service of the church, any one man, who shall be worthy of admission into it.'-He would contract the extent of lay patronage.

If it should be thought proper to make exceptions in behalf of the poor clergy, the Observer is of opinion that these exceptions ought to be clearly specified by law; and he strongly reprobates Dr. S's advice, to leave the enforcement of residence to the judicial dis. cretion of the Bishops; wisely remarking that judicial discretion is an abomination.'

We have placed these pamphlets together, because we wish them both to be perused by those to whom the subject is interesting. Both are written in a gentlemanly style, and deserve attention. If residence be enforced by any mulct, it should not be through the medium of informers, but of the vestry of the parish which is deserted by its legal spiritual guide. It should also be decided how far the circumstance of a curate being accepted by the bishop, and approved by the parish, may exonerate the rector or vicar from regular residence. Where, a parish suffers no injury, it ought not to complain.

BLAGDON CONTROVERSY.
Art. 21. Animadversions on the Curate of Blagdon's three Publi-

cations, &c. (See our late Reviews.) 8vo. 2 S. Hatchard.
1802.

One of the later disputants in this paper contest predicted that the breach might remain unclosed as long as the ever-memorable war of Troy; and, truly, we now begin to dread the fulfilment of his prophecy. Here comes forth a formidable champion on the side of the celebrated Lady whose fame has been so freely canvassed, in the course of this unfortunate war of embittered words; and he comes forth armed at all points, and breathing the most determined vengeance against the bapless curate of Blagdon, who has dared to re.kindle the flames of discord, which were thought and hoped to have been happily extinguished by his undisturbed return to the situation from which he had been so unfortunately removed.

This fresh combatant attacks Mr. Ber with-we had almost said, ferocity, as well as with the utmost conteinpt and ridicule ; and we should, on this account, perhaps, have passed over his acrimonious performance with only a glance of disapprobation : but we are prevented from contenting ourselves with so slight a notice of his animadversions, by a due consideration of his merit and talents as a writer, which must be allowed by critical justice ; at the same time that we shall ever condemn all appearance of literary scursility among gentlemen, who ought never to lose sight of the respect which is due to liberality and good manners.

Many facts are brought forwards in this pamphlet, which will not fail to attract the attention of those readers who take any interest in the causes or consequences of this very peculiar controversy. .

The present writer's principal aim seems to be the defence of Mrs. More from the imputation of having, whether through design or inadvertency, taken any steps in favour of Methodism.

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Art. 22. [More Combatants !] Illustrations of Falsehoods contained

in Mr. Spencer's late Publication. By the Rev. Thomas Drewitt. 8vo. pp. 16. Cadell jun. and Davies.

In very serious and becoming language, Mr. Drewitt defends not only his own character, but that of the established clergy in general, against those remarks in Mr. Spencer's pamphlet *, which he deems altogether unfounded and injurious. He justly laments the long continuance of the Blagdon contest ; and therefore, with perfect consistency, he has confined this his own part in the warfare to as narrow a compass as seemed compatible with his very reasonable purpose of self-defence, and the vindication of the truly venerable order of men to which he has the honour of belonging. Art. 23. Elucidations of Character. Occasioned by a Letter from

the Rev. R. Lewis, published in the Rev. T. Bere's Address to Mrs. H. More t ; with some Remarks on a Pamphlet lately published by Elward Spencer, of Wells. By the 'Rev. John Boak, Rector of Brockley. 8vo. pp. 19. Cadell jun. and Davies.

The Blagdon warfare seems now to have extended its fury among the adherents to those who have been considered as principals in the dispute. Mr. Boak sustains his part in the operations against Mr. Bere and his partizans, with considerable force; and he appears to have defended himself against the attacks of Mr. Lewis and Mr. Spencer with good success : on Mr. Bere he is also particularly severe, in point of language. Art. 24. An Alterative Epistle addressed to Edward Spencer, Apo.

thecary. By Lieutenant Charles Pettinger. 8vo. pp. 16. Hurst. 1802.

This terrific man of war seems to have intruded himself into a contest in which his friends, we suppose, will be surprized to see him engaged. He assails the apothecary of Wells with fire and sword, hell and furies ! death and destruction ! A dad! we do not like such outrageous proceedings,--and we will therefore have nothing more to say to him ! Fighting, as the man says in the play, is bis trade :--but it is not ours; and there is no knowing where Mr. Pettinger may turn his arms next, now that he is unemployed against foreign foes.

MATHEMATICS, &c.
Art. 25. The Principles of Bridges : containing the Mathematical

Demonstrations of the Properties of the Arches, the Thickness of

the Piers, the Force of the Water against them, &c. Together bo wW.X

with practical Observations and Directions drawn from the Whole.
The second Edition, with Corrections and Additions. By Charles
Hutton, F. R. S. Professor of Mathematics in the Royal Military
Academy. 8vo. pp. 10.1. 55. sewed. Robinsons. 1801.

The first edition of this small tract was published in 1772; and the second is now offered to the public in consequence of the magnificent

* See our last month's Review, Cat.
+ See our last Review, p. 203.

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project of throwing a bridge of a single arch over the river Thames. “ Men of the pen (says a great writer) have seldom very great skill in conquering kingdoms, but they have strong inclination to give advice.” The same may be said of speculative men. However inef. ficient in the actual formation of machinery, they have still a great inclination to instruct the mechanic and architect : but the instruc. tions are generally slighted, and the suggestious treated as mere airy speculations, as the serious triflings of a theorist, claiming rank only among those unsubstantial systems which the pride of calculation is continually erecting, and which time and experience are constantly overthrowing. The appellation speculative men, when thus applied, is in tended as a terın of reproach, because a neglect of experiment has frequently led theorists into absurdity : but, on the other hand, we may observe that it is on record that many of the great improvements in the arts are due to the investigations of “ men of the pen.”

The mathematical conclusions in the present work, whether or not they may be confirmed by the results of experiments, do not appear to us to have any reference to the construction of such a bridge as is now proposed to be thrown over the Thames. If we at all understand The model which has been exhibited to the public, the cast iron bridge will not derive its strength from the same principle which prevails in common arches. As opinion fluctuates, however, perhaps the present plan of the iron bridge may be abandoned ; and even if it be adopted, it will still be no unprofitable task to notice Dr. H.'s remarks, since his reasonings and deductions apply to the construction of all bridges that have arches formed in the usual manner.

Proposition ist, Section 2d, of ihis tract, is the same with that of Emerson, p. 149. Miscellanies.- Prop. 3d and 4th are likewise nearly the same as those of Emerson.-- Section 3d treats on Piers; and the first four propositions are premised in order to establish the general one by which the thickness of the piers necessary to resist the shoot of any given arch is determined. Section 4. relates to the force of the water; and here it is inquired, what form the ends of a pier ought to have, in order to be the least subject to the force of the stream of water. Section 5. gives an explanation of the terms or names of the various parts peculiar to a bridge, and the machines, &c. used about it ; disposed in alphabetical order.

We must forbear a particular examination of the contents of the present work; partly because it is only a re-publication, and not (as we think) answering the purpose for which it has been re-published, but chiefly because we deter our criticisms in expectation of a much larger and improved trcalise, with which the author (in his ad. vertisement) proposes to indulge is.

- POETRY. Art. 26. Idyls; in two parts. By Edward Atkyns Biay. Crown

8vo. 45. 6d. Boards. Rivingtons. 1800.

The simplicity essential to a pastoral poem, the necessary absence of variety in its action, and the familiar pature of the objects of its scenery, all contribute to render this species of poetry very difficult to be managed with any degree of merit or excellence. We have,

however,

· R Wood.

however, read the Idyls of Mr. Bray with pleasure ; since, notwithstanding the difficulty of the undertaking, he has accomplished it with some success. His versification is generally harmonious; and, though it may not possess the Doric simplicity of Theocritus, it is not marked by any affected and unappropriate ornaments. We pre. sent the reader with the following Idyl:

• As aged Lacon, erst a sturdy hind,

Beneath a walnut's cooling shade reclin'd,
He spied a traveller journeying on his way,
Weary and faint, whilst glow'd the solar ray.
With'smiles of welcome from the turf he rose,
And there his limbs besought him to repose.
The youthful stranger, whilst the hoary swain
With hasty footsteps hied across the plain,
To bring refreshments from his neighb'ring shed,
Cut in the bark this short inscription read.

“ No more, ye gay! my hallow'd trunk surround;
Nor beat with foot profare this sacred ground.
Beneath my shade fair Daphne's ashes lie-
Oh! pay the tribute of a passing sigh !”

• Ere long the shepherd, with a plenteous store,
To treat the stranger, left his cottage door.
“ Those lines,” he cry'd, “that round this walnut wind,
I roughly sculptur’d on the glossy rind,
To tell that Innocence lies buried here !
Alas !” he paused, and sigh’d, and dropp'd a tear,
Alas! that me the will of Heaven should doom,,
'Reft of my spouse, to live and point her tomb!
Whilst you your hunger and your thirst assuage,
Oh! deign to hear the oft-told tale of age.
My lips shall tell whose long deplor'd remains
The narrow grave beneath this mound contains.

· Born in yon cot, amid a numerous race,
That fiew with rapture to a sire's embrace,
1, as the younger, oftenest shar'd the kiss;
Nor were my brothers jealous of my bliss.
In yonder neighbouring hut, beside the hill,
Whence, ever murmuring, flows the foaming rill,
The eyes of Daphne open'd :o the day;
Who on the plain oft join'd our infant play.
Whene'er we sang her voice decreed the prize,
Tho' me, they thought, she view'd with partial eyes ;
And justly, for than they I surely paid
More kind attentions to the lovely maid.

Once to bchold our sports this plain she sought,
And from her cot a few ripe walnuts brought;
For which the generous maid propos d a race -
Here was the goal, and there the starting-place.
In pairs we ran, and he possess'd the meed
Whose winged feet surpass’d his rival's speed,
The eldest first their better fortune tried,
And next the youngest o'er the meadow hied.

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