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loftiest mountains, to which we had been long confined, we seemed as it were transported, all at once, to a country of enchantment! we saw before us a fertile soil adorned with smiling verdure, watered By crystal streams, covered with fruit, and holding forth the promise of harvest ! where mansions and villages, to which the wealth of Mexico had given splendour and neatness, succeeded each other without in. terruption, and which gave to this spot the appearance of the asylum of Goodness!'
We shall lay another revolutionary trait or two before our readers, and then we shall dismiss the present work. The province of Guipuscoa, we are informed, had requested to be considered as neutral in regard to the contending states; and this increased the hatred which the representative Pinet bore to the Spaniards, and made him resolve to let the yoke of terror press harder on their necks. The horrid guillotine was stacioned on the market place of St. Sebastian, and the province was parcelled out between administrators of his choice. The nobles, the priests, and the respectable inhabitants of Guipuscoa, were put under arrest. The violence of the administrators, the burthensome requisitions, and the shutting up of the churches, occasioned a multitude of the inhabitants of all descriptions to fly into the interior of Spain. He sent troops on expeditions, the sole object of which was to set fire to villages; and he became so much the object of terror, as to be called the old man of the mountain.
Muller was at this time chief in command; and he appears to have been that upright and resolute character, which the general dissolution of manners was not able to affect. How soothing is such an object to a virtuous bosom! how delightful to contemplate it! At this epoch, (that of the proconsular Tyranny of Pinet,) Muller quitted the command of the army, the esteem and regret of which he carried away with him; since his talents, his affability, and his modesty, had conciliared all heasts. An enemy to violence and persecution, circumspect alnost to timidity in his enterprises, profound and independent in his views, he suffered endless vexations from the fiery tempers and absolute power of the two representatives. Overwhelmed with disgust, he obtained, at length, that leave to re. tire which he had long and incessantly solicited.
Speaking of the peace which was signed at Bâle on the 2nd of July 1795, and which put an end to this inglorious struggle, the author says that this treaty was at once honourable and useful; it procured us a faithful ally, and it favoured greatly the pacificacion of la Vendee and our successes in Italy.'
From this work, we do not learn that the victories of the Frencå were so decisive, nor so easily purchased, as the re
publicas publican dispatches of the day would have led us to conclude. Many persons, on the faith of Paris Journals, believed that, at the time of entering into the treaty, the French had obtained a complete ascendancy; that the career of victory was secure; and that there was nothing to binder them from marching to Madrid itself. This writer, however, who served in the French army, tells a very different tale: he re. lates no instances of cowardice in the Spaniards; success attended them during the whole of the first campaign : the French did not cheaply gain their advantages; at the period of entering into the treaty, their armies were in a situation which threatened peril, rather than promised farther success; repulse was not improbable; and to maintain their posts was all that the republicans could reasonably hope. In such a situation, if such it really were, (and we see no reason why the author should represent it as more unfavourable than it in fact was,) it must be admitted that the peace was an achievement far more beneficial than any military exploits to which the continuance of the campaign might have given rise : since this peace detached Spain from England, and restored it to all its former relations with France. The news also dispirited the insurgents of la Vendée, and made them think of submission; while the troops, which, if the war had continued, would (as the author states) have probably fought and bled in defence of obscure mountain posts, were marched into Italy, there to assist in conquests which were incalculably to aggrandize the power of the republic, and most materially to affect the fate of Europe. As this representation of the conclusion of the war between the French republic and Spain differs essentially from those which are contained in the public journals, we have been led to report it more at length than we should otherwise have done.
The details of all that appertains to the province of a commissary, as it affected this army, which are given in the last chapter already mentioned, will interest many readers, and should not be overlooked in any military history. According to the present writer, the whole expenditure of this military force, which continued on foot during 31 months, and which procured to its country so beneficial a peace, fell short of four millions sterling!
IN DE X
To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume.
N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.
Abdollatiph, a learned Arabian n writer, biographical account
of, 338. Dr. White's pub. lication of his Hist. Ægypti Compendium, 341. Review of that valuable edition, 342. Cu rious passages, 34554. See
also White. Acid, oxalic, properties of, 523. Æther, phosphoric, M. Boudet's
account of the preparation of
524. Africa, interesting accounts rela.
tive to the west coast of, the products of the countries, manners of the inhabitants, and state of the slave trade, &c. 450. Wonderful story of the vast swarms of ants there,
457. Ailboud, the celebrated quack
doctor, account of, and of his
poisonous nostrum, 42. Alcohol, tineture of, ought to
be used with medicated wines,
525. Alfred, K. of England, his place of interment undiscoverable. See Howard.
Mr. Pye's epic poem on the subject of Alfred's great
character, 179. Alloy, metallic, paper concerning,
in the memoirs of the French
Institute, 509. America, communications relating
to the agricultural and commer. cial interests of the United States, 204. Other commu. nications, by a Spaniard, 206. Ammonia. See Lampadius. Animal Incognitum, observations
relative to the teeth of, 303. Animals, new classification of
those which suckle their young,
521. Aristotle, critical discussions rela.
tive to his Metajıhysics, 226. Mr. Taylor's translation, 227. Artby, Mr. See Griggiry. Astle, Mr. his memoir on a curi.
ous record of pardon, found in the Tower of London, 35.
B Banks, Sir Jos. catalogue of a part
of his library, well arranged, 89. Batavian Republic a great sufferer by the revolution, in regard to
commercial interest, 306.. Bedford, the late Duke of, Mr.
Fox's just tribute to his me. mory, 332. Berthollet, M. his lecture on che
mistry, in the Normal school,
Bible, importance of a translation Carlisle, Mr. account of a mon,
strous Lamb, 85
its diseases, and on the æco suit against Longman, &c. for
copying his Itinerary, &c. 46.
tions of finite Differences, 508. in dying cotton, 518.
tions for preparing a similar
particulars concerning, 159. letter to M. Vauquelin on
Mr. Hatchett's discovery of a
190. The character of the Children, physical education of,
Clergy, the expediency of their
construction discussed, 323. Cluvier, M. his memoir on the
ed by Mr. Hatchett, 529.
markable Greek sepulchral mo.
amusement, practised only by Dr. Garthshore, 34.
his account of an
iron head of a spear was found
ous account of, and of his 111. 221. 335. 447.
tracting real indigo from woad,
Coulombe, M. on the theory of the
moon, 514. His experiments Dying of cotton. Sce Chaptal. :
of solitude, 329, New poem sentiments in favour of the
peace, &c. 213.
relative to the practice of In- habitants and the Ottoman des-
potism, 59. Curious account
life and works of M. Lemon. to destroy the pyramids of
Egypt, 345. . "
Electricity. See Wollaston.' See
523. On zaffre, 527. On Events, military, in the French
the acetic and acetous acids, war, 495.
lent character of this writer, lombe. '
Fætus, changes in the organs of.
, Normal schools lately es.
, Military events of the
the danger of keeping phos. lative to many of the principal
sacrificed at the beginning
cury in the small-pox, 519. Memoirs of the late war
brief statement of, 402. Mr. 541.
racterized, 234, 237
in Suffolk, 30. Supposed to
ties found there, 30. Of the
analysis of the understanding,