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loftiest mountains, to which we had been long confined, we seemed as it were transported, all at once, to a country of enchantment! we saw before us a fertile soil adorned with smiling verdure, watered By crystal streams, covered with fruit, and holding forth the promise of harvest ! where mansions and villages, to which the wealth of Mexico had given splendour and neatness, succeeded each other without in. terruption, and which gave to this spot the appearance of the asylum of Goodness!'

We shall lay another revolutionary trait or two before our readers, and then we shall dismiss the present work. The province of Guipuscoa, we are informed, had requested to be considered as neutral in regard to the contending states; and this increased the hatred which the representative Pinet bore to the Spaniards, and made him resolve to let the yoke of terror press harder on their necks. The horrid guillotine was stacioned on the market place of St. Sebastian, and the province was parcelled out between administrators of his choice. The nobles, the priests, and the respectable inhabitants of Guipuscoa, were put under arrest. The violence of the administrators, the burthensome requisitions, and the shutting up of the churches, occasioned a multitude of the inhabitants of all descriptions to fly into the interior of Spain. He sent troops on expeditions, the sole object of which was to set fire to villages; and he became so much the object of terror, as to be called the old man of the mountain.

Muller was at this time chief in command; and he appears to have been that upright and resolute character, which the general dissolution of manners was not able to affect. How soothing is such an object to a virtuous bosom! how delightful to contemplate it! At this epoch, (that of the proconsular Tyranny of Pinet,) Muller quitted the command of the army, the esteem and regret of which he carried away with him; since his talents, his affability, and his modesty, had conciliared all heasts. An enemy to violence and persecution, circumspect alnost to timidity in his enterprises, profound and independent in his views, he suffered endless vexations from the fiery tempers and absolute power of the two representatives. Overwhelmed with disgust, he obtained, at length, that leave to re. tire which he had long and incessantly solicited.

Speaking of the peace which was signed at Bâle on the 2nd of July 1795, and which put an end to this inglorious struggle, the author says that this treaty was at once honourable and useful; it procured us a faithful ally, and it favoured greatly the pacificacion of la Vendee and our successes in Italy.'

From this work, we do not learn that the victories of the Frencå were so decisive, nor so easily purchased, as the re

publicas publican dispatches of the day would have led us to conclude. Many persons, on the faith of Paris Journals, believed that, at the time of entering into the treaty, the French had obtained a complete ascendancy; that the career of victory was secure; and that there was nothing to binder them from marching to Madrid itself. This writer, however, who served in the French army, tells a very different tale: he re. lates no instances of cowardice in the Spaniards; success attended them during the whole of the first campaign : the French did not cheaply gain their advantages; at the period of entering into the treaty, their armies were in a situation which threatened peril, rather than promised farther success; repulse was not improbable; and to maintain their posts was all that the republicans could reasonably hope. In such a situation, if such it really were, (and we see no reason why the author should represent it as more unfavourable than it in fact was,) it must be admitted that the peace was an achievement far more beneficial than any military exploits to which the continuance of the campaign might have given rise : since this peace detached Spain from England, and restored it to all its former relations with France. The news also dispirited the insurgents of la Vendée, and made them think of submission; while the troops, which, if the war had continued, would (as the author states) have probably fought and bled in defence of obscure mountain posts, were marched into Italy, there to assist in conquests which were incalculably to aggrandize the power of the republic, and most materially to affect the fate of Europe. As this representation of the conclusion of the war between the French republic and Spain differs essentially from those which are contained in the public journals, we have been led to report it more at length than we should otherwise have done.

The details of all that appertains to the province of a commissary, as it affected this army, which are given in the last chapter already mentioned, will interest many readers, and should not be overlooked in any military history. According to the present writer, the whole expenditure of this military force, which continued on foot during 31 months, and which procured to its country so beneficial a peace, fell short of four millions sterling!



To the REMARKABLE PASSAGES in this Volume.

N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the

Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.

Abdollatiph, a learned Arabian n writer, biographical account

of, 338. Dr. White's pub. lication of his Hist. Ægypti Compendium, 341. Review of that valuable edition, 342. Cu rious passages, 34554. See

also White. Acid, oxalic, properties of, 523. Æther, phosphoric, M. Boudet's

account of the preparation of

524. Africa, interesting accounts rela.

tive to the west coast of, the products of the countries, manners of the inhabitants, and state of the slave trade, &c. 450. Wonderful story of the vast swarms of ants there,

457. Ailboud, the celebrated quack

doctor, account of, and of his

poisonous nostrum, 42. Alcohol, tineture of, ought to

be used with medicated wines,

525. Alfred, K. of England, his place of interment undiscoverable. See Howard.

Mr. Pye's epic poem on the subject of Alfred's great

character, 179. Alloy, metallic, paper concerning,

in the memoirs of the French

Institute, 509. America, communications relating

to the agricultural and commer. cial interests of the United States, 204. Other commu. nications, by a Spaniard, 206. Ammonia. See Lampadius. Animal Incognitum, observations

relative to the teeth of, 303. Animals, new classification of

those which suckle their young,

521. Aristotle, critical discussions rela.

tive to his Metajıhysics, 226. Mr. Taylor's translation, 227. Artby, Mr. See Griggiry. Astle, Mr. his memoir on a curi.

ous record of pardon, found in the Tower of London, 35.

B Banks, Sir Jos. catalogue of a part

of his library, well arranged, 89. Batavian Republic a great sufferer by the revolution, in regard to

commercial interest, 306.. Bedford, the late Duke of, Mr.

Fox's just tribute to his me. mory, 332. Berthollet, M. his lecture on che

mistry, in the Normal school,
462. On the laws of affinity,


Bible, importance of a translation Carlisle, Mr. account of a mon,
of, into Chinse, 95.

strous Lamb, 85
Bile, observations on, and on Cary, Mr. state of the case in his

its diseases, and on the æco suit against Longman, &c. for
nomy of the liver, 442.

copying his Itinerary, &c. 46.
Biot, M. on the integrals of equa. Cbapial, M. on the use of oxides

tions of finite Differences, 508. in dying cotton, 518.
Birds, new table of the classifica. Charlemagne the great, his cha-
tion of, 521.

racter, 1946
Blagdon controversy revived by Chemistry, physical principles of,
Mr. Bere, 203. The dispute 401.
followed up by other writers, Chenevix, M. his experiments on
on cach side, ibid. See also James's powders ; with direc-
p. 322. ,

tions for preparing a similar
Blair, Dr. Hugh, biographical humid substance, 296. His

particulars concerning, 159. letter to M. Vauquelin on
His last sermon, 164.

Mr. Hatchett's discovery of a
Bonaparte compared with Cæsar, new metal, 529.

190. The character of the Children, physical education of,
former prefered, ibid. Histo its importance, 13
rical account of Bonaparte, Christ, his remarkable reply to
216. Life of, 264. Anec the Jews who accused him of a
dotcs relative to him, person breach of the Sabbath, 14. Cu.
ally, 265---268. His charac rious account of a MS. falsely
ter highly revered in the Bata ascribed to our Saviour, 506.
vian Republic, 308.

Clergy, the expediency of their
Boudet, M. on phosphoric æther, residence impartially discussed,
- 524.

Boullay, M. See Phosphorus. Clovis, his conquest of France,
Bridges, the principles of their the origin of its monarchy, 390.

construction discussed, 323. Cluvier, M. his memoir on the
Brutus, his establishment of a life and writings of Daubenton,
Trojan colony in Britain, the

subject of an English epic Columbium, a new metal discover.
poem. See Ogilvie.

ed by Mr. Hatchett, 529.
Buffon, M. traits of his private Combe, Mr. his account of a re.
character, 510, 51.

markable Greek sepulchral mo.
Bull-baiting, a cruel and horrid nument, in the possession of

amusement, practised only by Dr. Garthshore, 34.
human brutes, 445.

his account of an
Burial, alive. See Intermont. elephant's tusk, in which the

iron head of a spear was found

embedded, 85.
Cadet, M. on vegetable gluten, Congo, account of that country,

See Africa.
Cesar, St. Bishop of Arles, curi- Correspondence with the Reviewers,

ous account of, and of his 111. 221. 335. 447.
foundation of a female monas. Cossigny, M. his project for er.
tery, 396.

tracting real indigo from woad,
Casarean operation, memoirs rela- 500.
tive to, 407.

Coulombe, M. on the theory of the


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moon, 514. His experiments Dying of cotton. Sce Chaptal. :
on the coherence of Fluids,
516. .. .

Cowley, the poet, his carnest love Eden, Sir Frederick Morton, his

of solitude, 329, New poem sentiments in favour of the
on that subject, ibid.

peace, &c. 213.
Cow.pock (notípox), publications Egypi, deplorable state of its in.

relative to the practice of In- habitants and the Ottoman des-
oculation for, 440.

potism, 59. Curious account
Cuvier, M. his account of the of a mad and fruitless attempt

life and works of M. Lemon. to destroy the pyramids of
· nier, 512.

Egypt, 345. . "

Electricity. See Wollaston.' See

Darraco, M. on the oxalic acid, Elephant's tusk. Sec Combe..

523. On zaffre, 527. On Events, military, in the French

the acetic and acetous acids, war, 495.
Daubenton, M. his lecture on

F .
natural history, 460. Excel. Fluids, coherence of. See Cou-

lent character of this writer, lombe. '
. and of his works, 510.

Fætus, changes in the organs of.
Davy, Mr. account of some Gal. See Sabatier.
· vanic combinations, &c. 297. France, state of, in her present
Deaf and dumb persons, particu- circumstances, as a republic,
·lars relating to the education 189. Historical events relative
i of, 133. See also Sicard. to the kingdom of, See Clovis,
Deafness, a particular kind of, Pepin, Charlemagne.
how remedied, 304.

, Normal schools lately es.
Delambre, M. on the passage of tablished in that country, 459.
Mercury over the sun, 518.

, Military events of the
Descroixelles, M. his account of late war, 495. Anecdotes re-

the danger of keeping phos. lative to many of the principal
phorus in a bottle, should it victims belonging to the court,
burst, 530.

sacrificed at the beginning
Desessartz, M. on the use of mer- of the late revolution, 535.

cury in the small-pox, 519. Memoirs of the late war
Diseases, in London, in 1796, between France and Spain,

brief statement of, 402. Mr. 541.
Webster's, account of those Frederick William II. King of
which are epidemic and pesti Prussia, very unfavorably cha-
lential, 404.

racterized, 234, 237
Dolomicu, M. on making gun. Frere, Mr. his account of Aints
flints, 517.

in Suffolk, 30. Supposed to
Domingo, St. account of antiqui. have been weapons of war, ibid.

ties found there, 30. Of the
dreadful political state of that
island, 333. See also Tous. Garat, M. his lecture on the

analysis of the understanding,
Dreams. See Nocturnal.
Duhamel, M. on refining lead, 518. Garthshore, Dr. See Combe.



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