Astronomy, Weather, and Calendars in the Ancient World: Parapegmata and Related Texts in Classical and Near-Eastern Societies
The focus of this book is the interplay between ancient astronomy, meteorology, physics and calendrics. It looks at a set of popular instruments and texts (parapegmata) used in antiquity for astronomical weather prediction and the regulation of day-to-day life. Farmers, doctors, sailors and others needed to know when the heavens were conducive to various activities, and they developed a set of fairly sophisticated tools and texts for tracking temporal, astronomical and weather cycles. Sources are presented in full, with an accompanying translation. A comprehensive analysis explores questions such as: What methodologies were used in developing the science of astrometeorology? What kinds of instruments were employed and how did these change over time? How was the material collected and passed on? How did practices and theories differ in the different cultural contexts of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece and Rome?
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12 hours Aapirpos According to Caesar According to Callippus According to Euctemon According to Eudoxus According to Hipparchus acronychally AiyuTTTiois ApKToOpos Arcturus Arcturus rises astrological astrometeorological astronomical Aujac Aupa begins bright star calendar Callippus Capella Columella copcov copcov is'6 copcov iy'L'6 cycle dates Delphinus Democritus disappears Dositheus dspos dvaTsAAsi dviaxsi ecoos ecoos Suvei equinox Eridanus Etesian winds ettiteAAei Euctemon EuSo^co ﬁnd ﬁrst Geminus Greek Haedi hebdomadal Hipparchus Hyades Ides IIII inscription KaAsvScov Kalends KpuTTTETai Kucov Ludi lunar Lyra rises Meton Metrodorus Miletus month moon morning MUL.APIN north wind nundinal Orion rises parapegma parapegmata Pegasus Philippus Pleiades Plin poppas predictions Ptol Ptolemy rain Rehm Roman saTrspios scoos Suvsi Scorpio season signiﬁes a storm Sirius solstice south wind south wind blows stellar phases Suetoi Suvsr T-p Trpo tcov tt\s Vind voTia weather west wind Wintry air yivETai zodiacal