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only in traffic: but it must not be allowed as a recommendation in any other particular, but only just as it is applied. It was very prettily said, “That we may learn the little value of fortune by the persons on whom. Heaven is pleased to bestow it.” However, there is not a harder part in human life, than becoming wealth and greatness. He must be very well stocked with merit, who is not willing to draw some superiority over his friends from his fortune; for it is not every man that can entertain with the air of a guest, and do good offices with the mien of one that receives them.
I inust confess, I cannot conceive how a man can place himself in a figure wherein he can so much enjoy his own soul, and, that greatest of pleasures, the just approbation of his own actions, than as an adventurer on this occasion, to sit and see the lots go off without hope or fear; perfectly uncoucerned as to himself, but taking part in the good fortune of others.
I will believe there are happy tempers in being, to whom all the good that arrives to any of their fellow-creatures gives a pleasure. These live in a course of lasting and substantial happiness, and have the satisfaction to see all men endeavour to gratify them. This state of mind not only lets a man into certain enjoyments, but relieves bim from as certain anxieties. If you will not rejoice with happy men, you must repine at them. Dick Reptile alluded to this when he said, “ he would hate no man, out of pure idleness." As for my own part, I look at Fortune quite in another view than the rest of the world; and, by my knowledge in futurity, tremble at the approaching prize, which I see coming to a young lady for whom I have much tenderness; and have therefore writ to her
the following letter, to be sent by Mr. Elliot, with the notice of her ticket.
“ MADAM, “ You receive, at the instant this comes to your hands, an account of your having, what you only wanted, fortune; and to admonish you, that you may not now want every thing else.
You had yesterday wit, virtue, beauty; but you never heard of them until to-day. They say Fortune is blind; but you will find she has opened the eyes of all your beholders. I beseech you, Madam, make use of the advantages of having been educated without flattery. If you can still be Chloe, Fortune has indeed been kind to you; if you are altered, she has it not in her power to give you an equivalent.”
Grecian Coffee-house, July 26. Some time ago a virtuoso, my very good friend, sent me a plan of a covered summer-house: which a little after was rallied by another of my correspondents. I cannot therefore defer giving him an opportunity of making his defence to the learned, in his own words. “ To Isaac BICKERSTAFF, Esquire.
July 15, 1710. " I have been this summer upon a ramble, to visit several friends relations; which is the reason I have left you, wud our'ingenious unknown friend of South Wales, so long in your error concerning the grass-plots in my green-house. I will not give you the particulars of my gardener's conduct in the management of 'my covered garden; but content myself with letting you know, that my little fields within doors, though by their novelty they appear too extravagant to you to subsist even
in a regular imagination, are in the effect things that require no conjuration. Your correspondent may depend upon it, that under a sashed roof, which lets in the sun at all times, and the air as often as is convenient, he may have grass-plots in the greatest perfection, if he will be at the pains to water, mow, and roll them. Grass and herbs in general, the less they are exposed to the sun and winds, the livelier is their verdure. They require only warmth and moisture; and if you were to see my plots, your eye would soon confess, that the bowling-green at Marybone wears not half so bright a livery.
“ The motto, with which the gentleman has been pleased to furnish you, is so very proper, and pleases me so well, that I design to have it set upon the front of my green-house in letters of gold,
I am, Sir, &c.”
No 204. SATURDAY, JULY 29, 1710.
Gandent prænomine molles
Hor. 2 Sat. v. 32.
From my own Apartment, July 28. MANY are the inconveniences which happen from the improper manner of address in common speech, between persons of the same or of different quality. Among these errors, there is none greater than that
of the impertinent use of Title, and a paraphrastical way of saying, You. I had the curiosity the other day to follow a crowd of people near Billingsgate, who were conducting a passionate woman that sold fish to a magistrate, in order to explain some words, which were ill taken by one of her own quality and profession in the public market. When she came to make her defence, she was so very full of, “His Worship," and of, “If it should please his Honour," that we could, for some time, hardly hear any other apology she made for herself than that of atoning for the ill language she had been accused of towards her neighbour, by the great civilities she paid to her judge. But this extravagance in hier sense of doing honour was no more to be wondered at, than that her many rings on each finger were worn as instances of tinery and dress. The vulgar may thus 'heap and buddle terms of respect, and nothing better be expected from them; but for people of rank to repeat appellatives insignificantly, is a folly not to be endured, neither with regard to our time, nor our understanding. It is below the dignity of speech to extend it with more words or phrases than are necessary to explain ourselves with elegance : and it is, methinks, an instance of ignorance, if not of servitude, to be redundant in such expressions.
I waited upon a man of quality some mornings ago. He happened to be dressing; and his shoemaker fitting him, told him, “ that if bis Lordship would please to tread hard, or that if his Lordship would stamp a little, his Lordship would find his Lordship's shoe will sit as easy as any piece of work his Lordship should see in England.” As soon as my Lord was dressed, a gentleman approached him with a very good air, and told him, or he had &n affair which had loug depended in the lower
courts; which through the inadvertency of his ancestors on the one side, and the ill arts of their adversaries on the other, could not possibly be settled according to the rules of the lower courts; that, therefore, he designed to bring his cause befors the House of Lords next session, where he should be glad if his Lordship should happen to be present ; for he doubted not but his cause would be approved by all men of justice and honour." In this place the word Lordship was gracefully inserted; because it was applied to him in that circumstance wherein his quality was the occasion of the discourse, and wherein it was most useful to the one, and most honourable to the other.
This way is so far from being disrespectful to the honour of nobles, that it is an expedient for using them with greater deference. I would not put i Lordship to a man's hat, gloves, wig, or caue: but to desire his Lordship’s favour, his Lordship’s judgment, or his Lordship’s patronage, is a manner of speaking, which expresses an alliance between his quality and bis merit. It is this knowledge which distinguished the discourse of the shoe-maker from that of the gentleman. The bighest point of goodbreeding, if any one can hit it, is to show a very nice regard to your own dignity, and, with that in your heart, express your value for the man above you.
But the silly humour to the contrary has so much prevailed, that the slavish addition of title enervates discourse, and renders the application of it almost ridiculous. We writers of diurnals are nearer in our stile to that of common talk than any other writers, by which means we use words of respect sometimes very unfortunately. The Postman, who is one of the most celebrated of our fraternity, fell into this misfortog vesterday in his paragraph from