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UNIVERSAL MISCELLAN Y.

SEPTEMBER 1783.

212

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Enriched with the following truly elegant ENGRAVINGS: 1. A most delightful View of the South Front of BLENHEIM, the Seat of his Grace

the Duke of MARLBOROUGH. 2. A most affecting SCENE described by Sir Wila
LIAM HAMILTON, in his Account of the late Eaithquake.

CONTENT Š.
Page

Page
Modern Biography

Covent Gardeh.
Lord Camden

167 Mrs. Johnfon
R. B. Sheridan, Esq.
170 Mr. Bonnor

ibid. Miscellany:

Introductory Address

ibid. Philosophical Survey of the Works of

Mirs Scrace

ibida Nature and Art. No. IX.

174
Mrs. Chalmers

213 Three Original Letters written by King

Mr. Philip Kemble

ibida Charles the First

177 Haymarket." Philosophical Transactions,

Close of the Season

ibid. Experiments on the Power of Ania

Parliamentary History. mals to produce Cold. Concluded

House of Lords
from Page 105.

178
House of Commons

ibid. Sir William Hamilton's Account of the Political Retrospect

216 late Earthquake in Calabria, Sicily,

Mr. Fox's Letter to the Lord Mayor ibid. &c. communicated the Royal So

Definitive Treaty Peace between his ciety

179 Britannic Majesty and the Most
The Touchstone. No. II.

• 198
Christian King

217 Review and Guardian of Literature.

His Britannic MajeAty's Futl Power
Hoole's Orlando Furioso: Translated

His Most Christian Majesty's Full
from the Italian of Ariotto

Power

ibid. Poetry:

The Emperor's Full Power

223 Verses occafioned by seeing the Poetical

The Empress of Rusia's Full Power ibid. Productions of Malter George Louis

Definitive Treaty between his Britannic Lenox

207 Majesty and the King of Spain 224 Verres written in the Character of an

His Britannic Majesty's Full Power 228 Unfortunate Lady. By Master Lenox ibid. His Catholic Majesty's Full Power

- ibid. Verses occafioned by a Friend's recovering

The Emperor's Full Power

229 his Sight, on being couched by Baron

The Empress of Ruffia's Full Power ibid. Wenzel

ibid. Preliminary Articles of Peace between Stanzas on Pindar, addressed to Duke

his Britannic Majesty and the States
· Ferdinand of Brunswic

208
General of the United Provinces

230
Elegy to Neglected Genius
ibid. The Marattah Peace,

232 Ode to a Friend 209 | Foreign Intelligence,

234 Ode to Tenderness

ibid. Gazette
Edwin's Farewel Epiftle to Delia '210 | Monthly Chronicle

237
The Commissioner
ibid. Births

241 Public Amusements.

Marriages

ibid. Opening of the Winter Theatres

Deaths

ibid. Drury Lane.

Civil Promotions

242 Mr. Lee Lewes ibid. Military Promotions

243 Mirs M. Stageldoir

10 ut ibid. Ecclefiaftical Preferments Miss, George

ibid.

Bankrupts
Mr. Kemble 2

ibid.

201

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211

244 ibid.

LONDON:
Printed for HARRISON and Co. No. 18, Paternoster-Row; by whom Letters to

the EDITORS are received.

HE friking Likeneles of the Stadtholder and Emperor of Germany,

T by .

ceptable,

The Biographical Memoirs recommended to our Attention by Sir C. y. will be given in the next or succeeding Number.

The Editors are greatly obliged to the kind Correspondent who favoured them with the Letter figned Ludovicus,

Verses addressed to the Muse, which were obliged to be omitted on Account of the extreme Length of such temporary Articles as cannot again haftily occur, will be inserted in our next.

The Poetical Epiftle from a Non in Portugal to an Englida Oficer 5.W-d's Ode to Sensibility--and Prince Robert--which have for the same Reason been deferred, with many other valuable Articles intended for the present Number—all likewise be given in our next,

The Rey. Mr. Gwill be furnifhed with the principal Editor's Addrefs immediately on leaving his own with the Publishers.

We have no idea of giving our Opinion of new Literary Schemes to Ano. nymous Enquirers.

We are obliged to Suggeftor for his Hints-as well as to Hint for his Suggeftions.

We hope our Old Correspondent will compleat the Tale he faft Month pro. mised us, early enough for Infertion in the next Number.

The Adoption of the Plan suggested by Dr. Bm, is under the serious Confideration of the Editors, who will convey their Determination to the learned and liberal Proposer the Infant they are decided in their Opinion.

The Publication mentioned by Lignarius will probably come under our Consideration next Month.

The roung Author,' who wishes us to review his Work, should at leaft have transmitted a Copy. In his Cafe, indeed, it is indispensably necessary; for, as we have never feen it advertised, we know not where it is to be met with.

The Letter to Solomon Sagebaro, El. figned A Barrister, cannot pafs the Great Touchsione, or Seal of Office.

The Verfes to the Cambrian Bard are inadmissible. - The strange Story of an Apparition at Rotterdam, communicated by Mri Plettenberg of the Hague, is not sufficiently interesting for our Miscellany,

The Idea in the Epigram sgped D. is by no means original.
Several other Letters have been received,

which we have not yet had Lei. fure to examine.

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livered the Great Seal to his Lord thip, LORD CAMDEN.

as Lord High Chancellor of Great ORD Camden is the third fon Britain, from which office he was rea

of Sir John Pratt, (who in May moved in the year 1970, 1718 was appointed Lord Chief Jur.

At the great change of administra cice of the King's Bench) by Lady tion, in the beginning of last year, he Elizabeth Wilson, his second wife.

was appointed Lord Prefident of his His lordship, after a learned edu. Majesty's Privy Council; in which cation, applied himself to the study of office he was fucceeded, on the retreat the law, and soon became one of the of Lord Shelburne, by David Lord moft eminent and successful pleaders Viscount Stormont. at the bar.

Lord Camden (then Sir Charles He was chosen a member of par. Pratt) presided in the Court of Com. liament for Downton, in Wiltshire, mon Pleas when Mr. Wilkes was on a vacancy for that place, foon af- feized and committed to the Tower ter the general election in 1754. upon an illegal general warrant; and,

In 1759, he was chosen recorder of having granted an Habeas Corpus to Bath; and, in the same year, was ap- bring him before the court, discharged pointed his Majesty's attorney-ge. that gentleman from his confinement, neral.

on the 6th of May 1763, after stating In December 1761, he received the the case in a speech which procured honour of knighthood, on being con- him great popularity. ftituted Lord Chief Justice of the His remarkable behaviour on this Court of Common Pleas; and he was occafion, and in the consequent judi. called to the degree of Serjeant at Law cial proceedings between the printers in the year 1762.

of the North Briton, and the king's On the 16th of July 1765, he was messengers and others concerned in advanced to the dignity of a peer of that businefs, was so acceptable to the Great Britain, by the stile and title public, that the Lord Mayor, Alderof Lord Camden, Baron of Camden meny and Common Council of the in the county of Kent; and, July 30, City of London, presented him with 1766, on the resignation of Robert the freedom of their corporation in a Earl of Northington, his Majesty de- gold-box, and requested him to fit for

his

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his picture, which was put up in the I beg you will be pleased to retura Guildhall,

with the following inscrip- my most respectful thanks, and to intion at the bottom of the frame- form the Chamber, that I feel an un,

common.pleasure in this testimony of Hanc Iconem CAROLI PRATT, Esq. Summi

Judicis C. B. in Honorem taati Viti Anglicæ good-will from the city of Exeter, as Libertatis Lege Affertoris Fidi. S.P.Q.L. In it is the capital of that county where Curia Municipali poni jufferunt nono Kal. my father, and all his ancestors, took Mart. A.D. 1764. Gulielmo Bridgen, Arm. their birth, and where I myself herePræ. Urbo

tofore received an encouragement in The Guild of Merchants of the city my practice far beyond my merits. of Dublin voted him the freedom of If I have deferved, in any part of their Guild in a gold box; the cor, my conduct, the approbation of my poration of Barber Surgeons of that countrymen, as an honest and imparcity voted him his freedom of their tial judge, I fhall not be ashamed to company; and the Sheriffs and Com-confess, that I takė a pride in that mons of Dublin presented him their applause that flows from an opinion thanks for the distinguished zeal and of my integrity, leaving the praise of loyalty which he had thewn in affert- capacity to others whom God has ening and maintaining the rights and dued with more shining parts, and liberties of the subject in the high fta- Tuperior abilities. tion which he then filled with remark- I can make no other return (and able dignity, and for his particular I know the Chamber of Exeter expect services to that kingdom in the office no other)- for this valuable-compliof Attorney General.'

ment, than a promise to persevere in, On the 27th of February 1764, aţ an upright and impartial execution a Chamber 'held in the city of Exe. of my office; and I hope this promise ter, it was resolved by the Mayor, Al, will obtain some degree of credit, dermen, and Common Council, that when it is considered, that by dethe Right Honourable Sir, Charles vịating from this path, I shall not only Pratt, Lord Chief Justice of the Court forfeit the esteem of your city, which of Common Pleas, should be presented I am now so honourably possessed of, with the freedom of that city in a gold but I hall likewise disgrace my royal þox; as an expression of that corpora- master's nomination, and break my tion's profound veneration for his con- oath. fummate abilities, and as a testimony I am, Sir, with all due respect to of that gratitude which he had me yourself, as well as the Chamber, your rited at the hands of every English: molt obedient, faithful servant, man, by the unhaken

courage and in

LINCOLN'S IN FIELDS, flexible integrity which he fo fignally MARCH !, 1764.

iC. PRATT.! displayed in the public administration of justice, and in maintaining and

The Common Council of the city vindicating the private liberty and of Norwich also presented the free property of the subject, which make dom of their corporation to his lordfo effential a part of the legal and con- fhip in a gold box: and, on the

, ftitutional rights of a free people.'

26th of October 1764, the CorporaThe answer which his lordship fenë tion of Bath, of which city his lord of these resolutions, may not be un and steady conduct; requesting him to to the town-clerk, on receiving a copy thip was Recorder, voted him their

acknowledgments • for his upright acceptable to our readers.

fit for his picture, as a perpetual meSIR,

morial of what ought never to be forvis I RÉCÉived the favour of yours got by them or their pofterity, whilst this' pont, importing the 'unanimous the spirit of law and liberty remains in resolation of the Chamber of Exeter any part of this free kingdom.'.. to present me with the freedoni of that - But, notwithstanding these diftina ancientand respectable city; for which guished marks of general approbation

from

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from a great number of respectable time privately intimated to the count, fellow-citizens, his lord ship has been he would probably quit the country if charged with having risen into notice guilty; but, if innocent, he would on the wings of faction; and, from a undoubtedly be entitled to bring his knowledge of the pufillanimity of ad- action should the warrant be served, ministration, with endeavouring to and the secretary must answer for his fake the fabric of that state which he temerity. The issue of this affair was, ought to have protected, by abetting that the moment the count received riots and tumults, at the time of information of the intended arrest, he. Wilkes's popularity, from which withdrew himself as expeditiously as many are yet disposed to trace the oris poffible, and prevented any farther gin of every subsequent humiliation difficulty. which this country has experienced. This being the true state of the bu.

He has likewise been accused of finess, we belive no man in his senses krenuously vindicating, in one in- will think of throwing the flightest Aance, under the plea of state necef- imputation of blame on his lordship: fitý, an arbitrary exertion of prero- nor even upon the worthy Secretary gative, in issuing general warrants; of State, who was certainly the prinwhich, in another, he moft violently cipal in this transaction. condemned.

Another stretch of authority has The case in which he disapproved likewise been charged upon Lord of this exertion, is well known to have Camden, as well as upon Lord Chatbeen that which respected Mr. Wilkes: ham, and with no better foundation it will be fair to state how far the other than the former. café alluded to met with his fanction. During the mayoralty of Alderman

A gentleman, who called himfelf Nelson, there was a great scarcity of the Comte de St. Germain, came from corn, the price of which was indeed France, during the war before laft, fo high, that many of the poor, in pretending to have had a quarrel with different parts of the kingdom, were the minister of that country, and to absolutely reduced to the necessity of have always entertained a great par- feeding on grains. The lord-mayor, tiality for England. Being a perfect at that time the greatest cornfactor in master of the European languages, a Great Britain, in this dilemma, ap- ' fine musician, and an entertaining prized administration that an univercompanion, he found eafy access to fal famine muft inevitably ensue if the the tables and parties of the nobility. exportation of corn was not immeLord Chatham, then Mr. Secretary diately put a stop to. Accordingly, Pitt, had his eye upon this gentle. though the parliament was neither man; and he was soon fatisfied, in his fitting nor summoned, their lordships own mind, that the count's quarrel joined in advising his majesty to stop with the French court was a mere the exportation, and to lay an instant pretence, and that he was in fact no embargo on the hips already laden. better than a spy: but, being unable. This measure Lord Camden warmly to procure evidence to convict him supported when the parliament met, legally, he consulted Lord Camden, on the ground that the public good then attorney-general, on the pro- fuperseded every other confideration; priety of issuing a warrant to seize and some of the gentlemen out of of him; deeming it absolutely necessary fice calling it an act of tyranny, his to secure so dangerous a person, or at lordship replied, that if it was an act least to drive him out of the kingdom. of tyranny, it was only tyranny for His lordfhip gave his opinion, that forty days, as the parliament was callthough the execution of such a war- ed in that time, and fully approved of rant would be illegal, it might ne- the act.

, vertheless be made out; and, intelli- We are, ourselves, fo far from obgence of the preparation to seize his jecting to such necessary extenfions of person and papers being in the mean prerogative, that we think Lord Chat

ham

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