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venport, Mr. Cooper, Mr. Wilson, and Mr. favour. Mr. Bearcroft admitted the facts chargBaldwin. After the nature of the informacion, ed, but denied that his client had been guilty of and the whole of the case, had been opened to the any crime described by the law of England as it jury, a variety of witneffes were called, to esta. now stood; and challenged his learned friend to blish the several facts on which the charge was cite him a Gngle cafe that tended in the smallest rested.
degree to fix legal imputation of criminality upon The examination of Mr. Bembridge, on oath, such conduct as that he was ready to admit had before the commissioners of public accounts, was been pursued by Mr. Bembridge. He contended, exhibited, in order to prove, that he had sworn that though the accounts of the ex-paymasters the duty of his office to confiit in examining and had customarily been examined and stated by the Aating the accounts of paymasters-general, as accountant of the pay-offices, yet it was no part well ex-paymasters as those in office.
of that officer's duty foto examine and tate them, Mr. Hughes, and another gentleman from the and therefore not being a part of his duty, he was office of the auditor of the impreft, were sworn, not obnoxious to legal imputation of criminality to establish the cuitom of passing the accounts of for having neglected to itate them accurately, paymasters-general, as well those in office as ex- and consequently not liable to legal punishment. paymafters. They gave the court a detail of He said, the cate had been greatly misconceived the circumstances attending the passing of Lord by the public, that clamour had prevailed unHolland's accounts, mentioning when the ac- justly against his client and the late Mr. Powell, counts began to be pafred, and at what time they that their names had been bandi d about in every were sent from the pay-office to the auditor 8 common newspaper, and that misrepresentation office, as well as that it was customary upon any and ignorance had attempted to fix a ftigma where doubt arising in that office, on the examination none was merited. He described the lat. Mr. of the accounts, to refer queries of all such doubts Powe'l as the friend, the benefactor, and the to the accountant of the pay-office for answers, patron of Mr. Bembridge; a id, after stating, that folutions, and explanations: they stated, that two if there was any criminality at all in the m iter, errors had been discovered after what was called it was imputable to Mr. Powell, and Mr. Powell the final balance was pencilled to the bottom of only; he asked, if any man would say, that Mr. the accounts, and that the accounts were sent to Bembridge ought, or was bound to have turned the pay-office, to have those errors rectified. [py and informer against his friend ard patron That it was then understood the books were to Mr. Powell? He said, it wis by no means con go from the auditor's office to the lords commis. fonant to the genius and libe al spirit of this fioners of the treasury, and that the books came country, to have it's public offices filled with spies back from the pay-office to the office of the au- and informers; and if the present prosecution ditor of the impreft, where they lay eight or nine was admitted to be justifiable, the plain inference days before it was discovered; that above the was, that every clerk in a public office was bound two items, which had been erroneously omitted, in duty to turn fpy and informer. If Mr. Powell as above mentioned, entries had been made of had been living, he declared, he verily believed other items to the am unt of 48,759l. jos. This the jury would
have heard n thing of a' profecudiscovery was stated to have been made in and tion against Mr. Bembridge, and he dwelt for about October 1782, and the items were proved some time on the affertion; that if a sacrifice to confift of monies chargeable to Lord Holland's was necessary to be made to the public for the accounts between the years 1757 and 1765. neglect of entering the money stated in due time,
A warrant for the payment of certain fums the public had already had their victim in the for fees on paifing the accounts of Lord Holland death of Mr. Powell. He directed several of his was produced, and it was proved that Mr. Bem- arguments againft the late ministry, to whom he bridge had claimed and received 26001. of those imputed much blame for their arbitrary proceeds fums as his due for ftating and examining the ings with respect to Mr. Bembridge, and charged faid accounts.
his learned brother with having that day food Mr. Rose, of the treasury, proved the exami. forward their panegyr'it. He stated that the nation of Mr. Bembridge before the lords of the whole rif the balance due from the executors of treasury; when the board, on receiving intima- Lord Holland, was in the very same situation in tion from Lord Sondes, the auditor of the im- which it had ver stood, and assured the jury prest, that a difcovery had been made of the that it was an entire and as well secured to the entry of the items amounting to 48,7091. 1os. public as any property in the kingdond. He laid under the circumstances before stated, thought it contid-rable stress on the assertion, that the acnécessary to call Mr. Bembridge and the lace Mr. counts of Lord Holland fo merly passed and exPowell before them. It appeared, that Mr. Bem- aminet, w. re not actually final accounts, but bridge then avowed, that he had not recently merely pencilied balances up to the time they discovered that the 48,709l. ios. had been omit. were delivered into the office of the autitor of ted in the former accounts of Lord Holland, but the imprest. After a va:iety o. other argu rerts, that he was perfectly apprized of the omission all he closed his address with informing the jury, the time,
that he mean to sall several witnesses of unAfter the witnesses in support of the informa. doubted credit and respectability, to ascertain the tion had been all examined and cross-examined, fact, that to state and examine the accounts of Mr. Bearcroft rose, as counsel for Mr. Bem- ex-paymasters was no part of the duty of the bridge , and made a long address to the jury in hiq accountant of the pay-ofáce
, and to eftabi ih
þeyond the possíbility of doubt the character of that his learned friend had admitted the whole of Mr. Bembridge, as a faithful, diligent, and able the charge, but contented himfelf with endeaofficer.
vouring to prove, not that it partook not of cria The first witness called on the part of the de. minality in a civil or moral light, but what (if he fence was Mr. Bangham, who said he had been could have established it) would have served his in the pay-office upwards of thirty years, and turn as well, namely, that the conduct of Mr. gave an account of the duties of the accountant, Bembridge had no legal criminality imputable to which he described as most important and confi- it. Upon this part of his subject, his learned derable. Mr. Bangham declared, he did not con- friend had been strenuous and urgent. He had ceive it to be the duty of the accountant tu exa- declared, that as the law of England now stood miné and itate the accounts of ex-paymasters. the conduct of his client had not been legally He asiigned his reasons for entertaining this opi- criminai, and he had desired him to produce a nion, and stated the case of an ex-paymaster's ac- precedent from any book whatever that would, counts having been examined and passed by other thew luch conduct had at any time been fo consis persons, than the accountant, in his memory. dered. Certainly he was not, he faid, prepared to
Mr. Craufurd confirmed Mr, Banghain's ter- quote a case from any book, stating that an timony, in regard to the known and acknow
accountant of the pay-office had been tried, ledged duty of an accountant, and also delivered a convicted, and punished, for the sort of conduct fimiliar opinion relative to it's not being the ac- in question; nor did he believe any such case countant's duty to examine and pass the ac- could be found. But this he was ready to shew, counts of ex-paymasters. But, on a cross-exa- that in almost every book, from those written mination, Mr. Craufurd acknowledged, that his in the earliest times, down to Mr. Justice Black, opinion was a matter of belief strongly impressed stone's Commentaries, (the last of the books on his mind, rather than an opinion founded on containing the elements of the Englit: law) his facts which had fallen within his own know- learned friend would find that mal-feafance, mis Iedge.
feasance, and non-feasance, were offences in. Both these gentlemen gave Mr. Bembridge dictable, and punishable as other indi&table ofthe character of a man of firict integrity and great fences were. If his learned friend stood in any ability.
need of a case to exemplify this, let him recolMr. Lamb deposed, that on the recommenda- lect the case of a late 'chief magistrate of tion of Mr. Sawyer he had been the person em- London, who had been recently convicted ployed to examine and state the accounts of the of non-feasance, of not having been so active late Lord Chatham, after he went out of the and diligent, as he might have been, and as he office of pay-mafter general, and that no person ought to have been, in quelling the riots in June, whatever, but himself, had any share in the bufi. 1780. There was no doul he said, but every ness. Mr. Lamb was at the time of his examin- man in a public office was responsible to the pubing and stating the late Lord Chatham's ac-; lic for his official conduct, and punilhable for counts, an army agent,
offences of omission, as well as commission, if Lord North, Lord Sidney, Mr. Rigby, Mr. the public were liable to be injured by either, Burke, Mr. Caswell, and Mr. Champion, (who Mr. Bembridge was a public officer, as much fo had all been paymasters-general, or deputy pay- as the noble earl who then sat upon the Bench. masters) were severally sworn, and each gave Mr. It had been proved,, from his own testimony on Bembridge the highest character as a most honest, oath, that he knew it to be his duty to examine active, and able officer., Mr. Burke expatiated and pass the accounts of ex-paymasters as well as for some time on Mr. Bembridge's great merit; of paymasters in office. It had been proved that and said, it was owing to that officer's integrity, he had received 2600l. for examining and passing diligence, and ability, that his
reform of the pay. the accounts of the late Lord Holland, the very office had been carried into effect, and that he accounts in question. It had been proved that had been enabled to do the public the service he he himself made no scruple to avow before the trusted he had done them.
Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, that he Ali the evidence called on the part of the de- knew the 48,7091. 1os. had been omitted in. fence being at length gone through, the Solicitor the former accounts of Lord Holland, and omitGeneral rose, and made his reply to Mr. Bear- ted for eighteen or nineteen years together; and, croft; and, at the same time, offered a few obser- against his own evidence, it had been attempted vations to the jury, upon the whole of the case, i to be established on the part of the defence, that as it had come out in the course of the trial., it was not the duty of the accountant to examine Mr. Solicitor said, his learned friend had stated and state the accounts of the ex-paymasters; buty him to be the panegyrist of the late ministry, on a cross-examination, it had come out, that. than which nothing could have been farther from this was matter of belief, and in fact nothing his thoughts. He had contented himself with at all. His learned friend had in one part of his declaring, that in have directed their attention argument asked, if Mr. Bembridge ought to have to the reforms of the exchequer, they had acted turned spy and informer; and had described Mr.: in a laudable manner. This, he observed, was Powell as his patron and benefactor. He begged barely-, doing theni justice; and more, he was the jury to attend to this his learned friend had; (ure, they did not defire at his hands, as they by set up as a serious defence of a person in office' 29 means expected, nor would they thank him having connived at a criminal concealment of for, any applause he could bestow upon their con- the public money on the part of one of his 'afduch After this remark, he proceeded to ftate, sociates, that he was not bound to betray his
patron and his benefactor. Was such a defence nounce the defendant guilty; that was, they must
, to be listened to for a moment? or were they to not only be satisfied that it was the duty of the adopt the reasoning, that one officer of the public, accountant to examine and pats ex-paymasters confessedly apprized of another officer's conceal- accounts, but that Mr. Bembridge in the case ing the public money, was not criminal in con, in question, had connived at the concealment niving at such concealinent? If such arguments wilfully, corruptly, and fraudulently. His lordprevailed, where would the mischief end? Not his after this stated the principal evidence that with Mr. Bembridge; there would not be an of- hau been given on the part of the prosecution, and fice in the kingdom, w iere such practices would the evidence that had been set up to controvert it. not obtain, to the manifeft and material injury He particularly mentioned Mr. Bembridge's exa, of the public. Mr. Solicitor dwelt upon this mination before the commisiioners of accounts, in for some time; and at length took notice of what which he had himself stated that it was his duty Mr. Bearcroft had said of the arbitrary conduct to examine ex-paymasters accounts, and also the of the late ministry, relative to Mr. Bembridge. warrant, from whence it appeared that Mr. Bema This, Mr. Lee declared to be a charge thrown bridge had received two thousand six hundred where it ought not to reft. The late ministry pounds for duty of this kind.
He next men, were out of the question; they were long part, tioned the evidence of Mr. l'angham, Mr. Crauand forgotten; they had existed years before the furd, and Mr. Marsh, which went in favour of food. [A loud laugh.] If there was any fault, Mr. Lembridge. After having with great accuracy the fault was his. Whether the institution of and great candour reminded the jury of the leada the suit, the conduct of the cause, or any thing ing parts of the whole of the evidence, his lorda else deserved blame, to him that blame was due, ship said, he had no difficulty in declaring, that and not to the late ministry. He expressed his as to the point of law, he had not the smallest aftonishment at what Mr. Bearcroft had asserted particle of a doubt but that any perfon holding a relative to the late Mr. Powell, whom he had public office under the king's letters patent, or ntroduced with so much pathos; but whose name, derivatively from such authority, was amenable for reasons sufficiently obvious, he (Mr. Lee) had to the law for every part of his conduct, and obforborne to mention. His learned friend had noxious to punishment in cale he was convicted said, had Mr. Powell been living, the name of of not having faithfully discharged his duty. In Mr. Bembridge would not have been heard of the present case, however, the facts were what as a defendant. Good God! where did his learned the jury were to pronounce upon; and if they friend pick up this? had he forgot that the pro. were satisfied that Mr. Bembridge had acted secutions against Mr. Powell and Mr. Bembridge with a finister view, or to answer any finister had gone hand in hand together; that their purpose, they must give a verdict for the crowns names had on all occasions been coupled, and no if they were not so satisfied, they must acquit the mention made of the one without an equal men
defendant. tion of the other? Undoubtedly, had Mr. Powell The jury went out of court, but returned in been living, Mr. Bembridge would nevertheless less than a quarter of an hour, finding the de. have been prosecuted. Mr. Solicitor declared, fendant-GUILTY. he would not say any thing upon the character Mr. Scott, Mr. Erskine, and Mr. Adam, of Mr. Bembridge; he verily believed he merited were of counsel for the defendant, besides Mre the high character that had been given him by Bearcroft. the two noble lords, and the other very respect. 19. Came on in the Court of King's Bench, able witnesses, who had spoken to that point. before Earl Mansfield and a special jury, the The charge stated in the information went not indictment against Chriítopher Atkinion, Esq. to Mr. Bembridge's former character; if, there- late cornfactor to his Majesty's Victualling fore, he could derive any good from his good Board, and member of parliament for Heydon, character, he would not attempt to diminish it. Yorkshire, for wilful and corrupt perjury. Mr. Solicitor added a few other remarks, and The indictment contained nine counts, each said he left the whole to the judgment of the upon a specific charge. jury,
The facts stated on the part of the prosecution Lord Mansfield informed the jury, that the were, that the defendant, Christopher Atkinson, whole of the case resolved itself into two propo- Esq. had made a contract with the commissionsitions ; on their being satisfied of the truth of ers of his Majesty's navy, for the purpose of which, depended entirely the verdict they were supplying a certain quantity of corn; the condi to give. The first proposition was, that it was tion of which agreement was, that Mr. Atkinthe duty of the accountant of the pay-office to son should have commission upon the said quanexamine and state the accounts of ex-paymasters, tity of corn, as a compensation for his trouble in as well as paymasters in office. The second pro- purchasing the same, but should not charge any position was, that the defendant being bound in profit upon the price paid by him to the cornduty to examine and pass the accounts of the holders, or be entitled to any profit whatsoever, late Lord Holland, had wilfully, corruptly, and except the said commission. fraudulently, connived at the concealment of That the corn being delivered by Mr. Atkinthe 48,7091. Ios. and a fraction, as stated in the son, he gave in his accounts, specifying the information. ! These, his lordship faid, were names of the persons from whom he had pure the facts for the jury to pronounce upon, and chased, the prices paid by him to each person reupon which they necessarily must ground their spectively, and charging his commission thereon, verdid; but they must be satisfied in the truth which said accounis were respectively delivered in of both the prapofitions before they could pro- upon the oath of the said Atkinson,
That, in each of the accounts stated in the in- with them five weeks from the loss. During di&tment, Mr. Atkinson had charged the com- the latter time they had met with part of a miffioness of his Viajesty's navy with an advanced whale, which they eat; that some of the party price, beyond what he had paid to the corn- had been obliged to eat their shoes. On the Tellers, with an intent to defraud; and, having whole, the description is ihocking. The men done so, was thereby guilty of wilful and corrupt were in a hurry in relating these particulars; it perjury.
may yet be hoped that some others survive. To each of the nine counts Mr. Atkinson The passengers were---Mrs. James, Mrs. Lopleaded Not Guilty.
gie, Mr. and Mrs. Hosier, Mr. Wiliams, Ms. In support of these facts, Mr. Bennet and se. Taylor, and Mr. Newman. veral other witnesses were called; the amount of A Court of aldermen was held at Guildhall. whofe evidence was this, that Mr. Atkinson had The Recorder and Common Serjeant made a charged, in the accounts delivered by him to the report on the long pending caute referred to their commissioners of the navy of coin purchased consideration respecting the Jews, whether they for their use, prices exceeding what he had paid. can legally claim the freedom of this city, and
On the part of the defendant nothing material exercise the rights and franchises of freemen. was produced
Their opinion is, that Jews publicly baptized, Earl Mansfield, in his charge to the jury, stated and conforming to the laws of this country, after the agreement made between the defendant and renouncing their errors, may be entitled to the the commiffioners; and observed, that the only privileges of the citizens of London. The point for their confideration was, whether the Court took into their serious deliberation the detendant had charged higher prices than he paid: defect of the laws relative to watermen,who have if they thought he had, they must find him guil, for a series of years abused the public with imty; if not, they must acquit him.
punity, owing to the tedious process of those After a trial, which lasted seven hours, the laws, and the insufficiency of punilhment when jury withdrew for a few minutes, and returned put into execution. It was agreed to apply next their verdict -GUILTY.
session of Parliament for their amendment. Sentence, as usual in such cases, was postponed Mr. Dornford resumed his attack upon the till the ensuing term, Mr. Atkinson giving bail publisher of a certairi work, for obícenity in the for bis appearance.
prints. Heremarked, that obferving the Cham22. About twelve o'clock arrived at the East berlain to be in his seat, he took the opportunity India House, two of the seamen belonging to the of reviving the subject; and, in the course of his Grofvenor East Indiaman, who came in a Danish speech, gave a side-blow which called up that hip from the Ca e to Portsmouth. They were gentleman. immediately ordered before the Committee of Mr. Wilkes said, that he had the misfortune Correspondence. The information they bring to differ in a very essential degree with the worcontains an account of almost unheard-of hard thy commoner, who seemed to fanguine to fuphips, of which the following are some of the press indecent publications in the work alluded particulars. That the ship was lost on the 12th That gentleman, in his zeal for religion, of August 1782; that fifteen of the seamen were had a Atrange kind of weakness to one sort of obdowned; that the captain, his officers, paffen- · scenity, whilst another with which it was natural gers, with their servants, and seamen, got on to suppose he was, from his religious habits, betfhore on the Caffre ciast; that they determined ter acquainted, had entirely escaped him. What to keep in a body, and endeavour to reach some effect the obnoxious prints had upon the passions Dutch settlement, or the Cape; that the seamen of the worthy commoner, he could only guess were often attacked by the Caffres with showers from his motion to prosecute the publisher : for of fones, and sometimes with lances, one of his own part, he observed, he had, from mere which killed Mr. C. Newman, a passenger; that motives of curiosity, since the matter was for. leveral of the feamen died for want; that the merly stated, reviewed the prints, and bis passions Caitres drove them as if they were a flock of were not disturbed. He would tell the worthy sheep; and when attacked by the seamen with commoner where prints more indecent were pub. Aones, in return for those thrown, they defended lished, under the veil of religious protection. In themselves with targets, and appeared very cow- a certain publication of the Bible, Joseph and ardly; that they did not take away any of the Potiphar's wife, Susannah and the Elders, Daladies, but that the whole of them were treated vid and Bathsheba, and our First Parents, were without distinction very ill; that they were every
drawn in lituations which were certainly not con. night obliged to light fires to keep off the wild fonant to the purposes of religion and virtue. For beasts, which were very numerous, and had de- those, and other reasons, the alderman said, he ftroyed some of their party; that several had would not be instrumental in prosecuting the been missed, and some had died before they left publisher, who had reason to thank the worthy them; that they only knew of six men, includ- commoner for re-publishing his work. Mr. ing themselves, being saie, four of whom ac- Dornford said a few words in reply, and his mocompanied them to a Dutch settlement, where tion was rejected, they were imprisoned. These men escaping, The Committee appointed long ago to en. got on board the Dane, which failed the 34th of quire into the place of Water-Bailiff, made a March, and reached the Cape on Christmas-eve. report, which was agreed to by the Court, by They do not imagine any of the party can live, which the office is to be bestowed, and not fold. as they were all near expiring; they had been 23. This day was tried at Guildha!l, before
Lord Chief Baron Skynner, an action brought of the sum of 2101. stated to be drawn for as by Mr. Sutherland, against the Honourable above. James Murray, late Governor of Minorca, for The indictment being shortly opened by the fufpending bim from his office of Judge Advo- junior counsel; Mr. Rous, in a very candid and cate of the Vice-Admiralty Court, in the above clear manner, represented the nature of the case, ifand.-Mr. Peckham, Mr. Rous, and Mr. and of the evidence he should call in support of Wood, were counsel for the plaintiff.
the prosecution. He concluded by humanely On opening the cause, the leading counsel requesting the jury not to be guided by any thing expatiated on the hardships Mr. Sutherland had he said against the prisoner, but to decide upon suffered, in consequence of his suspension by his life or death purely from the testimony of Governor Murray, in the strongest manner. Ic the witnesses, and their own judgment of their was asserted, that he had been displaced without depositions. any cause whatever; and that, fuppofing Gover- To prevent unnecessary trouble, we fate to nor Murray had sufficient discretionary powers our readers, that the main hinges of the trial lodged in him to warrant the dismission of Mr. turned on pointing out a distinction between two Sutherland from the office he hell, yet the ex- bills, the one false, and the other true, appaercise of them in the case in question was im- rently the same as each other, and both traced proper and unjustifiable. But, as it was denied to the possession and utterance of the prisoners that any such authority was vested in him, his we shall therefore first follow Mr. Justice Buller conduct must appear the more culpable; there- in tracing the progress of the false bill. fore, seeing that the steps taken by Governor On the 4th of November 1782, Mr. Ryland Murray in this business were illegal, it was but applied to the house of Messrs. Ransom and Co. reasonable that Mr. Sutherland should be re- for a sum of money, leaving as a fecurity his stored all the emoluments of his office, from the note and five India bills. Here they remained time of his suspension until the Illand of Mi- till some reports unfavourable to the prisoner norca was surrendered to the enemy; and that occasioned the partners to make enquiry at the he should receive also such other damages as the India House relative to the validity of their secujury should think his sufferings merited. rity, which er.ded in a discovery of the forged
Sir Thomas Davenport, affisted by Mr. Newn- bill stated in the indictment. ham and Mr. Erskine, as counsel for the de. This was the short account of the progress of fendant, justified Governor Murray; explaining the forged note given in evidence: that of the in the clearest manner to the court the motives true bill was as follows. which induced the governor to suspend Mr. Mr. Archibald Campbell had a bill for 2101. Sutherland, which were briefly as follows. Va- remitted him from Madras, which was accepted rious complaints had reached the ears of Go- at the India House; he got it discounted, and vernor Murray against a Mr. Pons, who was necessarily indorsed it, but declared that it was deputy register in the Vice-Admiralty Court the only bill for that sum which he did indorse; (where Mr. Sutherland presided;) his miscon. he could not, however, decide upon which note duct, in having large concerns in privateers; in his own hand-writing was. Mr. George Munro buying shares of sailors prizes; in divulging the received the bill of Campbell, and he knew it sentences of the court before the time of public when compared with the other by a sinking in cation, contrary to an express act of parliament; the ink, which he remembered when he first and in committing a variety of other misdemea- wrote upon it. He would have owned the bad nours, which rendered him a very improper bill if brought alone. The good one was occaperfon for the employment he was in.
fionally in his own poffeffion, and that of his Witnesses having been examined in support of banker, backwards and forwards, from March to the above, the judge fummed up the evidence; May. John Cruicklhank received the bill of in doing which, be observed, that however up- Munro, but could not tell which it was; he de-, right the motives were which actuated Governor livered the same bill to John Goddard, who on Murray to suspend Mr. Sutherland from his the 16th of May 1782, gave it to Mr. Ryland office, he was not, in his opinion, warranted to for a valuable and fair confideration. do so in point of law, for where the crown ap- Richard Holt, who accepted bills in the ab. points, none but the crown can remove. sence of the secretary, related the rule of accepo
The jury then withdrew; and, after some time tance at the India House; said he had accepted spent in deliberation, returned with a verdict in but one bill, but could not ascertain which it favour of Mr. Sutherland, awarding him goool. damages.
Richard Holman, a clerk at the same place, 26. This morning came on, at the Seffions made some distinction between the bills, one House in the Old Bailey, before Mr. Justice being more in the manner of his writing, and Buller, the trial of Mr. William Wynne Ryland, bearing the marks of sewing, which marked for a forgery on the Honourable United East India those bills of the same class he had sewed. Company. The indictment confifted of several Mr. William Nightingale deposed, that on the counts, but amounted in effect to this, that 19th of September 1782, Mr. Ryland brought the prisoner forged, or uttered knowing to be three bills to their houfe, of which that last al. forged, a bill purporting to be drawn by the Juded to was onez by his initials and marks he Company's servants in India, and accepted in knew it to be the same. Three thousand pounds London, with intent to defraud the said Com. were advanced on these notes. pany, or the bankers to whom it was presented, Mr. James Whatman, paper-makes, gave a