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putation upon such actions as are in themselves the objects of contempt and disgrace. This is that which has misled your Majesty in the conduct of your reign, and made that life, which might have been the most imitable, the most to be avoided. To this it is, that the great and excellent qualities, of which your Majesty is master, are lost in their application; and your Majesty has been carrying on for many years the most cruel tyranny, with all the noble methods which are used to support a just reign. Thus it is, that it avails nothing that you are a bountiful master; that you are so generous as to reward even the unsuccessful with honour and riches; that no laudable action passes unrewarded in your kingdom;
you have searched all nations for obscure merit: in a word, that you are in your private character endowed with every princely quality; when all that is subjected to unjust and ill-taught ambition, which to the injury of the world, is gilded by those endowments. However, if your Majesty will condescend to look into your own soul, and consider all its faculties and weaknesses with impartiality; if you will but be convinced, that life is supported in you by the ordinary methods of food, rest, and sleep; you will then think it impossible that you
could ever be so much imposed on, as to have been wrought into a belief, that so many thousands of the same make with yourself were formed by Providence for no other end, but by the hazard of their very being to extend the conquests and glory of an individual of their own species. A very little reflection will convince your Majesty, that such cannot be the intent of the Creator; and, if not, what horror must it give your Majesty to think of the vast devastations your ambition has made among your fellow-creatures ! While the warmth of youth, the flattery of crowds, and a continual series of success and triumph, indulged your Majesty in this illusion of mind, it was less to be wondered at, that you proceeded in this mistaken pursuit of grandeur: but when age, disappointments, public calamities, personal distempers, and the reverse of all that makes men forget their true being, are fallen upon you : heavens! is it possible
you can live without remorse? Can the wretched man be a tyrant? can grief study torments ? can sorrow be cruel ?
“ Your Majesty will observe, I do not bring against you a railing accusation; but, as you are a strict professor of religion, I beseech your Majesty to stop the effusion of blood, by receiving the opportunity which presents itself for the preservation of your distressed people. Be no longer so infatuated, as to hope for renown from murder and violence; but consider that the great day will come, in which the world and all its glory shall change in a moment; when nature shall sicken, and the earth and sea give up their bodies committed to them, to appear before the last tribunal. Will it then, () King! be an answer for the lives of millions, who have fallen by the sword, They perished for my glory ? That day will come on; and one like it is immediately approaching : injured nations advance towards the habitation; vengeance has begun its march, which is to be diverted only by the penitence of the oppressor. Awake, O Monarch, from thy lethargy! disdain the abuses thou hast received; pull down the statue which calls thee immortal; be truly great: tear thy purple, and put on sackcloth.
" I am,
thy generous enemy,
N° 24. SATURDAY, JUNE 4, 1709.
Quicquid agunt homines,
nostri esl farrago libelli.
Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86.
P. White's Chocolate-house, June 2. In my paper of the twenty-eighth of the last month I mentioned several characters, which want explanation to the generality of readers : among others, I spoke of a Pretty Fellow. I have since received a kind admonition in a letter, to take care that I do not omit to show also what is meant by a Very Pretty Fellow; which is to be allowed as a character by itself, and a person exalted above the other by a peculiar sprightliness; as one who, by a distinguishing vigour, outstrips his companions, and has thereby deserved and obtained a particular appellation, or nick-name of familiarity. Some have this distinction from the fair sex, who are so generous as to take into their protection such as are laughed at by the men, and place them for that reason in degrees of favour.
The chief of this sort is Colonel Brunett, who is a man of fashion, because he will be so; and practises a very janty way of behaviour, because he is too careless to know when he offends, and too sanguine to be mortified if he did know it. Thus the Colonel has met with a town ready to receive him, and cannot possibly see why he should not make use of their favour, and set himself in the first degree of conversation. Therefore he is very successfully loud among the wits, and familiar among the ladies, and dissolute among the rakes : thus he is
admitted in one place, because he is so in another ; and every man treats Brunett well, not out of his particular esteem for him, but in respect to the opinion of others. It is to me a solid pleasure to see the world thus mistaken on the good-natured side; for, it is ten to one but the Colonel mounts into a General officer, marries a fine lady, and is master of a good estate, before they come to explain upon him. What gives most delight to me in this observation is, that all this arises from pure nature, and the Colonel can account for his success no more than those by whom he succeeds. For these causes and considerations, I pronounce him a true woman's man, and in the first degree, “ A Very Pretty Fellow.”
The next to a man of this universal genius is one, who is peculiarly formed for the service of the ladies, and his merit is chiefly to be of no consequence. I am, indeed, a little in doubt, whether he ought not rather to be called a very Happy, than a very
Pretty Fellow? for he is admitted at all hours; all he says or does, which would offend in another, are passed over in him; and all actions and speeches which please, doubly please if they come from him : no one wonders or takes notice when he is wrong; but all admire him when he is in the right. By the way, it is fit to remark, that there are people of better sense than these, who endeavour at this character; but they are out of nature; and though, with some industry, they get the character of fools, they cannot arrive to be very, seldom to be merely Fellows.” But, where nature has formed a person for this station amongst men, he is gifted with a peculiar genius for success, and his very errors and absurdities contribute to it; this felicity attending him to his life’s end; for, it being in a manner necessary that he should be of no consequence, he is as weli in old age as youth; and I know a man,
whose son has been some years a “ Pretty Fellow,” who is himself at this hour a VERY Pretty Fellow.
One must move tenderly in this place; for we are now in the ladies' lodgings, and speaking of such as are supported by their influence and favour; against which there is not, neither ought there to be, any dispute or observation: but when we come into more free air, one may talk a little more at large.
Give me leave then to mention three, whom I do not doubt but we shall see make considerable figures; and these are such as for their Bacchanalian performances must be admitted into this order. They are three brothers lately landed from Holland: as yet, indeed, they have not made their public entry, but lodge and converse at Wapping. They have merited already on the water-side particular titles : the first is called Hogshead; the second, Culverin; and the third, Musquet. This fraternity is preparing for our end of the town by their ability in the exercises of Bacchus, and measure their time and merit by liquid weight, and power of drinking. Hogshead is a prettier fellow than Culverin, by two quarts; and Culverin than Musquet, by a full pint. It is to be feared Hogshead is so often too full, and Culverin overloaded, that Musquet will be the only lasting Very Pretty Fellow of the three.
A third sort of this denomination is such as, by very daring adventures in love, have purchased to themselves renown and new names; as Joe Carry, for his excessive strength and vigour; Tom Drybones, for his generous loss of youth and health; and Cancrum, for his meritorious rottenness.
These great and leading spirits are proposed to all such of our British youth as would arrive at perfection in these different kinds; and if their parts and accomplishments were well imitated, it is not doubted but that our nation would soon excel all others in wit and arts, as they already do in arms.