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Miscellaneous. EMANUEL SWEDENBORG. - The articles noted down their temptations, trials and under this title in the St. Pancras Guar. dreams, the judgment of their critics dian, to which we alluded in our last would have been unpleasant to hear ! number, have been continued in several One might as well be hung for a rogue at succeeding numbers of that paper. The once as adjudged a madman by a dreamseveral articles are written with marked book, the more especially if one be perability, and are readily distinguishfectly compos mentis when awake. Space able from the hasty productions of ill- forbids anything like full quotation ; informed writers. The writer speaks as we, however, give a specimen of one of an expositor and not as an advocate. His the most remarkable visions which ocexposition shows a mastery not only of curred on Easter Monday, 1744. On the facts, but also of the philosophy the previous day he had partaken of the which underlies the facts, in the remark- Lord's Supper, and was in a state of able biography of our Author. We give deep religious happiness. This was folthe following appreciative and just in- lowed by a severe temptation, which was, terpretation of the Dream Book as a however, soon removed by prayer and specimen of these excellent papers :.

the Word of God. A state of ecstatic "It was while he was engaged writing bliss again succeeds, and he writes, in and publishing his Animal Kingdom one word, I was in heaven, and heard that he was undergoing these strange speech that no tongue can utter.' This experiences, and the reader is presented bliss continued throughout that night with the extraordinary instance of a man and the next day till the following night, of a severely logical and mathematical when he was terrified by a great noise, training, calmly composing a ponderous trembling from head to foot, and was, scientific work, travelling to London to he relates, ultimately thrown prostrate print it, correcting the proof sheets, and on the ground, yet still retaining his otherwise behaving like an ordinary full consciousness. The note then progreat man, although at the same time he ceeds, 'I spoke as if awake, but felt was jotting down in a note-book sundry that these words were put into my dreams, visions, temptations and trials, mouth, “ Thou Almighty Jesus Christ, which some critics—who certainly must who by Thy great mercy deigns to come belong to the run and read' style of to so great a sinner, make me worthy of judgment—have written down as evi. Thy grace.' I kept my hands together dences of delusions. Surely this is a in prayer, and then a hand came forward libel against mathematical and scientific and firmly pressed mine. I continued training, nor is it the mode in which my prayer, saying, “Thou hast promised delusions generally announce themselves. to have mercy upon all sinners, Thou Let us turn for a brief moment to this canst not but keep Thy word.” At that dream-book.' Nothing was known of moment I sat in His bosom, and saw its existence until the death of one Pro- Him face to face. It was a face of holy fessor Scheringsson, in 1849, when it mien, and altogether indescribable, and Was offered for sale by his heirs, pur- He smiled so, that I believe His face had chased by Mr. Klemming, the librarian indeed been like this when He lived on of the Stockholm Royal Library, and earth.' Swedenborg then proceeds to published in 1859. The character of analyze this vision and test its impressome of the entries are of the most pri. sions and its reality, and he says, “I vate nature, and the whole bears evi- found that I had been purified, soothed dence of never having been intended for and protected the whole night by the any but the writer's own eye.

Such Holy Spirit, and thus prepared so far.' being the case, if criticised at all, com- And he concluded the vision was real. mon fairness would suggest that the “We are not prejudiced either for or criticism be lenient, or at least honest, against Swedenborg. It is the purpose Yet we find that some of Swedenborg's of this sketch to describe, not to discuss ; detractors have fastened on this book to narrate, not to advocate his claims with a hunger that hardly bespeaks un- and opinions. Yet we feel bound to prejudiced judgment or dispassionate say here, that it needs far more credulity Teview. They forget that, if they had to believe this gifted man was under


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mental aberration at this time, than to The older doctrine has been enforced believe the reverse. Paxton Hood, who with zeal and energy by the Rev. Mr. strongly scouts the idea of mental aberra- Thomson, from the chair of the Con: tion or imposture, truly observes that gregational Union ; the newer phase of whatever Swedenborg might have been, thought has been presented with great he was never inconsistent, and it is when ability, from the pulpit by the Rev. this dream-book is regarded as a whole Baldwin Brown, in the annual that we get to see Swedenborg's real po- mon of the London Missionary Society. sition. At this time he was evidently in In a leader on these discourses, the a transition state similar to that through editor_of the Christian World says: which every Christian must pass who “In England, Mr. Thomson affirms, would gain the kingdom of heaven. One there never was such a break-down as cannot help feeling a reverent synıpathy the new theology shows, 'as soon as poa for this good man in these strong and attempt to bring it into action.' Prestrange struggles against his imperfec- mising that we do not admit the theotions. One touch of nature makes the logy which centres in, and emanates whole world kin.' A common experi. from, the Incarnation, to he one whit ence testifies that this life is, or should newer than the Gospel of Christ, we be, a pilgrim's progress, forty years' ask whether the fact is really as Mr. wanderings in a wilderness, and whether Thomson puts it. Is it true that the we get to heaven, as Swedenborg says Christian influence of Coleridge, perhe did, by intromission and the opening suading the most refined and cultured of spiritual sight, or have to wait the minds of several generations to listen to summons of death before we cross its the voice of God speaking in the mapy. threshold, the process is similar, the toned Æolian harp of Scripture, has been purification equally necessary, the states powerless? Is it true that the tens of of transition chequered and strange. thousands who have found the Christian The difference between Swedenborg's ministration of Robertson of Brighton and common experience is a difference sweet and bracing as a well of water of degree, and also of record. It seems opened in a cleft of the rock, drew from to us less a marvel that he should have it no spiritual healing? The theology suffered these experiences, than that he that is content with merely working should have kept a record of them, a upon the feelings of crowds, and takes record so exact and minute, so honestly fondly for granted that the verbal acand candidly prepared, that it seems ceptance, sincere doubtless at the momore like an account kept with con- ment, of some orthodox formula, is an science than anything else. Had he con- infallible guarantee of changed life and tinued in this state of trial and transition regenerated character, may seem to be it might have been possible to entertain more potent than the theology that ap; the charge of madness flung against peals to man's whole nature, intellectual him, but the fact that he quickly passed as well as moral, and insists upon union through it and recovered all his original with a living Christ as well as upon mental vigour and acumen tells enor. faith in Christ's death ; but it is the latmously in his favour-only a superficial ter in which intelligent working men judgment could contrariwise regard and thoughtful persons of all classes find it.”

a response to the deepest craving of their

souls. Let it not be supposed that we THE OLD AND NEW THEOLOGY.— advocate a mere intellectual Christi. The changes of theological opinion, anity. While the world lasts, the Chriswhich have been long taking place tian minister is bound to give that proof among the more eminent Christian of his ministry which Christ gave when teachers, are beginning to range them- 'the common people heard Him gladly.' selves around the centre of the Incarna- But it is strange that a sneer against the tion as distinguished from the Crucifixion theology of the Incarnation, as addressed of Christ, which has hitherto been re- to mere men of culture and intellect, garded as the centre of Christian theo. should be indulged in by those whose logy. These two prominent features of whole dogmatic system, as elaborated in Christian thought have recently been the various creeds and confessions, is an prominently and most ably discussed in edifice reared by man's intellect upon the the public nieetings of the metropolis. simple statements of Scripture. The


mere men.

new theology, in so far as it is the true Rev. John Presland. The proceedings theology, is eminently simple. It does opened with the singing of a hymn and not perplex the ingenuous soul with prayer by the Rev. Dr. Bayley; after theories of the Atonement which, hav- which the Chairman gave an interesting ing taken all possible shapes, are ad- and instructive address upon the objects mitted by theologians themselves to be and working of the Society. Their work futile. It resolutely points to Christ, was most excellent, for it comprised the making His words the final law of Chris- two most valuable ways of disseminating tianity. His disciples were often re- truth, namely, by oral and by written buked by Him when He was with them. means. This work had been most The promised inspiration of His Spirit, effectively carried out during the past whatever it implied, most certainly did year, and as the result he could say that not imply that, after His departure, the success attained was greater than in they were to be rendered incapable of any previous year. error, because we know that they dis- Mr. Jobson, the Secretary, read the puted and differed and withstood each Report of the Committee for the past other to the face. If, therefore, there year, which, after referring to the fact is difficulty or debate, the ultimate ap- that it was four years since they aspeal is to Christ. If there appears to sembled in that church to celebrate the be variance between the words of Christ meeting of the Society, proceeded to and those of His apostle, the principle speak of the work done by public lecof reconcilement is to be found in the tures. Their fellow-worker, Mr. Gunton, sayings of Christ, not in those of had visited many places in the country

The Bishop of Ely's notion during the year, and delivered lectures. that, after the resurrection, a radical Lectures had also been delivered by the alteration' took place in Christ's Gos- Rev. Dr. Bayley, Mr. Dicks, Mr. Whitepel, is to be utterly rejected. But theo. head, Mr. Boyle, and others. During logians of the Incarnation do not admit the year 70,000 four-page tracts had that there is irreconcilable variance be- been printed, and 5,925 pamphlets tween the Saviour and St. Paul. The bought or exchanged. 12,000 copies of grand doctrine of the apostle is that, in different works had also been printed, Christ

, the wall of partition between Jew among them being “Clowes' Illustraand Gentile was broken down, and the tions," "Spiritual World,” “Future old covenant and the new covenant be. Life,” and “ Brighton Lectures." The came one. This is not irreconcilable tract branch of the Society has been with the everlastingly true, simple, and unusually active, the tracts issued being immutable declaration of Christ, that 55,552, consisting of leaflets and tracts, our sins will be forgiven when we for- the number being greatly in excess of give our neighbours their trespasses. former years. A sum of £250, presented The doctrine of the Incarnation and of to them by a friend, had been expended the Cross alike is a doctrine of repen. in bringing out cheap editions of “Fu. tance--of change of heart and life-of ture Life, Brighton Lectures,” renewal in Christ. And if theologians and the “Spiritual World,” 2,000 of of the old school affirm that the death of the latter to be offered to clergymen and Christ is, on its Godward side, an insolu. ministers of all denominations, no less ble mystery, surely theologians of the than 1,800 of whom had already made new school cannot be far wrong in insist- application. ing upon its human lessons of self-sacri.

The Report of the Auxiliary New fice, and Divine sympathy, and infinite Church Missionary and Tract Society, kindness.”

read by the Secretary, Mr. Elliott, jun.,

showed that the operations of the Society LONDON MISSIONARY AND Tract had been much extended by means SOCIETY.—The fifty-fourth anniversary of corresponding members throughout of the Missionary and Tract Society of the country, which had increased its the New Church was held on Wednesday uses. A great deal of work had been evening, at the New Jerusalem Church, done in rectifying articles in books of Argyle Square, King's Cross. The com- reference, such as Encyclopædias, &c., pany first partook of tea in the school. in which were misstatements or misroom, after which a public meeting was apprehensions respecting Swedenborg held in the church, presided over by the and his teachings. They had also



successfully communicated with authors being Whitsuntide, the week-night leof other works on the subject.

tures were but moderately attended, bat Mr. Austin, in an eloquent speech, the Sunday night service was a success, traced the rise and progress of a New the Temperance Hall being comfortably Church Society, and gave some practical filled. * A servant of the Lord's advice to those in connection with the restored Apostles” caused a little inone whose anniversary they were now terruption at the morning service, but celebrating

was soon put down, the meeting being A resolution approving of the gra- strongly against him. tuitous distribution of works to the clergy and ministers of religion was BIRMINGHAM.-On Wednesday, the passed, and also the following: “That 16th June last, the foundation stone of the existing widespread interest in the New Church in Wretham Road, spiritual things amongst all classes of Soho Hill, Birmingham, was laid. After the community affording an opportunity a week of very storniy and wet weather, for presenting to the world the inesti. the skies suddenly cleared up, ani mable principles of the New Church, beneath a glorious blue canopy, and in this meeting urges upon all members of a pleasant, warm air, a large asst mbly the Church earnestly to use the occasion of friends met together. Noticeable thus offered, by a liberal and active sup: amongst them were many beautiful port of the Missionary and Tract Society." children with bouquets of flowers. A

form of service had been printed, and ACCRINGTON.-On May 31st the an- was distributed for use upon the ground. nual sermons on behalf of the Sunday. At half-past three, the hymn,' "0 schools were preached afternoon and Lord of Hosts, whose glory tills," was evening to full congregations, by the sung, after which prayer was offered by Rev. Č. H. Wilkins, of Nottingham. Mr. Rodgers. This was the first visit of this gentleman Mr. John Bragg, Secretary to the to the Accrington Society, and his ser- Building Committee, said he had been vices were very much appreciated. In requested to make a brief statement as the morning a service of song was held to the early history of this religious -subject, “The Creed of the New society, and also to give some particulars Church.” The scholars, numbering over respecting the church. The first assem. 500, were ranged in the galleries, the bly for public worship of any Birming body of the church being filled by the ham congregation of the New Church congregation. The Creed was intoned by was held in a room in Great Charles the scholars, accompanied with organ mo. Street about a hundred years ago. dulations, and interspersedwith appropri. From there they moved to a larger room ate hymns and readings from the Word. in Temple Row. Arrangements were In the absence, through severe indispo- then made for the erection of the comsition, of the minister (the Rev. J. J. modious chapel, and two large dwelling. Thornton), Mr. E. J. Broadfield, of houses adjoining, in Newhall Street, Manchester, kindly agreed to officiate which chapel is now occupied by the as reader, At the close of the sertice, Rev. W. O'Neill's congregation. This which was listened to with rapt atten- edifice was the first ever erected in the tion and elicited unqualified approba. world for New Church worship. There tion, Mr. Wilkins gave a very suitable the Rev. J. Proud officiated as minister address to parents, teachers, and with great success. The “ Church and scholars. The collection of the day King” rioters of 1791, who demolished amounted to over £136.

the Old and New Meetings and other

edifices belonging to Dissenters, proBARNSLEY.-A course of two lectures ceeded at an early period of the riots to and two Sundays' Services were given the building, and threatened to buru it ; by Mr. Gunton, at this town, towards but by the judicious conduct of Mr. the end of the month of May. The Proud, who lived in the adjoining house, subjects discussed were Genesis and its destruction was averted. He ad. Geology, Man the Originator of dressed the crowd, and, it is said, gave Evil," " The Love God in the gift of them all the money he had about him, His Son,” and “The Spiritual World and they went away to burn and plan and the State of Man after Deuth.” It der elsewhere. An attempt was how.

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ever made to burn the place in March, Jesus Christ, who is the Head of the two years afterwards. The fire was hap- Church, and to whom be all honour and pily discovered early, but little damage glory.' was done, and the Rev. J. Proud issued Mr. R. R. Rodgers, minister, then dean address, in the name and on behalf livered an able address, in the course of of the society, to the people of Birming, which he said : The ceremony just conham on the subject. After a few years' cluded with the words, “To the honour occupancy, a financial crisis involved its and glory of the Lord Jesus Christ, the builder and principal supporters in ruin, Head of the Church," offers a fit opportuand the building was sold. Without nity for stating very briefly the nature of much delay, however, there was erected our religion, and explaining our position for them the place of worship in New. in relation to the Church Universal. The hall Street, immediately opposite the name by which we wish to be known is Newhall Wharf, and which place was “ The New Church.” But in this claim occupied by them under the ministra- there is nothing wild or visionary. We tions of the Rev. E. Madeley until 1830, claim to have feelings and ideas as when they removed to their present natural and as consistent as our fellow, church in Summer Lane, where, besides citizens. We believe in the fullest and a more commodious place of worship, most thorough education of the people, they provided large rooms for day and from the richest to the poorest, as our and Sunday schools, as well as a house past educational institutions, which rank for their minister. But the changes among the very earliest in the town, which so surely, though slowly, come abundantly prove. We are thoroughly over societies and localities, having at English in our sentiments and feelings, length made it desirable to remove from and love of freedom, and we desire to be there, the congregation purchased the ranked among the true lovers of our freehold land on which they were then country and mankind. We are not a assembled, and determined to erect there New Church from a difference in Church not only a new place of worship more in polity, but from the newness of our doc. harmony with the wishes of the congre. trinal tenets. We are not separated gation, but also well-arranged class. from the rest of the religious world berooms for Sunday school instruction, cause in life we are antagonistic to them, adapted to the special wants of the but because there is no doctrinal platpresent day. The schools are of plain form in any sect whereon we can have brick, with pointed arches, abundantly freedom of opinion. This edifice-the lighted on both sides. The lecture foundation stone of which is now laidroom has open timbered roof, with orna. is being built for the public worship of mental iron tie rods, the timber stained the Lord Jesus Christ. Our creed is, by and varnished. There is likewise a com- comparison, an exceedingly short one. fortable house for the church-keeper, with The first Article is, " That God is one, every accommodation suitable. The in whom there is a Divine Trinity, and Church with which they were more inti. that He is the Lord God and Saviour mately concerned to-day is designed in Jesus Christ. The second is, “That a the decorated Gothic style. Externally, saving faith is to believe on Him.” The the front, together with the tower, is of third, “That evil actions ought not to Hamstead stone, with Bath stone dress- be done, because they are of the devil ings. The spire is of Bath stone ; the and from the devil.” The fourth, “That other parts of the church are brick-work, good actions ought to be done, because with Bath stone facings. Next to they are of God and from God.” And Wretham Road is a large entrance vesti. the fifth and last article of belief is, bule, also entrance from tower, and an “That good actions ought to be done by ante-room adjoining the vestibule. The man as of himself, nevertheless under height of the spire and tower is 116 feet. the belief that they are from the Lord

Thomas Naden, Esq., the architect, operating with him and by him." These then presented to Mrs. Wilkinson á articles constitute what may be called handsome silver trowel, suitably in the faith of the New Church. We have scribed, with which to lay the stone. what we call four leading doctrines—1, This ceremony having been duly per- “ The doctrine of the Lord ; " 2, “The formed, Mrs. Wilkinson said, "I'de. doctrine of the Sacred Scriptures, clare this stone to be well and truly laid, which Scriptures we hold to be the rein the Name of our Lord and Saviour vealed wisdom of God, to be plenarily

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