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Fila lyræ vocemque paro, suspiria surgunt,

Et miscent numeris murmura mæsta meis, Dumque tuæ memoro laudes, Euphelia, formæ,

Tota anima interea pendet ab ore Chlöes.

Instead of harmony, 'tis jar
And tumult and intestine war.

The love that cheers life's latest stage,
Proof against sickness and old age,
Preserved by virtue from declension,
Becomes not weary of attention,
But lives, when that exterior grace
Which first inspired the flame, decays.
'Tis gentle, delicate, and kind,
To faults compassionate or blind,
And will with sympathy endure
Those evils it would gladly cure.
But angry, coarse, and harsh expression
Shows love to be a mere profession,
Proves that the heart is none of his,
Or soon expels him if it is.

Subrubet illa pudore, et contrahit altera frontem,

Me torquet mea mens conscia, psallo, tremo ; Atque Cupidineâ dixit Dea cincta coronâ,

Heu ! fallendi artem quam didicere parum.





The swallows in their torpid state

Compose their useless wing, And bees in hives as idly wait

The call of early spring.
The keenest frost that binds the stream,

The wildest wind that blows,
Are neither felt nor fear'd by them,

Secure of their repose :
But man, all feeling and awake,

The gloomy scene surveys,
With present ills his heart must ache,

And pant for brighter days.
Old Winter halting o'er the mead,

Bids me and Mary mourn;
But lovely Spring peeps o'er his head,

And whispers your return. Then April with her sister May

Shall chase him from the bowers, And weave fresh garlands every day,

To crown the smiling hours.
And if a tear that speaks regret

Of happier times appear,
A glimpse of joy that we have met

Shall shine, and dry the tear.

When the British warrior queen,

Bleeding from the Roman rods, Sought with an indignant mien,

Counsel of her country's gods, Sage beneath a spreading oak

Sat the Druid, hoary chief, Every burning word he spoke

Full of rage and full of grief : « Princess ! if our aged eyes

Weep upon thy matchless wrongs, 'Tis because resentment ties

All the terrors of our tongues. “Rome shall perish,—write that word

In the blood that she has spilt ; Perish hopeless and abhorr’d,

Deep in ruin as in guilt. “ Rome for empire far renown'd,

Tramples on a thousand states, Soon her pride shall kiss the ground,

Hark! the Gaul is at her gates. “ Other Romans shall arise,

Heedless of a soldier's name, Sounds, not arms, shall win the prize,

Harmony the path to fame. “ Then the progeny that springs

From the forests of our land, Arm'd with thunder, clad with wings,

Shall a wider world command.



MERCATOR, vigiles oculos ut fallere possit,

Nomine sub ficto trans mare mittit opes ;
Lenè sonat liquidumque meis Euphelia chordis,

Sed solam exoptant te, mea vota, Chlöe.
Ad speculum ornabat nitidos Euphelia crines,

Cam dixit mea lux, heus, cane, sume lyram. Namque lyram juxta positam cum carmine vidit,

Suave quidem carmen dulcisonamque lyram.

“ Regions Caesar never knew,

Thy posterity shall sway,
Where his eagles never flew,

None invincible as they.”
Such the bard's prophetic words,

Pregnant with celestial fire,
Bending as he swept the chords

Of his sweet but awful lyre. She with all a monarch's pride,

Felt them in her bosom glow, Rush'd to battle, fought and died,

Dying, hurl'd them at the foe. Ruffians, pitiless as proud,

Heaven awards the vengeance due ; Empire is on us bestow'd,

Shame and ruin wait for you!

And years of pining indigence must show

What scourges are the gods that rule below. THERE was a time when Ætna's silent fire

Yet man, laborious man, by slow degrees, Slept unperceived, the mountain yet entire,

(Such is his thirst of opulence and ease) When conscious of no danger from below,

Plies all the sinews of industrious toil, She tower'd a cloud-capt pyramid of snow.

Gleans up the refuse of the general spoil, No thunders shook with deep intestine sound

Rebuilds the towers that smoked upon the plain, The blooming groves that girdled her around; And the sun gilds the shining spires again. Her unctuous olives and her purple vines,

Increasing commerce and reviving art (Unfelt the fury of those bursting mines)

Renew the quarrel on the conqueror's part, The peasant's hopes, and not in vain, assured, And the sad lesson must be learn’d once more, In peace upon her sloping sides matured.

That wealth within is ruin at the door.
When on a day, like that of the last doom,
A conflagration labouring in her womb,

What are ye monarchs, laurel'd heroes, say, She teem'd and heaved with an infernal birth,

But Ætnas of the suffering world ye sway? That shook the circling seas and solid earth. Sweet nature, stripp'd of her embroider'd robe, Dark and voluminous the vapours rise,

Deplores the wasted regions of her globe, And hang their horrors in the neighbouring skies, And stands a witness at Truth's awful bar, While through the Stygian veil that blots the To prove you there, destroyers as ye are. day,

Oh place me in some heaven-protected isle, In dazzling streaks the vivid lightnings play.

Where peace and equity and freedom smile, But oh! what muse, and in what powers of song, Where no volcano pours his fiery flood, Can trace the torrent as it burns along?

No crested warrior dips his plume in blood, Havoc and devastation in the van,

Where power secures what industry has won, It marches o'er the prostrate works of man, Where to succeed is not to be undone, Vines, olives, herbage, forests disappear,

A land that distant tyrants hate in vain, And all the charms of a Sicilian year.

In Britain's isle, beneath a George's reign. Revolving seasons, fruitless as they pass, See it an uninform’d and idle mass, Without a soil to invite the tiller's care, Or blade that might redeem it from despair.

THE POET, THE OYSTER, AND Yet time length (what will not time achieve?)

Clothes it with earth, and bids the produce live.
Once more the spiry myrtle crowns the glade, An Oyster cast upon the shore
And ruminating flocks enjoy the shade.

Was heard, though never heard before, O bliss precarious, and unsafe retreats!

Complaining in a speech well worded, O charming paradise of short-lived sweets !

And worthy thus to be recorded : The self-same gale that wafts the fragrance round

“Ah hapless wretch! condemn’d to dwell Brings to the distant ear a sullen sound,

For ever in my native shell, Again the mountain feels the imprison'd foe,

Ordain'd to move when others please, Again pours ruin on the vale below,

Not for my own content or ease, Ten thousand swains the wasted scene deplore, But toss'd and buffeted about, That only future ages can restore.

Now in the water, and now out.

"Twere better to be born a stone Ye monarchs, whom the lure of honour draws, Who write in blood the merits of your cause,

Of ruder shape and feeling none, Who strike the blow, then plead your own defence,

Than with a tenderness like mine, Glory your aim, but justice your pretence,

And sensibilities so fine! Behold in Ætna's emblematic fires

I envy that unfeeling shrub, The mischiefs your ambitious pride inspires !

Fast-rooted against every rub."

The plant he meant grew not far off,
Fast by the stream that bounds your just domain, And felt the sneer with scorn enough,
And tells you where ye have a right to reign, Was hurt, disgusted, mortified,
A nation dwells, not envious of your throne,

And with asperity replied.
Studious of peace, their neighbours’and their own.

When, cry the botanists, and stare, Ill-fated race ! how deeply must they rue

Did plants call’d Sensitive grow there?
Their only crime, vicinity to you !

No matter when-a poet's muse is
The trumpet sounds, your legions swarm abroad,
Through the ripe harvest lies their destined road,

To make them grow just where she chooses. At every step beneath their feet they tread

“ You shapeless nothing in a dish ! The life of multitudes, a nation's bread;

You that are but almost a fish, Earth seems a garden in its loveliest dress

I scorn your coarse insinuation, Before them, and behind a wilderness;

And have most plentiful occasion Famine, and Pestilence her first-born son,

To wish myself the rock I view,
Attend to finish what the sword begun,

Or such another dolt as you.
And echoing praises such as fiends might earn, For many a grave and learned clerk,
And folly pays, resound at your return.

And many a gay unletter'd spark,
A calm succeds ;—but plenty with her train

With curious touch examines me, Of heartfelt joys, succeeds not soon again,

If I can feel as well as he;



And when I bend, retire, and shrink,
Says, well—'tis more than one would think.-
Thus life is spent, oh fie upon't !
In being touch’d, and crying, Don't!”

A poet in his evening walk,
O'erheard and check'd this idle talk :-
* And your fine sense (he said) and yours,
Whatever evil it endures,
Deserves not, if so soon offended,
Much to be pitied or commended.
Disputes though short, are far too long,
Where both alike are in the wrong;
Your feelings in their full amount,
Are all upon your own account.

“ You in your grotto-work enclosed
Complain of being thus exposed,
Yet nothing feel in that rough coat,
Save when the knife is at your throat,
Wherever driven by wind or tide,
Exempt from every ill beside.

" And as for you, my Lady Squeamish,
Who reckon every touch a blemish,
If all the plants that can be found
Embellishing the scene around,
Should droop and wither where they grow,
You would not feel at all, not you.
The noblest minds their virtue prove
By pity, sympathy, and love;
These, these are feelings truly fine,
And prove their owner half divine.”

His censure reach'd them as he dealt it, And each by shrinking show'd he felt it.

Unwin, I should but ill repay

The kindness of a friend,
Whose worth deserves as warm a lay

As ever friendship penn'd,
Thy name omitted in a page
That would reclaim a vicious age.
A union form’d, as mine with thee,

Not rashly or in sport,
May be as fervent in degree,

And faithful in its sort,
And may as rich in comfort prove,
As that of true fraternal love.
The bud inserted in the rind,

The bud of peach or rose,
Adorns, though differing in its kind,

The stock whereon it grows With flower as sweet or fruit as fair As if produced by nature there. Not rich, I render what I may;

I seize thy name in haste, And place it in this first assay,

Lest this should prove the last. "Tis where it should be, in a plan That holds in view the good of man. The poet's lyre, to fix his fame,

Should be the poet's heart;
Affection lights a brighter flame

Than ever blazed by art.
No muses on these lines attend,
I sink the poet in the friend.



Now seek repose upon an humbler theme;

The theme though humble, yet august and proud The history of the following production is briefly

The occasion,- for the Fair commands the song. this. A lady, fond of blank verse, demanded a

Time was when clothing, sumptuous or for use, poem of that kind from the author, and gave him

Save their own painted skins, our sires had none. the Sofa for a subject. He obeyed ; and having

As yet black breeches were not, satin smooth, much leisure, connected another subject with it ;

Or velvet soft, or plush with shaggy pile. and pursuing the train of thought to which his

The hardy chief upon the rugged rock situation and turn of mind led him, brought forth

Wash'd by the sea, or on the gravelly bank at length, instead of the trifle which he at first Thrown up by wintry torrents

roaring loud, intended, a serious affair,-a Volume.

Fearless of wrong, reposed his weary strength. In the poem on the subject of Education he Those barbarous ages past, succeeded next would be very sorry to stand suspected of having The birthday of invention, weak at first, aimed his censure at any particular school. His

Dull in design, and clumsy to perform. objections are such as naturally apply themselves Joint-stools were then created; on three legs to schools in general. If there were not, as for the Upborne they stood, -three legs upholding firm most part there is, wilful neglect in those who A massy slab, in fashion square or round. manage them, and an omission even of such disci- On such a stool immortal Alfred sat, pline as they are susceptible of, the objects are yet

And sway'd the sceptre of his infant realms; too numerous for minute attention; and the aching And such in ancient halls and mansions drear hearts of ten thousand parents, mourning under May still be seen, but perforated sore the bitterest of all disappointments, attest the truth

And drill'd in holes the solid oak is found, of the allegation. His quarrel, therefore, is with By worms voracious eating through and through. the mischief at large, and not with any particular Improved the simple plan, made three legs four,

At length a generation more refined instance of it.

Gave them a twisted form vermicular,

And o'er the seat with plenteous wadding stuff'a

Induced a splendid cover green and blue,
Yellow and red, of tapestry richly wrought

And woven close, or needle-work sublime.

There might ye see the piony spread wide,

The full-blown rose, the shepherd and his lass, ARGUMENT.

Lap-dog and lambkin with black staring eyes, Historical deduction of seats, from the stool to the Sofa. And parrots with twin cherries in their beak. A schoolboy's ramble. A walk in the country. The scene Now came the cane from India, smooth and described. Rural sounds as well as sights delightful.

bright Another walk. Mistake concerning the charms of soli

With nature's varnish ; sever'd into stripes tude corrected, Colonnades commended. Alcove, and

That interlaced each other, these supplied the view from it. The Wilderness. The Grove. The Thresher. The necessity and the benefits of exercise. The

Of texture firm a lattice-work, that braced works of nature superior to and in some instances inimitable

The new machine, and it became a chair. by art. The wearisomeness of what is commonly called a

But restless was the chair ; the back erect life of pleasure. Change of scene sometimes expedient. Distress'd the weary loins that felt no ease ; A common described, and the character of crazy Kate The slippery seat betray'd the sliding part introduced. Gipsies. The blessings of civilized life.

That press'd it, and the feet hung dangling down, That state most favourable to virtue.

Anxious in vain to find the distant floor. islanders compassionated, but chiefly Omai. His present state of mind supposed. Civilized life friendly to virtue,

These for the rich : the rest, whom fate had placed but not great cities. Great cities, and London in particu

In modest mediocrity, content lar, allowed their due praise, but censured. Féle cham

With base materials, sat on well-tann’d hides pétre. The book concludes with a reflection on the fatal

Obdurate and unyielding, glassy smooth, effects of dissipation and effeminacy upon our public

With here and there a tuft of crimson yarn,
Or scarlet crewel in the cushion fixt:

If cushion might be call’d, what harder seem'd I sing the Sofa. I who lately sang

Than the firm oak of which the frame was form'd. Truth, Hope, and Charity, and touch'd with awe No want of timber then was felt or fear'd The solemn chords, and with a trembling hand, In Albion's happy isle. The lumber stood Escaped with pain from that adventurous flight, Ponderous, and fixt by its own massy weight.

The South Sea


But elbows still were wanting; these, some say,
An Alderman of Cripplegate contrived,
And some ascribe the invention to a priest
Burly and big and studious of his ease.
But rude at first, and not with easy slope
Receding wide, they press'd against the ribs,
And bruised the side, and elevated high
Taught the raised shoulders to invade the ears.
Long time elapsed or ere our rugged sires
Complain'd, though incommodiously pent in,
And ill at ease behind. The ladies first
'Gan murmur, as became the softer sex :
Ingenious fancy, never better pleased
Than when employ'd to accommodate the fair,
Heard the sweet moan with pity, and devised
The soft settee; one elbow at each end,
And in the midst an elbow, it received
United yet divided, twain at once.
So sit two kings of Brentford on one throne;
And so two citizens who take the air
Close pack'd and smiling in a chaise and one.
But relaxation of the languid frame
By soft recumbency of outstretch'd limbs,
Was bliss reserved for happier days ;—so slow
The growth of what is excellent, so hard
To attain perfection in this nether world.
Thus first necessity invented stools,
Convenience next suggested elbow chairs,
And luxury the accomplished Sofa last.

The nurse sleeps sweetly, hired to watch the sick
Whom snoring she disturbs. As sweetly he
Who quits the coach-box at the midnight hour
To sleep within the carriage more secure,
His legs depending at the open door.
Sweet sleep enjoys the Curate in his desk,
The tedious Rector drawling o'er his head,
And sweet the Clerk below: but neither sleep
Of lazy nurse, who snores the sick man dead,
Nor his who quits the box at midnight hour
To slumber in the carriage more secure,
Nor sleep enjoy'd by Curate in his desk,
Nor yet the dozings of the Clerk are sweet,
Compared with the repose the Sofa yields.

Oh may I live exempted (while I live Guiltless of pamper'd appetite obscene) From pangs arthritic that infest the toe Of libertine excess. The Sofa suits The gouty limb, 'tis true; but gouty limb, Though on a Sofa, may I never feel : For I have loved the rural walk through lanes Of grassy swarth close cropt by nibbling sheep, And skirted thick with intertexture firm Of thorny boughs; have loved the rural walk O'er hills, through valleys, and by river's brink, E'er since a truant boy I pass'd my bounds To enjoy a ramble on the banks of Thames. And still remember, nor without regret Of hours that sorrow since has much endear'd, How oft, my slice of pocket store consumed, Still hungering pennyless and far from home, I fed on scarlet hips and stony haws, Or blushing crabs, or berries that emboss The bramble, black as jet, or sloes austere. Hard fare! but such as boyish appetite Disdains not, nor the palate, undepraved By culinary arts, unsavoury deems. No Sofa then awaited my return, Nor Sofa then I needed. Youth repairs His wasted spirits quickly, by long toil Incurring short fatigue; and though our years

As life declines, speed rapidly away,
And not a year but pilfers as he goes
Some youthful grace that age would gladly keep,
A tooth or auburn lock, and by degrees
Their length and colour from the locks they spare;
The elastic spring of an unwearied foot
That mounts the stile with ease, or leaps the fence,
That play of lungs inhaling and again
Respiring freely the fresh air, that makes
Swift pace or steep ascent no toil to me,
Mine have not pilfer'd yet ; nor yet impair'd
My relish of fair prospect; scenes that soothed
Or charm’d me young, no longer young, I find
Still soothing and of power to charm me still.
And witness, dear companion of my walks,
Whose arm this twentieth winter I perceive
Fast lock'd in mine, with pleasure such as love
Confirm’d by long experience of thy worth
And well-tried virtues could alone inspire,
Witness a joy that thou hast doubled long.
Thou know'st my praise of nature most sincere,
And that my raptures are not conjured up
To serve occasions of poetic pomp,
But genuine, and art partner of them all.
How oft upon yon eminence our pace
Has slacken'd to a pause, and we have borne
The ruffling wind scarce conscious that it blew,
While admiration feeding at the eye,
And still unsated, dwelt upon the scene.
Thence with what pleasure have we just discern'd
The distant plough slow-moving, and beside
His labouring team, that swerved not from the
The sturdy swain diminish'd to a boy! (track,
Here Ouse, slow winding through a level plain,
Of spacious meads with cattle sprinkled o'er,
Conducts the eye along his sinuous course
Delighted. There, fast rooted in his bank
Stand, never overlook’d, our favourite elms
That screen the herdsman's solitary hut;
While far beyond and overthwart the stream,
That as with molten glass inlays the vale,
The sloping land recedes into the clouds;
Displaying on its varied side the grace
Of hedge-row beauties numberless, square tower,
Tall spire, from which the sound of cheerful bells
Just undulates upon the listening ear;
Groves, heaths, and smoking villages remote.
Scenes must be beautiful which daily view'd
Please daily, and whose novelty survives
Long knowledge and the scrutiny of years :
Praise justly due to those that I describe.

Nor rural sights alone, but rural sounds
Exhilarate the spirit, and restore
The tone of languid nature. Mighty winds
That sweep the skirt of some far-spreading wood
Of ancient growth, make music not unlike
The dash of ocean on his winding shore,
And lull the spirit while they fill the mind ;
Unnumber'd branches waving in the blast,
And all their leaves fast fluttering, all at once.
Nor less composure waits upon the roar
Of distant floods, or on the softer voice
Of neighbouring fountain, or of rills that slip
Through the cleft rock, and chiming as they fall
Upon loose pebbles, lose themselves at length
In matted grass, that with a livelier green
Betrays the secret of their silent course.
Nature inanimate employs sweet sounds,
But animated nature sweeter still,
To soothe and satisfy the human ear.

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