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addition advantage afford already amount appears average Bill branches Britain British brought capital carried cause cent century charged circumstances classes colony Commons comparative condition considerable considered consisted consumed consumption continued convictions cost course crime criminal Ditto duty effect employed England equal establishment estimate exceeding existence expenditure expense exports fact families females foreign further given greater head House important improvement increase India inhabitants instruction Ireland island kingdom labour land less London Males manufactures means measure miles millions moral nearly offences paid parliament passed period persons population possession present probably produce progress proportion quantity reason received respect result returns schools Scotland Ships society South sugar supply taken tion Tons trade United Kingdom various vessels Wales whole
Page 304 - To found a great empire for the sole purpose of raising up a people of customers, may at first sight appear a project fit only for a nation of shopkeepers.
Page 304 - ... a nation of shopkeepers. It is, however, a project altogether unfit for a nation of shopkeepers ; but extremely fit for a nation whose government is influenced by shopkeepers. Such statesmen, and such statesmen only, are capable of fancying that that they will find some advantage in employing the blood and treasure of their fellow-citizens to found and maintain such an empire.
Page 304 - ... alone; and by the third, to bring them to her in a raw or unmanufactured state, that her own manufacturers might secure to themselves all the advantages arising from their further improvement. This latter principle was carried so far in the colonial system of Great Britain, as to induce the late Earl of Chatham to declare in parliament, that the British colonists in America had no right to manufacture even a nail for a horse-shoe.
Page 305 - ... the better ; and upon that account proposed that their market should be confined to the countries south of Cape Finisterre. A clause in the famous act of navigation established this truly shopkeeper proposal into a law. The maintenance of this monopoly has hitherto been the principal, or more properly perhaps the sole end and purpose of the dominion which Great Britain assumes over her colonies.
Page 264 - This is the most numerous class of schools, and they are generally in the most deplorable condition. The greater part of them are kept by females, but some by old men, whose only qualification for this employment seems to be their unfitness for every other.
Page 305 - ... did not find it convenient to buy every part of it. Some parts of it imported into England might have interfered with some of the trades which they themselves carried on at home. Those particular parts of it, therefore, they were willing that the colonists should sell where they could ; the farther off...
Page 303 - The leading principle of colonisation in all the maritime States of Europe (Great Britain among the rest) was commercial monopoly. The word monopoly in this case admitted a very extensive interpretation. It comprehended the monopoly of supply, the monopoly of colonial produce, and the monopoly of manufacture. By the first, the colonists were prohibited from resorting to foreign markets for the supply of their wants ; by the second, they were compelled to bring their chief staple commodities to the...
Page 249 - Of all obstacles to improvement, ignorance is the most formidable, because the only true secret of assisting the poor is to make them agents in bettering their own condition, and to supply them, not with a temporary stimulus, but with a permanent energy.
Page 304 - The price, indeed, was very small, and instead of thirty years' purchase, the ordinary price of land in the present times, it amounted to little more than the expense of the different equipments which made the first discovery, reconnoitred the coast and took a fictitious possession of the country. The land was good and of great extent...