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THE

THE
Gentleman's Magazine

VOLUME CCLIII.

N. 5.29
JULY 10 DECEMBER 1882

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CONTENTS OF VOL. CCLIII.

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Alexandria. By C. F. GORDON CUMMING . .

145 Angling, Winter. By REDSPINNER .

562 Author, An, at Homé. By W. LYND :

360 Barry, Mrs. Elizabeth. By DUTTON Cook .. Birds of Beauty and of Song By Phil ROBINSON . Birds, The, in Poetry, from Chaucer to Wordsworth. By Phil

ROBINSON. . . . . . . Birds, The, of Poetry. By PHIL ROBINSON . . Books and their Authors. By ROBERT AITKEN . . . 231 Buscapié, The. By JAMES MEW . . . . .

77
Cairo, A Glimpse of. By C. F. GORDON CUMMING
Californian Forest, A. By C. F. GORDON CUMMING . . . 463
Deer Forest, In the. By Rev. M. G. WATKINS, M.A. .
Dreams and their Folk-Lore. By the Rev. T. F. THISELTON
DYER, M.A. .

• ; • • • . . . .
Dust: a Novel. By JULIAN HAWTHORNE:
Chaps. XVII., XVIII. . 129 | Chaps. XXIV., XXV., XXVI.,
XIX., XX. . . 257

XXVII. . . .
XXI., XXII., XXIII. 385 1

XXVIII., XXIX., Xxx.
Egyptian Dervishes. By C. F. GORDON CUMMING . . .
Emerson, a Gift from. By ALEX. H. JAPP, LL.D. .

618 Garibaldi. By H. R. Fox BOURNE . . . Istrian Journey, Notes of an. By H. F. BROWN .

. 436 Laws, The, of War. By J. A. FARRER . . L. E. L., The Story of. By PERCY FITZGERALD .. Metastasio. By JUSTIN H. MCARTHY.

. 306 Mezzadria, The System of. By QUIDA .

. 105 Mirabeau. By J. A. BERMINGHAM . .

• 447 Naval Warfare. By J. A. FARRER .

.

215
Notes of an Istrian Journey. By H. F. BROWN
Problems, The, of Distribution and their Solution. By ANDREW
WILSON, F.R.S.E. Part I.

Part II. .
Pyramid Prophecies and Egyptian Events. By RICHARD A.

PROCTOR . . . .
Reade, Charles. By QUIDA -
ries. Dy OUIDA :.. .

. . . . . 494 Reade's, Charles, Novels. By WALTER BESANT. .

198 Science Notes. By W. MATTIEU WILLIAMS, F.R.A.S.: An Improvement on the Channel Tunnel—The Birth of the Moon

- The Philosophy of Manuring-Fairy Rings—The Colours
of Water .

. . . II2 The Utility of Drunkenness-A Visit to the Goodwin Sands

The Origin of the Goodwin Sands—Shell Ness-Regelation
and Welding—The Voice of Waters ..

: 242 Warming Houses from Below-Monkey-Pigs—The Effects of

Strong Winds on Trees—The Expansion of Solidifying Metals
-Fish Supply and the London Ship Canal-Magnetic and
Chemical Action , , , , , , , , , 373

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Science Notes-continuea.
Perpetual Motion-Electricity from Carriage Wheels-A Prophecy

- Flameless Gas Burning-The Internal Heating in the Besse-
mer Process-Meteoric Hailstones at the British Association

_“Water, water everywhere"- The Voice of Lizards and Frogs The Menacing Comet—What the Comet may do for us—Has the

Sun-grazing Comet already affected the Earth ?_Our Gigantic
Ancestors—“ The Missing Link," where to find him— Gigantic
Cuttlefishes . . . . . . . . . .
A Persecuted Fellow-creature—New Zealand Coal-seams - The

Extensions of the Corona-Cats and the Corona—The Path of
the Comet . . . . . . . . .

. . 720
Star-Clouds and Star-Mist. By RICHARD A. PROCTOR.
Sugar-Fields versus Lava-Plains. By C. F. GORDON CUMMING 674
Table Talk. By SYLVANUS URBAN :
Lawless London—The Remedy for Juvenile Violence-Poetical

Ingenuities-Epping and its Inns-Memorials of the Past
Great- Noise and Study-Oxford, the Ringing Island of

Rabelais-A Highland Tour-Unconscious Plagiarism. . . 122 Rabelais—“Le Livre"-Did Robespierre commit Suicide ?

The Statement of Méda concerning Robespierre-Early Forms
of Scenic Decoration-Curiosities of Early Mise-en-Scène—John

Day on the Treatment of Scholars . . . . . .
The Beckford Collection-English Bookbinding-Cloth versus

Leather—The Foreigner in London-Mr. William Morris on
the Colours of Flowers—“Scientist"-Mr. Swinburne's New

Poems . . . . . . . . . . . 381 A Cream-producing Machine-An Actor on Acting-Tragic

Acting-Resemblance between the 15th and 19th CenturiesEducation Prospects-Milton on Education - The Comet

Marriage . . . . . . .

Psychological Puzzles—The Utility of Folly and Vice Egyptian Donkeys—Christmas Art-Improvements in Publishers and Authors . . .

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. . .
Transits of Venus. By RICHARD A. PROCTOR .
Walther von der Vogelweide. By Louis BARBÉ. .
War, The Laws of. By J. A. FARRER
War, The, of the Wartburg. By Louis BA
Warfare, Naval. By J. A. FARRER

. . 215 Welsh, The, in the West Country. By GRANT ALLEN Winter Angling. By REDSPINNER . . . . . .

253

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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JULY 1882.

GARIBALDI.

THOSE to whom he assigned the duty betrayed their trust in

T not seeing that all which was left of Giuseppe Garibaldi, after the feeble breath had parted from the feeble body, was reduced to a small heap of ashes, and lodged, as he had bidden, in a secluded spot in the island home he loved. Rome may well be eager to hold the grave of the man who helped so much to give fresh life to Italy; and if a pompous tomb, adorned by princes and blessed by priests, is set up in the world's show-place, thousands will go thither every year to gaze and gape at it. But it would have been far better had his dead body been dealt with after the manner of the ancient Romans, whom in some aspects he so much resembled, and its purified relics modestly enshrined in Caprera, there to be visited by sewer but only reverent pilgrims.

Garibaldi's heroism was of the old-world type, though all the good it did was done in the service of society in its latest develop ments.

Garibaldi, Mazzini, Cavour : these, named in the order of their birth, were the three men to whom Italy owes most for its recovery, as yet but partial, from the political and social degradation in which it had lain for centuries before they performed their several parts in converting it into a new nation. In what order they should be named according to their merits is a question that will always be answered diversely by different critics. In the statesman's view Cavour stands first. He alone, of the three, knew how to weigh and balance political forces, how to temporise, and to follow rules of expediency. Whatever reason there may have been for the Mazzinians' and the Garibaldians' condemnation of his tactics, however inferior his ideal may have been to theirs, and however justly

VOL. CCLIII. NO. 1819.

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