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JOURNAL OF KING EDWARD'S REIGN,
WRITTEN WITH HIS OWN HAND.
(The Original is in the Cotton Library, Nero, C. 10.) The Year of our Lord, 1537, was a Prince born to King Henry the 8th, by Jane Seimour, then Queen; who within few days after the Birth of her Son, died, and was buried at the Castle of Windsor. This Child was christned by the Duke of Norfolk, the Duke of Suffolk, and the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury. Afterwards was brought up till he came to six Years old among the Women. At the sixth Year of his Age he was brought up in Learning by Master Doctor Cox, who was after his Almoner, and John Cheeke, Master of Arts, two well-learded Men, who sought to bring him up in learning of Tongues, of the Scripture, of Philosophy, and all Liberal Sciences. Also John Bellmaine, Frenchman, did teach him the French Language. The tenth year not yet ended, it was appointed he should be created Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, and Count Palatine of Chester : at which time, being the Year of our Lord 1547, the said King died of a Dropsie as it was thought. After whose death incontinent came Edward Earl of Hartford, and Sir Anthony Brown, Master of the Horse, to convoy this Prince to Enfield, where the Earl of Hartford declared to him, and his younger Sister Elizabeth, the Death of their Father.
Here he begins anew again. AFTER the Death of King Henry the 8th, his Son Edward, Prince of Wales, was come to at Hartford, by the Earl of Hartford, and Sir Anthony Brown, Master of the Horse; for whom before was made preparation that he might be created Prince of Wales, and afterward was brought to Enfield, where the Death of his Father was first shewed him ; and the same day the Death of his Father was shewed in London, where was great lamentation and weeping: and suddenly he proclaimed King. The next day,
being the VOL. II, Part II.
of he was brought to the Tower of London, where he tarried the space of three weeks; and in the mean season the Council sat every day for the performance of the Will, and at length thought best that the Earl of Hartford should be made Duke of Somerset, Sir Thomas Seimour Lord Sudley, the Earl of Essex Marquess of Northampton, and divers Knights should be made Barons, as the Lord Sheffield, with divers others. Also they thought best to chuse the Duke of Somerset to be Protector of the Realm, and Governour of the King's Person during his Minority; to which all the Gentlemen and Lords did agree, because he was the King's Uncle on his Mother's side. Also in this time the late King was buried at Windsor with much solemnity, and the Officers broke their Staves, hurling them into the Grave; but they were restored to them again when they came to the Tower. The Lord Lisle was made Earl of Warwick, and the Lord Great Chamberlainship was given to him; and the Lord Sudley made Admiral of England: all these things were done, the King being in the Tower. Afterwards all things being prepared for the Coronation, the King being then but nine years old, passed through the City of London, as heretofore hath been used, and came to the Palace of Westminster; and the next day came into Westminster Hall. And it was asked the People, Whether they would have him to be their King? Who answered ; Yea, yea: Then he was crowned King of England, France, and Ireland, by the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, and all the rest of the Clergy and Nobles; and Anointed, with all such Ceremonies as were accustomed, and took his Oath, and gave a General Pardon, and so was brought to the Hall to Dinner on Shrove-sunday, where he sat with the Crown on his Head, with the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, and the Lord Protector; and all the Lords sat at Boards in the Hall beneath, and the Lord Marshal's Deputy (for my Lord of Somerset was Lord Marshal) rode about the Hall to make room : then came in Sir John Dimock Champion, and made his Challenge, and so the the King drank to him, and he had the Cup. At night the King returned to his Palace at Westminster, where there was Justs and Barriers; and afterward Order was taken for all his Servants being with his Father, and being with the Prince, and the Ordinary and Unordinary, were appointed. In the mean season, Sir Andrew Dudley, Brother to my Lord of Warwick, being in the Paunsie, met with the Lion, a principal Ship of Scotland, which thought to take the Paunsie without resistance; but the Paunsie approached her, and she shot, but at length they came very near, and
then the Paunsie shooting off all one side, burst all the overlop of the Lion, and all her Tackling, and at length boarded her and took her ; but in the return, by negligence, she was lost at Harwich-Haven, with almost all her Men.
In the month of May* died the French King, called Francis, and his Son called Henry was proclaimed King. There came also out of Scotland an Ambassador, but brought nothing to pass,
and an Army was prepared to go into Scotland. Certain Injunctions were set forth, which took away divers Ceremonies, and Commissions sent to take down Images, and certain Homilies were set forth to be read in the Church. Dr. Smith, of Oxford, recanted at Pauls certain Opinions of the Mess, and that Christ was not according to the Order of Melchisedeck. The Lord Seimour of Sudley married the Queen,
whose name was Katharine, with which Marriage the Lord Protector was much offended.
There was great preparation made to go into Scotland, and the Lord Protector, the Earl of Warwick, the Lord Dacres, the Lord Gray, and Mr. Brian, went with a great number of Nobles and Gentlemen to Barwick; where the first day after his coming, he mustered all his Company, which were to the number of 13000 Footmen, and 5000 Horsemen. The next day he marched on into Scotland, and so passed the Pease; then he burnt two Castles in Scots land, and so passed a streight of a Bridg, where 300 Scots Light-Horsemen set upon him behind him, who were discomfitted. So he passed to Musselburgh, where the first day after he came, he went up to the Hill, and saw the Scots, thinking them, as they were indeed at least, 36000 Men; and my Lord of Warwick was almost taken, chasing the Earl ol Huntley, by an Ambush; but he was rescued by one Bertivell, with twelve Hagbuttiers on Horseback, and the Ambush ran away.
The 10th day of September, the Lord Protector thought to get the Hill, which the Scots seeing, passed the Bridg over the River of Musselburgh, and strove for the higher Ground, and almost got it; but our Horsemen set upon them; who although they stayed them, yet were put to fight, and gathered together again by the Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector, and the Earl of Warwick, and were ready to give a'
et. The Scots being amazed with this, fled their wayes; some to Edinburgh, some to the Sea, and some to Dalkeith; and there were slain 10000 of them, but of Eng. lishmen 51 Horsemen, which were almost all Gentlemen and but one Footman. Prisoners were taken, the Lord'
* Should be March.
Muntley, Chancellor of Scotland, and divers other Gentlemen; and slain of Lairds 1000. And Mr. Brian, Sadler, and Vane, were made Bannerets.
After this Battel, Broughtie-craig was given to the Englishmen, and Hume, and Roxburgh, and Heymouth, which were Fortified, and Captains were put in them; and the Lord of Somerset rewarded with 5007. Lands. In the mean season, Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester, was, for not receiving the Injunctions, committed to Ward. There was also a Parliament called, wherein all Chaunteries were granted to the King, and an extream Law made for Vagabonds, and divers other things. Also the Scots besieged Broughty-craig, which was defended against them all by Sir Andrew Dudley, Knight; and oftentimes their Ordnance was taken and marred.
YEAR I]. A Triumph was, where six Gentlemen did challenge all Comers at Barriers, Justs, and Tournay; and also that they would keep a Fortress with thirty with them, against an hundred or under, which was done at Greenwich,
Sir Edward Bellingam being sent into Ireland Deputy, and Sir Anthony St. Leiger revoked, he took 0-Canor, and 0-Mor, bringing the Lords that rebelled into subjection ; and 0-Canor, and O-Mor, leaving their Lordships, had apiece an 1001. Pension.
The Scots besieged the Town of Haddington, where the Captain, Mr. Wilford, every day made issues upon them, and slew divers of them. The thing was very weak, but for the Men, who did very manfully. Oftentimes Mr. Holcroft and Mr. Palmer did Victual it by force, passing through the Enemies; and at last the Reinegrave unawares set upon Mr. Palmer, which was there with near a thousand and five hundred Horsemen, and discomfited him, taking him, Mr. Bowes, Warden of the West-Marches, and divers other, to the number of 400, and slew a few. (Upon St. Peter's day the Bishop of Winchester was committed to the Tower.) Then they made divers brags, and they had the like made to them. Then went the Earl of Shrewsbury, General of the Army, with 22000 Men, and burnt divers Towns and Fortresses, which the Frenchmen and Scots hearing, levied their Siege in the month of Septeinber; in the levying of which, there came one to Tiberio, who as then was in Haddington, and setting forth the weakness of the Town, told him, That all Honour was due to the Defenders, and none to the Assailers; so the Siege being levied, the Earl of Shrewsbury entered it, and victualled and reinforced it. After his de