Masters and Lords: Mid-19th-Century U.S. Planters and Prussian Junkers
Among the regional landed elites in the Western World of the mid-1800s, the two most formidable were the owners of slave plantations in the Southern states of the U.S. and the proprietors of manorial estates in the provinces of Prussian East Elbia. Masters and Lords surveys the economic, social, and political histories of the two classes from the seventeenth and sixteenth centuries respectively, and pays particular attention to planters during the secession crisis of 1860-61 and to Junkers during the revolutionary crisis of 1848-49. In the process, Bowman grapples with such ambiguous and contentious concepts as capitalism, conservatism, and paternalism. Despite very different labor systems, antebellum planters and contemporaneous Junkers alike presided over landed estates that functioned as both autocratic political communities and agricultural enterprises exporting valuable commodities to industrializing England. This book also highlights important geographic, demographic, and political contrasts between the South and East Elbia as regional societies. Bowman concludes that the crucial distinction between the two landed elites is to be found in the Junkers' militarist and estatist monarchism versus the planters' libertarian but racist republicanism.
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acres agrarian agricultural American antebellum antebellum planters aristocratic Assembly Baton Rouge Berdahl Berlin Brandenburg bureaucracy Burke capitalism capitalist Chapel Hill Civil conservatism conservative constituted corporatist cotton County democratic Deutsche East Elbia economic Edmund Ruffin England English essay Europe farms feudal Friedrich Wilhelm Friedrich Wilhelm IV Genovese German Geschichte grain historian History Ideology industrial institution James James Henry Hammond Jefferson Junkerdom knight's estates Konservatismus Kreuzzeitung labor landed elites Landwirtschaft Louisiana State Univ Ludwig Max Weber Mississippi modern monarchy Negro nineteenth century nobility North Carolina Old Prussian Old South Oxford Univ paternalism patriarchal peasants percent plantation planter elite planters and Junkers political population Preussen preussischen Princeton proslavery provinces Prussian road republican Revolution Rittergiiter Rittergut owners rural secession serfdom servants sharecropping slaveholders slavery slaves social society Southern Texas tobacco trans U.S. South Unfree Labor Virginia William World York