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are, in the first and simplest view of sions, we cannot refuse the sacraments, them, “badges or tokens of Christian unless the unworthiness of those who men's profession.” They are, indeed, come to partake of them be gross, also, much more, as our Twenty-fifth obvious and tangible. When it is so, Article goes on to state; but if you we ought to have more liberty of retake away this first and most obvious fusal than we seem to have at present. notion of them, then you have no My second point I hope to consider ground upon which any further and in my next. Yours faithfully, higher view can rest. And, as we

A. S. ThelwALL. must deal with men on their profes- London, Jan. 14, 1851.

1661.

A COMPARATIVE VIEW OF THE ENGLISH EPISCOPATE IN 1661 AND 1851.

1851. own day, form some conception what Canterbury Dr.Juson Dr.Sumner

course of action the latter would be York „Frewen* „ Musgrave

likely to pursue, and what chances London ,, Sheldon , Blomfield Durham

of concession or agreement might , Maltby 9, Cosin Winchester

be calculated upon, should such a „ Duppa „, Sumner Bath & Wells ,, Peirs „, Bagot

suggestion as that offered by our Ely „ Wren ,, Turton

correspondent, “C. A.,” be carried Oxford „, Skinner „Wilberforce

into effect. Without for a moment Bangor „ Roberts „, Bethell doubting that the opinions of the Rochester Warner* „, Murray Bishops, and other dignitaries of the Chichester „King* ,, Gilbert Church, would carry much of weight Salisbury

,,Henchman. „, Denison in such a conference, we may not Worcester , Morley* „ Pepys hesitate to urge that any such comLincoln „Sanderson® ,, Kaye

mission as might by possibility be St. Asaph „Griffith ,,Short granted, would, in conformity with Exeter ,,Gauden* , Phillpotts

the present recognition of equal reSt. David's „ Lucy 3. Thirlwall

presentation, where equal interests Peterborough ,, Laney* „ Davys

are concerned, contain members of Llandaff „ Lloyd ., Ollivant Carlisle ,,Sterne , Percy

the parochial clergy, and a proper Chester „Walton* „ Graham

proportion of the laity, as parties to Bristol „Ironside (suppressed)

the settlement of such questions as Norwich „Reynolds Dr.Hind might be submitted for their conHereford „Monke „Hampden sideration. Gloucester ,, Nicholson » Monk

Our correspondent further writes, Sodor „Rutter Lord Auckland that “the thought has struck him, Lichfield - ,,Hacket* „Lonsdale could we find a commission of eighteen Ripon Sees newly- | , Longley to whom we would like to entrust the Manchester) erected \,, Lee Prayer-Book? I think it would be safe

. These fourteen attended the Savoy Conference in 1661. Dr. Reynolds on the Puritan side. Dr. Hacket was not consecrated a bishop till the following Dec.

coln, Ripon, Peterborough, Worcester,

Lichfield, St. Asaph, Llandaff; and A valued correspondent has for- Revs. W. Goode, J. B. Marsden, S. warded to us the above comparative Rowe, C. Benson, H. Horne, M'Neile; view of the English Episcopate in such men as Cardwell, Lathbury, 1661 and 1851. We presume that he Robertson, Jenner, &c., might also be has done so with the intention that fit. Talent is found, when it is those who advocate a revision of the needed.” Liturgy may study the character and To these names we could add the conduct of the Episcopate existing at names of such laymen as the followthe time of the memorable Savoying, - Lord Ashley, Mr. Plumptre, Conference, and more especially of Sir R. H. Inglis, Mr. Kingscote, Mr. its most active members, and that they Seeley, with many others, whose names may, by a comparison of the opinions will readily suggest themselves to our and temper of the Bishops of our readers.

Reviews, and Short Notices of Books. JOURNAL OF A TOUR IN ITALY IN 1850: through the volume, and as we read with an Account of an Interview with

attentively the account which the authe Pope at the Vatican. By the

thor gives of his interview with the

Pope, What right, or what scriptural Rev. GEORGE TOWNSEND, D.D., authority, has any Protestant ClergyCanon of Durham, &c. Rivingtons, man to go out of his way, -to under1850.

take a long journey,- for the express

purpose of doing honour to “the image We were curious to see this book: but of the beast"? (See Rev. xvii. 14, 15.) we found it far less interesting than Why should he recognize this blaswe expected. The good Canon seems phemous pretender as a Christian Bito have been deeply and rightly im- shop? Why acknowledge him under pressed with the force of many pas

the arrogant title of “his Holiness," sages in our Liturgy, which teach us which he dares to claim, and so impito pray that “God would inspire the ously appropriates to himself? Why Universal Church with the spirit of address the head and visible representruth, unity, and concord; and that tative of the great antichristian aposall who confess His Holy Name may tacy, as one with whom a dignitary agree in the truth of His Holy Word, of our Protestant Church could deem and live in unity and godly love." We it suitable to confer, with reference to have ourselves long been accustomed the duties and interests of the Unito feel the force of all such passages; versal Church of Christ? This seems and we deeply admire the truly catho- to us to be at least a fearful approxilic spirit which pervades our Liturgy, mation to the sin of worshipping “the and which is beautifully expressed in beast and his image,” which is so em" A Prayer for Unity” in the Service phatically denounced in Rev. xiv. for her Majesty's accession. But we 9-11. do not understand how it came to Not that we question the possipass, that the Canon of Durham, bility of the Lord's yet having many the author of “Accusations of History of His people in Babylon. But the against the Church of Rome,”-shoulă Scripture does not warrant us to exhave so far forgotten the Protestant pect the conversion of the mystical principles of the Church to which he Babylon, but to look forward to its belongs, as to make his first attempt certain, and perhaps speedy, destrucfor the promotion of unity, at the Vati- tion: in the prospect of which we can, instead of going to all the Re- should urge upon the remnant in her formed and Protestant Churches of that fear God, the call of God HimEurope, - with an entreaty that they self,-—"COME OUT OF HER MY PEOPLE, would all use their best endeavours that ye be not partakers of her sins, for the promotion of peace and love and that ye receive not of her among Protestants, -* endeavouring plagues.” (Rev. xviii. 4.) To the Pope to keep the Unity of the Spirit in the himself we would say but one word, bond of Peace," as those who know and that is, “ Repent.” the truth and love the truth.

We can make allowances for the mistakes of a good man, who is car

Lectures delivered before the Church ried away by an enthusiastic idea. of England Young Men's Society for Nevertheless we cannot but express aiding Missions at Home and Abroad, our conviction, that thus to pass by in St. Martin's Hall. pp. 258. the Protestant Churches in order to give honour to Rome and to the Pope,

Nisbet & Co., 1850. is to sin against God; it shews a sin- Amidst the various discouraging ful forgetfulness of the momentous symptoms apparent on every hand, it distinction between vital truth and is satisfactory to see young men of soul-destroying error. We could not christian principles banding together help asking ourselves, as we looked for the defence and spread of the Gospel. The Society at whose in- (we will strike off a large sum for them;) stance the present Lectures, eight in but, also, in supporting a larger number number, were delivered, is an exem who are too idle to work, and too wicked plification of the fact; its object is to do anything good. Now, mark this, to assist in the efforts now making for

my friends, it is an important fact to the evangelizing the heathen abroad,

put before the people. I wish a cheap and the no less heathen part of our

little tract were published on the subject; population at home. They were de

the disloyal and disaffected would have a livered, and subsequently have been

lesson given to them on this point. A published, with the design of spreading

great many people are ready to cry out,

Oh, our taxes, and our burdens! It is all information respecting both these owing to the Queen riding with eight classes; and most important are the horses, and Prince Albert, and the num. facts they furnish. The names, among ber of little children we have to keep ; others, of Stowell, Close, Yorke, and it is the Lords and the great men ;M'Caul, and Goodhart, will shew that this is the cause of all the taxation. I the Lectures merit the attention of our tell you it is just the contrary; it is readers. From that by Mr. Close, those ragged rogues that you see about entitled “The Dangerous Classes,"

the streets that are the cause of our exwe give an extract calculated both to

cessive taxation. We are burdened much arouse our fears and stimulate our

more by villainy, sloth, and wickedness, efforts. He says,

than we are by all the grandeur, all the “These criminal classes, first of all,

greatness, and all the state in which the then, are an enormous burden upon the

upper classes of society appear to live.

This, then, is one of the evils resulting industry and upon the capital of the

from the criminal classes. They cost the virtuous classes. Here is a striking fact ! Here are 150,000 rogues and vagabonds

country an enormous sum of money, and

they are the cause of the most extensive quartered upon us; they live upon us,

and grievous kind of taxation. It is grievthey plunder us directly, they pick our

ous to me, because I feel that every farpockets, they rob our houses, they kill

thing of the taxes I pay for these purposes our poultry, they steal our plate; and the

bad far better be cast into the depths of amount of stolen goods in our country,

the Atlantic Ocean!” in one year, would perfectly astound you; it is almost incalculable, and would pur

Further on, he remarks,chase the fee simple of some of the small “There is, moreover, another property German states ! But this is but a very in these classes, which renders them exsmall portion of the evil. These `dan tremely dangerous and formidable, viz., gerous classes'—these criminal classes their rapid production and reproduction. cost us an enormous sum of money in These classes, consisting of thieves, directly. For instance, we spend up- rogues, scamps, or whatever these unwards of a million of money every year, happy persons may be termed, are fear. in endeavouring to punish them, in shut fully increasing; and they are reproducing ting them up in prisons, in putting them and increasing to such an alarming exin hulks, and in sending them to Cape tent, that it is quite evident, according Town, where they pay a visit but are not to the united testimony of that great admitted ; and are sent on again to Aus. christian philanthropist, Lord Ashley, tralia, or somewhere else. Then we spend and all the friends of virtue and order, £100,000, and more, in simply removing that unless something be done to check these gentlemen, in paying the lawyers their progress, -unless this mighty tide for prosecuting and defending them, and of evil be banked up and opposed in various other little et ceteras of a like some way or other,-if it is suffered to nature.

increase in the same measure and degree It is also well known, that this country in which it has increased of late years, pays annually, in involuntary rates, no it is impossible to say how soon it may less than £7,400,000 towards the relief cause a total disruption of society. No of poverty, a large portion of which is one can say how soon such a state of the result of crime; and it is calculated, things may arrive as that which is now that at least seven millions more are raised palsying France--a state of exasperation in charity. So here are nearly fifteen and terror; no man knowing how soon millions of money spent throughout the he may have to draw his sword in defence country in supporting, first of all, those of the coat he has on his back, or the who are deserving, and must be supported shilling he has in his pocket. These,

His pages

then, are some of the dangers to which standard of such publications, and ofthese criminal classes expose us.” fers anything to justify us in drawing

The last Lecture of the series pos our readers' attention to them. The sesses, also, much interest. Its sub- work before us, however, forms an ject is, “The Civilizing Results of exception to the general rule. The Christian Missions ;” and we com- subject on which it treats is as impormend the following passages to the tant as it is likely to escape our notice. notice of those who are in any de Little sins are the foundation of great gree tempted to rely for the per- evils; their very littleness deludes us manent amelioration of our national into the idea that we need not take moral evils, on the imagined efficacy much pains to check them; and thus of education, independently of the a vast amount of evil is generated, to diffusion of sound Biblical principles. the prejudice of ourselves and others. " I would not be understood,” says

After a preliminary chapter on the Mr. Miller, as denying that man with exceeding sinfulness of sin,” exhibit out the Gospel may attain a very con

ing a broad and faithful description of siderable eminence in civilization. We the total corruption and depravity of have not forgotten Greece and Rome. man's nature, of his inability to obtain We have not forgotten that they could salvation by the works of the law; and produce their sculptors and their painters, showing the necessity of faith in Christ their philosophers, and their orators ;

for the pardon of sin, and of the Holy that a Phidias, and Apelles, and an Aris

Spirit's renewal; our author proceeds totle, and a Demosthenes, and a Tacitus, and a Virgil, in their different depart- ing striking heads, viz., sins of the

to treat the subject under the followments, have left models which must endure to all timne.

temper, sins of pride and vanity, sins “But it has been well argued, that the

of the thoughts, sins of the tongue, reason of the subsequent degeneracy of and sins of omission, those nations was that their civilization was abound, on each of these topics, with partial and did not reach the masses. It has remarks of so important and practical been well compared, therefore to a Corin a nature, that they cannot fail to thian capital without a base ; and it could awaken sentiments of approval in not stand when it was brought into collision every christian mind, and to lead to with the rude strength of barbarianism. deeper self-abasement before God. And it is also to be remarked, that what.

We subjoin one or two extracts as a ever civilization ancient heathenism admitted, it left man in error with regard

casa specimen. to his immortal destiny. Whatever was

Speaking of anger, he observes,the eminence to which art and science

“ This passion, which appears to have attained, let it never be forgotten that

been implanted in us for the purpose of while art and science were at their height, repelling injuries from without, and, in • The world by wisdom knew not God.'

some degree, of punishing injustice in • They changed the truth of God into a

others, is subject, as we all know, to lie ;' “professing themselves to be wise

violent irregularities. I am not now, they became fools.''

however, to speak of its extreme degrees, From these extracts, our readers which all will admit to be sin, and which will justly conclude that the volume can hardly, one would think, be admitted will repay their attentive perusal. by any who have even the smallest share

of Christian principle. That anger, wbich The SINFULNESS OF LITTLE Sins: a

is a short madness, should not even be

named among Christians. But even in Course of Sermons preached in Lent, its lesser degrees, we are often carried by by John Jackson, M.A., Rector of it into sin, by indulging it both more St. James' Westminster and Chaplain It would, perhaps, be going beyond Scrip..

than we ought, and when we ought not. in ordinary to the Queen. Fourth edi

ture and the capabilities of our nature tion. pp. 164. Skeffington & South to assert that anger is never justifiable. well. 1850.

It was no unbecoming passion in Moses,

when he cast the tables out of his It is but rarely that a volume of hands and brake then,' and 'ground to sermons rises above the ordinary powder' the idol of the Israelites; and

6

it is once narrated of our Lord, that He with which Satan delights to bind unlooked round about' on His hearers suspecting souls. They need to be watched • with anger, being grieved for the hard- against, striven against, prayed against, ness of their hearts. There may be a and confessed before God in penitence holy anger when God's honour or the and supplications for forgiveness." interest of His religion are attacked, and

The following, also, is calculated to there are occasions and provocations which must necessarily rouse the anger even of

# be beneficial in times like the present: the meekest, and which bring, therefore, “The pride of talent, of wisdom, of to a certain extent, their own excuse. education, is another of the sins to which But the fault is, that we are too angry, human nature and the temper of our times aud angry too long. We do not attempt render us peculiarly liable. We live in instantly to check the roused passion, days when intellectual ability is more and to restrain its force. We do not prized than moral worth, and when knowshorten its career by consideration, by ledge of every description (excepting the the power of an earnest prayer, and by knowledge of God's truth) is rated usually the firmness of self-control. We far above its real value. The conserather encourage it hy dwelling on the quence is, that men are readily puffed up circumstances which excited it, and, with any real or imagined mental talent, perhaps, aggravating them in the remem or any acquirement they may have made: brance. Thus the mind is poisoned. and thus intellectual pride has become We are out of charity with our neighbour, one of the prevailing sins of society, from and, therefore, not at peace with God. the ponderous knowledge of the deeplyAnger has betrayed us into sin. Your learned and practised sagacity of the man own consciences will supply you with of science, to him who, having just masinstances, my brethren. The rule of tered the rudiments of elementary eduScripture is simple, · Be ye angry, and cation, thinks himself entitled to look sin not: let not the sun go down upon down with contempt on those less inyour wrath,' Moderate anger as soon as formed than himself. We need not de. it arises, that it may not grow into sin; preciate the worth of sound and useful and, at any rate, do not lie down to rest learning. We may admit to the full the till you have calmed and cleansed your importance of education. We may adbosom. If you are angry, you cannot mire the talents which God bestows, as pray: if you sleep in anger, you sleep in He wills, on those, whom He is pleased danger; your waking may be in another to employ to work out His various purworld, where you will be judged, even as poses. We may, we ought to, do this. you have judged.

But we must bear in mind, that we have " But by far the largest number of nothing which we have not received ; that sins of anger arise from being angry God alone made us to differ from others; when we ought not. How easily are we that in His sight mere human knowledge provoked by slight offences, fancied neg. is of little worth ; and that one Christian lects, and the trifling inadvertencies of grace would sink the scale, weighed in the others! How soon is the mind thrown balance of the sanctuary, against the conoff its balance, and the smooth surface of centrated wisdom of collected ages. charity ruffled, by every little thing that Knowledge is an evil when it begets thwarts our inclinations, or even goes pride, which is a sin: and there is a hucontrary to our expectations ! And, miliating truth recorded for our instrucwhat is most to be considered, we are apt tion in the word of God: "Seest thou to regard these ebullitions of temper not a man wise in his own conceit? there is as sins, but as trifling foibles scarce worth more hope of a fool than of him.'”. the remembering. My dear brethren,

We are not quite sure of our authese foibles, as we think them, unhinge

ke thor's meaning in the following pasthe frame of our religion, grieve the Holy Spirit, and, as they are carefully sage: observed by others, dishonour our pro- “ Another source of sins of omission fession and God. Repeated and indulged is neglect of the Sacraments. Of the they add to the strength of passion, and one, indeed, we have already been made nourish anger into a powerful habit. partakers; but it is our duty, on the one They weaken our self-control, and thus hand, to realise and be thankful for our lay us open to the aitacks of other, and, privileges in it; that we have been born perhaps, deadlier sins. They form links, again of water and the Spirit ; that we small, perhaps, singly, but strong when have been baptized into Christ's body; knit together, of that chain of little sins that 'we have been buried with Him in

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