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INTRODUCTION TO GUY MANNERING,
The Novel or Romance of WAVERLEY made its way to the public slowly, of course, at first, but afterwards with such accumulating popularity as to encourage the author to a second attempt. He looked about for å name and a subject; and the manner in which the Novels were composed cannot be better illustrated than by reciting the simple narrative on which Guy Mannering was originally founded, but to which, in the progress of the work, the production ceased to bear any, even the most distant, resemblance. The tale was originally told me by an old servant of my father's, an excellent old Highlander, without a fault, unless a preference to mountain-dew over less potent liquors be accounted one. He believed as firmly in the story as in any part of his creed.
A grave and elderly person, according to old John MacKinlay's account, while travelling in the wilder parts of Galloway, was benighted. With difficulty he found his way to a country-seat, where, with the hospitality of the time and country, he was readily admitted. The owner of the house, a gentleman of good fortune, was much struck by the reverend appearance of his guest, and apologised to him for a certain degree of confusion which must unavoidably attend his reception, and could not escapo his eye. The lady of the house was, he said, confineri to her apartment, and on the point of making her husband a father for the first time, though they had been ten years married. At such an emergency, the Laird said, l1e feared his guest might meet with some apparent neglect.
"Not so, sir,” said the stranger; “my wants are few, and easily supplied, and I trust the present circumstances may even afford an opportunity of showing my gratitude for your hospitality. Let me only request that I may be informed of the exact minute of the birth, and I hope to be able to put you in possession of some particulars which may iníluence in an important manner the future prospacts of the child now about to come into this busy and changeful world. I will not conceal from you that I am skilful in understanding and interpreting the movements of those planetary bodies which exert their influences on the destiny of mortals. It is a science which I do not practise, like others who call themselves astrologers, for hire or reward, for I have a competent estate, and only use the knowledge I possess for the benefit of those in whom I feel an interest.” The Laird bowed in respect and gratitude, and the stranger was accommodated with an apartment which commanded an ample view of the astral regions.
The guest spent a part of the night in ascertaining the position of the heavenly bodies, and calculating their probable influence; until at length the result of his observations induced him to send for the father, and con
jure bim, in the most solemn mammer, to cause the assistants to retard tho birth if practicable, were it but for five minutes. The answer declared this to be impossible; and almost in the instant that the message was returnod, the father and his guest were made acquainted with the birth of a boy.
The Astrologer on the morrow met the party who gathered around the breakfast-table wth looks so grave and ominous as to alarm the fears of the father, who had hitherto exulted in the prospects held out by the birth of an heir to his ancient property, failing which event it must have passed to a distant branch of the family. He hastened to draw the stranger into a private room.
"I fear from your looks,” said the father, “that you havo bad tidings to tell me of my young stranger: perhaps God will resume the blessing he has bestowed ere he attains the age of manhood; or perhaps he is destined to be unworthy of the affection which we are naturally disposed to devote to our offspring?"
“Noither the one nor the other,” answered the stranger; “unless my judgment greatly err, the infant will survive the years of minority, and in temper and disposition will prove all that his parents can wish. But with much in his horoscope which promises many blessings, there is one evil influenco strongly predominant, which threatens to subject him to an unhallowed and unhappy temptation about the time when he shall attain the age of twenty-one, which period, the constellations intimate, will be the crisis of his fate. In what shape, or with what peculiar urgency, this temptation may beset him, my art cannot discover.”
“Your knowledge, then, can afford us no defence," said the anxious father, “ against the threatened evil?”
“Pardon me,” answered the stranger, "it can. The influence of the constellations is powerful : but He who made the heavens is more powerful than all, if his aid be invoked in sincerity and truth. You ought to dedicate this boy to the immediate service of his Makor, with as much sincerity as Samuel was devoted to tho worship in the Temple by his parents. You must regard him as a being separated from the rest of the world. In childhood, in boyhood, you must surround him with the pious and virtuous, and protect him, to the utmost of your power, from the sight or hearing of any crime, in word or action. lle must be edu. cated in religious and moral principles of the strictest description. Let him not enter the world, lest le learn to partake of its follics, or perhaps of its vices. In short, preserve him as far as possible from all sin, save that of which too great a portion belongs to all the fallen raco of Adam. With the approach of his twenty-first birthday comes the crisis of his fato. lf ho survive it, he will be happy and prosperous on earth, and a chosen vessel among those elected for heaven. But if it be otherwise The Astrologer stopped, and sighed deeply.
“Sir," replied the parerit, still more alarmed than before, “your words are so kind, your advice so serious, that I will pay the deepest attention to your behests; but can you not aid me farther in this most important concern ? Believe me, I will not be ungrateful.”
“I require and deserre no gratitude for doing a good action,” said the stranger, "in especial for contributing all that lies in my power to save from an abhorred fate the harniless infant to whom, under a singular conjunction of planets, last night gave life. There is my address; you may write to me from time to time concerning the progress of the boy in religious knowledge. If he be bred up as I advise, I think it will be best that he come to my house at the time when the fatal and decisive period approaches, that is, before he has attained bis twenty-first year complete. If you send him such as I desire, I humbly trust that God will protect