The Logic of Scientific DiscoveryDescribed by the philosopher A.J. Ayer as a work of 'great originality and power', this book revolutionized contemporary thinking on science and knowledge. Ideas such as the now legendary doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the scientific community, influencing even working scientists, as well as postwar philosophy. This astonishing work ranks alongside The Open Society and Its Enemies as one of Popper's most enduring books and contains insights and arguments that demand to be read to this day. 
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LibraryThing Review
User Review  lawecon  LibraryThingThis volume was intended as a response to the Logical Positivists of the Vienna Circle. In the simplest terms, the Vienna Circle and their counterparts in England believed that if one could create an ... Read full review
LibraryThing Review
User Review  epeeist  LibraryThingThe book for all students of science and the philosophy of science. Read full review
Contents
On the Problem of a Theory of Scientific Method  27 
Some Structural Components of a Theory of Experience  35 
Falsifiability  57 
The Problem of the Empirical Basis  74 
Theory and Experiment  88 
Degrees of Testability  95 
Logical Ranges Notes on the Theory of Measurement  108 
Degrees of Testability Compared by Reference to Dimensions  110 
Infimte Sequences Hypothetical Estimates of Frequency  154 
An Exammation of the Axiom of Randomness 59 ChanceLike Sequences Objective Probability  163 
Go Bernoullis Problem  164 
6i The Law of Great Numbers Bernoullis Theorem  168 
Bernoullis Theorem and the Interpretation of Probability Statements  171 
Bernoullis Theorem and the Problem of Convergence  173 
Some Observaiions on Quantum Theory  209 
i0 Corroboraiion or How a Theory Stands up to Tests  248 
The Dimension of a Set of Curves 40 Two Ways of Reducmg the Number of Dimensions of a Set of Curves  119 
Simplicity  121 
4i Elimmation of the Aesthetic and the Pragmatic Concepts of Simplicity  122 
The Methodalogical Problem of Simplicity 43 Simplicity and Degree of Falsifiability  126 
Geometrical Shape and Functional Form  128 
The Simplicity of Euclidean Geometry  129 
Conventionalism and the Concept of Simplicity  130 
Probability  133 
The Problem of Interpretmg Probability Statements 48 Subjective and Objective Interpretations  135 
The Fundamental Problem of the Theory of Chance  138 
The Frequency Theory of von Mises  139 
5t Plan for a New Theory of Probability  141 
Relative Frequency withm a Fmite Class 53 Selection Independence Insensitiveness Irrelevance  145 
Fmite Sequences Ordmal Selection and Neighbourhood Selection  147 
nFreedom m Fimte Sequences 56 Sequences of Segments The First Form of the Binomial Formula  152 
APPENDICES  281 
Formula  290 
Examinaiion of an Objection The TwoSlit  297 
Remarks Concermng an Imaginary Experiment  305 
i Two Notes on Induction and Demarcaiion  312 
li A Note on Probability i938  319 
ili On the Heuristic Use of the Classical Definition  325 
vi On Objective Disorder or Randomness  369 
vili Content Simplicity and Dimension  392 
Staiistical Tests  402 
x Universals Dispositions and Naiural  440 
xi On the Use and Misuse of Imaginary  464 
xli The Experiment of Einstein Podolsky and Rosen  481 
489  
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Common terms and phrases
2ero accepted appendix argument assert assume assumption atomic atomic statements basic statements believe Bernoulli's theorem binomial formula Boolean called Carnap chancelike characteri2ation concept contradict criterion of demarcation deduced defined definition degree of confirmation degree of corroboration degree of falsifiability derived diat discussed dtis Einstein elements empirical science epistemology example fact finite foomote formula frequency theory generali2ation given Heisenberg hypothesis idea imaginary experiment induction inductivist infinite initial conditions interpretation knowledge liglu litde logical probability mathematical means measure ments metaphysical method methodological miglu momentum ntuple natural laws objective observations obtain occur particle philosophy physical pmbability position possible Postscript postulate precision predictions principle prob probability statements probability theory problem problem of induction protocol sentences quantum theory question refuted regard relative frequencies result rule satisfied scientific segments sense sequence simplicity singular existential statement singular statements statistical stricdy sufficiendy tautology testable tests thai tion universal statements