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Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems
On Aaron's breast; or tongue of seers old
Infallible: or wert thou sought to deeds
That might require th' array of war, thy skill
Of conduct would be such, that all the world
Could not sustain thy prowess, or subsist
In battle, though against thy few in arms.
These God-like virtues wherefore dost thou hide,
Affecting private life, or more obscure
In savage wilderness? wherefore deprive
All earth her wonder at thy acts, thyself
The fame and glory, glory the reward
That sole excites to high attempts, the flame
Of most erected spi'rits, most temper'd pure

to the children of Israel during immediately after it to the palace the tabernacle by Urim and of glory, which he describes in Thunimim, and under the first his allegorical manner under the temple by the prophets. See figure of a beautiful woman Prideaux, Connect. part i. book called Philotimè. Thyer. . iii.

25. -glory the reward 17. thy skill

That sole excites to high atOf conduct would be such,]

tempts, the flame The meaning is, thy skill in con Of most erected spi'rits, &c.] ducting an army would be such,

- Pax mentis honestæ that &c.


Sil. Ital. vi. 332. 25. -glory the reward] Our The Tempter's praise of glory is Saviour having withstood the al- afterwards corrected by our Lord, lurement of riches, Satan attacks v. 60. him in the next place with the

This is true glory and renown, when charms of glory. Milton might possibly take the hint of thus Looking on the earth with approconnecting these two temptations bation marks ..

. from Spenser, who in his second

The just man, &c. book of the Faery Queen, repre- The two passages taken together senting the virtue of temperance should be compared with a beauunder the character of Guyon, tiful part of the Lycidas, 70–84, and leading him through various to which they bear a striking trials of his constancy, brings him resemblance. Dunster. to the house of riches, or Mam 27. Of most erected spi'rits,] mon's delve as he terms it, and The author here remembered



Ethereal, who all pleasures else despise
All treasures and all gain esteem as dross,
And dignities and pow'rs all but the highest ?
Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son


Cicero. Pro Archia. Trahimur was chosen consul before the omnes laudis studio, et optimus usual time, and transferred the quisque maxime gloria ducitur. war into Africa. Young Pompey De Off. i. S. In maximis animis . quelled the Pontic king, and in splendidissimisque ingeniis ple- triumph had rode. In this inrumque exsistunt honoris, im- stance our author is not so exact perii, potentiæ, gloriæ cupidita- as in the rest, for when Pompey tes.

was sent to command the war in 27. Erected spirits is a classical Asia against Mithridates king of phrase. Magno animo et erecto Pontus, he was above forty, but est, nec unquam succumbit ini. had signalized himself by many micis, nec fortunæ quidem. Cic. extraordinary actions in his Pro Deiotaro, 13. See also Se- younger years, and had obtained neca, Epist. ix. And it occurs the honour of two triumphs bein Par. Lost, i. 679.

fore that time. Pompey and

Cicero were born in the same Mammon the least erected spirit that

year; and the Manilian law, Dunster. which gave the command in Asia

to Pompey, was proposed when 31. Thy years are ripe, and Cicero was in the forty-first year over-ripe ;] Our Saviour's tempt- of his age. But no wonder that ation was soon after his baptism, Milton was mistaken in point and he was baptized when he of time, when several of the was about thirly years of age, ancients were, and Plutarch him. Luke iii. 23. And the son of self, who speaking of Pompey's Macedonian Philip, Alexander the three memorable triumphs over Great, had ere these, before these the three parts of the world, his years, won Asia and the throne first over Africa, his second over of Cyrus, the Persian empire Europe, and this last over Asia, founded by Cyrus, held at his says, that as for his age, those dispose ; for Alexander was but who affect to make the parallel twenty when he began to reign, exact in all things betwixt him and in a few years overturned and Alexander the Great, would the Persian empire, and died in not allow him to be quite thirtythe thirty-third year of his age. four, whereas in truth at this Young Scipio had brought doron time he was near forty. aixiu de the Carthaginian pride ; for Scipio TOTT m (ans peir oi xaT TUITU TO Africanus was no more than Adržavdew wagaban loutes avToy rii twenty-four years old, when he προσβιαζοντες αξιονσι) νεωτερος τον was sent proconsul into Spain, PIONOYTAC xal TITTUgar, ainduce de and was only between twenty- TOLS TITTAJAKONTA wgoonii. Plat. eight and twenty-nine, when he Vit. Pompeii.


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Of Macedonian Philip had ere these
Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held
At his dispose; young Scipio had brought down
The Carthaginian pride; young Pompey quelld
The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode.
Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature,
Quench not the thirst of glory, but augment.
Great Julius, whom now all the world admires,
The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd
With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long
Inglorious : but thou yet art not too late.

To whom our Saviour calmly thus replied.
Thou neither dost persuade me to seek wealth

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34. At his dispose ;) Shake- quasi pertæsus ignaviam suam, speare writes dispose for disposal. quod nihil dum à se memorabile King John, a. i. sc. 3.

actum esset in ætate qua jam

Alexander orbem terrarum subNeeds must you lay your heart at his dispose.

egisset, &c. Suetonii Jul. Cæs. Dunster. cap. 7.

44. Thou neither dost persuade 41. -wept that he had livd me to seek wealth so long

For empire's sake,] Inglorious :)

This refers to ver. 422, and 427 Alluding to a story related of of b. ii. Dunster. Julius Cæsar, that one day read. 44. Thou neither dust persuade ing the history of Alexander, he me &c.] How admirably does sat a great while very thoughtful, Milton in this speech expose the and at last burst into tears, and emptiness and uncertainty of a his friends wondering at the rea- popular character, and found true son of it, Do you not think, said glory upon its only sure basis. he, I have just cause to weep, the approbation of the God of when I consider that Alexander truth? There is a remarkable at my age had conquered so dignity of sentiment runs quite many nations, and I have all through it, and I think it will be this time done nothing that is no extravagance at all to assert, memorable? See Plutarch's Life that he has comprised in this of Cæsar. 'Others say, it was at short compass the substance and the sight of an image of Alex- quintessence of a subject which ander the Great-animadversa has exercised the peng of the apud Herculis templum magni greatest moralists in all ages. Alexandri imagine ingemuit ; et Thyer.

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For empire's sake, nor empire to affect
For glory's sake by all thy argument.
For what is glory but the blaze of fame,

The justness of this remark spici volunt, facias aliqua. Seneca, will appear to greater advantage epist. v. Qui virtutem suam by the learned collection out of publicari vult, non virtuti laborat, the heathen moralists in the fol- sed gloriæ. Id. epist. cxiï. Calowing note of Mr. Jortin. venda est gloriæ cupiditas, is a

47. For what is glory &c.] The lesson delivered by one who in love of glory is a passion deeply that particular did not practise rooted in us, and difficultly kept what he taught. De Officiis, i. under. Tyv xbvodozlov, WS TEAEUTELLO Laudis amore tumes ? sunt certa piaχιτωνα, και ψυχη πεφυκεν αποτιθεσθαι,

cula, quæ te says Plato. Helvidius Priscus, Ter pure lecto poterunt recreare li. as Tacitus relates, was possessed

bello. Hor. Epist. i. 1. of all the virtues which make a An quidquam stultius, quam quos great and a good man. He was singulos, sicut operarios barbaa Stoic into the bargain, and rosque contemnas, eos esse alitherefore bound by the principles quid putare universos? Cicero, of his philosophy to set a small Tusc. Disp. v. 36. where Dr. value upon the ta oux so'mpeone Davies: Egregium hoc monitum yet erant quibus appetentior fa- Socrati debetur, qui Alcibiadem, mæ videretur: quando etiam sa- in concionem populi prodire vepientibus cupido gloriæ novissima ritum, ita excitavit: Ou xata poveis exuitur. Hist. iv. 5. As at Rome (ute Ewregatns) EXELVOV TOU OKUTOand in Greece a spear, a crown Touov; TO OVOLO 467 WY AUTOU Parayof oak or laurel, a statue, a public τος δε του Αλκιβιαδου, υπολαβων παλιν commendation, was esteemed an • Enxqatns, 876 de oxsuvou TOV EY TOUS ample recompense for many xvX1055 KHEUTTOYTOS; EXELVOV TOU brave actions; so it is as true, or nyopprepov; oporoyouitos de TOU that not a few of their great men Kastriou Helgoextov, Our ovy, con o swwere over fond of fame, and κρατης, ο δημος Αθηναιων εκ τουτων mere slaves to the love of it. Let mécourte; XOC6 1 TW rad [KATEus see what the philosophers have O gorntsov, segue Xolo TW négocopeeyay. said concerning a greedy desire Epictetus, Enchir. xlv. says, Enof glory, such a desire of it as resia ngoxon TONTOGovdeve afera, ovdeyse leads men to make it the ruling Tatral, oudeva peu petai, ovdenu synaprinciple of their actions, and du, ovday wigs Savtov asyal, -xQ TIS incites them to do well only, or QUTOV ETT OLUN, xatayeda TOU ETHIYOUTchiefly in order to be admired. TOS AUTO; Ward' fautąxấy Yoy, our We shall find them condemning etoroyaltai. Signa proficientis it, and saying things agreeable sunt: neminem vituperat, nemienough to what Milton puts into nem laudat, de nemine queritur, the mouth of our Saviour. Illud neminem incusat, nihil de seipso autem te admoneo, ne eorum dicit,---et si quis ipsum laudet, more, qui non proficere sed con- ridet laudantem ipse secum; et

- 50

The people's praise, if always praise unmixd?
And what the people but a herd confus’d,
A miscellaneous rabble, who extol
Things vulgar, and well weigh’d, scarce worth the praise?
They praise, and they admire they know not what,
And know not whom, but as one leads the other;
And what delight to be by such extollid,
To live upon their tongues and be their talk, 55
Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise?

si vituperet, non se purgat. Idem Profunda supra nos altitudo temapud Stobæum: Oudais Qinoxen poris veniet, pauca ingenia caput HATOS, kot Qiandovos, xan Qirodožos, exserent, et in idem quandoque xols Pinecrew tog' anda Moros ó piros silentium abitura oblivioni resixenos. Nemo pecuniæ amans, stent, ac se din vindicabunt. et voluptatis, et gloriæ simul ho- Epist. xxi. We expect that Time mines amat; sed solus honesti should take the charge of our amans. So Plato De Repub. i. writings, and deliver them safe says, that a fondness of glory is to the latest posterity: but he as mean a vice as a fondness of is as surly and whimsical as money. Many such like pas. Charon: sages might be added, particu

Stabant orantes primi transmittere larly from Marcus Aurelius, and

cursum, other Stoical writers. T'he Stoics, Tendebantque manus ripæ ulterioris though they refused to give fame amore. and glory a place amongst good

Navita sed tristis nunc hos, nunc

accipit illos, things, yet I think did not slight

Ast alios longe summotos arcet arena. the esteem of good men: they

Jortin. distinguish between gloria and claritas. Gloria multorum judi- 49. And what the people but a ciis constat, claritas bonorum.- .

herd confus'd, TSed claritas] potest unius boni A miscellaneous rabble, who exviri judicio esse contenta. Se

tol neca, Epist. cii. I cannot for

Things vulgar, &c.] bear inserting here a passage These lines are certainly no proof from Seneca, which I believe of a democratic disposition in will please the reader as much our author. 'Dunster. as it does me: it relates to that 56. Of whom to be disprais'd fond hope which we writers, were no small praise ?] So it is good, bad, and indifferent, are in Milton's own edition, disapt to entertain, that our name praised ; in most of the others and labours shall be immortal, it is despised, and it tells us as elegantly as of whom to be despis'd were no small truly what we have to expect. . praise:

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