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Changest thy count'nance, and thy hand with no regard Of highest favours past

685 From thee on them, or them to thee of service.

Nor only dost degrade them, or remit , To life obscur'd, which were a fair dismission, But throw'st them lower than thou didstexalt them high, Unseenly falls in human eye, Too grievous for the trespass or omission; Oft leav'st them to the hostile sword. Of heathen and profane, their carcases To dogs and fowls a prey, or else captív'd; Or to th' unjust tribunals, under change of times, 695

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693. their carcases this, I had the pleasure to find

To dogs and fowls a prey,] that I had fallen into the same Plainly alluding to Homer's Iliad, vein of thinking with Mr. War. i. 4.

burton: but he has opened and -αυτους δελωρια τιυχι κυνιστιν pursued it much farther with OINTITI TI Tagi.

a penetration and liveliness of 695. Or to th' unjust tribunals, fancy peculiar to himself.. under change of times, &c.] Here God of our fathers to ver. 704.' no doubt Milton reflected upon is a bold expostulation with Pro. the trials and sufferings of his

vidence for the ill success of the party after the Restoration: and

good old cause. probably he might have in mind particularly the case of Sir Harry

But such as thou hast solemnly

elected, Vane, whom he has 60 highly With gifts and graces eminently celebrated in one of his sonnets. adorn'd If these they scape, perhaps in To some great work, thy glory. poverty &c; this was his own In these three lines are described case; he escaped with life, but the characters of the Heads of lived in poverty; and though he the Independent Enthusiasts, was always very sober and tem

-which in part they effect: . perate, yet he was much afflicted with the gout and other painful That is, by the overthrow of the diseases in crude old age, cruda monarchy, without being able to senectus, when he was not yet a raise their projected republic. very old man: .

Yet toward these thus dignified, thou Though not disordinate, yet cause.

oft less suff'ring

Amidst their height of noon : The punishment of dissolute days. Changest thy count'nanceSome time after I had written After Richard had laid down, all


And condemnation of th’ ingrateful inultitude.
If these they scape, perhaps in poverty
With sickness and disease thou bow'st them down,
Painful diseases and deform’d,
In crude old age;

Though not disordinate, yet causeless suff’ring
The punishment of dissolute days: in fine,
Just or unjust alike seem miserable,
For oft alike both come to evil end.

power came into the hands of The trials and condemnation of the enthusiastic Independent Re- Vane and the Regicides. The publicans, when a sudden revo- concluding verses describe his lution, by the return of Charles own case, II. broke all their measures.

If these they scape, perhaps in po. with no regard

vertyOf highest favours past

Painful discases and deform'dFrom thee on them, or them to thee of Though not disordinate, yet causeless service.

suff'ring That is, without any regard of The punishment of dissolute days: those favours shown by thee to His losses in the Excise, and his them in their wonderful successes gout not caused by intemperance. against tyranny and superstition But Milton was the most heated [Church and State), or of those enthusiast of his time; speaking services they paid to thee in of Charles the First's murder in declaring for religion and liberty his Defence of the People of [Independency and a Republic). England he says, Quanquam Nor only dost degrade foc.

ego hæc divino potius instinctu Too grievous for the trespass or omis. gesta esse crediderim, quoties sion;

memoria repeto fc. By the trespass of these precious 700. In crude old age;] Crude saints Milton means the quarrels old age in Virgil and in other among themselves: and by the writers is strong and robust, omission the not making a clear. stage in the constitution, and



cruda Deo viridisque senectus.. new-modelling the law as well as But Milton uses crude here for national religion, as Ludlow ad- premature and coming before its vised.

time, as cruda funera in Statius: captiv'd;

old age brought on 'by poverty Several were condemned to per and by sickness, as Hesiod says petual imprisonment, as Lambert Eex. 93., . and Martin.

Αιψα γαρ εν κακοτητι βρoτι καταγήOr to th' unjust tribunals under change patexoves. of times 8c.


So deal not with this once thy glorious champion, 705 The image of thy strength, and mighty minister. What do I beg? how hast thou dealt already? Behold him in this state calamitous, and turn His labours, for thou canst, to peaceful end.

But who is this, what thing of sea or land? 710 Female of sex it seems, That so bedeck’d, ornate, and gay, Comes this way sailing Like a stately ship Of Tarsus, bound for th’ isles Of Javan or Gadire With all her bravery on, and tackle trim, Sails fill'd, and streamers waving, Courted by all the winds that hold them play, An amber scent of odorous perfume


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714. Like a slately ship &c.] Merry Wives of Windsor, act ii. The thought of comparing a sc. 8. speaking of the ship-tire, woman to a ship is not entirely says, “it was an open headnew. Plautus has in his Pæ- « dress, with a kind of scarf nulus, i. ii. 1. it

“ depending from behind. Its

“ name of ship-tire was, I preNegotii sibi qui volet vim parare,

“ sume, from Navem et mulierem, hæc duo com

its giving the parato.

“ wearer some resemblance of a Nam nullæ magis res duæ plus ne " ship (as Shakespeare says) in gotii

« all her trim : with all her penHabent, forte si occeperis ornare, &c. « nants out, and flags and Of Tarsus, there is frequent men “ streamers flying. Thus Milton tion in Scripture of the ships of “in Samson Agonistes paints

Tarshish, which Milton as well - Dalila. This was an image as some commentators might con- “ familiar with the poets of that ceive to be the same as Tarsus « time. Thus Beaumont and in Cilicia: bound for thisles of " Fletcher in their play of Wit Javan, that is Greece, for Javan “ without Money-She spreads or Ion the fourth son of Japheth “ sattens as the king's ships do is said to have peopled Greece canvas &c." and lonia: or Gadire, reduga, 720. An amber scent of odorous Gades, Cadiz. Mr. Warburton perfume] Ambergris was now in his notes upon Shakespeare, in high repute for its fragrance,

Her harbinger, a damsel train behind;
Some rich Philistian matron she may seem,
And now at nearer view, no other certain
Than Dalila thy wife.

My wife, my traitress, let her not come near me. 725


Yet on she moves, now stands and eyes thee fix’d,
About ť have spoke, but now, with head declin'd
Like a fair flow'r surcharg'd with dew, she weeps,
And words address'd seem into tears dissolv’d,
Wetting the borders of her silken veil: .
But now again she makes address to speak.

With doubtful feet and wavering resolution

See Drayton, Polyolb. s. xx. vol. Mr. Jortin and Mr. Thyer both iv. p. i042. and Borde's Dietarie concurred in the same observaof Health, ch. viii. ed. 1542. tion, and therefore it is more Compare Howell's Letters, (Let. likely to be true. dat. 1629.) vol. i. sect. 5. . 729. And words address'd &c.] As 'mongst all flowres the rose ex. This verse is printed imperfect cells,

in most of the editions, As amber 'mongst the fragrant'st

rant'st And words address'd seem tears dissmells.

solvid, See also A Poem Royal, 1641.

that being wanted which is in ibid. And Jonson's Cynth. Rev. a. v. . 4. And in the Winter's

the first edition, Tale, a. iv. s. 3.

And words address'd seem into tears necklace-amber

dissolvid. Perfume for a lady's chamber.

Mr. Jortin conjectured it should See also Tam. Shrew, a. iv. s. 3.

be so read, without seeing the T. Warton.

first edition.

732. With doubtful feet &c.] 726. Yet on she moves, &c.] The scene between Samson and Like Ismene in the Antigone of

Dalila is drawn up with great Sophocles, ver. 532.

judgment, and particular beauty. Ka pomy argo guha ndo lovinom

One cannot conceive a more artΦιλαδελφα κατω δακρυ ειβομενη Νεφελη δ' οφρυων υπιρ, αιματοεν

ful, soft, and persuasive eloquence 'Pelos air Xunt,

than that which is put into the Τεγγουσ' ενωπα παρειαν.

mouth of Dalila, nor is the part

I came, still dreading thy displeasure, Samson, .
Which to have merited, without excuse,
I cannot but acknowledge ; yet if tears

May expiate (though the fact more evil drew
In the perverse event than I foresaw)
My penance hath not slacken'd, though my pardon
No way assur'd. But conjugal affection
Prevailing over fear, and timorous doubt,

Hath led me on, desirous to behold
Once more thy face, and know of thy estate,
If ought in my ability may serve
To lighten what thou suffer'st, and appease
Thy mind with what amends is in my power, 745
Though late, yet in some part to recompense
My rash but more unfortunate misdeed.

Out, out hyæna; these are thy wonted arts,
And arts of every woman false like thee,
To break all faith, all vows, deceive, betray,

750 Then as repentant to submit, beseech, And reconcilement move with feign'd remorse,

of Samson less to be admired for sequitur stabula pastorum, et authat stern and resolute firmness ditu assiduo addiscit vocamen, which runs through it. What quod exprimere possit imitatione also gives both parts a great ad- vocis humanæ, ut in hominem ditional beauty is their forming astu accitum nocte sæviat. A so fine a contrast to each other. celebrated tragic writer makes Thyer.

use of the same comparison. 748. Out, out hyæna ;) The Orphan, act ii. hyæna is a creature somewhat like a wolf, and is said to imi

'Tis thus the false hyæna makes her tate a human voice so artfully as

moan, to draw people to it, and then

To draw the pitying traveller to her

den; devour them. So Solinus, the

Your sex are so, such false dissemtranscriber of Pliny, cap. 27. blers all, &c. Multa de ea mira: primum quod

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