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Horribly loud, unlike the former shout.
1510 CHORUS Noise call you it or universal groan, As if the whole inhabitation perish’d! Blood, death, and deathful deeds are in that noise, Ruin, destruction at the utmost point.
1512. -inhabitation] Osroupem. Jonson's three plays, p. 31. Richardson.
derives the word dole from the 1514. -at the utmost point.] Greek ano tou deur, distribuere. Al ultimo segno. Richardson. By the way we may observe,
1529. - be dealing dole] Dis- that the Chorus here entertains tributing his gifts and portions the same pleasing hope of Sam. among his enemies, from a Saxon son's eye-sight being by miracle word, says Skinner, but Mr. Up- restored, which he had before ton in his remarks upon Ben tacitly reproved in Manoah, and
And over heaps of slaughter'd walk his way? 1530
1540 MESSENGER. O whither shall I run, or which way fly Manoah who had before encou- be: and so is the next but one, raged the same hope in himself, in that and all the editions ; now desponds and reckons it though it seems to belong rather presumptuous in another. Such to Manoah. The line between changes of our thoughts are na- them, which is wanting (as I just tural and common, especially in now observed) in the text of the any change of our situation and first edition, in the Errata and circumstances. Fear and hope in all the editions since is given usually succeed each other like to the Chorus, but the poet cer. ague and fever. And it was not tainly intended both them and a slight observation of mankind, Manoah a share in it. that could have enabled Milton to have understood and described
CHOR. A little stay will bring
some notice hither the human passions so exactly.
Of good or bad so great. Max. Of 1536. A little stay will bring
bad the sooner; some notice hither. The text of For evil news rides post, while good the first edition wants the nine news baits. lines preceding this, and the line
CHOR. And to our wish I see one
hither speeding, that follows it: but they are sup
An Hebrew, as I guess, and of our plied in the Errata. This line in that edition is in the part of the
Calton. Chorus, as I think it ought to
The sight of this so horrid spectacle,
1552. and here before thee] 1556. And sense distract.] The Here again the old error was word is used likewise as an adcarefully preserved through all jective in Shakespeare. Julius the editions. In the first edition Cæsar, act iv. sc. 4. it was printed and heard before thee; but we have corrected it,
With this she fell distract,
And (her attendants absent) swal. as Milton himself corrected it in
low'd fire. the table of Errata.
1554. No preface needs,] No Twelfth-Night, act v. sc. 5. preface is wanting. Needs is a They say, poor gentleman! he's verb neuter here as in Paradise much distract. Lost X. 80. where see the note.
That still lessens
1575 Abortive as the first-born bloom of spring
1576. Abortive as the first-born justness and propriety. One canbloom of spring &c.] As Mr. not possibly imagine a more Thyer says, this similitude is to exact and perfect image of the be admired for its remarkable dawning hope which Manoah
Nipt with the lagging rear of winter's frost!
: : MESSENGER. Unwounded of his enemies he fell.
Self-violence? what cause Brought him so soon at variance with himself 1585 Among his foes ?
had conceived from the favour.
row blossoms, And bears his blushing honours thick
upon him; The third day comes a frost, a killing
And when he thinks, good easy man,
full surely His greatness is a ripening, nips his
root; And then he falls, as I do. Upon which Mr. Warburton remarks, that as spring-frosts are not injurious to the roots of fruittrees, he should imagine the poet wrote shoot, that is, the tender shoot on which are the young leaves and blossoms. The comparison, as well as expression of nips, is juster too in this reading. Shakespeare has the same thought in Love's Labour Lost. Byron is like an envious sneaping
frost That bites the first-born infants of
the spring See Warburton's Shakespeare, vol. v. p. 413.