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Sat simply chatting in a rustic row;
Was kindly come to live with them below ;
When such music sweet
95 Divinely-warbled voice Answering the stringed noise,
As all their souls in blissful rapture took: The air such pleasure loath to lose, With thousand echoes still prolongs each heav'nly close.
89. That the mighly Pan sacred writings. Mr. Bowle reWas kindly come io lire with fers to Dante, Purgat. c. vi. v. them below.]
118. That is, with the shepherds on
- sommo Giove, the lawn. So in Spenser's Muy, Che fosti'n in terra per noi crocifisso. which Milton imitates in Lycidas. And says that this passage is I muse what account both these will literally adopted by Pulci, Mormake;
gant. Magg. c. ii. v. 2. T. The one for the hire which he doth Warton. take,
96. Divinely-warbled voice] And th' other for learning his lord's
Rather divinely-warbling. As all taske, When great Pan account of Shep. their souls in blissful raplure took. heards shall aske.
So in Par. Lost, ii. 554. Of the Again,
music of the milder angels.
-Took with ravishment For Pan himself was their inherit
The thronging audience. Again in July,
-each heavenly close. So Shake
speare speaks of a musical close. The brethren twelve that kept yfere
K. Richard II. a. ii. s. 1.
The setting sun, and music at the The same designation of Christ
close, occurs again in his September.
As the last taste of sweets is sweetest We should indeed recollect, that last. Christ is styled a shepherd in the
Of Cynthia's seat, the airy region thrilling,
And that her reign had here its last fulfilling;
110 That with long beams the shame-fac'd night array’d; The helmed Cherubim, And sworded Seraphim,
Are seen in glittering ranks with wings display'd, Harping in loud and solemn quire, With unexpressive notes to heav'n's new-born Heir.
But when of old the sons of morning sung,
103. --the airy region thrill- 116. With unexpressive notes) ing,] Piercing the air. So in See Lycidas, ver. 176. Spenser, Faery
Queen, b. i. cant. 117. Such music as 'tis said.] üi. st. 42.
See this music described, Par. With thrilling point of deadly iron Lost, vii. 558. seq. T. Warton. brand:
119. But when of old the sons and cant. vi. st. 6. thrilling shrieks: of morning sung,] As we read and in other places.
in Job xxxviii. 7. When the morn112. helmed] See Par. Lost, ing stars sang together, and all the vi. 840. T.Wartor,
SONS of God shouted for joy.
And the well-balanc'd world on hinges hung, And cast the dark foundations deep, And bid the welt'ring waves their oozy channel keep.
XIII. Ring out ye crystal Spheres,
125 Once bless our human ears,
(If ye have pow'r to touch our senses so,) And let your silver chime Move in melodious time,
And let the base of heav'n's deep organ blow, 130
Time will run back, and fetch the age of gold, 135
And leprous Sin will melt from earthly mould, And hell itself will pass away, And leave her dolorous mansions to the peering day. 140
125. Ring out ye crystalSpheres,] 136. And speckled Vanity See the notes, P. L. iii. 482. E. Will sicken soon and die.]
130. And let the base of heav'n's Plainly taken from the maculosum deep organ blow.) An idea catched nefas of Horace, Od. v. 4. 23. by Milton from St. Paul's cathe- J. Warton. dral while he was a schoolboy. Vanity dressed in a variety of He was not yet a puritan. After- gaudy colours. Unless he means wards he and his friends the spots, the marks of disease and fanatics would not have allowed corruption, and the symptoms of of so papistical an establishment approaching death. T. Warton. as an organ and choir, even in
i39. And hell itself will pass heaven. T. Warton.
away, 131. And with your ninefold And leave her dolorous mansions harmony] There being nine in. to the peering day.) folded spheres, as in Arcades, ver. The image is
The image is in Virgil, Æn, viii. 64. where see the note.
Orb’d in a rainbow ; and like glories wearing
With radiant feet the tissued clouds down steering,
The babe lies yet in smiling infancy,
So both himself and us to glorify:
Γαιαν αναρρηξειε Ποσειδαων ενεσιχθων, , Pallida, diis invisa ; superque im. Οικια δε θνησοισι και αθανατοισι φανση mane barathrum
Εμερδαλι', ευρωενσα, σα τη στυγιουσι θεει Cernatur, trepidentque immisso lumine Manes.
E. Peering, that is, overlooking or 143. Orb'd in a rainbow ; and prying, is frequent in Spenser like glories wearing and Shakespeare. I will give Mercy will sit between,] one instance from Coriolan. a. ii. The author thus corrected it in s. 3.,
the edition of 1673: in the first And mountainous Error be too
edition of 1645 it was thus, deeply pild
Th' enamelld Arras of the rainbow For Truth to over-peer.
wearing; T. Warton. And Mercy set between, ge. Compare Homer, Il. Y. 61.
156. The wakeful trump of Edduri de ürinsebev avaš enegas
doom must thunder through the Aures de sx Opovou adro, kai vaxt, pen or deep,] A line of great energy, iriges
elegant and sublime. T. Warlon.
While the red fire, and smouldring clouds out brake : The aged earth aghast,
160 With terror of that blast,
Shall from the surface to the centre shake; When at the world's last session, The dreadful Judge in middle air shall spread his throne.
XVIII. And then at last our bliss
165 Full and perfect is,
But now begins; for from this happy day
170 And wroth to see his kingdom fail, Swinges the scaly horror of his folded tail.
speare, p. 435.
157. With such a horrid clang] and Fairfax, xii. 46. Clang is clangour. So of a mul
A mass of solid fire burning bright titude of birds, Par. Lost, vii. Rolld up in smouldring fumes there 422.
bürsteth out: -Soaring the air sublime and xiii. 61. With clang despis'd the ground.
And in each vein a smouldring fire But see Steevens's note, Tam,
there dwelt. Shr, vol. iii. Johns. Steey. Shake
159. Spenser also has smouldry, T. Warton.
F. Q. i. vii. 13. and iii. xi. 21. 159. —and smouldring clouds] Smouldring or smouldry, hot, A word that I find neither in sweltering. Perhaps from the Junius, nor Skinner, nor Bailey, Anglo-Saxon, Smolt, hot weather. but in Spenser and Fairfax. T. Warton. Faery Queen, b. i. cant. viii, st. 9.
172. Swinges the scaly horror Inrolrd in dames, and smouldring of his folded tail.] These images dreariment :
are plainly copied from Spenser's b. i. cant. v. st. 3.
description of the old dragon: The smouldring dust did round about and no wonder Milton was fond him smoke:
of it in his younger years, for he