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Or range in th' air, nor far from the heav'n of heav'ns
earth,] Milton uses the same another on that manner. And phrase in his Paradise Lost, x. there came forth a spirit, and 684. speaking of the sun: stood before the Lord, and said, Had rounded still th’horizon- . I will persuade him. And the
Thyer. Lord said unto him, Wherewith 368. I came among the sons of And he said, I will go forth, and God, &c.] Job i. 6. Now there I will be a lying spirit in the was a day when the sons of God mouth of all his prophets. And came to present themselves before
present themselves before he said, Thou shalt persuade him, the Lord, and Satan came also and prevail also : go forth, and among them. See too ii. 1. do so. And this symbolical vi.
372. To draw the proud king sion of Micaiab, in which heaAhab into fraud] That is, into
venly things are spoken of after mischief, as fraus sometimes the manner of men in condescenmeans in Latin. Jotlin. sion to the weakness of their
The reader may see an instance capacities, our author was too of fraud and fraus used in this good a critic to understand litesense in the Paradise Lost. ix. rally, though as a poet he repre643, and the note there. And sents it so. this story of Ahab is related 377. -though I have lost 1 Kings xxii. 19, &c. I saw the Much lustre of my native brightLord sitting on his throne, and all
ness,] the host of heaven standing by Satan describes himself, changed him, on his right hand and on his in outward lustre, P. L. i. 97. left. And the Lord said, Who and again it is said of him, shall persuade Ahab, that he may P. L. i. 591. go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead ?
-his form had yet not lost And one said on this manner, and AU her original brightness.
Much lustre of my native brightness, lost
Compare also Zephon's reply to templates them with admiration." Satan, P. L. iv. 835.
Speaking of them he says,
. --whom my thoughts pursue Think not, revolted Spirit, thy shape
With wonder, and could love, so lively the same,
shines · Or undiminish'd brightness, to be
In them divine resemblance, &c. known, &c.
P. L. iv. 362. Dunster.
. Dunster. 379. I have not lost
. 385. — To hear attent • To love, at least contemplate Thy wisdom.] and admire,
Milton seems to have borrowed What I see excellent in good, this word, and this emphatical - or fair,
manner of applying it, from . Or virtuous,]
Spenser, Faery Queen, h. vi. So in Par. Lost, iv. 844.
cant. ix. st. 26. -abash'd the devil stood,
Whilst thus he talk'd, the knight * And felt bow areful goodness is, and
with greedy car
Hung still upon his melting mouth Virtue in her shape how lovely; saw,
attent, .! and pin'd
Thyer. His loss.
385. Mr. Dunster adds from Again it is said, P. L. ü. 482. Hamlet, act i. sc. 2.
Season your admiration for a while --for neither do the spirits damo'd With an attent ear. Lose all their virtue.
And so we find in 2 Chron. vi. And when Satan first sees Adam 40. and vii. 15. Let thine ears be and Eve in Paradise, he · con- attent unto the prayer, &c. E.
Copartner in these regions of the world,
400 394. Oft my advice by presages 397. Envy they say exciles me, and signs,
thus 10 gain, And answers, oracles, portents, Compunions of my misery and and dreums,]
woe.] Mr. Calton, in a learned note, They say is not here merely of objects to the word portents; but general reference; it relates to by portents Milton plainly un- what Raphael had said to Adam, derstands something more than concerning Satan, Par. Lost, vi. presages and signs, as portenta are 900, ranked with monstra and prodigia - he who envies now thy state, in the best Latin authors. A pas Who now is plotting how he may sage in Cicero de Nat. Deor. ii.
Thee also from obedience, that with 65. cited by Mr. Calton, reflects so much light on these lines, as
Bereav'd of happiness thou may'st would incline one to believe that
partake Milton had it in mind as he was His punishment, eternal misery;
Which would be all his solace and composing. Multa cernunt ha
revenge, ruspices: multa augures provi
Thee once to gain companion of his dent: these are the presages and signs and answers : multa oraculis declarantur, multa vaticina
400. —now I feel by proof, tionibus, multa somniis, multa
That fellowship in pain divides portentis: here portents are an
not smart,] numerated with oracles and Our author here had in his eye dreams : quibus cognitis, multæ this line of the poet. sæpe res hominum sententia atque
Solamen miseris socios habuisse do. utilitate partæ (or as Lambin reads, ex animi sententia atque
Thyer. utilitate parlæ) multa etiam pe
We may compare the follow. ricula depulsa sunt: the sense of ing passage of Cicero ii. in which is very well expressed by Catilin. 10. -illud non intelligo the following line in Milton,
—cur minore dolore perituros se Whereby they may direct their future cum multis, quam si soli pereant, life.
That fellowship in pain divides not smart,
402. Nor lightens ought each the Tempter conclude with these man's peculiar load.] I think it lines concerning the restoration will not be cavilling to say, that of fallen man, in order to lead each man's peculiar load should our Saviour to say something not be put in the mouth of Sa- about the manner of it, to know tan, who was no man, who had which was one great part of his confessed to Christ that he was design, that he might be able, if the unfortunate arch-fiend, and possible, to counterplot and prewho speaks of himself. If Mil- vent it. With no less judgment ton had been aware of it, he is our Saviour represented in would have corrected it thus, the following answer, taking no Nor lightens ought each one's pecu. other notice of it than by reliar load,
plying, Deservedly thou grievest or in some other manner. Be &c. Thyer. sides the word man is repeated
See the difference between here too often. Jortin.
the fall of the angels and the 404. This wounds me most &c.] fall of man, with their respecVery artful. As he could not tive consequences, (according to acquit himself of envy and mis- Milton's ideas, E.] pointed out, chief, he endeavours to soften P. L. iii. 129. his crimes by assigning this The first sort by their own suggestion cause of them. Warburton.
fell, This wounds me most (what can it
Self-tempted, self-deprav'd ; man
falls deceiv'd less ?) that man,
By the other first ; man therefore Man fall’n shall be restor'd, I never
shall find grace, · more. ..
The other none. The poet very judicivusly makes
Ejected, emptied, gaz'd, unpitied, shunn'd,
414. Ejected, emptied, gaz'd, little before in ver. 400. Never unpitied, shunn'd,] Milton is acquainted for Nearer acquainted. fond of accumulating a cluster 423 -pleasure to do ill exof participles. So in P. L. vi. cites.) So in P. L. i. 159. Satan 852.
says to his infernal compeer, Exhausted, spiritless, afflicted, fallen.
of this be sure Dunster. To do aught good never will be our
task ; 416. —the happy place &c.]
But ever to do ill our sole delight. The same noble sentiment we
Dunster. find also in Paradise Lost, ix. 467.
426. With all inflictions ? but But the hot hell that always in him his patience won.] So Mr. Fenton
burns, Though in mid heav'n, &c.
points this passage in his edition,
Thyer. and so it should be pointed. 417. Imparts to thee) In all
And the verb won I think is not the editions it is printed Imports
often used as a verb neuter, but to thee, but in the Errata of the I find it so in Spenser's Faery first edition we are desired to
Queen, b. i. cant. vi. st. 39. read Imparts to thee. The errors And he the stoutest knight that ever of the first edition are continued
2009. in the subsequent ones, even 428.-in four hundred mouths;] where they make downright Then the king of Israel gathered nonsense of the passage; we had the prophets together, about a most remarkable instance a four hundred men. 1 Kings