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Of human mould with gross unpurged ear;
And yet such music worthiest were to blaze
The peerless height of her immortal praise,
Whose lustre leads us, and for her most fit,
If my inferior hand or voice could hit
Inimitable sounds, yet as we go,
Whate'er the skill of lesser gods can show,
I will assay, her worth to celebrate,
And so attend ye toward her glittering state:
Where ye may all that are of noble stem
Approach, and kiss her sacred vesture's hem.

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73. With gross unpurged ear ;] cred resture's hem.) Fairfax, in Compare Shakespeare, Mids. N. the metrical dedication of his Dr. a. ii. s. 1.

Tasso to Queen Elizabeth, bids And I will purge thy mortal grossness his Muse not approach too boldly,

nor soil That thou will like an airy spirit go.

- her vesture's hem. And see Comus, v. 997. I must not quit Milton's Genius List mortals, if your ears be true. without observing, that a Genius

T. Warton is more than once introduced in 77. Hand or voice could hit,

Jonson's Underwoods and Masques.

See the poems on Lord Bacon's &c.] Parad. Reg. iv. 254. Tones

birth-day, written 1620, vol. vi. “ and numbers hit by voice or

425. and in “ Part of the King's hand.And, i. 171." The hand

“ Entertainment passing to his “sung with the voice.” T. War

a Coronation," the Genius of ton. 81. And so attend ye toward

London appears. Ed. fol. 1616.

* p. 849. And in the Entertain. her glittering state:] Jonson,

ment at Theobald's, 1607, the diaHymenæi, vol. v. 272.

logue is chiefly supported by a And see where Juno

Genius, p. 887. And the Fates Displays her glittering state and chair, are represented teaching future A state is a canopy. See the things to the Genius of this piece, notes P. Li vii. 440. and x. 445. who is the Genius of the palace T. Warton.

of Theobald's, p.888. T. Warton. 83. Approach, and kiss her sa. 84, -enomelld green. End

Follow me as I sing,

And touch the warbled string,
Under the shady roof
Of branching elm star-proof.

Follow me,
I will bring you where she sits,
Clad in splendor as befits

Her deity.
Such a rural Queen
All Arcadia hath not seen.

Song III. NYMPHS and Shepherds dance no more

By sandy Ladon’s lilied banks,

melled, with this application, oc- See Peacham's Minerva Britanna, curs repeatedly in Sylvester's p. 182. edit. 1612. 4to. But Du Bartas. And in Drayton, literally the same line is applied Sydney, and Peele. T. Warton. to a grove in the Faerie Queene,

87. -warbled string.) That i. i. 7. Where Spenser seems to is, the lute accompanied with the have imitated Statius, Theb. I. x. voice. T. Warton.

85. 89. -branching elm star-proof.] -Nulli penetrabilis astro That is, which will resist the evil Lucus iners. influence of the planets. It is a Compare our author, P. L. b. ix. vulgar superstition that one 1088. species of elm has this virtue. Where highest woods impenetrable Warburton.

To star, or sun-light, spread their But I believe he means no umbrage broad. more than, proof against the rays Sylvester has “ Sun-proof arof the sun; impenetrable to star « bours," Du Bartas, p. 171. or sun-light, as he says P. L. ix. edit. 1621.' Works. But star1086. where see the note. Hurd. proof is astrological, as in Martin's

One of Peacham's Emblems is Dunbe Knight. 1608. Reed's the picture of a large and lofty Old. Pl. iv. 479. grove, which defies the influence

Or else star-cross'd with some hagg's of the moon and stars appearing

hellishness, over it. This grove, in the

7. Warton. verses affixed, is said to be,

97. By sandy Ladon's lilied Not pierceable to power of any starre. banks, &c.] This was the most VOL. II.

G g


On old Lycæus or Cyllene hoar

Trip no more in twilight ranks,
Though Erymanth your loss deplore,

A better soil shall give ye thanks.
From the stony Mænalus
Bring your flocks, and live with us,
Here ye shall have greater grace,
To serve the Lady of this place.
Though Syrinx your Pan's mistress were,
Yet Syrinx well might wait on her.

Such a rural Queen
All Arcadia hath not seen. *


beautiful river of Arcadia, and Hic distentus aqua sata lambit pinguis the others are famous mountains

Ladon. of that country: and the poet But by lilied banks we are calls it sandy Ladon after Ovid, perhaps only to understand waterMet. i. 702.

lilies. Lilied seems to have been Donec arenosi placitum Ladonis ad no uncommon epithet for the amnem

banks of a river. So in Syl. Venerit.

vester, cited in England's Parand it might properly be said to nassus, 1600. p. 479. [Works, have lilied banks, since Diony- ut supr. p. 1201.] sius, as I find him quoted by By some cleare river's lillie.pared side, Farnaby, has called it Euxandrov

T. Warton. ποταμον και εύστεφανον Λαδωνα.

* Alice, Countess Dowager of 97. I know not that Dionysius

Derby, was the lady before whom mentions the river Ladon any where, but in the following verse

any this Mask was presented at Hare

field. She married Ferdinando of the Periegesis, v. 417.

Lord Strange; who on the death Hxo do wyugios PenXVIETEI Údari Aadwy. of his father Henry, in 1594, Ovid mentions Ladon more than became Earl of Derby, but died once, but without its lilies. Com- the next year. She was the pare Statius, Theb. ix. 573. And sixth daughter of Sir John SpenCallimachus, Hymn. Jov. v. 18. ser of Althorpe in Northampton

Festus Avienus, I believe, is shire. She was afterwards marthe only ancient Latin poet, if ried to Lord Chancellor Egerton, he deserves the name, who speaks who died in 1617. See Prelim. of the fertility of the fields N. on Comus. And Dugd. Baron. washed by Ladon. Descript. Orb. iii. 414, 251. She died Jan. 26, v. 574.

1635-6, and was buried at Hare

field. Arcades could not there- Charillis, or Anne ; these three fore have been acted after 1636. of Sir John Spenser's daughters See MSS. Willis, Bibl. Bodl. fol. being best known at court. See Num. viii. f. 54. Pedigr. Bucks. v. 536. Harrington has an Epigram to Ne lesse praise-worthy are the Sisters this lady, b. iii. 47. In praise of .

three, &c. the Countesse of Derby, married After a pane

After a panegyric on the two to the Lord Chancellour.

first, he next comes to Amarillis, This noble Countesse lived many or Alice, our lady, the Dowager yeeres

of the above-mentioned FerdiWith Derby, one of England's great

nando Lord Derby, lately dead. est peeres ; Fruitfull and faire, and of so cleare But Amarillis, whether fortunate, a name

Or else unfortunate, as I aread, That all this region marvell’d at her That freed is from Cupid's yoke by fame:

fate, But this brave peere extinct by Since which, she doth new bands hastned fate,

adventure dread: She staid, ah! too too long, in Shepheard, whatever thou hast heard widowes state;

to be And in that state took so sweet state In this or that praysd diversly apart, upon her .

In her thou maist them all assembled All eares, eyes, tongues, heard, saw,

see and told, ber honour, &c.

And seald up in the treasure of her A Dedication to this Lady

heart. Dowager Derby, full of the most

And in the same poem, he exalted panegyric, is prefixed to thus apostrophises to her late Thomas Gainsford's Historie of husband Earl Ferdinand, under Trebizonde, a set of tales. Lond. the name Amyntas*. See v. 432. 1616. 4to.

Amyntas quite is gone, and lies full But Milton is not the only Great English poet who has cele

Having his Amarillis left to mone! brated this Countess Dowager

Help, 0 ye Shepheards, help ye all

in this, of Derby. She was the sixth

Her losse is yours, your loss Amyntas daughter, as we have seen, of

is : Sir John Spenser, with whose Amyntas, flowre of Shepheards pride family Spenser the poet claimed forlorne : &c. an alliance. In his Colin Clouts And to the same lady Alice, come home again, written about when Lady Strange, before her 1595, he mentions her under the husband Ferdinand's advanceappellation of Amarillis, with her ment to the Earldom, Spenser sisters Phillis, or Elizabeth, and addresses his Teares of the Muses,


• But if this poem, according to its dedication to Sir Walter Raleigh, was printed in 1591, then Amyntas would be Henry Lord Compton, who died 1589, and Amarillis, Anne his widow. Consequently, Alice is not Amarillis, but another of the three sisters here celebrated. But I date the poem, for unanswerable reasons, in 1595-6. See Life of Spenser, prefixed to Mr. Ralph Church's edition of the Faerie Queene, Lond. 8vo. 1758. vol. i. pp. xviii, xxx. And compare Upton's edition, vol. i. Pref. p. xi. And his note, iii. vi. 45. Where Amintas may mean some other person. See Dugd. Baron, ii, 400. col. ii. 403. col. i. But this doubt does not affect the main purport of my argument.

published in 1591, in a Dedica- ties which she had conferred tion of the highest regard: where upon the poets. Thus the Lady he speaks of, “ your excellent who presided at the represent“ beautie, your virtuous beha- ation of Milton's Arcades, was “ viour, and your noble match not only the theme but the pa“ with that most honourable troness of Spenser. The peerLorde the verie patterne of age-book of this most respectable “ right nobilitie." He then ac- Countess is the poetry of her knowledges the particular bouna times. T. Warton.



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