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Among daughters of men the fairest found;
Many are in each region passing fair
As the noon sky; more like to goddesses
Than mortal creatures, graceful and discreet,
Expert in amorous arts, inchanting tongues
Persuasive, virgin majesty with mild
And sweet allay’d, yet terrible t approach,
Skill'd to retire, and in retiring draw

160

made the subject of debate among in Romeo's commendations of his the wicked spirits themselves. mistress, act i. sc. 2. All that can be said in com- Show me a mistress, that is passing mendation of the power of

fair ; beauty, and all that can be al- What doth her beauty serve, but as leged to depreciate it, is here

a note,

Where I may read who pass'd that summed up with greater force

passing fuir ? and elegance, than I ever remember to have seen it in any 159. -—virgin majesty with mild other author. And the character And sweet allay'd, yet terrible of Belial in the Paradise Lost,

ť approach,] and the part that he sustains Possibly suggested by Claudian's there, sufficiently shew how pro Miscetur decori virtus, pulcher que perly he is introduced upon the severo present occasion. He is said to Armatur terrore pudor.

Con. Prob. et Ol. 91. be the fleshliest Incubus after Asmodai, or Asmadai as it is written

And thus, Par. Lost, xi. 489. Paradise Lost, vi. 365, or Asmo -divinely fair, fit love for Gods, dëus, iv. 168, the lustful angel, Not terrible, though terror be in love who loved Sarah the daughter of

And beauty. Raguel, and destroyed her seven

Dunsler. husbands, as we read in the book

ad in the book 161. Skilld to retire, and in of Tobit.

retiring draw 153. It should be remarked, Hearts after them] that the language of Belial is ex- In the same manner Milton in quisitely descriptive of the power his description of Eve, Paradise of beauty, yet without a single Lost, viii. 504. word introduced, or even a Not obvious, not obtrusive, but rethought conveyed, that is unbe

tir'd, coming its place in this divine

The more desirable. poem, Dunster.

Hearts after them tangled in amo155. passing fair] Our au- rous nets. Milton seems to use the thor had several times met with word amorous rather in the sense this phrase in his beloved Spenser of the Italian amoroso, which is and Shakespeare; and particularly applied to any thing relating to

Hearts after them tangled in amorous nets.
Such object hath the pow'r to soft'n and tame
Severest temper, smooth the rugged'st brow,
Enerve, and with voluptuous hope dissolve,
Draw out with credulous desire, and lead
At will the manliest, resolutest breast,
As the magnetic hardest iron draws.

165

the passion of love, than in its 166. Draw out with credulous common English acceptation, in desire,] This beautiful expreswhich it generally expresses sion was formed partly upon the something of the passion itself. Spes animi credulu mutui of HoThyer.

race. Od. iv. 1. 30. 162. tangled in amorous nets.]

--fond hope of mutual fire, Our author has the same image The still-believing, still-renew'd de. in his first Elegy, v, 60, and in sire, the Par. Lost, xi. 585. Thus also as Mr. Pope paraphrases it. And Spenser, Sonnet 37. Shakespeare, as Mr. Thyer thinks, it is partly Henry VIII. act iii. sc. 2. and an allusion to Terence. Andria, Drummond, Sonnel 58. In the iv. 1, 23. following verses, Such object hath -Non tibi satis esse hoc visum soli. the power to soften and tame, &c. dum est gaudium it is probable that Milton had a Nisi me laclasses amantem, et falsa stanza of his favourite Spenser s pe produceres. in his mind, Faery Queen, b. v. 167. At will the manliest resoc. viii. 1. Dunster.

lutest breast,] Thus Euripides, 164. — smooth the rugged'st Hippol. 1282. brow,] Thus in the Penseroso, 58. Συ των θεων ακαμπτον Φρενα -Smoothing the rugged brow of night.

Και βροτων αγεις Κυπρο,

'Tis thine, O Venus, to controul And in the opening of Shake

Of Gods and men the stubborn soul. speare's Richard III.

Dunster. Grim visag'd war hath smooth'd his 168. As the magnetic hardest wrinkled front,

iron draws.] Lucian hath this siCompare Diphylus. (preserved mile in his Imagines, vol. ii. p. 2.

Ed. Græv. E. de xaxum #poorpus god of wine,

VE, TIS BOTOL Munyaon arosquet AUTOS;

atau yag at avadno dejesen rydde av τον τας οφρυς αίροντα συμπαθεις γιλαν. Edean, oreg xau ij addos ni upandeue deu And Horace, Epod. xiii. 6. τον σιδηρον. But if the fair one Dumque virent genua

once look upon you, what is it Et decet, obducta solvatur fronte seo that can get you from her ? She nectus.

will draw you after her at pleaDunster. sure, bound hand and foot, just

170

Women, when nothing else, beguild the heart
Of wisest Solomon, and made him build,
And made him bow to the gods of his wives.

To whom quick answer Satan thus return'd.
Belial, in much uneven scale thou weigh’st
All others by thyself; because of old
Thou thyself doat’dst on womankind, admiring 175
Their shape, their colour, and attractive grace,
None are, thou think’st, but taken with such toys.
Before the flood thou with thy lusty crew,
False titled sons of God, roaming the earth
Cast wanton eyes on the daughters of men, 180
And coupled with them, and begot a race.

as the loadstone draws iron. We and genius could not entirely may observe that Milton, by re- preserve him from being infected straining the comparison to the with that fanciful sort of wit. power of beauty over the wisest which too much prevailed in the men and the most stoical tem- age in which he first formed his pers, hath given it a propriety, taste. which is lost in a more general 170. Of wisest Solomon, and application. See a little poem made him build, &c.] See Par. of Claudian's on the Magnet. It Lost, i. 337, and the note there. is the fifth of his Idyllia. Calton. E.

As the magnetic, it should be the 178. Before the flood &c.] It magnet, or the magnetic stone: is to be lamented that our author but Milton often converts the has so often adopted the vulgar adjective, and uses it as the sub. notion founded upon that mis. stantive. Mr. Thyer wishes some taken text of Scripture, Gen. vi. authority could be found to 2. The sons of God saw the daughjustify the omitting of this line, ters of men, that they were fair; which in his opinion is very low and they took them wives of all and mean; and appears too the which they chose. See Paradise more so, 'as it immediately fol- Lost, iii. 463. and v. 447. Yet lows some of the finest and most he shews elsewhere that he unmasterly verses in the whole derstood the text rightly, of the poem. The simile is in itself sons of Seth, who were the wortrite and common, and the con- shippers of the true God, interceit implied in the word hardest marrying with the daughters of boyish to the last degree. This wicked Cain. Paradise Lost, xi. shews that all Milton's learning 621..

185

Have we not seen, or by relation heard,
In courts and regal chambers how thou lurk’st,
In wood or grove by mossy fountain side,
In valley or green meadow, to way-lay
Some beauty rare, Calisto, Clymene,
Daphne, or Semele, Antiopa,
Or Amymone, Syrinx, many more
Too long, then lay'st thy scapes on names ador'd,
Apollo, Neptune, Jupiter, or Pan,
Satyr, or Faun, or Sylvan? But these haunts
Delight not all; among the sons of men,

190

188. —Many more

self of the fabulous amours of Too long,]

the heathen deities. He transA concise way of speaking for fers them to the fallen angels, many more too long to mention. and, by the judicious application The author had used it before, of these disgraceful tales, gives Paradise Lost, iii. 473. And in- them a propriety which they deed more would have been too never before possessed. He long, and it would have been furnishes even the schoolboy" better, if he had not enumerated with a moral to the fable which so many of the loves of the he has been reading. Dunster. Gods. Calisto, Semele, Antiopa 189. -scapes] Loose acts of were mistresses to Jupiter; Cli- vice or lewdness. Johnson's Dict. mene, and Daphne to Apollo; 190. Apollo, Neptune, &c.)

Amymone to Neptune, and Sy- Both here and elsewhere Milton ring to Pan. These things are considers the gods of the Heaknown to every schoolboy, but thens as Demons, or Devils. add no dignity to a divine poem: Navtis oi 6:01 Twy show doskonia. and in my opinion are not the Psalm xcv. 5. And the notion of most pleasing subjects in paint- the Demons having commerce ing any more than in poetry, with women in the shape of the though wrought by the hand of heathen Gods is very ancient, a Titian or a Julio Romano. and is expressly asserted by But our author makes ample Justin Martyr, from whom proamends in what follows.

bably our author borrowed it. 188. I must confess my sur- upnostat youe r'aandes. €TTEL TO WCprise at Bp. Newton's censure λαιoν δαιμονες φαυλοι επιφανειας of this passage. It appears to Woino dulevot, rab yuraIKUS eoryevra), me not only in the highest de- %. 7. a. aaa', as agoEP LLEV, oi date gree justifiable, but absolutely loves tauta emeažav. Apol. i. p. as one of the loci laudandi. Mil- 10. et 33. Edit. Thirlbii. ton here admirably avails him

200

How many have with a smile made small account
Of beauty and her lures, easily scorn'd
All her assaults, on worthier things intent?

195
Remember that Pellean conqueror,
A youth, how all the beauties of the east
He slightly view'd, and slightly overpass'd ;
How he surnam'd of Africa dismiss'd
In his prime youth the fair Iberian maid.
For Solomon, he liv'd at ease, and full
Of honour, wealth, high fare, aim'd not beyond
Higher design than to enjoy his state ;
Thence to the bait of women lay expos’d:
But he whom we attempt is wiser far

205 Than Solomon, of more exalted mind, Made and set wholly on th' accomplishment Of greatest things; what woman will you find . Though of this age the wonder and the fame, On whom his leisure will vouchsafe an eye

210

196. Remember that Pellean illuderet &c. Quint. Curt. lib. conqueror, &c.] Alexander the iii. cap.9. And this is the more Great, who was born at Pella in extraordinary, as he was then Macedonia : and his continence a young conqueror of about and clemency to Darius's queen, twenty-three years of age, a and daughters, and the other youth, as Milton expresses it. Persian ladies whom he took 199. How he surnam'd of Africa captive after the battle at Issus, &c.] The continence of Scipio are commended by the historians. Africanus at the age of twentyTum quidem ita se gessit, ut four, and his generosity in reomnes ante eum reges et conti- storing a handsome Spanish lady nentia et clementia vincerentur. to her husband and friends, are Virgines enim regias excellentis celebrated by Polybius, lib. x. formæ tam sancte habuit, quam and after him by Livy, lib. xxvi. si eodem quo ipse parente genitæ cap. 50. and Valerius Maximus forent: conjugem ejusdem, quam lib. iv. cap. 3. and various other nulla ætatis suæ pulchritudine authors. corporis vicit, adeo ipse non 210. On whom his leisure will violavit, ut summam adhibuerit vouchsafe an eye curam, ne quis captivo corpori Of fond desire?]

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