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Of fond desire ? or should she confident,
As sitting queen ador'd on beauty's throne,
Descend with all her winning charms begirt
T'enamour, as the zone of Venus once
Wrought that effect on Jove, so fables tell ;
How would one look from his majestic brow



This eye of fond desire is very She said. With awe divine the beautifully expressed by Æschy

queen of love

Obey'd the sister and the wife of lus, whom our author perhaps

Jove: had in view. Suppl. ver. 1011. And from her fragrant breast the Και παρθενων χλιδαισιν ευμορφοις εσι

zone unbrac'd, Πας τις παρελθων ομματος θελκτηριον

With various skill and high em. Τοξευμ' εσιμψιν, ίμερου νικωμενος.

broid'ry grac'd. Thyer.

In this was every art, and every

charm, 211, -or should she confident, To win the wisest, and the coldest As sitting queen ador'd on

warm : beauty's throne,

Fond love, the gentle vow, the gay Descend with all her winning


The kind deceit, the still-reviving charms begirt T enamour,]

Persuasive speech, and more perClearly from the same pallette suasive sighs, and pencil as the following highly

Silence that spoke, and eloquence of coloured

eyes. Pope. passage, Par. Lost, viii. 59.

But the words so fables tell With goddess-like demeanour forth look as if the poet had forgot she went

himself, and spoke in his own Not unattended, for on her as queen

person rather than in the chaA pomp of winning graces waited

racter of Satan. still, And from about her shot darts of 216. from his majestic brow desire

Seated as on the top of virlue's Into all eyes to wish her still in sight. hill,]

Dunster. Here is the construction that we 214. —as the zone of Venus often meet with in Milton; from опсе

his majestic brow, that is, from Wrought that effect on Jove, so the majestic brow of him seated fables tell ;]

as on the top of virtue's hill : Tiad. xiv. 214.

and the expression of virtue's hill H, και ασο στηθισφιν ελνσατο κιστον

was probably in allusion to the ιμαντα,

rocky eminence on which the Tlaxihove uyda do oi baxongia warta virtues are placed in the table of TITUXTO

Cebes, or the arduous ascent up En su may pilotus, ' ipsigos, " the hill to which virtue is repre

οαρισσυς, Ilagparis, i s' vxarfs vooy aura ose

sented pointing in the best deOgortorowy.

signs of the judgment of Hercules,


Seated as on the top of virtue's hill,
Discount'nance her despis'd, and put to rout
All her array; her female pride deject,
Or turn to reverent awe ? for beauty stands
In th' admiration only of weak minds
Led captive; cease to admire, and all her plumes
Fall flat and shrink into a trivial toy,
At every sudden slighting quite abash'd:
Therefore with manlier objects we must try


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particularly that by Annibal Ca. Among Milton's early Latin Eleracci in the palace Farnese at gies we find one (the seventh) of Rome, as well as that by Paolo The amatory kind. But when Matthæi, painted by the direction he published his Latin poems, of Lord Shaftesbury; but the eighteen years afterwards, he first thought of seating virtue on thought it necessary to add to it a hill was borrowed from old ten lines, apologizing for the Hesiod. Oper. et Dier. i. 288. puerile weakness, or rather va

-perpos do xos opboos opeos song auth, cancy, of his mind that could Και τρηχυς το πρωτον επην δ' εις ακρον admit such an impression. Dun

ster. 'Pridon SnTuTu su, xaasin trip coura.

222. cease to admire, and all 216. Compare Shakespeare, her plumes Hamlet, a. iii. s. 10.

Fall flat, &c.] See what a grace was seated on that This is a very beautiful and apbrow!

posite allusion to the peacock ; Hyperion's curls, the front of Jove

ove himself;

of which Pliny says, that it An eye, like Mars to threaten or spreads its tail under a sense of command, &c.

admiration ; gemmantes laudatus Milton probably had this passage expandit colores, adverso maxiin his mind, and it affords the mè sole, quia sic fulgentius rabest illustration of his meaning. diant. Nat. Hist. x. 20. Tasso Thus also, in Love's Labour Lost, compares Armida, in all the vaa. iii. s. 4.

nity of her beauty and ornaWhat peremptory eagle-sighted eye,

ments, to a peacock with its Dares look upon the heaven of her tail spread, c. xvi. st. 24. But brow,

Milton bad here in his mind, That is not blinded by her majesty? Ovid, de Art. Amand. i. 627. See also the notes on Par. Lost, iv. 300. Dunster.

Laudatas ostentat avis Junonia pen220. — for beauty stands

nas; In th' admiration only of weak Si tacitus spectes, illa recondit opes. minds

Dunster. Led captive, ]


His constancy, with such as have more show
Of worth, of honour, glory', and popular praise ;
Rocks whereon greatest men have oftest wreck’d;
Or that which only seems to satisfy
Lawful desires of nature, not beyond ; .
And now I know he hungers where no food
Is to be found, in the wide wilderness;
The rest commit to me, I shall let pass
No' advantage, and his strength as oft assay

He ceas'd, and heard their grant in loud acclaim ; 235
Then forthwith to him takes a chosen band
Of spirits likest to himself in guile
To be at hand, and at his beck appear,
If cause were to unfold some active scene
Of various persons each to know his part;
Then to the desert takes with these his flight;
Where still from shade to shade the Son of God
After forty days' fasting had remain’d,
Now hung’ring first, and to himself thus said. 241


228. -have oftest roreck'd;] accuracy in this place. It is plain We read according to Milton's by the Scripture account, that own edition oftest, which is bet- our Saviour hungred before the ter than often in the others. Devil first tempted him by pro

232. wide wilderness ;] In posing to him his making stones most of the editions it is falsely into bread, and Milton's own acprinted wild wilderness.

count in the first book is con239. -to unfold some active sistent with this: is there not scene

therefore a seeming impropriety Of various persons, each to know in saying that he now first hunhis part ;]

gred, especially considering the The phrases are here dramatic: time that must have necessarily Persons is in the Latin sense of elapsed during Satan's convening Persona, "scenic or assumed cha- and consulting with his comparacter.Dunster.

nions? Thyer.

. .244. Now hungring first,] There Milton comprises the princiseems, I think, to be a little in- pal action of the Poem in four

Where will this end ? four times ten days I've pass'd Wand'ring this woody maze, and human food Nor tasted, nor had appetite ; that fast To virtue I impute not, or count part Of what I suffer here; if nature need not,' Or God support nature without repast

250 Though needing, what praise is it to indure ? But now I feel I hunger, which declares Nature hath need of what she asks ; yet God Can satisfy that need some other way, Though hunger still remain : so it remain

255 Without this body's wasting, I content me, And from the sting of famine fear no harm, Nor mind it, fed with better thoughts that feed Me hung'ring more to do my Father's will.


successive days. This is the (b. ii. 117.) and for him to debate second day; in which no posi- the matter with his council, and tive temptation occurs, for Satan return with his chosen band of spihad left Jesus (b. ii. 116.) vacant, rils: for it was the commencei. e. unassailed that day. Pre- ment of night, when he left our vious to the Tempter's appearing Saviour, (b. i. 498.) and it is at all, it is said (b. i. 303.) that now the hour of night, (b. ii. 260.) our Lord had “ passed full forty when he is returned. But it days" in the wilderness. All must also be considered, that that is here meant is, that he was spiritual beings are not supposed not hungry till the forty days to require for their actions the were ended; and accordingly time necessary to men. See Raour Saviour himself presently phael's speech, Par. Lost, viii. says, that during that time he 107. We are also expressly told

by St. Luke, that the Devil -human food Nor tasted, nor had appetite.

shewed unto our Lord all the

kingdoms of the world in a moment As to the time necessary for con. of time, Luke iv. 5. Dunster. vening the infernal council, there 259. Me hung'ring more to do is the space of twenty-four hours my Father's will.] In allusion to taken for the Devil to go up to our Saviour's words, John iv. 34. the region of mid air, where his My meat is to do the will of him council was sitting, and where that sent me, and to finish his we are told he went with speed, work.


It was the hour of night, when thus the Son 260 Commun'd in silent walk, then laid him down. Under the hospitable covert nigh Of trees thick interwoven ; there he slept, And dream'd, as appetite is wont to dream, Of meats and drinks, nature's refreshment sweet; 265 Him thought, he by the brook of Cherith stood,

261. Commun'd in silent walk, Elijah, 1 Kings xvii. 5, 6. He then laid him down] Agreeable went and dwelt by the brook Chee to what we find in the Psalms, rith, that is before Jordan: and iv. 4. Commune with your own the ravens brought him bread and heart upon your bed, and be still. flesh in the morning, and bread

262.-the hospitable covert nigh and flesh in the evening. As what

Of trees thick interwoven ;] follows, He saw the prophet also, Thus Horace, lib. ii. ode üi. 9. &c. is in allusion to 1 Kings xix. Quà pinus ingens, albaque populus,

ne populus. 4, &c. But he himself went a day's Umbram hospitulem consociare amant journey into the wilderness, and Ramis ;

came and sat down under a juniperAnd Virgil, Georg. iv. 24.

treem And as he lay and slept

under a juniper-tree, behold then, Obviaque hospitiis teneat frondentibus an angel touched him, and said arbos.


unto him, Arise and eat. And he

looked, and behold there was a cake 264. And dream'd, as appetite

baken on the coals, and a cruse of is wont to dream,

water at his head; and he did eat Of meats and drinks,]

and drink, and laid him down To this purpose Lucretius with

again. And the angel of the Lord great strength and elegance, iv.

came again the second time, and 1018.

touched him, and said, Arise and Flumen item sitiens, aut fontem pro eat, because the journey is too pter amænum

great for thee. And he arose, and Adsidet, et totum prope faucibus oc

did eat and drink, and went in the cupat amnem.

strength of that meat forty days 266. Him thought, &c.] We

and forty rights, unto Horeb the say now, and more justly, he

mount of God. And Daniel's liv. thought; but him thought is of

ing upon pulse and water rather the same construction as me

than the portion of the king's thought, and is used by our old

meat and drink, is celebrated writers, as by Fairfax, cant. 13. Dan. i. So that, as our dreams st. 40.

are often composed of the matter Him thought he heard the softly of our waking thoughts, our Sawhistling wind.

viour is with great propriety supHe by the brook of Cherith stood, posed to dream of sacred persons &c. Alluding to the account of and subjects. Lucretius iv. 959.

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