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Twice by a voice inviting him to eat :
Of thee these forty days none hath regard,
Forty and more deserted here indeed.

To whom thus Jesus. What conclud'st thou hence ? They all had need, I as thou seest have none.

How hast thou hunger then ? Satan replied. Tell me if food were now before thee set,

320 Would'st thou not eat? Thereafter as I like The giver, answer'd Jesus. Why should that Cause thy refusal ? said the subtle fiend. Hast thou not right to all created things ? Owe not all creatures by just right to thee

32-5 Duty and service, not to stay till bid,

- 313. —wand'ring here wus fed] 321. Would'st thou not eat? It appears that Milton conceived

Thereafter as I like the wilderness, where Hagar The giver,] wandered with her son, and Compare Comus, 701. where the Israelites were fed Were it a draught for Juno when she with manna, and where Elijah

banquets, retreated from the rage of Jeze. I would not taste thy treacherous bel, to be the same with the wil.' offer; none, derness where our Saviour was But such as are good men, can give tempted. And yet it is certain

good things; &c.

Dunster. that they were very different places, for the wilderness, where 325. Owe not all creatures by Hagar wandered, was the wilder- just right to thee ness of Beersheba, Gen. xxi. 14. Duty and service, &c.] and where the Israelites were This part of the Tempter's speech fed with manna was the wilder. alludes to that heavenly declaraness of Sin, Exod. xvi. 1. and tion which he had heard at Jorwhere Elijah retreated was in the dan, This is my beloved Son, &c. wilderness, a day's journey from One may observe too, that it is Beersheba, 1 Kings xix. 4. and much the same sort of flattering where our Saviour was tempted, address with that which he had was the wilderness near Jordan: before made use of to seduce but our author considers all that Eve. Paradise Lost, ix. 539. tract of country as one and the

Thee all things living gaze on, all same wilderness, though distin

things thine guished by different names from By gift &c. the different places adjoining.


But tender all their pow'r ? nor mention I
Meats by the Law unclean, or offer'd first
To idols, those young Daniel could refuse ;
Nor proffer'd by an enemy, though who

Would scruple that, with want oppress'd? Behold
Nature asham’d, or better to express,
Troubled that thou should'st hunger, hath purvey'd
From all the elements her choicest store
To treat thee as beseems, and as her Lord

335 With honour, only deign to sit and eat.

He spake no dream, for as his words had end,

329. - those young Daniel could Ambitione furens toto quæsivit in refuse?] Dan. i. 8. But Daniel

orbe. Lucan, Pharsal. x. 155, purposed in his heart thut he

Dunster. would not defile himself with the 337. He spake no dream,] This portion of the king's mieat, nor was no dream as before ver. 264. with the wine which he drank: but a reality. And the banquet and the reason assigned by com. here furnished by Satan is like mentators is, because in those that prepared by Armida for her and most other countries they lovers. Tasso, cant. x. st. 64. used to offer some part of what Apprestar sù l'herbetta, ou’ è più they eat and drank to their gods;

densa and therefore Daniel refused to

L'ombra, e vicino al suon de l'acque

chiare partake of the provisions from

Fece disculti vasi altera mensa, the king's table, as of meats E ricca di vivande elette, e care. offered to idols, and consequently Era qui cid, ch' ogni stagion dis. unclean. The poet had before pensa; mentioned Daniel at his pulse,

Cid che dona la terra, d manda

mare : ver. 278; and Moses in the

Cid che l'arte condisce, e cento belle mount, and Elijah in the wilder

Servivano al convito accorte ancelle. ness, are brought in several times, Under the curtain of the green-wood as history affords no instances shade, of abstinence so like our Sa

Beside the brook, upon the velvet viour's.


In massy vessel of pure silver made, 333. -hath purvey'd

A banquet rich and costly furnish'd From all the elements &c.]


All beasts, all birds beguild by fow. Interea gustus elementa per omnia

ler's trade, quærunt. Juvenal, xi. 14.

All fish were there in floods or seas Infudere epulas auro, quod terra, quod

that pass,

All dainties made by art, and at the Quod pelagus Nilusque dedit, quod

table luxus inani

An hundred virgins serv'd. Fairfas.

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Our Saviour lifting up his eyes beheld
In ample space under the broadest shade
A table richly spread, in regal mode,
With dishes pil'd, and meats of noblest sort
And savour, beasts of chace, or fowl of game,
In pastry built, or from the spit, or boild,

340. A table richly spread, &c.] laboured it with greater care, This temptation is not recorded with the same good judgment in Scripture, but is however in- that makes him in other places vented with great consistency, avoid expatiating on scenes which and very aptly fitted to the pre- he had before described. See sent condition of our Saviour. the note on his short description This way of embellishing his of night at the end of the first subject is a privilege which every book. In a word, it is in my poet has a just right to, pro- opinion worked up with great vided he observes harmony and art and beauty, and plainly shews decorum in his hero's character; the crudity of that notion which and one may further add, that so much prevails among superMilton had in this particular ficial readers, that Milton's genius place still a stronger claim to an was upon the decay when he indulgence of this kind, since it wrote his Paradise Regained. was a pretty general opinion Thyer. among the Fathers, that our Sa. 340. -richly spread, in regal viour underwent many more mode,] Regal mode was perhaps temptations than those which intended to glance at the luxury are mentioned by the Evan- and expense of the Court at gelists ; nay Origen goes so far that time: it is however well as to say, that he was every day, covered by classical authority. whilst he continued in the wil.

epulæque ante ora paratæ derness, attacked by a fresh one.

Regifico lucu. Virg. Æn, vi. 604. The beauties of this description Instituunt de more epulas, festamque are too obvious to escape any

per urbem reader of taste. It is copious, Regifice extructis celebrant convivia and yet expressed with a very

mensis. Sil. Ital. xi. 272. elegant conciseness. Every pro

Dunster. per circumstance is mentioned, 343. In pastry built, 7 The and yet it is not at all clogged pastry in the beginning of the or incumbered, as is often the seventeenth century was frecase, with too tedious a detail quently of considerable magniof particulars. It was a scene tude, and solidity. If the pie, entirely fresh to our author's in which Geoffrey Hudson, afimagination, and nothing like it terwards King James's dwarf, had before occurred in his Para- when eight years old, was served dise Lost, for which reason he up at an entertainment given by has been the more diffuse, and the Duke of Buckingham, had

Gris-amber-steam'd; all fish from sea or shore,
Freshet, or purling brook, of shell or fin,
And exquisitest name, for which was drain’d


been much larger than was “ Wolsey's banquets, with rich usual, the joke would have lost“ scented cates and dishes most effect from something extraordi. “ costly dressed with ambergris. nary being expected. But if " I also recollect I once saw a nothing extraordinary had been « little book writ by a gentleexpected upon sight of the dish, “woman of Queen Elizabeth's the joke would have wanted its " court, where ambergris is menproper introduction, E.) A spe- " tioned as the haut-gout of cies of mural pastry seems to “ that age. I fancy Milton transhave prevailed in some of the “ posed the word for the sake preceding centuries, when artifi- “ of his verse; to make it read cial representations of castles, “ more poetically.” So far this towers, &c. were very common curious lady. And Beaumont at great feasts, and were called and Fletcher, in the Custom of suttleties, or sotilties. See Le. the Country, act iii. scene 2. land's account of the entertain

Be sure ment at the inthronization of The wines be lusty, high, and full of Abp. Warham in 1504, and the spirit, charges for wax and sugar, in

And amber'd all. operatione de le sotilties. (Collec

344. So also Howell, Letters, tanea, vol. 6.) Dunster.

vol. iv. I. v. p. 12. . 344. Gris-amber-steam'd;} Am

and eate potatoes in a dish bergris or grey amber is Made drunk with amber. esteemed the best, and used in And in Massinger's City Madam, perfumes and cordials. A cu- a. iv. sc. 3. “ men may talk of rious lady communicated the their pheasants drenched with following remarks upon this pas- ambergrise." In Marmion's Ansage to Mr. Peck, which we will tiquary, 1641 “A fat nightinhere transcribe. Grey amber gale seaso“ u with pepper and " is the amber our author here ambergreese.In Strafford's Let. “ speaks of, and melts like but- ters, vol. i. 522. Ambergris is a ter. It was formerly a main present from Holland to King “ ingredient in every concert Charles I. and his Queen. And “ for a banquet; viz. to fume Waller reckons it among the " the meat with, and that whe- felicities of his Summer Island. “ther boiled, roasted, or baked; T. Warton. “ laid often on the top of a 346. And exquisitest name,] He “ baked pudding; which last alludes here to that species of “ I have eat of at an old courtier's Roman luxury, which gave ex“ table. And I remember, in an quisite names to fish of exquisite “ old chronicle there is much taste, such as that they called “ complaint of the nobilities cerebrum Jovis. They extended “ being made sick at Cardinal this even to a very capacious

Pontus, and Lucrine bay, and Afric coast.
Alas how simple, to these cates compar'd,
Was that crude apple that diverted Eve!
And at a stately side-board by the wine
That fragrant smell diffus’d, in order stood


dish as that they called clypeum turn aside. We should rather Minerve. The modern Italians say perverled. fall into the same wantonness 350. And at a stately sideof luxurious impiety, as when board &c.] As the scene of this they call their exquisite wines by entertainment lay in the east, the names of lacryma Christi Milton has with great judgment and lac Virginis. Warburton. thrown in this and the following

347. Pontus, and Lucrine bay, particulars to give it an air of and Afric coast.] The fish are eastern grandeur, in which part brought to furnish this banquet of the world it is well known a from all the different parts of great part of the pomp and the world then known; from splendour of their feasts consists Pontus or the Euxine sea in Asia, in their having a great number from the Lucrine bay in Europe of beautiful slaves of both sexes in Italy, and from the coast of to attend and divert the guests Africa. And all these places are with music and singing. Thyer. celebrated for different kinds of 350.

wine fish by the authors of antiquity. That fragrant smell diffusd,] It would be almost endless to Thus Homer, Odyss. ix. 210. quote the passages. Of the Lucrine lake in particular many

duen dondeix a to xenonpos odwdo derive the name à lucro, from

-The goblet crown'd the abundance of fish there taken.

Breath'd aromatic fragrancy around. . 347. Milton had here in his mind the excessive luxury of the Romans in the article of fish. The ancients prized their wines See Juvenal, sat. v. 94. Et jam according to their fragrance. defecit nostrum mare, dum gula Otros ardoquias was the term of sæyit, &c. Plin. ix. 15, 17, 54. supreme commendation among Macrob. Saturn, ii, 11, 12. Val. the Greeks. See Aristophanes, Maximus, ix. 1. Petronius, De Plutus, 807. and Female Orators, Bell. Civil. Ingeniosa gula est, 1123. See alsu the Circulio of &c. Horace, passim. Aulus GelPlautus, a. i, sc. 2. Ovid, Fast. lius, I. vii. 16. Athenæus, b.i. p. 7. ii. 201. the praises of the wine Dunster.

Sapria in Hermippus preserved 349. that diverted Eve!] It in Athenæus, 1. i. and Theois used, as he uses many words phrastus, de Odoribus, Ed. Heins. according to their proper signi- fol. 1613. p. 443. Dunster. fication in Latin. Diverlo, to



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