French Trade in Istanbul in the Eighteenth Century
This work deals with French trade in Istanbul in the eighteenth century, using French and Ottoman sources, and integrating the political and social dimensions of the question. It also sheds light on the financial dimension of trade, particularly that of bills of exchange and monetary trade, linking Istanbul to other Ottoman cities and to European financial centers. Finally, it tackles the issue of western economic penetration, arguing that, despite some signs of domination, French control over the market was efficiently opposed by local actors, that economic integration with the West was often realized on equal terms, and that much of the domination witnessed toward the end of the century was, in fact, the result of French diplomatic leverage and of the gradual estrangement of non-Muslim traders from the Ottoman "commonwealth."
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French 1mports to 1stanbul Cloth and Manufactured
French 1mports to 1stanbul Colonial Goods
Balancing the Accounts Trade Surplus and Bills
The European Dimension 1stanbul and 1nternational
Toward 1mmaterial Forms of Trade 1stanbul
Of Men and Trade French and Local Traders
Assaults and Resistances The Fragility of French
The Birth of a Domination Trade Politics
Sources and Bibliography
Other editions - View all
1'ambassade 1bid 1mperial 1n fact 1stanbul 1zmir AAFC ACCM ACVC Agha ambassador Archives Armenians bailo Bill drawn bills of exchange cahier sans numero capitulations carzihal Chamber of Commerce cloth dealers cloth trade clothiers coffee coins commerce du Levant commodities Constantinople Correspondance des deputes Courdurie dirhem documents dragomans draps drawer drogmans echelles economic Edirne eighteenth century emr-i entry especially Etats Evliya Celebi exchange rates exports Ferriol Florenville foreign France French cloth French nation French traders Greeks guild guru iizere istira Janissaries Jews L 1X lettres Levant Levant trade Levantine livre tournois londrins major manufacturers Marseilles Memoire des deputes merchants muhassil Muslim Ottoman capital Ottoman Empire paras Paris payment petitions piasters Porte profit purchased Roux Freres sa'ir seilles shipments ships siecle silver Spanish piaster Sublime Porte sugar takrir textile thaler tion traders in 1stanbul Turks Venetian Villeneuve western wool