French Trade in Istanbul in the Eighteenth Century

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BRILL, 1999 - History - 321 pages
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This work deals with French trade in Istanbul in the eighteenth century, using French and Ottoman sources, and integrating the political and social dimensions of the question. It also sheds light on the financial dimension of trade, particularly that of bills of exchange and monetary trade, linking Istanbul to other Ottoman cities and to European financial centers. Finally, it tackles the issue of western economic penetration, arguing that, despite some signs of domination, French control over the market was efficiently opposed by local actors, that economic integration with the West was often realized on equal terms, and that much of the domination witnessed toward the end of the century was, in fact, the result of French diplomatic leverage and of the gradual estrangement of non-Muslim traders from the Ottoman "commonwealth."
 

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Contents

1ntroduction
13
French 1mports to 1stanbul Cloth and Manufactured
34
French 1mports to 1stanbul Colonial Goods
68
Marginal Exports
90
Balancing the Accounts Trade Surplus and Bills
113
The European Dimension 1stanbul and 1nternational
148
Toward 1mmaterial Forms of Trade 1stanbul
174
Of Men and Trade French and Local Traders
203
Assaults and Resistances The Fragility of French
227
The Birth of a Domination Trade Politics
260
Conclusion
284
Sources and Bibliography
297
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Page 305 - de, Mémoires des voyages faits en Turquie, en Perse et en Arabie depuis 1782 jusqu ‘en 1789. Paris, 1790.

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About the author (1999)

Edhem Eldem, Ph.D. (1989) in History, University of Provence, is Professor of History at Bo azici University, Istanbul. Publications include articles on the Levant trade, Ottoman funerary epigraphy, social and economic history of Istanbul, and three books on the Ottoman Bank.

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