The Urbanisation of Rome and Latium Vetus: From the Bronze Age to the Archaic Era
This book focuses on urbanization and state formation in middle Tyrrhenian Italy during the first millennium BC by analyzing settlement organization and territorial patterns in Rome and Latium vetus from the Bronze Age to the Archaic Era. In contrast with the traditional diffusionist view, which holds that the idea of the city was introduced to the West via Greek and Phoenician colonists from the more developed Near East, this book demonstrates important local developments towards higher complexity, dating to at least the beginning of the Early Iron Age, if not earlier. By adopting a multidisciplinary and multi-theoretical framework, this book overcomes the old debate between exogenous and endogenous by suggesting a network approach that sees Mediterranean urbanization as the product of reciprocal catalyzing actions.
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URBANISATION AND STATE FORMATION IN MIDDLE
THE LATIN LANDSCAPE DATA AND METHODOLOGY 35
ROME FROM A SMALL BRONZE
archaeological evidence from the Recent Bronze
Late Latial Phase IIB 900875850825 BC and IIIA
DEFINITION AND DATING
SETTLEMENT PATTERN ANALYSIS
MULTIDIMENSIONAL AND MULTITHEORETICAL
THE ROMAN HINTERLAND
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according to distance Age 1 Early Age 1 Late ager Romanus antiquus Alban Hills analysis archaeological evidence Archaic Age BA IA OA Bietti Sestieri Bintliff burials calculated Capitoline Hill Carafa Carandini 1997 central place theory Chi-Sq Chi-Square Test city-state Crustumerium Density Site Fraction Distance from Latin Distance from Minor Distance from Primary Early Iron Age EIA1E EIA1L EIA2 eighth century BC Etruria excavations Expected Mean Value Expected Standard Deviation Ficulea Fidenae Final Bronze Age Gennaro Guidi hierarchy IA OA AA land distribution according Land Fraction Latial Phase IIB Latin Cities Latium vetus Lazio MBA RBA FBA Mean Value Variances Middle Bronze Age middle Tyrrhenian Italy minor centres ofthe organisation Orientalizing Age Palatine Hill Peroni Primary Centres proto-urban centres RBA FBA EIA1E Recent Bronze Age region Rome Septimontium Sites Expected Mean slope Territorial sample tuff urban urbanisation Value Variances Expected Variances Expected Standard Voronoi diagrams votive deposit