Deer Antlers: Regeneration, Function and Evolution
This is a book about one of nature's most remarkable accomplishments. When deer grow antlers they are actually regenerating anatomically complex appendages - something that no other mammal can do. The rate at which antler elongate makes them the fastest growing structures in the animal kingdom. Profoundly affected by male hormones, these secondary sex characters grow into massive tumors if the deer possessing them is castrated. These and other unique characteristics have made antlers the focus of extensive scientific research that addresses some provocative questions: From what tissues do antlers develop? By what morphogenetic mechanisms are they regenerated every year? What social functions prompted their initial evolution? How are they influenced by hormones, and by the seasonal daylength fluctuations that regulate their annual replacement cycles? These and many other questions are considered in this comprehensive account of antlerology.
Students of development, evolution, and behavior will find much to appreciate in this volume, as will ecologists, wildlife biologists, and zookeepers. It is a rich source of information for endocrinologists and physiologists interested in the relationship of antlers to the reproductive cycle. The orthopedists will find the study of antlers a valuable model of skeletal growth and bone disease, and the purported medicinal properties of velvet antlers will be a subject of interest to the pharmacologist.
Deer Antlers: Regeneration, Function, and Evolution is as scientifically accurate as it is readable. It does not answer all questions about these unique appendages, but it is certain to arouse curiosity about the many unsolved problems of how antlers grow, die, and are shed in the course of a single year.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Chapter 9 Abnormal Antlers
Other editions - View all
abnormal America amputation animals annual antler bud antler cycles antler development antler growth antler regeneration antler replacement antleromas appendages arteries asymmetry autotomy blastema blood bone bony brow tines Bubenik Capreolus caribou cartilage cast their antlers castrated cells Cervidae Cervus Cervus elaphus chromosomes circannual day lengths deer antlers distal elongation epidermis evolution evolved fallow deer fawns female deer fossil function Geist genetic glands Goss growing antlers hormone horn sheath Jaczewski latitudes light cycle London males Mammal mating season maturation Megaceros Miocene months moose mule deer muntjac nerves normal occur old antlers ossicone outgrowths palmate pedicle periosteum photoperiod produced pseudoburrs red deer reindeer reindeer and caribou replace their antlers reproductive cycle roe deer rutting sets of antlers sika deer skull sometimes species of deer spring stag structures summer temperate zone testosterone tion tissue tropical tusks ungulates velvet antlers wapiti white-tailed deer Wildl winter Wislocki wound healing yearlings Zool