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he also taught him the formal, stiff style of portraitpainting then 5 in vogue ; every lady wore the same glazed smile, every man carried his hat under his arm, and frowned under his periwig.

As long as young Reynolds copied his master's work, his pictures deserved little notice ; but one day, venturing on his own theory of truth to nature, he painted the portrait of an old servant-woman, and hung it up in the gallery. Hudson was honest enough to confess that it was better than any work he could do, but too jealous of his pupil to allow him to remain any longer with him.

scrupulous, having a nice or very particular regard to minute points; exact ; careful. ? panel, a compartment in a door or woodwork with raised framework. 3 critics, judges ; people who profess to judge with accuracy of literary or artistic work. 4 conscientious, scrupulous ; faithful ; exact. 5 in vogue, in fashion, in practice ; common or usual at any time.




PART II. char-ac-ter-is'-tic Mar'-chio-ness Ac-ad'-e-my con'-tra-ry phil-os'-o-phers Com'-mo-dore no-bil'-i-ty tri'-umphs ap-pro'-pri-ate spas-mod'-ic knight'-ed

or'-phan JOSHUA then returned to Devonshire, and began the practice of his art in Plymouth as a portraitpainter. When he was about twenty-six years of age he formed a friendship with Commodore Keppel, and with him visited Southern Europe, remaining two years in Rome, studying his art, as he tells us, “with measureless content.” One of his first

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pictures, on his return, was that of his friend, then Admiral Keppel, in which he carried out his idea of giving to the figure 2 characteristic expression and an appropriate background. The gallant Admiral stands upon a stormy beach, his hair and mantle blown by the wind, his hand on his sword. This picture opened the door to fame and fortune for the artist.

From this time the history of Joshua Reynolds was a series of steady triumphs. He never married ; his stately house was a home for his sisters or their orphan children. All the poets, philosophers, statesmen, and beautiful women of the time, came to him to have their portraits painted, quite sure that if there were any : latent nobility or charm in their faces which nobody had yet seen, he would discover it, and make it * immortal. Here, perhaps, lay the strength of Sir Joshua's portraits. He painted men and women as they ought to have looked in their best moments of life; hence, although his colours now in some cases have given way, his favourite blakes dulled, and the 6 carmine turned purple, the faces look upon us from the canvas, with a wonderful power and sweet


The 'Royal Academy, founded during his life, elected the schoolmaster's son the first President, and immediately afterwards he was knighted. At the age of sixty-six, while painting the portrait of the Marchioness of Hertford, he felt a sharp pain in his eye, and was conscious that his sight had failed. He

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laid down his pencil never to lift it again ; and five years later died, having been for nearly half a century 668 sole dictator in the realm of English art.”

Boys who read this little story will notice that it was by no sudden" spurt” of genius, no 'spasmodic effort, that Sir Joshua reached this place. He found out the work for which he was fitted, and gave himself to it patiently, both in brain and body. The following are his own words: “ The man determined to excel must go to his work, whether willing or anwilling, morning, noon, and night ; and he will find it to be no play, but, on the contrary, very hard labour."


· Commodore, a naval officer of high rank. ? characteristic ex. pression, expression or look which belonged to or distinguished the Admiral; a correct likeness or representation. Slatent, hidden; secret. immortal, undying, deathless. This must be understood here as simply meaning that the portraits would last a great many years. 5 lake, a deep-red colour. 6 carmine, a rich crimson. * Royal Academy, a society composed of the principal painters and sculptors of England. sole dictator, absolutė ruler, one who rules alone. 9 spasmodic, soon tired out or exhausted ; working by fits and starts ; irregular.




In early times, the story says,
When birds could talk and lecture,
A magpie called her feather'd friends
To teach them a architecture.

To build a nest, my scourteous friends,"
They all began to chatter,-

No need to teach us that, good Mag,

'Tis such an easy matter !” Fi-Moffatt's Er. Reader.





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“ To build a nest,” Professor Mag Resumed her speech s demurely, “First choose a well-forked bough wherein The nest may sit securely." Of course,” said Jenny Wren.

"Now cross Two sticks for the foundation." “Oh, all know that,' quoth Mr. Rook, “Without this long oration.” “Now bend some slender twigs to form The round sides of the dwelling.” " A fool knows that," exclaimed the thrush, " Without a magpie's telling." “Next take some wool and line the nest, And bind it well together.” “Why, that's as clear,” exclaimed the owl, As stars in frosty weather.”

While thus they talked, Professor Mag
Her nest had half completed ;
And growing quite 'indignant now,
To see how she was treated,-
“ Ladies and gentlemen,” she said,
“I see you are all so clever,
My lessons are 8 superfluous,
I leave you then for ever.
Away she flew, and left the birds
Their folly to discover,
Who now can build but half a nest,
And cannot roof it over.
The magpie sits beneath her roof,
No rain nor hail can pelt her ;
The others, 'brooding o'er their young,
Themselves enjoy no shelter.

No better fate do men deserve,
When self-conceit can lead them
Friendly instructions to despise,
And think they do not need them.



* fable, a fictitious (imaginary) story or tale, intended to enforce some useful truth or precept. 2 architecture, the art of constructing houses, bridges, and other buildings. courteous, well-bred ; polite ; civil ; well-behaved. * Professor, a public teacher of any science, or branch of learning, especialiy one engaged at the universities. 5 demurely, gravely ; with a modest or sober manner. 6 oration, speech ; address ; discourse. ?indignant, full of anger mingled with contempt ; disgusted. 8 superfluous, overflowing ; unnecessary ; not wanted ; needless. ' brooding, sitting still ; covering with their wings for the purpose of giving warmth and comfort.





8d-per-in-tend'-ing per-se-ve’-rance scaf-fold-ings cent-u-ries im-prac'-ti-ca-ble in-ac-ces'-si-ble term'-i-nates en-cir'-cled cha'-rac-ter-i-zes di-min'-ish-ing in-vin'-ci-ble for'-eign-er im-pen'-e-tra-ble ex-trem'-i-ties in-ge'-ni-ous san'-guine oc-ca'-sion-al-ly pre-cip'-i-tous 82-gac'-i-ty en-gi-neer' For many centuries the rugged sides and deep gorges of Mount Pilatus were covered with 2 impenetrable forests. Lofty precipices encircled them on all sides. Even the daring hunters were scarcely able to reach them; and the inhabitants of the valley had never conceived the idea of disturbing them with the axe. These immense forests were therefore permitted to grow and to perish without being of the least 3 utility to man, till a foreigner, conducted into their wild 4 recesses in the pursuit of the 5 chamois, was struck with wonder at the sight, and directed the attention of several Swiss gentlemen to the extent and superiority of the timber. The most intelligent and skilful individuals, however, considered it quite impracticable to avail themselves of such 'inaccessible stores.



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