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from every crevice of which smoke was issuing, like steam from the sides of a volcano. Sad and thoughtful, Napoleon turned towards the Kremlin, the ancient palace of the Czars, whose huge

6 structure rose high above the surrounding edifices.

In the morning, Mortier, by great exertions, was enabled to subdue the fire. But the next night, September 15th, at midnight, the sentinels on watch upon the lofty Kremlin saw flames issuing from houses in various parts. Then were seen fiery balloons dropping from the air and lighting on the houses ; dull explosions were heard on every side from the shut-up dwellings, and were followed by the bursting forth of flames. The serene air and moonlight of the night before had given way to driving clouds and a wild tempest, that swept like the roar of the sea over the city.

Mortier, crushed with the responsibility thrown upon him, moved amid the confusion, his face blackened with smoke, and his hair and eyebrows singed with the fierce heat. At length the day dawned—a day of tempest and of flame; and Mortier, who had strained every nerve for thirtysix hours, entered a palace and dropped down from fatigue. Thousands of wretches, before unseen, were driven by the heat from the cellars and hovels, and streamed in an incessant throng through the streets. Children were seen carrying their parents ; the strong the weak ; while thousands more were staggering under the loads of plunder they had spatched from the flames. When



night again enveloped the city, it was one broad flame, waving to and fro in the blast.

goal : a goal is the post or mark placed in order to show where a race ends ; hence the end or final purpose of anything is called a goal. ? cavalry, troops that serve on horseback, as dragoons, lancers, light-horse, etc. * pillage, plunder; stripping people of their money and their goods. 4 foreboding, having an inward conviction that something was to happen. 5 dire calamity, dreadful, horrible, terrible disaster. 6 Czars (prounounced Zars) : the monarchs of Russia are called Czars. The word is derived from the Latin Cæsar. ?incessant, continuing or following without interruption ; unceasing ;.continual.



PART II. con-flag-ra'-tion ap-proach'-ing suf-fo-ca-ted hur'-ri-cane con-vul-sive-ly re-luc'-tant-ly ex-tin'-guish ig-nit-ing The wind had increased to a perfect hurricane, and shifted from quarter to quarter, as if on purpose to swell the sea of fire and extinguish the last hope. The fire was approaching the Kremlin, and already the roar of the flames, the crash of falling houses, and the crackling of burning timbers, were borne to the ears of the startled Emperor. He arose and walked to and fro, now and then stopping convulsively and gazing on the terrific scene. Murat, Eugene, and Berthier rushed into his presence, and on their knees besought him to flee ; but he still clung to that haughty palace as if it were his empire.

But at length the shout, “The Kremlin is on fire!” was heard above the roar of the conflagration, and Napoleon reluctantly consented to leave. Casting his eye round the open space in front of the Kremlin, he saw one single street yet open, but all on fire. Into this he rushed; and amid the crash of falling houses, through clouds of rolling smoke, and between walls of fire, he hurried on, till at length, half suffocated, he emerged in safety

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from the blazing city, and took up his quarters in the 'imperial palace of Petrowsky, nearly three miles distant.

When night again descended on the city, it presented a spectacle which baffles all description. The city was a mass of fire, blown about by a hurricane that sped the blazing fragments in a

V.-Moffatt's Ex. Reader.

constant stream through the air. Incessant explosions, from the igniting of stores of oil, and tar, and spirits, shook the very foundations of the city, and sent vast volumes of smoke rolling furiously towards the sky. Huge sheets of canvas on fire came floating like messengers of death through the flames; the towers and domes of the churches and palaces glowing with a red-hot heat over the wild sea below, then tottering a moment on their bases, were hurled by the tempest into the common ruin. Napoleon stood and gazed on the scene in silent

Though nearly three miles distant, the windows and walls of his apartment were so hot that he could scarcely bear his hand against them.

Years afterwards he said: “It was the spectacle of a sea and billows of fire, a sky and clouds of flame. Oh! it was the most grand, the most sublime, and the most terrific sight the world ever beheld !"

1 imperial, pertaining to an empire or emperor.



THE minstrel boy to the war is gone,

In the ranks of death you'll find him ;
His father's sword he has girded on,

And his wild harp slung behind him :-
“ Land of song !” said the warrior-bard,

Though all the world betrays thee,
One sword, at least, thy rights shall guard,

One faithful harp shall praise thee."


The minstrel fell ! but the foeman's chain

Could not bring his proud soul under ;
The harp he loved ne'er spoke again,

For he tore its chords asunder;

And said, “No chains shall sully thee,

Thou soul of love and bravery !
Thy songs were made for the pure and free-
They shall never sound in slavery !"



ac-cu'-mu-late cal-ca'-re-ous

ap-pa-ra’-tus ra-pid'-i-ty or-na-ment'-al gem-ma'-tion Pol-y-ne'-sia schoon'-er

as-cer-tained' de-po-si'-tion se-cre'-tion pol'-y-pes CORAL ISLANDS exist most abundantly in the tropical parts of the Pacific Ocean. The formation of coral goes on, in favourable circumstances, with wonderful rapidity, for masses of coral have been found to increase in height several feet in a few months; and a channel cut in the reef surrounding a coral island to permit the passage of a schooner, has been choked up with coral in ten years.

It was at one time supposed that the coral polypes began their labours at the bottom of the ocean, and reared their pile from its greatest depths; but it has been ascertained that none of them live at depths of more than twenty or thirty fathoms, and" most of them are inhabitants of much shallower water. It appears, therefore, that their marvellous structures must be on rocks that do not reach the surface-probably in most cases volcanic rocks,

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