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other to a perion who is here called Apollós figuratively, to avoid giving offence, chap. iv. 6. but who, in all probability, was, the false teacher; that cöis teacher boasted of Peter, by whoin he was converted and baptized, as an apoitle superior to Paul; that he and his followers being the disciples of Peter, pretendesi that they were much better instructed than the disciples of Paul; and that they claimed to themselves superior authority and respect on that account.-But in thus afcribing to che apostle, more honour than to another, and in attaching themselves mora to one than to another, the Corinthians were much to blame. For none of their teachers were masters. They were all but servants employed by Christ to convert men, And their success in the work depended, not on themselves, but on the gifts which Chrift had beitowed on each of them, and the blesing with which he accompanied their labours, ver: 5.-Farcher, he told them, that in converting the worid, he ministers of Christ had different parts assigned them. He had planted, and Apollos had watered, but God inade what they had planted and watered to grow, ver. 6. - So that the whole depended on the co-operation and blessing of God, ver. 7.- But though the ministers of Christ had different parts allotted to them, he affured them they were all one, in respect of the end for which they laboured; and that each shall be rewarded according to the fincerity and diligence with which he hath laboured, ver. S.-The apostles, therefore, and the other ministers of the word, were joint labourers employed by God; and the people were God's field, which they were to cultivate, and God's building, which they were to rear, ver. g. The building of which the apostle speaks, is the Christian church, called ver. 16. and in other paffages,

The temple of God; because the Christian church, consisting of · all who profess to believe in Christ, was formed for preserving the knowledge and worship of God in the world, and to be an


habitation of the Spirit of God, by the graces and virtues, which were to be exercised in it.

Having mentioned God's building or temple, the apostle told the Corinthians, that as a skilful architect, he had laid the foundation of that temple in a proper manner at Corinth; and that the false teacher had only builded thereon. But he desired every one to take heed to the materials with which he builded, that they be suitable to the foundation, ver. 10.--Because other foundation of the temple of God, neither apostle nor inferior teacher, could lay, than that which he had laid : namely that

Jesus is the Christ, ver. 11.-If therefore, any teacher built on that foundation fincere converts, metaphorically represented by gold, filver, and valuable stones ; or if he built hypocritical professors thereon, represented by wood, hay, stubble, he told them the fire of persecution, which was ready to fall on the temple or church of God, would discover the nature of every teacher's work, · ver. 12, 13.--If any teacher's converts remained stedfast in the

day of perfecution,' through the pains he had taken in instructing them, he should be rewarded, ver. 14—But if any teacher's converts apoftatized, they should perish, but the teacher himself would be saved with difficulty; provided in making such converts, he had preached the gospel sincerely, ver. 15. And, that

the Corinthians might understand what the building was, of , which he fpake, he told them, they themselves, as a church, · were the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelt in

them, as a church, ver. 16.-If therefore any teacher wilfully spoils the temple of God, by building wicked men into it, that


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Ver. 1. As to fleshly men. In the preceding chapter, ver. 14. the apostle had said, Yuxin ayIgwe, an animal man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; meaning by an animal man an infidel, who makes his own reason and imagination, the measure of truth. Here he calls the Corinthians after their conversion, coepxoxol, fleshly men, which, as different from animal men, means persons of a weak capacity. For notwithstanding they believed the gospel to be a revelation from God, they were so much under the influence of their former principles and


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COMMENTARY. .. CHAP. III. (Kass CHAP. III. 1. I am blamed for 204.) Now, I brethren, not instructing you completely bea could not speak to you as fore my departure, especially as I to spiritual, but as (oxpxs say I have the mind of Christ. 2015, 43.) to flebly' MEN, But I brethren, could not fpeak ta gou EVEN as to babes in Chrift. as to fpiritual, but as to weak men, (See Heb. v. 12, 13.); even as to babes in christian knowledge,

whose prejudices rendered them
incapable of being completely in-

prejudices, that they were not yet capable of comprehending spiritual things properly ; neither had they conquered their evil'paffions, as ap peared from their ftrifes and divifions.

Ver. 20

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Ver. 7. So that neither the planter is any thing. This is said after the manner of the easterns, who represent things comparatively small, as nothing. See Eff. iv. 26.


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