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Abbey Ages aisles altar ancient angles appear applied arch architecture arrangement base buildings built buttresses called canopies capital carried carved Castle Cathedral century Chapel choir churches circular Classical close columns common commonly considerable consist construction continued cornice covered cross Decorated doors doorways earlier Early English employed England enriched especially examples exist face figures fillet flat foliage frequently front given Gothic architecture hall heads hollow houses instances introduced Italy jambs kind later leaves lower ment middle mouldings nave niches Norman numerous occasionally original ornament Oxford panels period Perpendicular style piece pillars placed plain pointed principal probably projecting remain resembling ribs Roman Rome roof round screen seat separate shafts side sometimes space spires square steps stone style Temple term terminate timber tion tomb tower tracery upper usually variety various vault wall wooden
Page 8 - Item, that every minister saying any public prayers, or ministering the sacraments or other rites of the Church, shall wear a comely surplice with sleeves, to be provided at the charges of the parish; and that the parish provide a decent table standing on a frame for the Communion Table.
Page 26 - Bailey (Lat. ballium), a name given to the courts or wards of a castle formed by the spaces between the circuits of walls or defences which surrounded the keep : sometimes there were two or three of these courts between the outer wall and the keep, divided from each other by embattled walls.
Page 247 - Set-off, or Off-set : the part of a wall, &c., which is exposed horizontally when the portion above it is reduced in thickness. Set-offs are not unfrequently covered, and in great measure concealed, by cornices or projecting mouldings, but are more usually plain ; in the latter case, in Classical architecture, they are generally nearly or quite flat on the top, but in Gothic architecture are sloped, and in most instances have a projecting drip...
Page 224 - ... correspondence and similarity with those of classical architecture; there is a prevalence of rectangular faces and squareedged projections ; the openings in walls are small, and subordinate to the surfaces in which they occur ; the members of the architecture are massive and heavy ; very limited in kind and repetition ; the enrichments being introduced rather by sculpturing surfaces, than by multiplying and extending the component parts. There is in this style a predominance of horizontal lines,...
Page 102 - Dormer, a window pierced through a sloping roof, and placed in a small gable which rises on the side of the roof. There do not appear to be any dormers now existing of an earlier date than the middle of the fourteenth century.
Page 198 - Pinnacle. style, though there exist a few small turrets, of late date, with pointed terminations, which appear to be their prototypes, as at the west end of Rochester Cathedral, and the north transept of the church of St. Etienne at Caen. In the Early English style they are not very abundant; they are found circular, octagonal, or square...
Page 122 - GALILEE : a porch or chapel at the entrance of a church; the term also appears sometimes to be applied to the nave, or at least to the western portion of it, and in some churches there are indications of the west end of the nave having been parted off from the rest, either by a step in the floor, a division in the architecture, or some other line of demarcation11 : it was considered to be somewhat less sacred than the other portions of the building.
Page 150 - Account Rolls of Durham castle. ACHICOLATIONS, Machicoulis, FR. : openings formed for the purpose of defence at the tops of castles and fortifications, by setting the parapet out on corbels, so as to project beyond the face of the wall, the intervals between the corbels being left open to allow of missiles being thrown down on the heads of assailants: they are more especially found over gateways and entrances, but are also common in other situations.
Page 133 - Hip. The external angle formed by the meeting of the sloping sides of a roof, which have their wall-plates running in different directions : thus, when a roof has the end sloped back, instead of finishing with a gable, the...
Page 109 - Entablature, the superstructure that lies horizontally upon the columns in the several orders or styles of architecture. It is divided into architrave, the part immediately above the column ; frieze, the central space ; and cornice, the upper projecting mouldings. Each of the orders has its appropriate entablature, of which both the general height and the subdivisions are regulated by a scale of proportion derived from the diameter of the column.