Page images


PAGE 46. The Whole Duty of Man. See vol. i. p. 330. By 'J. F.' No. 568.

(Bishop Fell, infra): but the authorship is uncertain. (See

Boswell's “Johnson' (ed. Birkbeck Hill, ii. 239). ) PAGE 47. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 434-6.

No. 569. Whets. See note, vol. i. p. 343. Also vol. iii. P. PAGE 49. Publilius Syrus 3.—Absentem laedit, cum ebrio qui litigat.' Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 322.

No. 570. Cetera de genere, etc. Horace, Sat. I. i. 13-14. PAGE 50. Master of the House. Mr. Daintry. See B.I. PAGE 51. Charles Mathers. Ante, vols. v. p. 28, vii. p. 109. See B.I. Motto. ?

No. 571 PAGE 52. A Former Spectatormi.e. No. 565. Cf. also Nos. 580,

590, and 628. PAGE 55. Seneca, Epist. xli. 2.

- If a man love, etc. John xiv. 23. PAGE 56. Motto. Horace, Epist. II. i. 115-6.

No. 572. Essay against Quacks. Cf. No. 444, vol. vi. p. 170. PAGE 58. Fotos, fomentation. PAGE 59. Mr. Dryden's Translation. Æneïs, xii. 585-597, 607-633.

Chalmers repeats an editorial statement that this paper was written by Dr. Zachary Pearce, Bishop of Rochester, and was

altered by Addison. See note to No. 633. PAGE 60. Motto. Juvenal, Sat. ii. 35.

No. 573. PAGE 66. Motto. Horace, Odes, IV. ix. 45-9.

No. 574. PAGE 67. Aristippus. Plutarch, 'On Tranquillity,' viii. PAGE 68. Life of Dr. Hammond ... by Bishop Fell. Ist edit. 1661. PAGE 69. Motto. Virgil, Georg. iv. 226.

No. 575, PAGE 72. Motto. Ovid, Metam. ii. 72-3,

No. 576. PAGE 75. Motto. Juvenal, Sat. vi. 614-5.

No. 577. PAGE 76. Paradise Lost, ii. 879-882. PAGE 78. John a Nokes . Kinsman Blank. Ante, pp. 28.9. PAGE, 79. Motto. Ovid, Metam. xv. 167-8.

No. 578. The Persian Tales. Another puff of Ambrose Philips, whose Thousand and One Days' Persian Tales, translated from the

French, is advertised in No. 576 (A) as published that day. PAGE 83. Motto. Virgil, Æn. iv. 132.

No. 579. PAGE 86. Motto. Ovid, Metam. i. 175-6.

No. 580. Two Last Letters. See Nos. 565 and 571, and note on p. 52. PAGE 90. Motto. Martial, Epigr. i. 16.

No. 581 PAGE 92. Passages in a Lover. Steele's Lover, written in imitation

of the_Tatler, by Marmaduke Myrtle, Gent., ran to 40 numbers

(25th Feb. to 27th May 1714). PAGE 93. Motto Juvenal, Sat. vii. 51-2.

No. 582. PAGE 95.

William Ramsey's Vindication of Astrology. William Ramsey or Ramesey was the author of several works, including Lux Veritatis ; or Christian Judicial Astrology Vindicated, 1651. Motto. Virgil, Georg. iv. 112-5.

No. 583. PAGE 99. Motto. Virgil, Eclog. X. 42-3.

No. 584. Motto. Virgil, Eclog. v. 62-4.

No. 585. PAGE 105. Motto. Cicero, De Div. ?

No. 586. The letter in this number is ascribed to John Byrom (see B.1.).

[ocr errors]

PAGE 102.

No. 587.

[ocr errors]

No. 588.

No. 589.

No. 590.

No. 591.

No. 592.

PAGE 108. Motto. Persius, Sat. iii. Žo.

Fomes Peccati. Cf. Owen, Temptation (1658) vii. 126. · Naturall tempers

prove a great Fomes of Sinne." See
New Eng. Dict.
PAGE III. Motto. Cicero, De Nat. Deor. i. 44 (124).

This paper is by Henry Grove. See B.I.
PAGE 116. Motto. Ovid, Metam. viii. 774-6.
PAGE 117. Dryden's Æneïs, ix. 125-148.
PAGE 118. Apollonius (Rhodius), ii.
PAGE 119.

Motto. Ovid, Metam. xv. 179-185.

· Essays upon Infinitude. See note on No. 580 supra. PAGE 121. Mr. Cowley. Davideis, i. 361. PAGE 122. Embassady. A unique usage, probably a mistake for

' Embassade.' The form Ambassady' is found in Luttrell's
Brief Relation (iii. 65): on which the editor of the New Eng.
Dict. remarks,"? mistake for Ambassadry, or confusion between

it and Ambassade."
PAGE 123. Motto. Ovid, Trist. III. iii. 73.

This paper has been ascribed to Eustace Budgell, and the verses

in it to his brother Gilbert (see B.7.). PAGE 126. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 409.

The opening paragraph in this paper would seem to have suggested the lines in the Dunciad III. (253 etc.).

“In yonder cloud behold,
Whose sars'net skirts are edg'd with flamy gold,
A matchless youth! His nod these worlds controls,
Wings the red lightning, and the thunder rolls.

256 Immortal Rich ! 'how calm he sits at ease

'Mid snows of paper, and fierce bail of peas;
And proud his Mistress' orders to perform,

Rides in the whirlwind, and directs the storm.
Pope adds as a note to l. 256, “Like Salmoneus in Æn. vi.”

-The New Thunder, the invention of 'surly'. John Dennis.
Cf. Pope's note (1729) to the lines in the Dunciad (II. 225-6).

"'Tis yours to shake the soul With Thunder rumbling from the mustard-bowl." * “ The old way of making thunder and mustard were the same; but since, it is more advantageously performed by troughs of wood with stops in them. Whether Mr. Dennis was the inventor of that improvement, I know not ; but it is certain, that being once at a tragedy of a new author, he fell into a great passion at hearing some, and cried, “'Sdeath! that is my Thunder.'”

The fuller story runs thus :-“In 1709, Mr. John Dennis's tragedy entitled Appius and Virginia' was acted. The author on that occasion introduced a new or an improved method of making thunder. His tragedy did not succeed, but his other invention met with the approbation of the managers, and continues in use upon the stage to this day. Mr. Dennis

soon after discovered it in the tragedy of Macbeth : the discovery threw him into a fury, and, being addicted to swearing, he exclaimed: "'Sdeath !. that's my

thunder. See how the fellows use me; they have silenced my No. 592. tragedy, and they roar out my thunder.” (The references will be

found in Elwin and Courthope's Pope, iv. 332.) PAGE 126. Salmoneus. Cf. ante, vol. i. p. 134.

Rimer's Edgar. Thomas Rymer's unfortunate 'heroick Tragedy' Edgar, or the English Monarch was licensed on Sept. 13, 1677, and printed in 1678. (See Genest, i. p. 223.) The phrase “at the next acting of King Lear” is obviously a reference to Rymer's censure of Shakespeare and his contemporaries in his Tragedies of the Last Age Considered and his Short View of Tragedy. So, too, are the subsequent paragraphs on the rigid

criticks." PAGE 127. Run of three Days. The author's reward for such success was a benefit on the third night.

Among the French. Addison does not name Le Bossu. See notes, vols. iv. pp. 292, 296, v. 286. PAGE 128. Terence. Andria. Prologue, 20-1.

- Dr. South. Sermons (ed. 1842), p. 168. PAGE 129. Pliny. Nat. Hist. xxxvii. 3. Motto. Virgil, Æn. vi. 270-1.

No. 593. PAGE 131. Cato. By Addison. Act. V. sc. iii. 9-13, and V. iv.

Motto. Horace, Sat. I. iv. 81-5.

No. 594.
A little French Book. André Felibien, Description de
P Abbaye de la Trape, Paris, 1689.
PAGE 134. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 12-13.

No. 595. PAGE 136. Motto. Ovid, Heroides, xv. 79.

No. 596. PAGE 139. Motto. Petronius, ?

No. 597. PAGE 140. New River. See vol. i. p. 21.

Those noisy Slaves. Cf. No. 251, vol. iii. p. 305.
PAGE 141. A Small-coal-man. This has been said to be an allusion

to Tom Britton, whose portrait by Woolaston was engraved by
Vertue. See Prior's Lines written under the Print (Aldine edit.

ii. p. 275).
PAGE 142. Motto. Juvenal, Sat. x. 28-30.

No. 598, PAGE 144. Trophonius's Cave. See vol. vii. pp. 116, 314. Motto. Virgil, Æn. ii. 368-9.

No. 599. PAGE 145. Trophonius. See No. 598 and note. PAGE 146._ French Protestants. Cf. vol. v. p. 29. Also note ii. p. 338.

· Funeral. Perhaps a reference to Steele's play. PAGE 148. Motto. Virgil, Æn. vi. 641.

No. 600.
A learned Person. Identified as Lancelot Addison, the
Essayist's father, author of West Barbary; or a short Narrative
of the Revolutions of the Kingdoms of Fez and Morocco. Oxford,

PAGE 149. 'Dr. Tillotson somewhere says. Sermon clxv. (éd. Birch).
PAGE 150. One of the greatest modern Philosophers. Locke, in his

Human Understanding (ii.).
PAGE 153. Motto. Marcus Aurelius, ix. 42.

No. 601,
Once before. See No. 588 (p. 111).
PAGE 156. Homo qui, etc. Ennius, juoted in Cicero, De Officiis,

i. 16, 51.

[blocks in formation]

No, 602.

No. 603.

No. 604,

No. 605.

No. 606.

PAGE 157. Motto. Juvenal, Sat. vi. 110.
PAGE 158. Emperor of the Mohocks. See note, vol. v. p. 285.

Scowring. See note, vol. iv. P. 294.
PAGE 159. Mr. Dryden's Translation. The first passage is ll. 156.

171, and the second Il. 242-260 of his First Book of Ovid's Art

of Love.
PAGE 160. Motto. Virgil, Eclog. viii. 68.

- These verses have been ascribed to John Byrom, referred to above (see B.1.). • Phebe' is believed to be Joanna ("Jug'), daughter of Richard Bentley, afterwards; wife of Denison Cumberland, grandson of the Bishop of Peterborough. It was she who told her son, Richard Cumberland, that her father (to whom the Spectator was read daily by his children) was so particularly amused by the character of Sir Roger de Coverley that he took

his literary decease most seriously to heart.”
PAGE 163. Motto. Horace, Odes, I. xi. 1-3.
Lapland. Probably derived from Scheffer's book.

See notes, vol. v. p. 295, and vol. vi. p. 288.

Scotland. Second Sight. See notes on Duncan Campbell,
vol. v. p. 285, and vol. vii. p. 317.
PAGE 164. Grand Cairo. See note, vol. i. p. 309.
PAGE 165. Motto. Virgil, Georg. ii. 51-2.

Casuist. See Nos. 591, 602, and Nos. 614, 623, and
PAGE 169. Motto. Virgil, Georg. i. 293-4.
PAGE 170. As soon as their mourning is over. Queen Anne died on

Ist August 1714.
PAGE 172. The Story of her Web. Homer, Odyssey, ii.
PAGE 173. Motto. Ovid, Ars Amat. ii. 1-2.
PAGE 174. Dr. Plott's Natural History of Staffordshire. See note,

vol. vi. p. 295.
PAGE 175. Pryke, goad.

An account of the better-known custom at Dunmow will be found in Leland (ed. Hearne). See also Chambers's Book of Days,

vol. i. p. 748.
PAGE 177. Motto. Ovid, Ars Amat. i. 633.

“Lord Macaulay, in a letter published p. 1433 of Mr. Bohn's edition of Lowndes's Bibliographer's Manual, calls this paper" undoubtedly Addison's, and one of his best,' although not claimed, because he could not own it without admitting what Lord Macaulay, rightly considered quite as obvious, his authorship of

No. 623." (Note in Mr. Morley's edition.)
PAGE 178. Honey-Money. So in the early texts; changed, unneces-

sarily, by later editors, to · Honeymoon.'
PAGE 179. Motto. Juvenal, Sat. i. 86.
- A Day

when you will not have many spare
Minutes. George I. was crowned at Westminster on this day.
PAGE 180. Child's. See note, vol. i.
PAGE 181. Mrs. Salmon's Wax-work. See notes, vol. i. pp. 325,

The Hilpas and the Nilpas. See Nos. 584, 585.
Your Histories in Embroidery, etc. See No. 606.

No. 607.

No. 608.


No. 609.

p. 310.

PAGE 182.

Our own Country, There was a tapestry factory at No. 609.
Motto. Seneca, Thyestes, 398-403.

No. 610,
Nothing can be great, etc. Longinus, On the Sublime, vii.
PAGE 183. The Story of Gyges. Cf. the Tatler, No. 138 and 243.

Cowley's Relation. From The Country Life (Lib. iv.
Plantarum)' in Essays, iv. (' Of Agriculture').
PAGE 185. Motto. Virgil, Æn. iv. 366-7.

No. 611.
PAGE 186. Front Box. See note, vol. ii. p. 323.
PAGE 187. Last Wednesday in the Abbey. See note to No. 609.
PAGE 189. Motto. Virgil, Æn. xii. 529-32.

No. 612. PAGE 192. Motto. Virgil, Georg. iv. 564.

No. 613, Visiting-Days. See note, vol. i. p. 324. PAGE 193.

What shall I do, etc. Cowley, The Motto (Miscel-
lanies,' p. I, edit. 1700).

The Melancholy Cowley.
" Where reverend Cham cuts out his famous way
The Melancholy Cowley lay."

The Complaint.

• Verses written on

Several Occasions,' ed. 1700, p. 25.
PAGE 196. M imia is the name of the leading female character in
Otway's Orphan.
Motto. Virgil, Æn. iv. 15-19.

No. 614. PAGE 198. Andromache.

Mr Philips. See note, vol. v. p. 290. Cowell's Interpreter. The passage is taken from the article on ‘Free-bench'in Cowell's Law Dictionary; or the Interpretek of Words and Terms, used either in the Common or Statute Laws

and in Tenures and Jocular Customs. Very much augmented and improved, London, 1708, fol. It does not occur

in the early quarto editions. PAGE 199. Motto. Horace, Odes, IV. ix. 47-52.

No. 615. PAGE 200. Book of Wisdom, xvii.

Horace. Odes, III. iii.
PAGE 202. Motto. Martial, Epigr. I. ix. 2.

No. 616.
Cicero. Perhaps De Officiis, i. 29.
203 Past two a clock, etc. is a formula of the night-watchman.

Two in the Morning is the Word, old Boy” (A). PAGE 204.

Clip'd the King's English. See references in note to
* Mobile' in No. 617.

Sir Richard. Is this an allusion to Steele's recent Protestant
ebullitions ?
Motto. Persius, Sat. i. 99-102.

No. 617. PAGE 205. Marrow-bone and Cleaver. Frequently referred to about

this time as the instruments of mob-music. Cf. Tatler, No. 153,
and see the sixth plate of Hogarth's Idle and Industrious

The Mobile. This word (placed in contrast with 'mob' in
the letter on p. 203) was hardly an antiquated form at this time.
See vol. ii. p. 193 and note; also the quotations in Skeat's
Etymological Dictionary (art. "mob').

The Cleveland (e.e. the author John Cleveland). Dryden, in
the Essay of Dramatic Poesy, uses the word Clevelandism for 'a

PAGE 201.

« PreviousContinue »