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wresting and torturing a word into another meaning'; and, later, he adds, “to express a thing hard and unnaturally, is his new way of elocution. We cannot read a verse of Cleveland's without making a face at it, as if every word were a pill to swallow : he gives us many times a hard nut to break our teeth, without a kernel for our pains ” (ed. Scott' and Saintsbury, xv. 287,

311). PAGE 205. The verses are a translation of a passage in Strada's

Prolusiones Academicae. (Prolusio Sexta, Academia Secunda,

p. 320, ed. Leyden, 1627.) See also note, vol. iii. p. 322.
PAGE 207. Motto. Horace, Sat. I. iv. 40-2.
PAGE 209.

Mr. Eusden. In A (No. 606) “This day is published a Letter to Mr. Addison, on the King's Accession to the Throne, by Mr Eusden. Printed for J. Tonson.”

- Motto. Virgil, Georg. ii. 369-370.

-If the several letters were published. Two volumes were published in 1725 by Charles Lillie, the perfumer and news

agent. See note, vol. i. p. 310. PAGE 210. An Alderman. * An allusion to John Barber, who had

been a bookseller, was at this time an alderman, and afterwards
Lord Mayor of London. (Note in Chalmers's edit.)

Dum! Man. Ante, p. 18, note.
Love Casuist. Ante, p. 270 (No. 605).
Society of Reformers. See note, vol. i. p. 316.

Nonumque, etc. Horace, Ars Poet. 388.
PAGE 211. The Upholsterer. Ante, vol. i. p. 184 and note.

Dapperwit. Ante, vol. vii. pp. 136, 210, 224.
Monimia. See p. 196 and note.
Motto. Virgil, Æn. vi. 792.

The Prospect of Peace (see vol. vii. pp. 317-319) and The
Royal Progress were written by Thomas Tickell.
PAGE 214.

That fair Hill. A note is added in the duodecimo edition
of 1715,—“Mr. Flamstead's House."
PAGE 215. Halifax. See the Dedication to vol. ii. and note.
PAGE 216. Motto. Lucan, Pharsalia, ix. 11-14.
PAGE 217. Dryden. The Cock and the Fox, 11. 455-460.
PAGE 218. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. xviii. 103.

Motto. Virgil, Æn. iv. 24-29.
Love-Casuist. See p. 270 (No. 605).
An ancient Custom. See p. 198.

Barnaby bright. St. Barnabas' Day, the longest day,' 11th June (О. S.). It was also called Long Barnaby, and
PAGE 223. Motto. Horace, Sat. II. iii. 77-9.
PAGE 224. Acted, actuated. See note, vol. iii. p. 314.
PAGE 225.

Motto. Horace, Odes, III. vi. 23-4.

Love Casuist. Ante, p. 270 (No. 605).
PAGE 228., Child's. See note, vol. i. p. 310.

Motto. Ovid, Metam. iv. 284.

A little work of a learned man. Mr. Morley finds an allusion to the Meditations of Robert Boyle. PAGE 233. Motto. Virgil, Eclog. ii. 3-5.

No. 620.

No. 621.

No. 622.
No. 623.

PAGE 220.

PAGŁ 221.

No. 624.

No. 625.

No. 626.

No. 627.


PAGE 235. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. ii. 43.

No. 628. Those upon Infinitude. See No. 590 and note. PAGE 236. The passage from Addison's Cato printed in the text is alniost

. the entire first scene of the fifth Act, which is a soliloquy by Cato, described thus in the stage direction : "Cato solus, sitting in a thoughtful posture : in his hand Plato's Book on the Immortality of the SoulA drawn sword on the table by him.” Regarding the Latin translation, Nichols supplies an interesting note. “This beautiful translation, which fame and Dr. Kippis have attributed to Bishop Atterbury (and which on that authority, and on oral tradition in the University of Oxford, I had printed as his in the Select Collection of Poems, vol. v. p. 6), I afterwards found reason (vol. viii. p. 302) to ascribe to Dr. Henry Bland, headmaster of Eton school, provost of the College there, and dean of Durham (to whom it is also without hesitation ascribed by the last and best biographer of Addison) : and have since had the honour of being assured by Mr. Walpole that it was the work of Bland ; and that he has more than once heard his father, Sir Robert Walpole, say, that it was he himself who gave that translation to Mr, Addison, who was extremely surprised at the

fidelity and beauty of it.” PAGE 238. Motto. Juvenal, Sat, i. 170-1.

No. 629. PAGE 240. Brawn and Mince Pies. Boar's-head (or brawner's head),

Christmas- or mince- pies, and plum-porridge had come to be,
since the days of the Commonwealth, the cherished delights of
anti-Puritan households.

“The high-shoe lords of Cromwell's making
Were not for dainties--roasting, baking ;
The chiefest food they found most good in
Was rusty bacon and bag-pudding ;
Plum-broth was popish, and mince-pie-

O that was flat idolatry."
And Hudibras (I. ii. 225)

"Rather than fail, they will defy

That which they love most tenderly ;
Quarrel with minc'd pies, and disparage

Their best and dearest friend, plumb-porridge.'
Cf. vol. iv. p. 71, where Sir Roger de Coverley is hopeful of
a Dissenter who ate plentifully of his plum-porridge at Coverley

Hall. See the article in Chambers's Book of Days, ii. p. 755.
L'AGE 241. Motto. Horace, Odes, III. i. 2.

No. 630. PAGE 243. Thanksgiving. This may be, as Chalmers says, a reference

to the Proclamation, issued the day before the publication of this
paper, for a thanksgiving for King George's accession, to be
observed on 20th January.

Paradise Lost, iii. 365-371.
PAGE 244. Hockley in the Hole. See note, vol. i. p. 326.
PAGE 245. Motto. Horace, Odes, I. v. 5.

No. 63L
In a Stage-Coach. Cf. vol. ij. 181, 230, iii. 273, and vii.

His Periwig, which cost no small Sum. Cf. Tatler (No. 54) He answer'd Phillis a little abruptly at Supper the same


No. 631.

No. 632.

Evening ; upon which she threw his Periwig into the Fire. Well, said he, thou art a brave Termagant Jade ; Do you know, Hussey, that fair Wig cost Forty Guineas ?" Cf. Pepys's reflections on the cost of periwigs, then coming into fashion. (Globe edition, by

index.) PAGE 245. Plain Spanish. Advertisements of Plain Spanish Snuff'

are frequent in A. See also the preliminary announcement of the

PAGE 248. Motto. Virgil, Æn. vi. 545.

Gregorio Leti. 1630-1701. A full account is given in Bayle's
PAGE 249.

You lately recommended. Ante, p. 169.
May possibly ascribe.

An intended parallel to the last paper
of the original series (No. 555): but not carried out.
PAGE 250. The making of Grottos. Cf. Pope's description of his

Grotto at Twickenham (Elwin and Courthope, vi. 385), and his

verses' on the same (ib. iv. 494). See also Spectator, vol. i. PAGE 251. Motto. Cicero, Orator, 34, 119.

This paper has been ascribed to Zachary Pearce, the editor of Longinus. Internal evidence favours the view. See note to PAGE 254. A Fragment of Longinus. See the first Fragment in

Pearce's Longinus (ed. 1762, p. 260).
PAGE 256. Motto. Xenophon,

also Diogenes Laertius, 1. ii. 5; 11, 27

Longinus excuses Homer. § ix. (Pearce, ed. 1762, p. 48.) PAGE 258. Motto. Cicero, Somnium Scipionis, 6.

A late Spectator. No. 626, ante, p. 229. These papers have been ascribed to Henry Grove (see B. Ich

p. 136.

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No. 635.



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