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BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX

OF CONTEMPORARY PERSONS NAMED OR REFERRED

TO IN THE SPECTATOR.

(This Index includes the names of all contemporary persons referred to, or
directly intended, in the text of the Spectator. The more famous names in the
literary, social, and political history of the time which appear in the Essays are
entered for the sake of completeness, but are not described. Further information
regarding some of the persons described will be found in the Notes.)

Addison, Joseph (1672-1719).
Addison, Lancelot (1632-1703), Dean of Lichfield, father of Joseph

Addison, probably the learned Person' of No. 600.
Anne, Queen (1665-1714).
Anthony, 'Trusty.' See Aston, Anthony.
Ascham, Mrs. of Conington, Cambridgeshire, grandmother of Lady

Hatton, identified by some as the 'Emilia' of No. 302.

vol. iv. p. 297.
Aston, Anthony (A. 1712-1731), actor and dramatist, perhaps

• Trusty Anthony' and 'The Man of the Bumper Tavern. See

See note,

iv. 292.

Atterbury, Francis (1662-1732), Bishop of Rochester,
Baldwin, Mrs. See vii. 274.
Barnes, Joshua (1654-1712), Professor of Greek at Cambridge, who,

according to Bentley, ‘knew as much Greek as a Greek cobbler.
His best literary attempt is Gerania, a whimsical voyage of the

Lilliput type. See Tatler, No. 143.
Barrow, Isaac (1630-1677), mathematician, preacher, and theologian.

He resigned his professorship at Cambridge in favour of his pupil

Isaac Newton.
Baxter, Richard (1615-1691), author of the Saints' Everlasting Rest.
Beasniffe, Francis, the supposed 'F.B.' of No. 443.
Behn, Mrs. Aphra (1640-1689), dramatist and novelist.
Bell, Mr., named in the Essay on Signboards (No. 28).
Bentley, Joanna ("Jug'), daughter of Richard Bentley, married, in 1728,

Denison Cumberland. She is the ‘Phoebe' of Byrom's verses in
No. 603. Her son was Richard Cumberland, Goldsmith's • Terence
of England,' author of the Observer and Anecdotes of Spanish

Painters.
Bentley, Dr. Richard (1662-1742), scholar and critic.

were,

Betterton, Thomas (1635?-1710), actor, 'the best in the world,

according to Pepys, and especially renowned in his Shakespearean
rôles. The Tatler praises his rendering of Mark Antony, Hamlet,
Henry VIII., and Othello (Nos. I, 71, 167, etc.). TÍe adapted

seven dramas for the stage.
Beveridge, Dr. (1637-1708), Bishop of St. Asaph.
Bicknell, Mrs. (1695 ?-1723), a

actress, of Scottish descent, and sister
of Mrs. Younger, actress. Steele praises her in the Tatler as
well as in the Spectator (see note, v, 297).

Her chief parts
* Miss Prue,' in Congreve's Love for Love, 'Lady Wrangle,'
in Cibber's Refusal, and Miss Hoyden,' in Vanbrugh's Relapse.
Bird, William, servant at the St. James's Coffee-house (No. 24).
Blackmore, Sir Richard (d. 1729), physician-in-ordinary to William

III., a voluminous writer in verse and prose. His Prince Arthur,
a heroic poem, appeared in 1695. His Satyr on Wit (1700) was
the occasion of a bitter Grub Street feud, in which Tom Brown,
Garth, Sedley, Steele, and even Dryden joined. His Nature of
Man appeared in 1711, and, in 1712, Creation, a philosophical

poem,” which the Spectator praised.
Bland, Dr. Henry, Headmaster and Provost of Eton, Dean of

Durham. See note, viii. 273.
Boileau Despréaux, Nicolas (1636-1711), French poet and critic.
Booth, Barton (1681-1733), actor, pupil of Dr. Busby.

He was
intended for the Church, but began as actor in Dublin. He was
associated with Betterton at the New Haymarket (1705). He
crowned his reputation in the 'Cato' of Addison's play (April

1713). He wrote a masque, The Death of Dido (1716).
Bouhours, Dominique (1628-1702), French littérateur, chiefly in.

teresting for his critical work, La manière de bien penser dans les

ouvrages d'esprit, Paris, 1687 (often reprinted).
Boul, Mr., auctioneer in Chandos-street. (No. 226).
Boyle, Henry, Lord Carleton (d. 1725), politician and holder of

several important Government offices. Vol. ii. is dedicated to

him. It was said that he prompted Addison to write his Blenheim.
Boyle, Hon. Robert (1627-1691), 14th child of the great' Earl of

Cork, physicist and chemist, member of the Royal Society. He

was also an Oriental student.
Brady, Dr. Nicholas (1659-1726), latterly incumbent of Richmond,

Surrey. He was the collaborator with Nahum Tate in the well.

known metrical version of the Psalms.
Brome, Dr., clergyman. See note, iv. 297-98.
Brook and Hellier. Thomas Brook and John Hellier, the leading

wine-merchants of the day, whose advertisements are frequent in

the Spectator (A). See notes, iv. 299, V. 294, and viii. 276.
Brown, Thomas (“Tom') (1663-1704), miscellaneous writer and wit.

The most complete edition of his Works is the 4 vol. set of 1760.
Buck, Timothy. See vi. 143.

Buckingham, Duke of. See Sheffield.
Buckley, Samuel (d. 1741), printer in Amen Corner, the first

publisher of the Spectator. See Tatler, No. 18.
Budgell, Eustace (1686 - 1737), miscellaneous writer. He was

Addison's cousin, and collaborated with him in the Spectator.
He wrote a translation of Theophrastus, started and carried on
The Bee (1733-1735), contributed to the Craftsman, and issued
some family monographs on the Boyle family. His later life
was unhappy, and he committed suicide. His style is a poor

imitation of the Addisonian.
Budgell, Gilbert, second brother of Eustace Budgell. See note to

No. 591.

Bullock, Gabriel, a freeholder in Northamptonshire.

See note,
V. 287.
Bullock, William (1657 ?-1740?), actor, praised by Gildon and

others, but quizzed in the Tatler (No. 188) in a comparison with

Pinkethman (q.v.). See v. 287.
Burdock, Samuel, servant at the St. James's Coffee-house. See No. 24.
Burnet, Gilbert (1643-1715), Bishop of Salisbury, historian.
Burnet, Dr. Thomas (16352-1715), philosophical writer, master of the

Charterhouse ; author of Telluris Theoria Sacra, 1681-9 (Englished

in 1684 and 1689).
Busby, Richard (Dr.') (1606-1695), the famous headmaster of West-

minster School.
Button, Daniel. Proprietor of the famous Coffee-house (Button's)

in Covent Garden. He had been Addison's servant. See vol.

viii. p. 265 (note).
Byrom, Joho (1692-1763), poet. He contributed some pieces to the

Spectator. His Remains were first published in 1773. He

invented a system of shorthand.
Campbell, Duncan (16807-1730), of Scottish origin, a conjuror and

fortune-teller, the 'dumb man' of No. 560, and of the 14th Tatler.
Defoe published an account of him in 1720. Another account,

Secret Memoirs, appeared in 1732.
Carey, Mr., 'of New College, Oxford,' one of the contributors to the

Spectator (see vii. 305). He is probably Walter Carey, M.P.,
afterwards Clerk of the Privy Council, the ‘Umbra' of Pope's 4th
Satire and of the Morai Essays (Ist Epistle). See especially Pope's
Three Gentle Shepherds, Umbra, and Sandys' Ghost, where he is
associated with Philips and Budgell (Elwin and Courthope, iv. 464,
468, 487). Spence names him as one of Addison's chief com-

panions' before Addison married Lady Warwick.
Cassani, Guissepe, opera singer.

See i. 22.
Cassini, Giovanni Domenico (1625-1712), astronomer, director of the

Observatory at Paris.
Churchill, John, first Duke of Marlborough (1650-1722).
Cibber, Colley (1671-1757), actor and dramatic author, laureate.

He wrote, wholly or partly, thirty plays, and he is said to have

collaborated in Steele's Conscious Lovers. The story of his theatrical
life will be found in his Apology, and incidentally in the Theatre and
Anti-Theatre. Steele was a generous admirer in both the Tatler

and Spectator.
Clark, Mrs. "Margaret, v. 286-9.
Clay, Stephen, of the Inner Temple, son of Edmund Clay, baber-

dasher. See note, ii. 133: also Tatler, No. 83.
Clayton, Thomas, of the royal orchestra, associated with Dieupart

(9.v.) and Haym (9.v.) in concert schemes at Drury Lane,
till the success of Italian opera at the Haymarket forced them
to retire to York Buildings. He composed several operas and
concert pieces, among them Addison's opera of Rosamond, which

is said to be the worst of his feeble efforts. See iv. 290.
Cleland, Colonel, an alleged original of Will Honeycomb. (See

notes, i. 311, 312.)
Cliff, Nathaniel, at “The Bible and Three Crowns,' Cheapside.

See iii. 85.
Clinch of Barnet, a public entertainer in Bartholomew Lane, behind

the New Exchange. He imitated “the Flute, Double Curtel, the
Organ with 3 Voices, the Horn, Huntsman, and Pack of Hounds

all performed by his natural Voice” (Advt. in 533 A).
Cole, Mrs. See note, v. 286.
Collier, Jeremy (1650-1726), essayist. His Short. View of the English

Stage appeared in 1698.
Congreve, William (1670-1729), dramatist.
Courant, Mr. ii. 274.
Coventry, Anne, Countess of. See note, vol. iv. p. 297.
Cowley, Abraham (1618-1667), poet.
Cowper, Baron, the supposed ‘Manilius ' of No. 467.
Crawley, Sir Ambrose. See note, iv. 297.
Dacier, André (1651-1722), classical scholar. His most important

work was the translation of Aristotle's Poetics (1692), Englished

anonymously in 1705.
Dacier, Madame Anne Tanneguy. Lefèvre (1654-1720), classical

scholar, wife of André Dacier. She translated the Iliad (1699)

and the Odyssey (1708).
Daintry, Mr. “The Master of the House' in No. 570. Known as

Captain Daintry, because of his connexion with the Trained

Bands. See Guardian, No. 84.
Darcey, James, Sedbury, Yorkshire. ii. 274.
Dawks, Ichabod (1661-1730), printer, founder of Dawks's News-Letter

(4 Aug. 1696). See vi. 296.
Dawson, ‘Bully,” the supposed original of Shadwell's 'Captain

Hackum,' a notorious ruffian of the neighbourhood of White
Friars. He is introduced in Tom Brown's Letters from the Dead

to the Living.
Day, Mother. viii. 203.

Denham, Sir John (1615-1669), poet.
Dennis, John (1657-1734), critic. The references in the Spectator are,

as in most contemporary writings, at the expense of the unpopular

critic.
Dieupart, Charles (d. 1740 ?), a Frenchman, violinist and teacher of

the harpsichord. He composed several pieces for the violin and

flute. See Clayton, Thomas.
Dillon, Mr., optician in Long-Acre. iii. 304.
Dillon, Wentworth, fourth Earl of Roscommon (16337-1685), poet.
Dogget, Thomas (d. 1721), actor, born in Dublin. In 1709-11 he

was partner with Cibber, Wilks, and Swiney in the Haymarket
management. His great part was Ben in Love for Love, which
Congreve is said to have written for him. He wrote one play,
The Country Wake, and played in it the part of Hob. See

Cibber's Apology, passim.
Dorigny, Nicholas (1658-1746). He came to England in 1711, and

was knighted in 1720, after engraving the Raphael cartoons. See

notes, iii. 316, 318.
Dorset. See Sackville.
Dryden, John (1631-1 700).
Duke, Colonel Robert. A supposed original of Sir Roger de

Coverley. See note, iv. 298.
Dunlop, Alexander (1684-1747), professor of Greek in the University

of Glasgow.
D'Urfey or Durfey, Thomas (“Tom') (1653-1723), a popular writer
of songs and occasional verse and of a few dramas.

His songs are
collected in Wit and Mirth, or Pills to Purge Melancholy, Songs
Compleat, and other publications. See note, i. 330; also viii.

284.
Dyer, John, publisher of Dyer's News-letter. See notes, i. 333,

vi. 296.
Estcourt, Richard (1668-1712), actor and dramatist, in much repute

as a wit and story-teller. He is the ‘Tom Mirror' of the Tatler
(No. 51). See notes, i. 317, iv. 292. No. 468 contains a
panegyric on his death. D'Urfey has a Prologue for Estcourt's

Benefit Day (Pills to Purge Melancholy, ii. 346).
Etheredge, Sir George (1635 ?-1691), author of three comedies, The

Comical Revenge, or Love in a Tub, She Would if she could, and
The Man of Mode, or Sir Fopling Flutter, all of contemporary

interest.
Eugene, Prince (1663-1736).
Eusden, Laurence (1688-1730), poet-laureate, author of occasional

verse, including a contribution to Steele's Miscellanies of 1714 on

the Milton critiques in the Spectator. He is satirized in the Dunciad.
Eyleses, The. See note, iii. 314.
Farquhar, George (1678-1707), dramatist.
Festeau, M., French surgeon. See v. 189.

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