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company, he replied, “What is seasonable I do not know, and what I know is not seasonable.”

A brilliant talker is not always liked by those whom he has most amused, for we are seldom pleased with those who have in any way made us feel our inferiority. “The happiest conversation,” says Dr. Johnson, “is that of which nothing is distinctly remembered, but a general effect of pleasing impression.”—“ No one,” says Dean Locker, “will ever shine in conversation, who thinks of saying fine things: to please, one must say many things indifferent, and many very bad." This last rule is rarely violated in society!

COQUETTE-A female general who builds her fame on her advances.--A coquette may be compared to tinder, which lays itself out to catch sparks, but does not always succeed in lighting up a match. Men are perverse creatures; they fly that which pursues them, and pursue that which flies them. Forwardness, therefore, on the part of a female makes them draw back, and backwardness draws them forward. There will always be this difference between a coquette and a woman of sense and modesty, that while one courts every man, every man will court the other. When the coquette settles into an old maid, it is not unusual to see her as staid and formal as she was previously versatile :

“ Thus weathercocks which for a while,

Have turn'd about with every blast,
Grown old, and destitute of oil,

Rust to a point, and fix at last.”

CORPORATION and TEST ACTS—The obstinacy, the blindness, the fanatical fury with which the repeal of these obnoxious acts was opposed, from the days of James II. to our own; the total oblivion into which their recent abrogation has already fallen; and the consequent proofs of their absolute nullity, as affecting the security of the Church, forms

the bitterest satire upon the ignorance and intolerance of those who so long and so fiercely opposed their repeal.

COUNTERACTION-a balancing provision of nature, for the prevention of excess, whether in morals or mechanics. But for this salutary restraint, even our virtues would be pushed to a vicious extreme. How many men do we encounter in society whose praises of their friends, when speaking to their faces, would appear fulsome flattery, were it not qualified by their disparagement of the same friends behind their backs! Others there are whose warm offers of assistance, to such as do not need their aid, would appear generous even to a fault, did we not invariably find that they are equally cold, shy, and cautious where there is any probability of their professions being accepted. People may run into excess with their vices, but their virtues, thanks to this wholesome principle of counteraction, are seldom urged beyond the boundaries of prudence.

COURAGE-The fear of being thought a coward.—The reverence that withholds us from violating the laws of God or man, is not infrequently branded with the name of cowardice. The Spartans had a saying, that he who stood most in fear of the law, generally showed the least fear of an enemy. We may infer the truth of this dictum from the reverse of the proposition, for daily experience shows us that they who are the most daring in a bad cause, are often the most pusillanimous in a good one. Bravery is a cheap and vulgar quality, of which the highest instances are frequently found in the lowest savages, and which is often still more conspicuous in the brute creation, than in the most intrepid of the human race. Equally signal were the courage and the candour of the man of Amiens, who being driven to the gates of his own city, cried out, “ Come on, if you dare, cuckolds of Abbeville; we are here four to one of you.”

COURT—“ La Cour," says La Bruyere, “ne rend pas content; mais elle empêche qu'on ne le soit ailleurs." If there be truth in this position, a luckless courtier must somewhat resemble the showman's amphibious animal—“ who cannot live on the land, and dies in the water."

COUSIN-A periodical bore from the country, who, because you happen to have some of his blood, thinks he may inflict the whole of his body upon you during his stay in town. We do not mention his mind, because it is generally a nonenity.

CREATION_Lord of the-An ephemeral insect, the slave, too often, of his own passions. If this magisterial worm contemplates a map of the world, he will find that nearly threefifths of it are covered by the sea and polar ice, and appear consequently to have been made for the occupation and accommodation of fishes, rather than of human beings; while no small portion of the earth is in the possession of wild beasts and savages. If he considers his body, he will find it inferior, in some of its most important functions, to many of the animals; but if he look into his mind, he will instantly discover sufficient vindication for the proud title he has assumed. By the study of Geology, he can throw back his existence into the remote eras, long before the creation of man. History makes him contemporary with all the celebrated nations of antiquity; speculation carries his life forward into an illimitable futurity; Astronomy enables him to develope the laws by which the universe is governed, and to penetrate, as it were, into the secrets of the Deity. Thus doth he conquer both time and space. The beautiful and majestic earth is his footstool, he walks between two eternities. God is everywhere round about him, a beatific immortality is before him. Truly this august creature may justly term himself the Lord of the creation.

CREDULITY—An instinct of youth.—" The simple believeth every word, but the prudent man looketh well to his

going.” Prov. xiv. 15. Credulity diminishes as we gather wisdom by experience, and yet, even among the old and suspicious, it is probable that many falsehoods are believed, for a single truth that is disbelieved. The young having a constant tendency to welcome pleasant and repel disagreeable impressions, reject as long as they can the painful feeling of suspicion. Belief, like a young puppy, is born blind ; and must swallow whatever food is given to it; when it can see, it caters for itself. Or it may be better compared to the block of marble, and Truth to the statue within it, at which we can only arrive by perpetually cutting away the fragments that enclose and conceal it. As a good workman is known by the quantity of his chips, so may a penetrative mind by the rubbish and heaps of discarded credulity with which it is surrounded. Taking the whole world at the present moment, can it be said to believe a thousandth part of what it believed a thousand years ago?

CREED—Compulsory.--An attempt to cast the minds of others in the same mould as our own, which is about as likely to be successful as if a similar experiment were applied to the body. Hear the opinion of St. Hilary upon this subject--" It is a thing equally deplorable and dangerous, that there are at present as many creeds as there are opinions among men. We make creeds arbitrarily, and explain them as arbitrarily. We can't be ignorant that since the council of Nice, we have done nothing but make creeds. We make creeds every year, nay every morn: we repent of what we have done; we defend those that repent; we anathematize those we have defended; we condemn the doctrine of others in ourselves, or our own in that of others; and reciprocally tearing one another to pieces, we have been the cause of one another's ruin.”—(Ad Constant.)

Creeds are doubly injurious in their operation; they occasion a positive as well as a negative evil to the Church, by excluding the conscientious and upright, while they admit the subservient and unscrupulous. “ Though some purposes of order and tranquillity," says Paley, “ may be answered by the establishment of creeds and confessions, yet they are at all times attended with serious inconvenience: they check inquiry; they violate liberty; they ensnare the consciences of the clergy, by holding out temptations to prevarication.”—Moral and Political Philosophy, b. vi. c. 10.

The same writer notices another, and still more crying evil to which they inevitably tend—“Creeds and Confessions, however they may express the persuasion, or be accommodated to the controversies or to the fears of the age in which they are composed, in process of time, and by reason of the changes which are wont to take place in the judgment of mankind upon religious subjects, they come at length to contradict the actual opinions of the Church, whose doctrines they profess to contain.”Ibid. b. vi. c. 10. So that these tyrannical and useless shackles of the mind actually promote perjury or equivocation in the pastor, while they obstruct the progress

of knowledge and of Christianity among the flock !-What more can be added to show the necessity for their abolition ?

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CRITICISM—Very often consists of measuring the learning and the wisdom of others, either by our own ignorance, or by our little technical and pedantic partialities and prejudices. Every one has heard of the mathematician who objected to Shakspeare, that his works proved nothing. Equally luminous was the remark of the lawyer, who happened to catch the words—"a deed without a name,”-uttered by the witches in Macbeth, repeated—“A deed without a name !-why, 'tis void." In the same enlarged spirit is much of our criticism written ; but even this is better than the feeling of rancour and bitterness by which it is too often perverted from its legitimate ends, and rendered subservient, by the most disingenuous acts, to the gratification of personal pique, or party malevolence. As the devil can quote scripture for his purpose, so can the practised critic, by severing passages from their context, and placing them in a ridiculous or distorting light, make the most praiseworthy work appear to condemn itself. A book thus un

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