The Shabbat Elevator and other Sabbath Subterfuges: An Unorthodox Essay on Circumventing Custom and Jewish Character

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Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Jan 21, 2002 - Social Science - 208 pages
There are literally hundreds if not thousands of books written about Judaism and Jews, but this book is unlike any previously published. It focuses on the topic of 'circumventing custom' with special emphasis on the ingenious ways Orthodox (and other) Jews have devised to avoid breaking the extensive list of activities forbidden on the Sabbath. After examining the sources of Sabbath observance as set forth in the Old Testament, the New Testament, and rabbinical writings, some of the most salient forms of circumvention are described. These include: riding a special Shabbat elevator, unscrewing the lightbulb in the refrigerator, constructing an eruv (a space extending one's domicile so that objects may be carried outside the home), and relying on the services of the so-called 'Shabbes Goy,' among others. Dundes respectfully analyzes such facets of Jewish characteristics as an undue concern with purity, and a long-established tradition of indulging in nit-picking and argumentation. The resultant picture of Jewish character is drawn from an unusual mixture of religious written texts and oral tradition (jokes and proverbs). The sources range from ancient Israel to works from the twenty-first century. In many ways, it is an authentic and striking Jewish self-portrait that is painted for the very first time in this fascinating volume.
 

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Contents

The Concept of Custom
1
The Sabbath in the Old Testament
4
The Sabbath in the New Testament
19
The Sabbath in Rabbinical Tradition
26
The Shabbat Elevator
31
The Light in the Refrigerator
37
The Eruv as Symbolic Space
45
Other Sabbath Customs
51
Obsession and Religion According to Freud
88
Anal Erotic Character
96
SelfImposed Repression
138
The Love of Argument
146
Conclusions
165
Bibliography
175
Index
195
About the Author
201

The Shabbes Goy
62
Circumvention and Jewish Mentality
75

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About the author (2002)

Alan Dundes is professor of anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley, and a leading authority in the study of folklore. He is the author or editor of more than thirty books including Two Tales of Crow and Sparrow: A Freudian Folkloristic Essay on Caste and Untouchability, Holy Writ as Oral Lit: The Bible as Folklore, and International Folkloristics.

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